Ref. :  000006053
Date :  2003-03-11
Language :  English
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At request of non-aligned countries, Security Council hears views of larger UN membership on disarmament of Iraq

Author :  ONU / UN

Seeking to help shape the Security Council’s response to unfolding events surrounding the disarmament of Iraq, including last Friday’s briefings by the United Nations weapons inspectors and anticipated action by the Council this week, 28 speakers today debated what many called a “rush to war”.

At the request made last week by the Non-Aligned Movement of countries, the Council agreed to invite United Nations Member States, who are not members of the Council, to participate in an open debate. On 7 March, the Executive Chairman of the United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission (UNMOVIC), Hans Blix, reported that, after a period of somewhat reluctant cooperation, there had been an acceleration of initiatives by Iraq since the end of January, including acceptance that its Al-Samoud 2 missiles must be destroyed. At the same time, such initiatives three to four months into resolution 1441 (2002) did not constitute “immediate” cooperation.

Resolution 1441 (2002) authorized the inspections, which began on 27 November. Unanimously adopted by the Council, the text gave Iraq a final opportunity to comply with its obligations to rid itself of chemical, biological and nuclear weapons, obligations that dated back to 1991, with the end of the Persian Gulf War. A further resolution, submitted by the United States, the United Kingdom and Spain, but not yet pressed to a vote, would give the Iraqi leadership until 17 March to comply with its obligations.

The first speaker in today’s debate was the Iraqi representative, who said his country had been aware from the start that the United States and the United Kingdom would doubt any positive result of inspections, because their goal was not disarmament, which had been effectively achieved, but rather to “put their hands on our oil and control the area and redraw it in a way that ensures the vital interests for the United States for a long period of the future - and this means a new direct colonization of the area”. Iraq had taken the strategic decision to rid itself of mass destruction weapons, without which, there would be no cooperation with UNMOVIC. It would continue to cooperate, leading to a lifting of the sanctions and the conclusion that no banned weapons existed in Iraq.

The representative of Kuwait said it was a sensitive time for the Gulf region, as a result of the intransigence of the Iraqi Government, which had not lived up to its obligations. It also bore full responsibility for the suffering of the Iraqi people during the past 12 years. It was up to that Government to protect its people and those in the region from the negative repercussions of a war, by changing its behaviour and actively cooperating, instead of pretending to do so. Meanwhile, the Council’s unity must be preserved; the only winner of its division on the matter was the Iraqi leadership.

On behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement, the Malaysian representative said experience had shown that it was easy to start a war. In the name of humanity, he appealed to Council members not to resort to military action against Iraq. Indeed, the Council must strive for a peaceful solution. The Middle East, already a flashpoint of conflict, due primarily to Israeli aggression and occupation of Palestinian and Arab lands, could not afford any more turmoil. There was no dishonour in responding to the appeals of the international community to prevent the use of force against Iraq.

Several speakers from the region recalled the decision of the recent Arab summit that an attack against Iraq would be an attack against all Arab States, including the Permanent Observer for the League of Arab States, who asked what present and looming threat existed to wage war in Iraq at a time when the inspections were proceeding vigorously towards the verification of the elimination of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq. If it was regime change, no one should interfere in the domestic affairs of a State. Everything should be done to avoid that “hideous and uneven” war, which would devastate, destroy and destabilize the Arab region and the entire world, he warned.

Why the rush to war, echoed the representative of Iran, at a time when the chief inspectors had asked for a relatively short period of time to complete their work. It was true that the disarmament of Iraq should not have dragged on for 12 years and that its “fragmentary and grudging” cooperation was a main cause of the current crisis. Iran, as a victim of wars of aggression and weapons of mass destruction, certainly understood the international community’s frustration. But, it also knew that another war in the region should not easily or hurriedly be decided. It would be morally and politically unacceptable to allow considerations such as hot weather, moonless nights, and troop fatigue to guide that decision. Against the backdrop of a “real nightmare” of such a war, any chance to avoid it, however slim, should be seized.

Noting with dismay and foreboding that Iraq, even at this hour, had yet to show full, immediate, active and unconditional cooperation with the United Nations weapons inspectors, the representative of Turkey called upon Council members for cohesion, which would not only serve to legitimize any action, but would reinforce United Nations credibility and ensure that the decision reached by that body would be heard “loud and clear” around the globe. Turkey had no concealed agenda, nor did it intend to shut out the Kurds living in northern Iraq. Depicting Turkey as “haggling over a price tag” was a gross disservice to a county that had been a bastion of regional stability.

Highlighting a proposal by Canada that the Council set a deadline of three weeks for Iraq to demonstrate conclusively that it was implementing the required tasks and cooperating actively and effectively on substance, that country’s representative called on the Council to ask Dr. Blix to stipulate the urgent steps required of the Iraqi Government to implement the disarmament tasks. If, by the deadline, Iraq was found to be cooperating fully and actively, a further deadline could be set. Those deadlines could be repeated until the disarmament goals of resolutions 1441 (2002) and 1284 (1998) were met. Finally, a sustained inspection and monitoring system could be put in place.

Others agreed that Iraq’s record of compliance had been insufficient. The Australian representative, for example, did not believe Iraq had shown a change of heart that would lead to verifiable disarmament. And, in his most recent report, Dr. Blix had been unable to state that Iraq had made the fundamental decision to disarm. It, therefore, had fallen short of the requirements of resolution 1441. The key question now was what the Council would do about that. Would it accept the small, belated steps taken by Iraq as adequate? He believed it should not. Recent reluctant offerings had only come about as a result of the enormous pressure military forces massing in the region. Even its minimum cooperation would stop if such pressure was removed. That pattern would no doubt continue, unless the Council was united and acted decisively.

Similarly, the representative of Iceland said that the Iraqi Government had not actively cooperated with the inspectors and, thus, was in violation of resolution 1441. The international community had tolerated “relentless obstruction” of inspections for 12 years now. It was high time that the United Nations showed determination, for its credibility was at stake. A war in Iraq was a last resort, but it was up to the Iraqi Government to avoid it by disarming “quickly and in a credible” manner, he said.

Statements were also made by the representatives of South Africa, Algeria, Egypt, India, Libya, Switzerland, Norway, Brazil, New Zealand, Cuba, Singapore, Republic of Korea, Lao People’s Republic, Indonesia, Albania, Viet Nam, Lebanon and Belarus. The Permanent Observer for the Organization of the Islamic Conference also spoke.

Deputy Secretary-General Louise Fréchette attended today’s meeting, which began at 3:19 p.m. and was suspended at 7 p.m.

The Security Council will resume its open debate on the situation between Iraq and Kuwait at 3 p.m. tomorrow.


The Security Council met this afternoon to hear the views of non-Council members on the situation between Iraq and Kuwait, as requested by Malaysia on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement in a letter to the President of the Council of 7 March (document S/2003/283).

According to that letter, the Non-aligned Movement firmly believes that the Council would benefit from hearing the views of the wider international community on the reports the Executive Chairman of the United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission (UNMOVIC), Hans Blix, and the Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Mohamed ElBaradei, presented to the Council on Friday, 7 March, and on recently introduced new proposals.

During that meeting, Mr. Blix announced UNMOVIC had compiled a list of unresolved disarmament issues, the so-called “cluster document”. That document is available on


Mohammed A. Aldouri (Iraq) said, in response to the questions being pondered by many representatives after the “paper mix-up and the fake and untrue allegations” being spread by the United States and the United Kingdom regarding Iraq’s compliance, as Dr. Blix reported on Friday, Iraq was “proactively cooperating”. As the chief weapons inspectors had reported, Iraq had opened all doors and sites even before the inspectors arrived, and there were no obstacles. Indeed, the inspections were serious, effective and immediate; inspectors could reach any site they desired with ease and without noticeable problems.

He said that inspection activities had not found any weapons of mass destruction or programmes to produce such weapons. Iraq was the one that declared its missiles programme, unilaterally and with UNMOVIC supervision, was now destroying Al-Samoud 2 missiles, which UNMOVIC deemed proscribed. As to whether the United States and the United Kingdom had been able to prove the existence of proscribed weapons or programmes, the answer was no. In fact, one of the documents alleging an attempt by Iraq to import uranium from an African country had proved to be a forgery, as stated recently by Dr. ElBaradei. And, the latest intelligence report submitted by Britain was a student’s thesis done in 1990; it contained published information and was plagiarized, retaining even language errors from the student’s statement.

Moreover, he went on, the allegations presented by the United States Secretary of State on 5 February had been refuted by the facts obtained by the inspectors during four months of reinforced inspections. Iraq’s acceptance of resolution 1441 (2002) had made it impossible for the United States and Britain to use it as a pretext to declare war on Iraq. Hence, they started doubting the inspections and the inspectors’ abilities and searched for other pretexts, such as terrorism, regime change, Iraq’s threat to its neighbours and American interests, and the need to disarm the “so-called” weapons of mass destruction with force. “This means war and that is their main goal from this game”, he said.

Mr. Blix had said that the document submitted by UNMOVIC to the Security Council on remaining disarmament issues had not provided any evidence of the possession by Iraq of proscribed weapons or programmes, he said. Iraq had requested such a document from UNMOVIC for some time; it would be important to review the main tasks required of Iraq. Regarding what had been called “new evidence” alleging in the past two days that Iraq was in material breach, that had concerned a “small experimental primitive aircraft without any form of production at all”.

In fact, he said the inspection teams had viewed the aircraft, its specifications and details and had ascertained that those specifications, especially concerning fuel-tank capacity and the engine, were tested “within the range of the airport”. That experimental aircraft was radio controlled and within the sight range of a ground controller, and did not exceed eight kilometres. Hence, that was not a mass destruction weapon or a delivery method exceeding the range set by the Security Council. Was that a material breach of the Council’s resolutions, particularly resolution 1441 he asked.

