On Sunday, January 11, millions of protesters took to the streets throughout Europe to demonstrate their revulsion against the attempt to suppress freedom of expression and the attack against French magazine Charlie Hebdo. That same day, the interior ministers of European Union member countries met to discuss a common policy on combating terrorism in Europe. Many think that defending freedom has been short-lived for these leaders, since the measures being considered range from restricting the freedom of movement in the Schengen zone to collecting data on the communications and travel of certain people, as well as closely monitoring the Internet and social networks.
Increases in perceived seriousness of poverty and homelessness: Global poll
Author : Oxfam international
Poverty and homelessness continue as top-tier concerns with majorities in 15 of the 24 countries polled seeing these as a very serious problem (an average of over 80 percent see it at least as somewhat serious). These concerns are at the same high level as crime and violence, unemployment and the rising cost of food and energy – all of which are seen as more serious than “economic problems and uncertainty” and nine other issues tested. Germany and Spain have made the most dramatic increases in perceived seriousness of poverty and homelessness according to the GlobeScan poll of 24,000 citizens.
The debate will rage on as to whether the religious dimension is an essential component of “ordinary” man or if it only represents a random epiphenomenon of secondary importance that would not necessarily fit into the definition of Homo Sapiens. In which case, we would be exempt from pondering the way in which this personal option influences or finds itself influenced by the contemporary phenomenon of the globalisation of exchange, whether of social goods or ideas. But we can also reverse the question, and confine ourselves to the observation which is not the least important: the fact is that religions exist, which, as historic institutions, cannot remain sheltered from changes which mark our world.
L’histoire du concept de tolérance, comme celui de laïcité, est intimement liée au concept de religion. Les trois traités modernes désormais classiques sur le sujet en apportent la preuve : d’une part, l’Essai sur la tolérance de Locke (1677) consacré aux fondements de la liberté religieuse, d’autre part, le Traité sur la tolérance (1763) de Voltaire, plaidoyer pour la tolérance écrit en défense de Jean Calas, huguenot exécuté après avoir été accusé à tort d’avoir assassiné son fils qui voulait se convertir au catholicisme. Enfin, l’oeuvre de Lessing intitulée Nathan le Sage (1778) qui est moins connue, bien que son influence historique soit comparable, si ce n’est plus grande, que celle des deux autres ouvrages mentionnés.
Momentum remains high for forests role in sustainable development and tackling climate change
Author : PNUD/UNDP
"Forest conservation is critical to climate change mitigation. Our forests absorb carbon dioxide and provide a range of other services, but when cleared they become a significant source of greenhouse gas emissions," UNDP Administrator Helen Clark said. Over thirteen million hectares of forests are cleared annually, around three times the area of Switzerland – contributing up to 20 percent of global emissions, and threatening economic progress and human well-being.