In Focus
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Author : ONU / UN
Pledges made under the Paris Agreement are only a third of what is required by 2030 to avoid the worst impacts of climate change, pointing to the urgent need to boost efforts by both government and non-government actors, the United Nations environment wing said on Tuesday. [...]

The eighth edition of UNEP's Emissions Gap Report, released ahead of the UN Climate Change Conference in in Bonn next month, warns that as things stand, even full implementation of current national pledges makes a temperature rise of at least 3 degrees Celsius by 2100 very likely.
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Press freedom globally has declined to its lowest levels in 13 years, thanks both to new threats to journalists and media outlets in major democracies, and to further crackdowns on independent media in authoritarian countries like Russia and China

But it is the far-reaching attacks on the news media and their place in a democratic society by Donald Trump, first as a candidate and now as president of the United States, that fuel predictions of further setbacks in the years to come.

No U.S. president in recent memory has shown greater contempt for the press than Trump in his first months in office. He has repeatedly ridiculed reporters as dishonest purveyors of “fake news” and corrupt betrayers of the national interest. Borrowing a term popularized by Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, Trump has labeled the news media as “enemies of the people.” His senior White House adviser described journalists as “the opposition party.”

Such comments suggest a hostility toward the fundamental principles and purposes of press freedom, especially the news media’s role in holding governments to account for their words and actions—as opposed to the government holding the media to account. They also raise concern that the U.S. president may, in effect, be offering a license to political leaders else where who have cracked down on the media as part of a larger authoritarian playbook.
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It has been customary since the 1980's to associate the idea of integration with that of a "model", as if each country had a specific "pattern" when dealing with its immigrants. This notion is not unfounded, although it leads to simplified, partially incorrect representations in the way that countries manage their diversity. It is anchored in the observation that the way cultural, linguistic and religious diversity is treated differs according to political systems. Michaël Walzer is one of the only authors to have offered a classification of the political systems according to their approach to diversity. He defines five types of "political tolerance systems" in the West: multinational empires, international society, consociations, Nation-States and immigration societies. Each of these systems is typified by a specific management of cultural, linguistic and religious diversity, which is the foundation of a specific mode of cohabitation.
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As shown by the Declaration for global ethics that was signed in Chicago in 1993, the Parliament of the World’s Religions has understood that the time had come to organize a common strategy to answer the great problems of the world. The main idea was that once it would have agreed on minimum ethics, it would then be able to tackle growing poverty, hunger, violence by and against children, political corruption, the decay of the planet, organized crime, ethnical conflicts, and so on. Today, at a time when the alliance of civilizations is mentioned so much, it would be a good thing to ponder on what has happened to this praiseworthy precedent of great ambition.
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For the last two and a half years, an online comics series featuring a young female software engineer named Neta has been spotlighting the Macedonian tech scene and encouraging women to enter the traditionally male-dominated field.

Neta is produced by Netcetera, an international IT company whose biggest locations are in Zurich and Skopje. The script is written by the company's staff, while the illustration is by renowned Macedonian comics artist Zlatko Girov
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Cultural diversity is an integral part of the values of the European Union. The EU is strongly committed to promoting a global order based on peace, the rule of law, freedom of expression, mutual understanding and respect for fundamental rights. Accordingly, promoting diversity through international cultural relations is an important part of the EU's role as a global actor. This involves a commitment to both promoting 'international cultural relations', through the support and assistance the EU provides to third countries, and supporting the promotion of the Union and the diverse cultures of EU Member States through 'cultural diplomacy.' As a key partner of the United Nations (UN), the EU cooperates closely with UNESCO to safeguard the world's cultural heritage.

The EU has a lot to offer to the world: diversity of cultural expressions, high quality artistic creation and a vibrant creative industry. It also stands to benefit greatly from increased exchanges with the rest of the world. At the same time, the EU's experience of diversity and pluralism is a considerable asset to promote cultural policies as drivers for peace and socio-economic development in third countries.
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Infographie: Encore un siècle avant l'égalité hommes-femmes | Statista Vous trouverez plus de statistiques sur Statista

Encore un siècle d’attente avant que la parité homme-femme ne soit effective, selon l’édition 2017 du Global Gender Gap Report du Forum économique mondial. Si cette prédiction peut bien sûr être écourtée en fonction de la mise en place d’initiatives de réduction des inégalités, l’étude montre au contraire un allongement de 17 ans de la durée nécessaire à la fin des inégalités entre les sexes par rapport à l’année précédente.

Le domaine économique fait figure de mauvais élève, puisque les hommes et les femmes n’y seront égaux que dans 217 ans… alors qu’en matière d’éducation, 13 ans devraient suffire à mettre un terme à ces inégalités.
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Rwanda: Unlawful Military Detention, Torture

Author : Human Rights Watch

Rwanda’s military has routinely unlawfully detained and tortured detainees with beatings, asphyxiations, mock executions, and electric shocks, Human Rights Watch said in a report released today. The report, “‘We Will Force You to Confess’: Torture and Unlawful Military Detention in Rwanda,” documents unlawful detention in military camps and widespread and systematic torture by the military. Human Rights Watch found that judges and prosecutors ignored complaints from current and former detainees about the unlawful detention and ill-treatment, creating an environment of total impunity. Rwandan authorities and United Nations bodies should investigate immediately.
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"Nettoyage ethnique" en Birmanie : pourquoi la minorité musulmane Rohingya est-elle persécutée ?

Author : Guillaume Erner / France Culture

Depuis le 25 août, environ 370 000 rohingyas se sont réfugiés au Bangladesh pour fuir les violences en Birmanie. [...]

Les membres de cette minorité musulmane sont la cible d’une répression de l’armée birmane, en réponse à plusieurs attaques menées par les rebelles de l'Armée du salut des Rohingyas de l'Arakan, à l’encontre de postes de police. Les affrontements auraient jusqu’ici provoqué la mort de 500 personnes selon l’armée, alors que l’Onu avance le chiffre d’au moins mille décès.
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