He said his country had been aware from the start that the United States and the United Kingdom would doubt any result, because their goal was not disarmament, which had been effectively achieved, but rather to control Iraq’s oil and redrawing the region to suit the vital interests of the United States for a long period of time –- “and this means a new, direct colonization of the area”. Iraq had taken the strategic decision to rid itself of mass destruction weapons, without which, there would be no cooperation with UNMOVIC. Today, it reiterated its readiness for fruitful constructive cooperation leading to the decision that no such weapons existed in Iraq and to the lifting of sanctions.

Mohammad A. Abulhasan (Kuwait) said that today’s debate was being held at a sensitive time for the Gulf region, as a result of the intransigence of the Iraqi Government, which had not lived up to its obligations under previous Council resolutions. That situation had created the acute tension which now prevailed. The Iraqi Government bore full responsibility for the suffering of the Iraqi people during the past 12 years. He fully supported efforts made to arrive at a peaceful settlement of Iraq’s disarmament, in keeping with international legality. The resolutions and declarations of the Non-Aligned Movement, the League of Arab States and the Organization of the Islamic Conference had not only expressed a preference for a peaceful settlement, but had also described the path to be followed -- by asking Iraq to implement all relevant resolutions and cooperate fully with inspectors.

The draft resolution before the Council, he said, gave the Iraqi Government additional time, during which it could reveal its holdings and hand them over. He hoped that the Iraqi Government would avail itself of that opportunity and accept the international community’s appeal. The draft reflected the Council’s determination with respect to Iraq’s challenge to the international community and deserved full support. While he hoped that it would not be necessary to use military force, he reaffirmed that it was up to the Iraqi Government to protect the Iraqi people and those in the region from the negative repercussions by changing its behaviour and actively cooperating, instead of pretending to do so. Unity within the Council must be preserved. Only common will, unity and determination would serve to effectively bring about the results hoped for.

The obligations imposed on Iraq were not confined to eliminating weapons of mass destruction, he continued. There were also other important matters that remained unresolved since the invasion, such as prisoners of war and destruction to Kuwaiti property. He did not find a sincere willingness by Iraq to deal with such matters. He hoped that the Council would be able to go beyond differences of opinion and arrive at an agreement that reflected the common determination of the international community, as well as confront any political manoeuvring by the Iraqi leadership. Division had only one winner -- the Iraqi leadership.

Zainuddin Yahya (Malaysia), speaking on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement, said the 116 member States of the Movement, representing two thirds of humanity, had called for the open debate so the views of the larger membership of the United Nations could be heard. The adoption of the Kuala Lumpur Declaration during the thirteenth conference of the heads of State or government of the Movement, held on 24-25 February, reaffirmed the commitment to the pursuit of a peaceful and prosperous world order. The summit had also adopted statements on Iraq and Palestine.

He said the Movement believed that war against Iraq would be a destabilizing factor for the region, as well as for the whole world. The Movement was committed to the fundamental principles of the non-use of force and respect for the sovereignty, territorial integrity, political independence and security of all Member States. It welcomed the decision by Iraq to actively cooperate with the inspectors in accordance with resolution 1441 (2002). He called on Iraq to continue active compliance with that and other relevant Council resolutions. That would be an important step towards opening the way to a comprehensive and peaceful resolution of all pending issues between Iraq and the United Nations. The current disarmament effort in Iraq should not be an end in itself, but should also constitute a step towards the lifting of sanctions.

The peaceful resolution of the Iraqi crisis would ensure that the Council was in a position to ensure Iraq’s sovereignty and compliance with paragraph 14 of its resolution 687 (1991) on the establishment in the Middle East of a weapons-of-mass-destruction-free zone, which included Israel. According to reports of 7 March, there had been substantial progress in the work of the inspectors.
Mr. Blix had categorically stated that there was no evidence to support claims that Iraq was hiding biological and chemical weapons in mobile laboratories and underground shelters. Mr. ElBaradei had alluded that allegations that Iraq had tried to purchase uranium from the Niger were based on unauthentic documents. The submission of false reports to the United Nations on Iraq’s alleged nuclear weapons programme was a worrisome and irresponsible act.

The Movement firmly believed that the problem of Iraq could be resolved peacefully through the United Nations, he said. The Council must strive for a peaceful solution, without resorting to war, and should remain conscious of the untold misery that war would inflict on the countries and the people in the region. The Middle East, already a flash-point of conflict, due primarily to Israeli aggression and occupation of Palestinian and Arab lands, could not afford any more turmoil. There was no dishonour in responding to the appeals of the international community to prevent the use of force against Iraq.

Dumisani S. Kumalo (South Africa) believed, as millions around the world did, that war was unnecessary. A war against Iraq would be deadly, destabilizing and have far-reaching political, socio-economic and humanitarian consequences for all countries. For those in Africa, the impact of the pending war would indeed be crippling.

The decision the Council was about to take would undoubtedly transcend the immediate issue of Iraq, he said. “It would appear that we are no longer debating the situation in Iraq and that country’s full compliance with resolution 1441, but that we are currently defining a new international order that will determine how the international community addresses conflict situations in the future.” The fundamental issue was the peaceful disarmament of Iraq. Resolution 1441 was about disarming Iraq through inspections. It was not a declaration of war. Neither was the use of military force the best way to bring about democracy, or to improve human rights in any country.

He reiterated his full confidence in the work of the weapons inspectors. The Council could strengthen the work of the inspectors by endorsing a work programme and time frame for the inspections, which Mr. Blix had already offered to present to the Council. Any timetable developed without taking into account the programme of the inspectors could only lead to an unnecessary ultimatum for war. Also, a deadline by the Council would be counter-productive and contradict both resolutions 1284 (1999) and 1441 (2003). As a result, he failed to see any need for a further resolution until all the provisions of resolutions 1284 and 1441 had been exhausted.

Yahya A. Mahmassani, Permanent Observer for the League of Arab States, said the Arab summit in March had considered that an attack against Iraq would be an attack against all Arab States. The decision called on all States to support Arab efforts to avert war, which it understood had required Iraq’s full implementation of Security Council resolution 1441 (2002) and the granting of sufficient time for the inspectors to complete their mission. The Arab summit had also recalled Iraq’s assurances to respect Kuwait’s sovereignty, the return of prisoners and detainees, and the remaining archives and properties. The recent UNMOVIC report of 7 March had affirmed the positive accomplishments of the inspectors, in light of the responsiveness and cooperation of Iraq. That confirmed the need to continue the inspections and close the Iraqi file.

He said that Mr. ElBaradei had said there was no indication of a revival of Iraq’s nuclear programme. Mr. Blix has referred to increased aerial surveillance and the destruction of Al-Samoud missiles. Indeed, lethal weapons were being destroyed. Initiatives taken by the Iraqi side, said Mr. Blix, could now be seen as active or even proactive. The inspectors would not take weeks or years to complete their work, but only months. Then, why the war? What present and looming threat existed to wage war at a time when the inspections were proceeding vigorously towards the verification of the elimination of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq?

That question led to others, including whether the objective of such a war was the elimination of proscribed weapons, or concerned other schemes. Moreover, any government change should be decided by the peoples of the region, free from any foreign intervention. Interference in a country’s domestic affairs was offensive and unacceptable. Everything should be done to avoid a “hideous and uneven” war, which would devastate, destroy and destabilize the Arab region and the entire world. Today was a historic junction, which would determine the destiny of the region for generations to come. A war against Iraq would be a prelude for other wars; principles and values would collapse and chaos would reign supreme, he warned.

Abdallah Baali (Algeria) said it would be improper for the Council to take a decision regarding the use of force in Iraq alone and not listen to those not sitting in the Council. He hoped the Council would listen to them, because the Council took decisions on behalf of all. The Council must also hear regional organizations and other groups who had spoken out in unity in past weeks, such as the European Union, the African Union and the Non-Aligned Movement. All those groups were calling on the Council to see to it that the logic of peace prevailed over that of war. The Council must also listen to civil society, which over the past weeks had rejected war, as had religious leaders, including the Pope.

The Council could not discard the outcry of the world and, with a simple wave of the hand, reject reports of inspection missions it had created itself, he said. Mr. Blix and Mr. ElBaradei were asking for just a few months in order to obtain peaceful disarmament in Iraq. The clear denials of Mr. Blix and Mr. ElBaradei of allegations regarding Iraq left no choice but to conclude that only impartial inspections could establish the facts. Progress had only been achieved because the international community had shown unity and determination. Was it reasonable, now that inspections were beginning to bear fruit, that inspections would be ended abruptly and hundreds of thousands of lives would be jeopardized? he asked.

He called for a peaceful settlement to the crisis and respect of all for international legality. The Council’s credibility would be safeguarded if the Council finally endeavoured to see to it that there was respect everywhere and in all circumstances for its resolutions, including those regarding Israel, which was threatening the States in the region with weapons of mass destruction.

Ahmed Aboul Gheit (Egypt) said that the two reports delivered by the inspectors had distinct elements. First, inspections were making concrete progress towards genuine disarmament. Second, the call for giving inspectors more time - not years or weeks, but some months. That was reaffirmed by the Arab summit, held in Sharm el-Sheikh. Third, the IAEA had not reached the conclusion that Iraq had revived its nuclear programme in the past four years. That, in sum, was the viewpoint of those internationally respected professionals. He called on Iraq to complete its implementation of resolution 1441 (2002).

He did not believe that it was necessary to assert that the Council stood at a crucial juncture. The way it dealt with the issue would have a deep impact on the way it handled issues in the decades to come. He called on Council members to commit themselves to the Charter and the relevant resolutions to settle international disputes by peaceful means. The Arab summit, on 1 March, had rejected a strike against Iraq and the threatening of the security of any Arab State. He called on all States to support efforts to avoid a war, as well as sufficient time for inspectors to complete their work.

