Islamophobic images are fluid and vary in different contexts. They serve above all to construct an image of a "we", the majority society, versus the Muslims as a foreign counterpart, as the Other. It comes down to the power wielded by a dominant group of people in order to deprive a minority of their legitimate rights and participation in social resources.
Vulnerable communities face the brunt of climate change – from rising sea levels and extreme weather events to prolonged severe droughts and flooding. According to the World Bank, without effective mitigation measures, climate change could push more than 100 million people into poverty by 2030.
To help the most vulnerable communities become more resilient to the effects of climate change, financial institutions should support small and medium-size enterprises.
Recently considerable outrage has been excited in democratic circles in India by an ultimatum issued by a little-known militant group in Kashmir, the Lashkar-e-Jabbar. The group announced that all Muslim women in the valley of Kashmir would have to wear the burqa (hijab) and those who did not would be "punished". There followed attacks with acid on the faces of unveiled women, and threats to shoot after the deadline passed. Apart from one major women's organization, Dukhtaraan-e-Millat, which has supported the call, all the other militant groups denounced this ultimatum, and have raised doubts as to the existence of this group, suggesting it may be part of the Indian state's strategy to discredit militancy in Kashmir. However, the threat is real, and many women have taken to the burqa who didn't wear one till now.
Silence and fear: understanding repression in Mexico
Author : Alejandro Vélez Salas / Open Democracy
In the novel 1984, it sends a shiver down my spine when O'Brien asks Winston, who is begging for mercy, "how does one man assert his power over another?" After hours of torture in Room 101, Winston's answer might seem obvious to us: "by making him suffer." This is precisely the purpose of repression: to hurt, humiliate, frighten, demobilise, divide, and silence. If there were an Oscar award for repression, the Mexican government would win one for its 50 year trajectory.
The biggest frustration at the Olympic Games, to be inaugurated in the Brazilian city of Rio de Janeiro on August 5, is the failure to meet environmental sanitation targets and promises in the city’s beaches, rivers, lakes and lagoons. [...] What happened confirms the national tradition of giving sanitation low priority on the government agenda.
Most of Europe was scorching last week, but new scientific evidence presented to the United Nations suggests that we've made great progress in limiting the damage to our planet.