In Focus
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High-tech US-based transnational companies (TNCs) now represent five of the top seven largest corporations in the world, dominating information (Google, number 2), media (Facebook, number 7), retail (Amazon, number 6), and technology (Apple, number 1 and Microsoft, number 3), according to the World Economic Forum.

One of the best investments one of these companies can make is to change the rules under which it operates so that it can extract greater profits from the global economy while preventing their competitors from having a level playing field. They have long used trade agreements to lock in rules favoring their “rights” to make profits, while limiting governments’ ability to regulate them in the public interest, often in ways that could not advance through normal democratic channels.
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Researchers have quantified the contributions of industrialized and developing nations’ historical emissions to global surface temperature rise. Recent findings that nearly two-thirds of total industrial CO2 and CH4 emissions can be traced to 90 major industrial carbon producers have drawn attention to their potential climate responsibilities. Here, we use a simple climate model to quantify the contribution of historical (1880–2010) and recent (1980–2010) emissions traced to these producers to the historical rise in global atmospheric CO2, surface temperature, and sea level. Emissions traced to these 90 carbon producers contributed 57% of the observed rise in atmospheric CO2, 42–50% of the rise in global mean surface temperature (GMST), and 26–32% of global sea level (GSL) rise over the historical period and 43% (atmospheric CO2), 29–35% (GMST), and 11–14% (GSL) since 1980 (based on best-estimate parameters and accounting for uncertainty arising from the lack of data on aerosol forcings traced to producers).
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This year’s G20 summit in Hamburg promises to be among the more interesting in recent years. For one thing, US President Donald Trump, who treats multilateralism and international cooperation with cherished disdain, will be attending for the first time.

Trump comes to Hamburg having already walked out of one of the key commitments from last year’s summit – to join the Paris climate agreement “as soon as possible.” And he will not have much enthusiasm for these meetings’ habitual exhortation to foreswear protectionism or provide greater assistance to refugees.

Moreover, the Hamburg summit follows two G20 annual meetings in authoritarian countries – Turkey in 2015 and China in 2016 – where protests could be stifled. This year’s summit promises to be an occasion for raucous street demonstrations, directed against not only Trump, but also Turkey’s Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Russia’s Vladimir Putin.
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« Water issues » are intrinsically cosmopolitical – and so, at whichever level they are apprehended: global, multilateral or regional. Each and all of those questionings make for the formation of an authentic cosmopolitical approach to Water as well as its transnational, transdisciplinary and intercultural discussion a necessity.
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The strong focus on species extinctions, a critical aspect of the contemporary pulse of biological extinction, leads to a common misimpression that Earth’s biota is not immediately threatened, just slowly entering an episode of major biodiversity loss. This view overlooks the current trends of population declines and extinctions. Using a sample of 27,600 terrestrial vertebrate species, and a more detailed analysis of 177 mammal species, we show the extremely high degree of population decay in vertebrates, even in common “species of low concern.” Dwindling population sizes and range shrinkages amount to a massive anthropogenic erosion of biodiversity and of the ecosystem services essential to civilization. This “biological annihilation” underlines the seriousness for humanity of Earth’s ongoing sixth mass extinction event.
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To grasp quickly the core of the Saudi Arabian and United Arab Emirates (UAE) accusations against Qatar, it is best to focus on the demand that the Aljazeera television, radio, and online network should be closed, along with half a dozen other media operations that Qatar initiated or funds. Aljazeera has become a proxy of sorts for all the things that the Saudi-Emirati camp fears will happen in the Arab region and inside their own borders — free flow of information, public debate of ideas, peaceful contestation among different social and political ideologies, all quarters of society holding each other accountable through constitutional means, and activist citizen organizations engaging each other and their governments in a public sphere.

The Saudi-Emirati demand to close Aljazeera mirrors the central modern Arab tradition since the 1950s of governments tightly controlling the flow of information and facts and the exchange of ideas in society. This has destroyed much of the human vitality and national integrity of many Arab societies, leading to the sad, violent state of our region today. It is no surprise that some Arab elites want to keep things this way; Aljazeera shows that the majority of Arab men and women want otherwise.
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Infographie: Les pays les plus peuplés en 2050 | Statista Vous trouverez plus de statistiques sur Statista

La population mondiale s'élève actuellement à 7,6 milliards d'individus, selon un rapport des Nations Unies et devrait atteindre les 11,2 milliards en 2100.
Comme le montre notre graphique Statista, l'Inde (1,66 milliard d'habitants) et la Chine (1,41 milliard) resteront les deux pays les plus peuplés du monde en 2050. De 2017 à 2050, on prévoit que la moitié de la croissance de la population mondiale sera concentrée dans seulement neuf pays classés en fonction de leur contribution à la croissance démographique mondiale : l’Inde, le Nigéria, la République démocratique du Congo, le Pakistan, l’Éthiopie, la Tanzanie, les États-Unis, l’Ouganda et l’Indonésie.
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Modern-day slaves: Europe's fruit pickers

Author : France 24
Every year in southern Europe, five million tonnes of fruit and vegetables are harvested for supermarket shelves. But those supermarkets are seeking ever lower prices, and are using the influx of migrants and illegal seasonal workers to cut costs. Our reporters went to meet the few workers brave enough to speak out against this illegal system - and the people who try to help those who have become modern-day slaves.

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Los saharauis, una vida de lucha e incertidumbre

Author : Yaiza Martín / RFI

El Sahara Occidental es la última colonia en territorio africano pendiente por descolonizar. Antigua provincia española, fue ocupada por Marruecos en 1975. Desde entonces, los saharauis reclaman la independencia desde el exilio. Ante la ineficacia de las organizaciones internacionales para resolver el conflicto de manera pacífica, este pueblo de cultura nómada destaca por su lucha diaria en un contexto de hartazgo general e incertidumbre. Un reportaje de Yaiza Martín desde los campamentos de refugiados saharauis en Tinduf.
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