Egypt had been active in the ministerial committee created by the Arab summit, which had undertaken intensive contacts in New York, he stated. The committee would be visiting Baghdad in the coming days to ensure cooperation by Iraq with all Council resolutions. Weapons of mass destruction must be eliminated. Therefore, he urged the international community to give the inspection regime the opportunity to obtain security and peace in that region. War would have grave repercussions. Humanity and international relations would suffer from war. It was, thus, a duty for all to work seriously to avoid war.

Vijay K. Nambiar (India) said reports of UNMOVIC and the IAEA had indicated progress in cooperation extended by Iraq. As discussions entered a critical phase, it was important to underline that the focus should be on the disarmament of Iraq without resorting to armed force, as far as possible. It required not only active and immediate compliance by Iraq of resolution 1441 (2002) and earlier resolutions, but also a strong unity of purpose on the part of the Council. There was a need to persevere in efforts towards a collective decision of the international community, by establishing thresholds, if necessary. If allowing more time and establishing clearer criteria could help the process of United Nations-based decision-making, it should be given a chance.

He maintained that force should be resorted to only as the very last option and when authorized by the Council. He also called for steps to ensure that any measures taken by the Council should not adversely impact on the humanitarian situation, which was already extremely difficult. Measures taken by the Council should ensure the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Iraq. If actions of the Council were to be seen as legitimate, they must come from a body that was united and acted responsibly towards ensuring: compliance by Iraq; stability in the immediate neighbourhood; and international peace and security in the region as a whole.

Ahmed Own (Libya) said the Iraqi crisis was the most serious being faced by the world since the end of the cold war. What was emerging now was the clear will of the international community to reject decisions imposed upon it, that ran counter to international legitimacy. The overwhelming opposition to the war against the Iraqi people was proof of the international community’s rejection of the war or the threat of war. The proponents of the war had not presented a convincing case. Indeed, Iraq had shown a clear political will, at the highest level, to comply with resolution 1441 (2002) and implement it fully. Iraq had extended effective cooperation, as borne out by the reports of the chief weapons inspectors. They had affirmed the importance of continued inspections, for which more time was sought - not weeks or years, but months.

Despite such positive developments, he said, some States were “still marching towards war and rushing towards it”. They were waging a media campaign to distort the facts and justify their approach. The proponents of the war were acting outside the scope of international law in seeking a regime change in Iraq. Besides, resolution 1441 (2002) had not specified a time frame for the conclusion of the inspections. The fact that the international community had stood up firmly was an historic act, in the wake of the end of the cold war. He would not forget the brave stands of Council members, who, in the face of blackmail and threat, had refused to acquiesce to the orders of some States that had been accustomed to pursuing their economic and political interests, even at the expense of the world’s “small peoples”.

Javad Zarif (Iran) said that, at a time when the chief inspectors had recommended that they be given a relatively short period of time to complete their work, the question was why there was a “rush to war”. It was true that the disarmament of Iraq should not have dragged on for 12 years and it was also true that the Iraqi Government should have fulfilled its obligations much earlier. Indeed, its “fragmentary and grudging” cooperation was a main cause of the current crisis. As “victims of one of the wars of aggression, the major victim of harbouring terrorism and the only victim of these weapons of mass destruction”, Iran certainly understood the international community’s frustration. But, it also knew that another war in its region should not easily or hurriedly be decided. “Two wrongs will not make it right”, he said.

He said it would be morally and politically unacceptable if considerations such as hot weather, moonless nights, troop fatigue and the like were to take precedence. Everyone had some idea of the unparalleled disaster of such a war; the humanitarian crisis in Iraq and neighbouring countries could be catastrophic and extremism would benefit most. There were also worrying signs that the right of the Iraqi people to self-determination would be among the casualties. The stakes had already gone far beyond Iraq; the rush to war had already placed the international system on the line. He fully supported the warning issued yesterday and today by the Secretary-General. He was also gravely concerned about outright attempts to undermine the United Nations. Against the backdrop of a “real nightmare” of such a war, any chance to avoid it, however slim, should be seized.

John Dauth (Australia) said his country did not believe Iraq had shown a change of heart that would lead to its full and verifiable disarmament. In his report to the Council on 7 March, Hans Blix was unable to state that Iraq had taken the fundamental decision to disarm. No one, including United Nations weapons inspectors, had been able to describe Iraq's cooperation as immediate, unconditional and active. Iraq had, therefore, fallen short of what resolution 1441 (2002) had required it to do, and the key question for the Council was what to do about that. Would it accept the small, belated steps taken by Iraq as adequate? He believed it should not. Beginning to destroy Al-Samoud 2 missiles was no reason to relinquish pressure on Iraq to disarm. Iraq should never have developed missiles with a range beyond 150 kilometres in the first place, since the Council had expressly forbidden that.

Iraq's belated discoveries of R400 bombs raised questions about its sudden ability to find weapons, he continued. Other developments, such as the handing over of some documents, were redolent of Iraq's tired tactic of seeking to pacify the international community. Those reluctant offerings only came about due to the enormous pressure exerted on Iraq by the massing of military forces in the region. Even that minimum cooperation would stop if such pressure was removed. That pattern had been seen before, and no doubt would be seen again, unless the Council was united and acted decisively.

Few outstanding disarmament questions had been resolved in Iraq, he said, and many remained. The international community did not know what Iraq had done with 6,500 chemical munitions, with a potential agent content of 1,000 tonnes of chemical agent; 8,500 litres of anthrax; 650 kilograms of bacterial growth media, which could be used to make 5,000 litres of anthrax; 360 tonnes of bulk chemical agent; 1.5 tonnes of VX; and 3,000 tonnes of precursor chemicals. Without full Iraqi cooperation, none of those and other questions would be adequately resolved. Giving inspectors more time, or giving them additional capabilities, would mean nothing unless Iraq genuinely cooperated.

Paul Heinbecker (Canada) said it was painfully obvious that the Council was profoundly divided and that that division threatened the very collective security vocation of the United Nations. The first step to regaining unity was to recognize that positions on both sides were held with deep conviction, and that both sides had valid arguments. An open-ended inspection process would relieve the pressure on Iraq to disarm. Disarmament had only begun because of heavy outside pressure. On the other hand, a foreshortened inspections process would create doubt about whether war was indeed the last resort.

He said on 18 February his country had suggested that the key remaining disarmament tasks be established and prioritized by the inspectors and that a deadline be established for Iraq to implement them. Iraq’s leadership should be asked to publicly direct all levels of its Government to take all necessary disarmament decisions. The Council should ask Mr. Blix to press forward the programme of work urgently and to stipulate the urgent and imperative steps required of the Government of Iraq to implement disarmament tasks. It was obvious that disarmament and verification could not be instantaneous. The Council should set a deadline of three weeks for Iraq to demonstrate conclusively that it was implementing those tasks and was cooperating actively and effectively on substance, and not only on process.

The Council should consider authorizing Member States now to eventually use all necessary means to force compliance, unless, on the basis of ongoing inspectors’ reports, it concluded that Iraq was complying. If, by the deadline, Iraq was found to be cooperating fully and actively, a further deadline could be set. Those deadlines could be repeated until the disarmament goals of resolutions 1441 (2002) and 1284 (1999) were met. Finally, a sustained inspection and monitoring system would need to be put in place after verified disarmament, in order to give the international community confidence and to alert it immediately if Iraq sought to re-establish proscribed weapons programmes.

Jeno C.A. Staehelin (Switzerland) said the United Nations’ priority must be the peaceful disarmament of Iraq, as long as weapons inspections continued to yield results. At present, he supported initiatives to grant UNMOVIC and IAEA inspectors reasonable time to complete inspections, verification and destruction of prohibited Iraqi arms, as set forth by relevant Security Council resolutions. He welcomed UNMOVIC’s proposal to soon submit to the Security Council a list of all outstanding questions concerning disarmament and a working programme for achieving the objectives of resolution 1441 (2002).

The potentially destructive humanitarian and social consequences of a military conflict were proof of the need to disarm Iraq through continued and strengthened weapons inspections. Sixty per cent of the Iraqi population was dependent on food and medical supplies through the “oil-for-food” programme. Iraq’s national medical and sanitation infrastructures were rundown, creating worrisome moral and physical conditions for millions of people, particularly women, children and the elderly. If all attempts at peaceful disarmament fail, Switzerland would ask that any Security Council decision adopted on the basis of Chapter VII of the Charter include unconditional demands on all parties to respect international humanitarian law.

Altay Cengizer (Turkey) said that, while considerable progress had been registered in the inspection process since 18 February, he noted with dismay that Iraq, even now, had yet to show full, immediate, active and unconditional cooperation with the United Nations weapons inspectors. Regrettably, the course of action Iraq had chosen to follow, disgruntled rather than cooperative, lay at the centre of the present difficulties the Council was currently faced with. Cohesion in the Council would not only serve the legitimacy of any action that might ensue, but would reinforce the credibility of the United Nations. Depicting Turkey as haggling over a price tag, he said, had been a gross disservice for a country and its people that had been a bastion of stability in the region.

Among the principles that guided his country’s approach to the Iraqi question was that the territorial integrity, sovereignty and political unity of Iraq should be kept intact. Also, the future of Iraq should be decided by the Iraqi people, in their entirety and not just by some of them. In addition, the natural riches of Iraq belonged to Iraq and its people as a whole, again, and not just to some of them. He stated that there was no concealed agenda on Turkey’s part. Any decision reached by the Iraqi people was acceptable to Turkey as long as it was reached democratically and with the participation of all Iraqis.

