In Focus
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Author : OIT / ILO
Poor quality employment is the main issue for global labour markets, with millions of people forced to accept inadequate working conditions, according to a new report from the International Labour Organization (ILO). New data gathered for the World Employment and Social Outlook: Trends 2019 (WESO) show that a majority of the 3.3 billion people employed globally in 2018 had inadequate economic security, material well-being and equality of opportunity. What’s more, progress in reducing unemployment globally is not being reflected in improvements in the quality of work.
  Education
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The focus of both neuroscience and AI is to understand how the brain works and thus predict behaviour. And the better we understand the brain, the better designs we can create for AI algorithms. When it comes to learning, the neuroscience - AI partnership can be synergistic. A good understanding of a particular learning process by neuroscience can be used to inform the design of that process for AI. Similarly, if AI can find patterns from large data sets and get a learning model, neuroscience can conduct experiments to confirm it.
  Law Watch
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The World Inequality Lab has just released an unpublished report measuring the development of inequality in Europe and the United States since 1980. Entitled Has the European social model withstood the rise in inequality?, the report is the first to analyse income disparities before and after tax over such a long period, for all European countries.
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Le mot de tolérance, tout comme son jumeau laïcité, est associé au terme de religion ou, plus exactement, il s’est fait connaître dans l’histoire contemporaine comme opposé à la religion. La Lettre sur la tolérance de Locke défend la liberté religieuse et le Traité sur la tolérance de Voltaire est un plaidoyer contre le fanatisme religieux de certains juges qui condamnèrent à mort le huguenot Jean Calas, faussement accusé d’avoir assassiné son fils parce qu’il voulait se convertir au catholicisme.
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The euro is a world currency. It is the official currency of 19 European States, and according to the June 2018 report by the European Central Bank (ECB) on the international role of the euro, it is by far, ahead of the pound, the yen and the renminbi, the world's second most important currency. The euro turned twenty on January 1st. Decided upon with the implementation of the Maastricht Treaty in 1993, its adoption aimed to consolidate the European market and support trade between its members.
  Sciences
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The World Health Organization’s new advisory committee on developing global standards for governance and oversight of human genome editing has agreed to work towards a strong international governance framework in this area. “Gene editing holds incredible promise for health, but it also poses some risks, both ethically and medically. This committee is a perfect example of WHO’s leadership, by bringing together some of the world’s leading experts to provide guidance on this complex issue. I am grateful to each member of the Expert Advisory Committee for their time and expertise.” says Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General.
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