Turkey, he stated, did not intend to shut out the Kurds living in northern Iraq. With them, Turkey enjoyed a multitude of human bonds, including kinship and history. He wished to see Iraq start forging a future in which it would become a respected member of the international community, whose human, cultural and natural riches benefited its people and the region.

Ole Peter Kolby (Norway) said it was a positive thing that Iraq was now cooperating more actively and that there had been some progress in the inspections. That progress was the result of a united and firm stand by the international community. It confirmed that the pressure on Iraq must be maintained. He deeply regretted, however, that Iraq had not been cooperating with the inspectors as required by resolution 1441. The Iraqi cooperation with UNMOVIC and the IAEA had not been immediate, unconditional and active. The inspectors had not received the information necessary to draw conclusions about Iraqi possession of weapons of mass destruction.

In the current situation, he said, the inspections should continue, as long as they could produce meaningful and concrete results. At the same time, it was important to set a time limit and clear criteria for Iraq to comply with resolution 1441. The inspections could not go on indefinitely. The time limit must be short and precise, but achievable. There was still a possibility to achieve the peaceful disarmament of Iraq. The onus was on Iraq. “This is the last opportunity to reach a peaceful outcome. Iraq must not miss this opportunity.”

Luiz Tupy Caldas de Moura (Brazil) said that, as many had stated, the decisions to be taken by the Council had acquired a dimension that went beyond the question of Iraq. They could have adverse and long-standing effects on the structures of international peace and security. Any military conflict would require the expenditure of an immense amount of resources. It would aggravate the recession which was already victimizing economies worldwide, especially the most vulnerable of developing nations. In humanitarian terms, a war could bring enormous desolation and suffering. Also, the collective effort in the war against terrorism would be severely hampered by radical reactions, particularly if actions were taken without regard to the Council’s decisions.

The reports by the chief inspectors, he said, had indicated that some progress had been achieved. Their presentations also stressed the fact that more time was needed –- not an indefinite period of time –- to properly carry out the responsibilities entrusted to them by the Council. Some proposals had been put forward, in that regard, and should be fully explored so the inspectors could finalize their work and present their conclusions to the Council.

Don Mackay (New Zealand) said his Government had placed considerable weight on the weapons inspection process as providing a route to Iraq’s disarmament. As long as weapons inspectors reported genuine progress, their work should continue. Since the Council’s 18 February meeting, the inspectors had made clear that, while many questions remained, real progress was being made. New Zealand did not support military action against Iraq without a mandate from the Council. The Council would not be justified in giving that mandate at the current time. The inspection process needed months, not days. While the Council could authorize the use of force as a last resort, in view of recent UNMOVIC and IAEA reports, it was not a time of last resort.

He said all Council members shared the same objective - the disarmament of Iraq. Debate had not raged over the objective, but over the timetable for and means of achieving it. It was distressing that the debate had strained long-standing friendships between nations. That strain would be magnified if the next steps to resolve the crisis did not have broad international support. New Zealand urged the Council to continue to support the inspection and disarmament process in place while it was getting results. Iraq should not mistake the strong preference for a diplomatic solution for tolerance of its failure to comply in full. It was not the time for Iraq to practice the diplomacy of brinksmanship. Iraq should act immediately to comply in full with all requirements laid down by the Security Council and the inspectors.

Bruno Rodriguez Parrilla (Cuba) said a unilateral war, as the one that had been promised, would have devastating consequences worldwide and would be the end of democracy in international relations, as well as totally destabilize the Middle East. The Council and the United Nations would be dealt a lethal blow. It would place all States, with no exception, at risk of facing the unpredictable hazards of a universal tyranny and at the mercy of new “pre-emptive wars”. A war against Iraq would also be unnecessary, as meticulous inspections by UNMOVIC and the IAEA had proved that there was no credible threat nor any risk to the national security of the United States. Such a war would not be an act of legitimate defence, but a predatory war.

He said the path to the full implementation of relevant resolution was the preservation of peace and cooperation, the continuation of inspections and a comprehensive settlement of the question of Iraq, including the lifting of sanctions. The draft resolution being discussed was a declaration of war, even if it was being dressed up with benchmarks, or if the deadline was postponed. The opposition to war by the majority of the members of the Council was commendable. The veto, used so often in an indiscriminate and illegitimate way, would be, in that case, justified. If the Council would not fulfil its mandate in a true and legitimate way, the General Assembly should exercise, in emergency, all the authority and power granted by the Charter for the maintenance of international peace and security.

Thorsteinn Ingolfsson (Iceland) said that last September, in the General Assembly, his Foreign Minister had underlined that full implementation of Council resolutions was imperative. The Iraqi Government had not actively cooperated with the inspectors and was, thus, in violation of resolution 1441 (2002). The international community had tolerated “relentless obstruction” of inspections for 12 years now. It was high time that the United Nations show determination; its credibility was at stake.

He reiterated his hope for a peaceful solution. A war in Iraq was a last resort. It was up to the Iraqi Government to avoid conflict by disarming quickly and in a credible manner. The international community must show its resolve, and the United Nations, its strength. The handling of that matter must leave no doubt about the authority and ability of the Organization to enforce its decisions.

Kishore Mahbubani (Singapore) said the primary responsibility lay with Iraq, not the international community, to demonstrate compliance. It was imperative that Iraq disarm immediately and comply fully with all Council resolutions. Resolution 1441 was not the Council’s first resolution on the issue. Iraq had had a miserable record of complying with Council resolutions. Resolution 1441 was the Council’s seventeenth resolution since resolution 687 of 29 November 1990, which was designed to “restore international peace and security” in the area following Iraq’s illegal invasion of Kuwait. Regrettably, Iraq had not complied with many of the terms of resolution 687, even though almost 12 years had passed.

Resolution 1441 was specifically designed, he noted, to discourage Iraq from reverting to its past patterns of non-cooperation and evasion. It had become increasingly clear that Iraq had only a few more days to comply with that resolution or face serious consequences. Thus, he hoped that Iraq would comply immediately, actively, fully and unconditionally with the weapons inspectors. Many unanswered questions remained to be addressed by the Iraqi authorities.

He hoped the Council would act in a way that would preserve the unity achieved by 1441. A unified position would send a clear message to Iraq from the Council that continued defiance of its obligations would not be tolerated. It would also send the signal to the rest of the world that the development and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction posed a grave threat to international order that could not be ignored. Indeed, the issue under discussion today was only one example in a broader problem of the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.

Sun Joun-Yung (Republic of Korea) said Iraq had so far offered some degree of cooperation with United Nations weapons inspectors, under strong pressure from the international community. However, Iraq had not yet shown “immediate, unconditional and active” cooperation, as provided for in resolution 1441 (2002), and many proscribed weapons and items still remained unaccounted for. The findings of the inspectors had indicated neither a full and voluntary cooperation on the part of Iraq, nor any full resolution of remaining disarmament issues.

Given Iraq’s failure to comply with successive Council resolutions for the past 12 years, he said inspections should not continue indefinitely. There should be a clear deadline for Iraq’s disarmament. The responsibility to disarm belonged to Iraq. Given the absence of Iraq’s genuine will to disarm, it was essential for the Council to send a unified and resolute message to Iraq. It was time for the Council, as the principal organ for the maintenance of international peace and security, to act on Iraq’s failure to comply fully with its disarmament obligations.

Alounkeo Kittikhoun (Lao People’s Democratic Republic) said the recent summit meeting of the Non-Aligned Movement had welcomed the decision of the Iraqi Government to authorize the unconditional return of the weapons inspectors. Participants encouraged Iraq and the United Nations to intensify efforts, aimed at finding a global, just and lasting solution to all pending issues. They also emphasized the urgent need to find a peaceful solution to the Iraqi question, with a view to preserving the authority and credibility of the United Nations Charter and international law, as well as peace and stability in the region and throughout the world.

He stressed that the Iraqi issue affected peace, security and development in that crucial Middle East region. Thus, everything possible should be done to solve that question rapidly and peacefully. In today’s world, where peace was fragile, it was important for the international community to come out resolutely in favour of a settlement of disputes, however complex, through peaceful means. The use of force to settle the conflict would cause material damage, a great loss of human life, and leave deep scars for a long time to come. Everything possible should be done to avoid the outbreak of war, which could only cause even more suffering for the Iraqi people. Due to the inspections, some positive results had been achieved. Like the majority of Member States, his country believed the inspections had begun to bear fruit and that the peaceful disarmament of Iraq was possible.

Mochamad Slamet Hidayat (Indonesia) said the inspections being conducted by UNMOVIC and the IAEA had yielded good results and should be given a fair chance, measured in terms of more time, personnel and resources. The general concern was that the inspections had not turned up evidence of violations of United Nations resolutions by Iraq. Unfortunately, that assessment could hardly be considered conclusive since the inspectors were still working.

In that connection, he would support a strengthened inspection regime, which was cognizant of the importance of its assignment and able to execute that assignment responsibly, fairly and quickly. As of today, Iraq had given its cooperation to enable the inspectors to work effectively. However, in view of the gravity and urgency of the situation, it was critically important that Iraq continue to actively and immediately cooperate, as mandated by resolution 1441.

He believed there could be no solution to the situation in the Middle East that ignored the reality of the entire region. The solution of the core issue of Palestine would contribute to the comprehensive settlement of all aspects of the problems in the Middle East. “We should never concentrate so much on other issues in the region that we overlook this fact.”

Agim Nesho (Albania) said that resolution 1441 demonstrated not only the determination of the international community to fully disarm the Iraqi regime, but also its strong will to penalize a regime that possessed weapons of mass destruction and endangered regional peace and security. The time to disarm Iraq was running out. The second resolution to be presented by the United States, the United Kingdom and Spain firmly redefined the international community’s determination to preserve global peace and security. It ensured and maintained the authority of the international community and the Security Council in their joint actions against regimes that presented a threat to common values. Albania, therefore, supported the United States’ position and was in favour of the resolution. Albania had been part of the international coalition for disarming Iraq, and he reaffirmed his country’s participation in the future coalition of the willing.

Peace and security could not be achieved merely through endless meetings and unproductive discussions, he said. The extension of the disarmament process would give Iraq’s regime an opportunity to defy, once again, the international community and the United Nations. It would, moreover, seriously bring into question the very credibility of the Organization. The United Nations should take its responsibilities and act accordingly. “The mere absence of war was not peace”, he said.

Ngo Duc Thang (Viet Nam) said all options of a political and diplomatic solution to the question of Iraq had not been fully exhausted. The reports from Mr. Blix and Mr. ElBaradei had indicated that the inspection process was achieving progress. The positive developments showed that a peaceful settlement was possible and that there was a real alternative to war. Given the current situation and continuing progress, there was no need for a second resolution. Inspections should continue as long as they could bring viable results.

However, inspections could not go on forever, he said. Inspectors should be asked to present for the Council’s consideration a list of criteria to determine Iraq’s cooperation, or a list of specified and prioritized tasks Iraq should fulfil within a reasonable time frame. He welcomed proposals to set benchmarks for Iraq’s cooperation and called on the Council to give more serious consideration to the proposals presented by France, Russian Federation and Germany in their memorandum to the Council of 24 February. There was still a chance for a peaceful solution, and he appealed to the Council and all parties involved to do all they could to avoid war.

Mokhtar Lamani, Permanent Observer for the Organization of the Islamic Conference, said that today’s meeting was being held amid potentially grave consequences that “no one can extrapolate”. The organization had expressed its clear and open objection to aggression against Iraq, whose disarmament must be achieved peacefully. There was no justification for waging a military campaign against Iraq, which would affect the region and the world. The organization also called for the need to respect Iraq’s sovereignty and territorial integrity. Opposition to the war was enjoying unprecedented support around the world. At an emergency conference in Doha, Qatar, on 5 March, the organization had issued a declaration rejecting a strike against Iraq, or threats to the security and sovereignty of any Islamic State.

He said the leaders at that meeting had expressed anew their solidarity with the Iraqi people and had called for a lifting of the sanctions against them. They had also rejected all attempts aimed at a regime change, or any ignoring of the interests and just causes of the region. The use of force against Iraq in the current circumstances of cooperation was unjustified and represented a strike against the Pan-Arab and Islamic nations and a grave attack on the central role of the United Nations. Such aggression was a grave threat to international relations and international solidarity, and would encourage extremism and violence, rather than eliminate terrorism. At the same time, the declaration urged Iraq to continue to cooperate with the inspectors, by easing their mission and fully implementing the Council’s resolutions.

Meanwhile, he said, the “noise” surrounding the possibility of war in Iraq was deafening, yet the Security Council “stood with its arms folded”, unable to protect the Palestinian people from the illegal, aggressive acts perpetrated against them under Israeli occupation. How long would those double standards continue? Why was Iraq being threatened by destruction and annihilation, while the State of Israel was allowed to acquire all types of weapons of mass destruction, openly and in large quantities? he asked.

Houssam Asaad Diab (Lebanon) said the unilateral use of force was a violation of the Charter, impaired the credibility of the Organization and threatened to put an end to the present world system. The ministerial committee, created at the Arab summit in Sharm el-Sheikh, had gone to New York last week and conveyed the Arab position to the Council, which consisted of four points. First, they reaffirmed the complete refusal of any attack on Iraq or threat to the integrity or security of any Arab State. Second, they reaffirmed the need for respect for international legitimacy and implementation of resolution 1441, which did not authorize war against Iraq. The third point was the need to provide enough time for the inspection teams to carry out their tasks. Fourth, they reaffirmed support for the sovereignty, integrity and independence of Iraq.

The Council must play its part in dealing with the Iraqi issue, he stated. The report of the inspectors demonstrated constant progress, thanks to Iraqi cooperation. The reports, introduced on Friday, stated that Iraq had actively and proactively cooperated with the inspectors. The military option had led the international community to discuss another resolution and had weakened the unity of the Council. The draft resolution would authorize the automatic use of force and set an unrealistic deadline, as compared with the timeline proposed by Dr. Blix.

Aleg Ivanou (Belarus) said he was committed to the peaceful settlement of the question of Iraq. The consistent efforts of UNMOVIC and the IAEA had yielded concrete results which proved the correctness of resolution 1441 (2002). Those results and the gradually increasing cooperation by Iraq could not be disregarded.

He was resolutely against any ultimatum and advocated the further intensification of inspections. He called on Iraq for maximum cooperation with UNMOVIC and the IAEA. Deeply concerned about increasing tensions around Iraq, he saw no alternative to that country’s peaceful disarmament.

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 flechePaludisme : le Secrétaire général veut une couverture universelle d'ici 2010
 flecheThousands gather as annual indigenous forum kicks off at UN Headquarters
 flecheProchaine Semaine mondiale d'action de l'UNESCO en faveur de l'éducation pour tous
 flecheBan, Ki-moon
 flecheBangkok climate change talks good start, but ‘huge’ task lays ahead – UN official
 flecheConsejo de Derechos Humanos inicia mecanismo de revisión periódica de países
 flecheUN report cites major gains in treating women and children with AIDS
 flecheBan Ki-moon outlines steps to bolster collaboration with regional organizations
 flecheClimate change threatens development efforts of world’s poor – UN official
 flecheUN unveils latest list of ‘10 Stories the World Should Know More About’
 flecheUN-backed potato conference will help shape tomorrow’s tuber
 flecheUrgent action crucial for Africa to meet its development targets – Ban Ki-moon
 flecheGlobalization must benefit ‘bottom billion’ of poor – Ban Ki-moon
 flecheThousands of languages face extinction, UN warns at start of International Year
 flecheBan Ki-moon urges early funding for $3.8 billion UN humanitarian appeal
 flecheMajor corporations to invest in UN-backed fight against AIDS, TB, malaria
 flecheConflict in Central African Republic uproots 300,000, UN reports
 flecheNo agreement reached on Kosovo’s future status in Security Council
 flecheUpdated UN strategy to monitor climate change with dozens of satellites
 flecheSecretary-General lays out challenging UN agenda for 2008
 flecheBan Ki-moon warns of critical gaps as joint UN-AU force takes over in Darfur
 flecheACNUR advierte sobre entendimiento erróneo de expansión de zona Schengen
 flecheBan Ki-moon stresses role of science and technology in Africa’s development
 flecheWhen women are empowered, all of society benefits – Migiro
 flecheUN forum tackles balance between property rights and Internet freedom
 flecheGeneral Assembly president urges framework to address Security Council reform
 flecheJean Ziegler qualifie le recours aux biocarburants de 'crime contre l'humanité'
 flecheFIDA : les travailleurs migrants ont renvoyé chez eux plus de 300 milliards de dollars en 2006
 flecheParts of Asia-Pacific region lag behind Africa in reaching antipoverty goals
 flecheUN Human Rights Council calls on Myanmar to release detainees, political prisoners
 flecheInternational Day of Non-Violence: 2 October 2007
 flecheDarfour, Somalie, Kosovo et Myanmar : les crises politiques évoquées à l'Assemblée générale
 flecheSecurity Council urges free and timely election of new Lebanese president
 flecheSecurity Council approves UN presence in Central African Republic, Chad
 fleche“Peace is the United Nations’ highest calling” : International Day of peace, 21 septembre
 flecheNew General Assembly president calls for focus on priority issues
 flecheThe Future in our Hands: Addressing the Leadership Challenge of Climate Change (UN Headquarters, New York, 24 September 2007)
 flecheUnited Nations adopts Declaration on Rights of Indigenous Peoples
 flecheBan Ki-moon convenes ‘unprecedented’ meeting to boost African development
 flecheSecurity Council extends UN mission in southern Lebanon by a year
 flecheGlobal land temperatures for January and April likely warmest ever recorded
 flecheClimat : Ban Ki-moon souhaite un nouvel accord pour succéder Kyoto d'ici à 2009
 flecheUN-backed meeting aims to foster ways to eradicate female genital mutilation
 flecheOIM lança programa de ajuda a crianças sem documento na Europa
 flecheShea butter initiative empowers Ghanaian women
 flecheMiddle East: UN envoy voices optimism on recent political developments
 flecheUN best-placed to tackle global problems in today's world – Ban Ki-moon
 flecheConferência internacional sobre Aids quer mais recursos para pesquisa
 fleche$ 2.5 Billion Global Shortfall in Aid for 2007 Humanitarian Appeal
 flecheONUDC : 800.000 à 1 million de personnes toujours concernées par la traite des êtres humains
 flecheBusiness leaders at UN summit adopt declaration on responsible practices
 flecheCities in Africa and Asia to double in size by 2030: UN Population Fund
 flecheMultilinguisme : l'Assemblée générale appelle les Etats membres à aider à la conservation de toutes les langues
 flecheLes populations autochtones, premières victimes des changements climatiques
 flecheInternational Criminal Court issues warrants for first Darfur war crimes suspects
 flecheUN marks World Water Day with calls for integrated management of vital resource
 flecheManejo responsable de peces no nativos
 flecheRemessas à América Latina baterão US$ 100 bilhões em 2010, diz BID
 flecheDiversidade Cultural - Bem protegido
 flecheNew UN estimates predict 2.5 billion increase in world population by 2050
 flecheUN World Court acquits Serbia of genocide in Bosnia; finds it guilty of inaction
 flecheThe fifty-first session of the Commission on the Status of Women will take place from 26 February to 9 March 2007
 flecheUN acting quickly to implement counter-terrorism strategy – Ban Ki-moon
 flecheEvidence is now ‘unequivocal’ that humans are causing global warming
 flecheLe réchauffement climatique sape nos efforts pour lutter contre la pauvreté, affirme Ban Ki-mooon
 flecheWorld tourism marks another record year with 842 million arrivals, UN agency reports
 flecheMillennium Development Goals Report 2006
 flecheIn remarks to security council, Secretary-General pledges to play role of harmonizer, bridge-builder
 flecheSecretary-General Ban stresses Darfur, Middle East and conflict prevention as key issues
 flecheBan Ki-moon, United Nations secretary-general
 flecheSpecial representative in Somalia, briefing security council, says crisis ‘escalated dangerously’, fighting expanded across 400-kilometre front
 flecheFormer General Assembly president chosen as UN envoy on Darfur crisis
 flecheNext Secretary-General vows to restore trust in United Nations - Video
 flecheNext Secretary-General vows to restore trust in United Nations
 flecheOIM anuncia fundo para ajudar migrantes em zonas de conflito
 flecheTemperatura média global aumenta 0,4ºC, segundo estudo
 flecheUN remains best device for achieving key goals of international relations – Annan
 flecheTensions in Middle East ‘near the breaking point’, secretary-general tells security council
 flecheAnnan refutes notion of 'clash of civilizations,' points to youth as key to end mistrust
 flecheAlliance of Civilizations - Report of the High-level Group
 flecheNepal: Annan pledges quick assistance following peace accord with Maoist rebels
 flecheSecretary-General, in Security Council debate, stresses need to maintain
political momentum in protecting children affected by armed conflict

 flecheMoyen-Orient : l'envoyé de l'ONU espère qu'un futur gouvernement palestinien d'union nationale fera cesser les attaques à la roquette
 flecheCiting ‘frightening lack of leadership’ on climate change, Secretary-General calls phenomenon an all-encompassing threat in address to nairobi talks
 flecheG-8 nations must lead efforts to combat global water and sanitation crisis: UN report
 flecheNew UN chief not to ignore Africa
 flecheUN health agency launches initiative to fight corruption in medicines procurement
 flechePanama emerges as compromise candidate to fill last vacant Security Council seat
 flecheDelegates voice concern over restrictions on movement of migrants
as Second Committee takes up globalization, interdependence

 flecheFlexible policies needed to address labour, social, economic worries
as globalization picks up pace, panellists tell second committee

 flecheUN Secretary-General’s Study on Violence against Children
 flecheSecurity Council proposes Republic of Korea Foreign Minister Ban as Secretary-General
 flecheExpertos de la ONU evaluarán daños medioambientales en Líbano
 flecheDéveloppement : le Brésil et l'Afrique du Sud dénoncent un ordre économique 'politiquement et moralement intenable'
 flecheCoup d'envoi officiel d'UNITAID, centrale d'achat de médicaments pour les pays pauvres
 flecheSecurity Council votes to set up UN peacekeeping force in Darfur
 flecheQana attack may illustrate pattern of violations in Middle East conflict: Annan
 flecheSecurity Council calls for greater effort to protect children in wartime
 flecheScientists and policy experts call for creation of international panel on biodiversity loss
 flecheExperts call for overhaul of UN’s internal justice system
 flecheSecurity Council should discuss possible stabilization force for Middle East – Annan
 flecheMoyen-Orient : l'espace ouvert aux initiatives diplomatiques est en train de se refermer rapidement, affirme Ibrahim Gambari
 flecheGestion de l'ONU : l'Assemblée générale adopte une première série de réformes
 flecheUN Council Members agree swift action needed after Korean missile launch
 flecheGlobalização aumenta diferença entre ricos e pobres, diz pesquisa
 flechePoverty is the most serious and widespread human rights abuse, UN official says
 flecheOfficials hail ‘historic’ inaugural session of UN Peacebuilding Commission
 flecheGlobalization and interdependence: international migration and development
 flecheAnnan calls for ‘a new coalition’ on UN reform to bridge north-south divide
 flecheInternational migration can benefit countries of origin and destination, says Secretary-General, presenting new report to General Assembly
 flecheAnnan calls for ‘decisive action’ to protect planet against ecological degradation
 flecheS'unir contre le terrorisme : recommandations
pour une stratégie antiterroriste mondiale

 flecheHigh Level Meeting on AIDS
 flecheUN Security Council authorizes European force in DR Congo
 flecheDarfur: UN Council imposes sanctions on four individuals, urges peace accord
 flecheSahara occidental : les négociations directes entre parties, seule solution à l'impasse actuelle, affirme Kofi Annan
 flecheUN Council warned of 'dangerous deterioration' in Israeli-Palestinian conflict
 flecheVirtually no country immune from human trafficking, UNODC report shows
 flecheFMI/Banque mondiale : allègement de la dette et énergie propre au centre des réunions de printemps
 flecheDarfur relief efforts near collapse due to fading international support: UN official
 flecheCrises humanitaires en Afrique: Des milliers de vies menacées
 flecheLe HCR ouvrira un bureau en Tchétchénie « dès que la sécurité le permettra »
 flecheGrippe aviaire : Kofi Annan plaide pour une aide supplémentaire aux pays pauvre
 flecheWorld Economic Situation and Prospects 2006
 flecheJan Eliasson présente une résolution créant un Conseil des droits de l'homme qui siègera tout au long de l'année
 flecheInternational Women’s Day: Looking Back
 flecheTsunami-affected countries need to do even more to protect rights of victims: UN
 flecheCompliance body set up for Kyoto Protocol on reducing greenhouse gases
 flecheSans une stratégie à long terme pour financer la lutte contre la pauvreté, les sources novatrices de financement ne permettront pas d'atteindre les Objectifs du Millénaire
 flecheSituation of detainees at Guantánamo Bay - UN Report
 flecheGrippe aviaire : Kofi Annan appelle les gouvernements à se préparer à une pandémie humaine
 flecheUN agency calls for international aid as millions battle for survival in West Africa
 flecheEl crecimiento de la población mundial y el medio ambiente
 flecheSommet Mondial de l’OMC : espoirs perdus pour l’Afrique à Hong Kong
 flecheUNESCO, INSTRAW sign agreement for increased cooperation to promote gender equality, women’s empowerment
 flecheTime Is Now To Act on Climate Change
 flecheFAO : Le commerce au service des pauvres ?
 flecheUN rights chief: total ban on torture under attack in ‘war on terror’
 flecheUN climate conference finalizes 'rule book' on reducing greenhouse gasses
 flecheCalls for protection of earth's climate heard at UN conference on global warming
 flecheUN refugee agency calls on Mediterranean countries to recognize refugee rights
 flecheInternet governance, funding of technology to be tackled at UN summit
 flecheBird flu: UN-sponsored conference draws up six-point action plan
 flecheUN officials detail priorities for combating potentially deadly bird flu pandemic
 flecheIn fight to feed 10 million in southern Africa, UN agency faces huge shortfall
 flecheIn fight to feed 10 million in southern Africa, UN agency faces huge shortfall
 flecheAs tensions between Ethiopia and Eritrea escalate, Annan urges restraint
 flecheJournée de l'alimentation : 800 millions de personnes souffrent de la faim dans le monde
 flecheEradication of poverty and other development issues: human resources development
 flecheSecurity Council calls on Rwandan rebel group to disarm, leave DR of Congo
 flechePoor States need trade more than aid to overcome poverty, speakers tell UN Assembly
 flecheLe débat général de la 60e Assemblée générale s'est terminé vendredi
 flecheIllicit trafficking in radioactive materials rose substantially from 2003-2004 – UN
 flecheJournée de la paix : le Secrétaire général appelle à observer un cessez-le-feu mondial de 24 heures
 flecheWorldwide overweight and obesity problem ‘staggering’ – UN health agency
 flecheHigh mortality and malnutrition affect Muslim children most says UN children's agency
 flecheEnding its 59th session, UN Assembly approves key draft for World Summit
 flechePetróleo por Alimentos: Annan destaca aspectos positivos del programa y subraya importancia de reformar sistema de la ONU
 flecheHCR : chute des demandes d'asile dans les pays industrialisés
 flecheUnited Nations steps up aid to US in wake of Hurricane Katrina
 flecheSteps must be taken to avoid resistance to latest malaria drug, UN agency warns
 flecheUN launches new guide on sustainable consumption and production
 flecheSommet mondial 2005 : nouvelle version du projet de document final
 flecheWild birds likely to spread potentially deadly bird flu far and wide - UN agency
 flecheKosovo: UN helps set up hotline for victims of gender violence and trafficking
 flecheUN seminar to examine social implications of migration
 flecheUnited Kingdom must not deport people to countries with risk of torture – UN rights expert
 flecheGovernments should urgently address rapid urbanization, growing slums – Annan
 flecheImplementation of the Outcome of the United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II) and strengthening of the United Nations Human Settlemets Programme (UN-Habitat)
 flecheRising poverty over past 10 years threatens stability, says UN report
 flecheUN agency declares TB an emergency in Africa; urges ‘extraordinary’ action
 flecheFAO Concerned about Spread of Bird Flu in Russia and Neighboring Asian Countries
 fleche¿Qué le falta a América Latina para reducir la

 flecheEl Banco Mundial y su relación con los países en desarrollo
 flecheAngola pede fim da "Divisão Digital"
 flecheWHO says Millennium development goals cannot be reached without strengthening health systems
 flecheUnited Nations peacekeeping operations
 flecheViolences contre les femmes: un rapport de l'ONU préconise de renforcer la protection des travailleuses migrantes
 flecheGreenhouse effect could melt nearly all world's glaciers, says UN-backed report
 flecheRéforme du Conseil de sécurité : le Japon espère un soutien de l'Union africaine
 flecheRéforme du Conseil de sécurité : le groupe "Unis pour le consensus" propose une voie «plus démocratique»
 flecheUN’s HIV/AIDS Africa envoy questions G8 Summit results, calls for advocacy
 flecheTerrorisme: le Conseil de sécurité demande la coopération de tous les Etats
 flecheAssemblée générale : présentation d'un nouveau projet de déclaration du sommet de septembre vendredi
 flecheLe projet africain de réforme du Conseil de sécurité en débat à l'Assemblée générale
 flecheAnnan meets foreign ministers of countries aspiring to permanent Security Council membership
 flecheRencontre entre les ministres des affaires étrangères du G-4 et le président de l'Assemblée générale dimanche à New York
 flecheInternaly displaced peoples - worldwide
 flecheAfrica: Countries facing humanitarian emergencies
 flechePredicted freshwater stress abd scarcity in africa and Middle East
 flecheUNOCI mission in Côte d'Ivoire
 flecheUNMOGIP mission in Kashmir
 flecheUNFICYP mission in Cyprus
 flecheONUB mission in Burundi
 flecheUNOMIG mission in Georgia
 flecheMINUSTAH mission in Haiti
 flecheMINURSO mission in West Sahara
 flecheUN mission in Kosovo
 flecheUnited Nations political and peace-building missions
 flecheRéforme du Conseil de sécurité : le G-4 contré par l'Union africaine et le groupe «Unis pour le consensus»
 flecheUNTSO - Middle East deployment as of July 1997
 flecheA Londres, le Secrétaire général appelle à une mobilisation historique en faveur des Objectifs du Millénaire
 flecheL'Assemblée générale débat de l'élargissement du Conseil de sécurité
 flecheBombazos en Londres son un ataque a la humanidad, dice Annan
 flecheUNICEF celebra reunión de niños C-8 sobre pobreza y enfermedades infantiles
 flecheCodex comienza reunión sobre inocuidad y calidad de alimentos
 flecheUNAIDS will implement recommendations on streamlining national programmes
 flecheNew UN-sponsored project seeks to rescue Amazon from deforestation
 flecheONU celebra LX Aniversario de Carta de las Naciones Unidas
 flecheAnnan exhorta a respaldar reconstrucción y estabilización de Iraq
 flecheSecretario General encomia apoyo de Unión Europea y OTAN a Unión Africana en Darfur
 flecheFinancement du développement : les ministres français et britanniques estiment qu'il faut passer à la vitesse supérieure
 flecheJamais la possibilité de réaliser les objectifs de la Charte des Nations Unies n'a été aussi proche, estime Kofi Annan
 flecheOn UN's 60th anniversary, Annan sees moment for change
 flecheUnited Nations General Assembly resolution on multilingualism
 flecheL'Assemblée générale exige une parité absolue dans les six langues sur le site Internet de l'ONU
 flecheLula assina convenção da ONU contra corrupção
 flecheKofi Annan déplore que l'ONU soit confrontée, une nouvelle fois, à une menace du Congrès Américain
 fleche«A part le Japon, nous ne citerons pas de noms», déclarent les Etats-Unis sur l'élargissement du Conseil de sécurité
 flecheU.S. supports Japan for UN Security Council - Press conference
 flecheAnnan welcomes US report on UN reform
 flecheDiretor fala sobre crime, drogas e corrupção
 flecheThe Millennium Development Goals - Report 2005

 flecheA Paris, Kofi Annan exhorte le monde des affaires à s'engager dans la lutte contre la pauvreté
 flecheObjectifs du Millénaire : progrès sans précédent et retards inacceptables, selon un nouveau bilan des Nations Unies
 flecheRemarks at the launch of the Millenium Development Goals - Report 2005
 flecheUN report on Darfur
 flecheLe Secrétaire général continue de plaider pour l'élargissement du Conseil de sécurité
 flecheIl est difficile d'imaginer le monde sans l'ONU estime le sénateur américain Patrick Leahy
 flecheProgress made in the implementation of the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS
 flecheA Addis-Abeba, Kofi Annan appelle à soutenir la Mission de l'Union africaine au Darfour
 flecheVIH/sida : les pays en développement nettement plus affectés
 flecheNumber of asylum seekers arriving in industrialized countries continues to fall
 flecheUN Afghanistan envoy calls for punishment of all coalition forces involved in prison abuses
 flecheSix million West Africans face famine because of locusts and drought, UN says
 flecheNobel laureate appeals to UN forum for help with conservation of Congo Basin forest
 flecheUN envoy Clinton meets with UK relief agencies on ways to boost aid for tsunami recovery
 flecheEspaña preside Asamblea Mundial de la Salud
 flecheBackground paper on Global and Regional Mechanisms of Disaster Risk Reduction and Relief: Review, Evaluation, Future Directions of Integration
 flecheStudy on Regional Cooperation and the Provision of Regional and Global Public Goods
 flecheBonn talks to promote progress on climate change & kyoto protocol to be held 16 - 267 May
 flecheCentral Asian countries launch AIDS project with help from UN, World Bank
 flecheIraq emerging as transit country for drugs, UN monitoring board says
 flecheNuclear non-proliferation conference at UN agrees on agenda
 flecheLes conditions de vie des Iraquiens se sont gravement détériorées, selon une nouvelle étude du PNUD
 flecheMillennium Indicators Database

 flecheReport of the Secretary-General of the United Nations for the Conference on the Millenium Objectives to be held in September 2005
 flecheMultilateralism and donor aid for poorer states vital in fighting terrorism
 flecheUnited Nations Peacekeeping Prepations
 flecheWorld Survey on the Role of Women in Development 2004
 flecheEffect of AIDS on population and development - Focus of UN commission's annual session
 flecheLack of reform in Arab states could lead to chaotic social upheaval – UN report
 flecheReformed UN could be even more effective in preventing global threats – Fréchette
 flecheAide to UN envoy for tsunami relief leaves today for devastated region
 flecheL'OMS crée une Commission pour s'attaquer aux causes sociales de la mauvaise santé
 flecheAnnan to present on Monday new report on building better and safer world
 flecheAnnan calls for deal by world leaders on poverty, security and human rights
 flecheWoman continue to face host of persistent obstacles to advancement, commission told, as high-level debate continues
 flecheAnnan and Security Council to discuss the situation in Sudan's war-torn Darfur region
 flecheUN women's rights text adopted after US withdraws proposed amendment on abortion
 flecheWomen increasingly migrate for economic reasons; trafficking also rising
 flecheSustainable tourism must respect local cultures, UN agency says
 flecheBrecha digital se reduce lentamente pero sigue siendo extensa
 flecheWorld population to reach 9.1 billion in 2050, UN projects
 flecheOMS : Entrée en vigueur de la convention contre le tabac
 flecheGender equality and development goals inextricably linked, UN agency says
 flecheAfghanistan's progress is notable but perilously fragile, UN report warns
 flecheUN’s Kyoto treaty against global warming comes into force
 flecheBanco Mundial recomienda invertir en campo para reducir pobreza en América Latina
 flecheSecretario General pide coordinación entre Europa y EEUU para seguridad global
 flecheAdapter l'ONU pour réformer l'ordre mondial, propose Kofi Annan à Londres
 flecheAide au développement : colère et espoir de l'Envoyé de l'ONU pour le sida en Afrique
 flecheDarfour : le Secrétaire général appelle l'OTAN et l'UE à l'aide
 flechePerez de Cuellar, Javier
 flecheFAO insta a intensificar medidas para combatir gripe aviar
 flecheRenforcer les liens entre l'Union africaine et les Nations Unies, propose le Secrétaire général à Abuja
 flecheL'ONU met en garde contre le déploiement de nouvelles opérations de maintien de la paix en 2005
 flecheAssurer l'éducation primaire pour tous
 flecheMettre en place un partenariat mondial pour le développement
 flecheCombattre le VIH/sida, le paludisme et d'autres maladies
 flecheAidez les 300 millions d'enfants victimes de la faim, exhorte le PAM
 flecheUN conference adopts 10-year plan to tackle natural hazards
 flecheMalloch-Brown, Mark
 flecheNew report to Annan proposes solutions to problems of world poverty
 flecheSecurity Council plans trip to Haiti by end of May
 flecheTsunami donor session opens with UN call to pay up and not forget other crises
 flecheUN agencies zero in on specific tsunami relief from mental health to blankets
 flecheAnnan hails signing of Sudan peace accord but warns of 'daunting challenges' ahead
 flecheUN urges continued vigilance of locust threat to western Africa
 flecheR.D. du Congo : maintenir le cap pour le bénéfice de l'Afrique
 flecheIn Jakarta, Annan launches nearly $1 billion appeal for aid to tsunami victims
 flecheUN envoy urges halt to fighting in Darfur as Sudan readies for polio vaccination scheme
 flecheAssemblée générale : un bilan de la 59ème session en prélude à la réforme attendue
 flecheL'ONU devra aider l'Afrique à renforcer ses capacités de maintien de la paix
 flecheNaming new chief of staff, Annan stresses resolve to push for UN reforms
 flecheSouth Asia
 flecheTsunami : une réponse sans précédent pour une catastrophe sans précédent, exhorte Kofi Annan
 flecheL'alerte rapide sur les catastrophes au centre des conférences de Maurice et de Kobe
 flecheAsie du Sud : les secours sous la coordination de l'ONU
 flecheUN official hails sharp increase in aid to the world's poorest nations
 flecheGeneral Assembly votes for funds to strengthen world body's security
 flecheAssemblée générale : cap sur le développement durable des pays du «Sud»
 flecheMigranten leisten einen wichtigen Beitrag zum wirtschaftlichen, gesellschaftlichen und kulturellen Fortschritt
 flecheCooperation among poor States is vital for reaching development goals, Annan says
 flecheTens of thousands of civilians flee clashes, attacks in eastern DR of Congo
 flecheR. D. du Congo : la MONUC met en garde les troupes insurgées et leur «appui extérieur»
 flecheUN climate conference hears call to action to avoid plagues of global warming
 flecheIn Washington DC, Annan says UN is best placed to tackle global ills
 flecheInternational migration may empower women by providing new roles, UN says
 flecheHuman Rights Day
 flecheGeneral Assembly gives Annan what its president calls vote of confidence
 flecheUS endorses Annan's work and refutes push for his resignation
 flecheSecurity Council committee urges greater effort on weapons of mass destruction
 fleche2005 critical to reforming UN to face HIV/AIDS, genocide, terrorism – Annan
 flecheAnnan calls for end to negative stereotypes of believers in Islam
 flecheWorld summit for Social Development - speech by Minister Jan Pronk
 flecheLa sociedad civil y la gobernanza mundial
 flecheÉprouvés par les ouragans et la mondialisation: les petits pays insulaires souhaitent obtenir un appui international plus marqué lors de la conférence de Maurice
 flecheUN marks Day of Disabled Persons with call for their full inclusion in society
 flecheNational sustainable development strategies: global map
 flecheGlobal approach to deal with migration issues needed
 flecheA more secure world : Our shared responsibility - Executive Summary
 flechePanel to release plan to address 21st century threats, make the world more secure and strengthen the United Nations
 flecheAnnan endorses panel's recommendations for a more secure world, strengthened UN
 flecheSome nations still not cooperating with UN war crimes tribunals, Security Council told
 flecheFresh from pushing for peace in Sudan, Annan focuses on Africa's Great Lakes
 flecheForte baisse des demandeurs d'asile en 2004, signale le HCR
 flecheAt rare Security Council session in Africa, Annan seeks an end to Sudan's wars
 flecheAnnan, Kofi
 flecheDéclaration à la presse du Président du Conseil de Sécurité concernant la région des Grands Lacs
 flecheLe Conseil s'informe des préparatifs de la conférence internationale sur la région des Grands Lacs qui réunira les dirigeants des 11 pays concernés les 19 et 20 novembre à Dar es-Salam
 flecheLa diversité culturelle et la coopération entre l’organisation des Nations Unies (ONU) et l’Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF)
 flecheL'ONU devrait regagner ses avantages comparatifs sur les institutions de Bretton Woods en renforçant la cohérence de ses interventions
 flecheUnited Nations establishes Working Group on Internet Governance
 flecheClashes in Côte d'Ivoire could trigger violence across West Africa, UN envoy warns
 flecheUN seeks $1.7 billion to help people caught in world's "forgotten crises" in 2005
 flecheWorld must act now to forestall staggering threat from global warming
 flecheConflict flares in Côte d'Ivoire prompting Security Council call for end to fighting
 flecheCommission sociale: la montée du racisme, favorisée par la surdétermination de la lutte contre le terrorisme, met en danger la démocratie.
 flecheUN finances improved but still 'delicate'
 flecheNoting high growth rate, Annan calls for increased investment in Africa
 flecheRenforcer la coordination entre l’ECOSOC et l’ONU
 flecheHuman rights of migrants deteriorating, warns UN expert
 flecheGeneral Assembly president's United Nations day message stresses need to strengthen organization through reform
 flecheKosovo: Annan hails elections, praises Kosovo Serbs who voted despite pressure
 flecheGeneral Assembly legal committee resumes debate on anti-cloning text
 flecheGender balance in UN peacekeeping has improved, Annan says
 flechePublic information critical element of UN's success
 flecheAid for Africa?s farms drops as developed States maintain subsidies ? UN official
 flecheMaintaining biodiversity is key to ending world hunger
 flecheAnnan appeals to European countries to provide more UN peacekeeping troops
 flecheWorld leaders reaffirm support for key 1994 population and development plan
 flecheSecurity Council acts unanimously to adopt resolution strongly condemning terrorism as one of most serious threats to peace
 flecheCall of peace bell "has remained constant, clear and true", says Secretary-General at annual Headquarters ceremony
 flecheLíderes mundiales se reúnen en sede de la ONU para analizar la globalización
 flecheCent-dix pays souscrivent aux mécanismes innovants de financement
 flecheRencontres au Darfour : mieux protéger les civils, renforcer la présence de l'Union Africaine
 flecheA l'ONU aujourd'hui, la question sociale affirmée comme priorité de la mondialisation
 flecheUN's review of population policy says lack of funding is retarding progress
 flechePetits Etats Insulaires-L'information pour la prise de décisions
 fleche'World Culture Open' holds inaugural conference at United Nations
 flecheUN finds progress on world anti-poverty goals, but crisis areas remain
 flecheAnnan sees major challenges to reaching goals set at 2000 'Millennium' summit
 flecheLebanon: Close Security Council vote backs free elections, urges foreign troop pullout
 flecheAl-Qaeda-related terrorism still poses as great a threat as ever
 flecheSudan: UN appeals for urgent funding to fill huge overall aid shortfall
 flecheUN culture agency observes International Day on Slave Trade and Abolition
 flecheUnited Nations
 flecheJohannesburg : World Summit on Sustainable Development (2002)
 flecheUN Headquarters Internship Programme
 flecheMillenium Development Goals : Civil society takes action
 flecheLa conférence « Objectifs du Millénaire : la société civile agit » relayée sur le Web
 flecheUN ongoing peacekeeping missions
 flecheUN Secretary-General, Security Council urge probe of massacre at Burundi refugee camp
 flecheWorld's youth need education and training to prepare for future - Kofi Annan

 flecheInternational Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples
 flecheAction needed now to end abuse of world?s indigenous peoples
 flecheWFP and Arab League sign historic agreement for cooperation
 flecheSecurity Council demands Sudan Disarm Militias in Darfur, adopting resolution 1556 (2004) by vote of 13-0-2
 flecheSoudan : accès humanitaire désormais totalement libre, indique l'Envoyé de l'ONU
 flecheForty-ninth session of the Commission on the Status of Women (28 February to 11 March 2005)
 flecheColombo, Sri Lanka, 26 July 2004 - Secretary-General's message to the Asia-Pacific Institute for Broadcasting Development General Conference
 flecheGlobal Compact Centre in Barcelona to promote corporate citizenship - UN
 flecheSudan's Government must protect civilians in Darfur, Annan and Powell say
 flecheEconomic and Social Council adopts more than 50 texts on broad range of human rights issues
 flecheLe monde ne sera plus jamais le même après le sida, selon le directeur d'ONUSIDA
 flecheAfrica must accelerate links between national economies; aim for economic union, states new report by United NationsEconomic Commission for Africa
 flecheOn World Population Day, UN calls for greater commitment to women's rights
 flecheConseil économique et social : Session de fond de 2004 (en cours)
 flecheSecond phase of world summit on information society formally launchedtoday with first preparatory meeting
 flecheSecurity Council approves 5,600-strong peacekeeping operation in Burundi
 flecheUN finds Sudan has carried out massive human rights violations in Darfur
 flecheInternational agenda must include sustainable development, Annan says
 flecheAnnan Names Independent Panel to Probe ‘Oil-for-Food’ Allegations
 flecheSrebrenica massacre was genocide, UN tribunal for former Yugoslavia confirms
 flecheSmall island States to hold talks on their difficulties at UN development forum
 flecheAu Conseil de sécurité, les leaders du Kosovo appelés à s'attaquer aux causes des récentes violences ethniques
 flecheMarking 10 years since Rwanda genocide, UN officials voice regret and resolve
 flecheSecurity Council backs corruption probe of UN's Oil-for-Food programme
 flecheAnnan submits final settlement plan for Cyprus referenda
 flecheAnnan informs key players of UN's intention to send team back to Iraq
 flecheSecretary-General's remarks on International Women's Day
 flecheSecretary-General's opening remarks at meeting with Nato Parliamentarians
 flecheSecurity Council authorizes full peacekeeping operation in Côte d'Ivoire
 flecheSecurity Council authorizes Deployment of multinational force to Haiti for 3 months, unanimously adopting Resolution 1529 (2004)
 flecheReprise d'une croissance économique modulée en Occident cependant menacée par le déficit américain

 flecheLe dialogue direct entre dirigeants chypriotes turc et grec a repris aujourd'hui
 flechePress briefing on peacekeeping in Africa
 flecheSecurity Council members urge measures to stabilize situation in DR Congo
 flecheUN Secretary-General and US President hold 'constructive' talks on Iraq
 flecheWest Africans seek UNESCO biosphere reserves for sustainable development
 flecheSecretary-General's address to the Stockholm International Forum
 flecheWith adequate coalition security, UN will send elections team to Iraq – Annan
 fleche5 years after launching Global Compact, Annan urges leaders in Davos to boost support
 flecheUN official calls on G-77 to make great efforts to help world's poorest nations
 flecheGlobal warmth up, ozone hole at record, Arctic ice down for 2003 - UN findings
 flecheChypre: le Secrétaire général souhaite que la partie turque fasse le nécessaire pour accéder à l'Union européenne le 1er mai
 flecheDéclaration sur les normes bioéthiques : premières consultations de l'UNESCO
 flecheClimate change causing thousands of deaths, says UN report
 flecheUN meeting will examine how indigenous communities protect biodiversity
 flecheUS world leadership is better accepted in multilateral framework, Annan says
 flecheAl-Qaida's influence continues to spread, Security Council panel says
 flecheOn World AIDS Day, Annan urges harder work as goals fall behind schedule
 flecheIraq : le Programme alimentaire de l'ONU prêt pour le transfert des activités Pétrole contre nourriture
 flecheUnequal Benefits of Globalization, Need to Implement Development
 flecheIsraeli policies hurting Palestinian children, UN expert on right to food says
 flecheGeneva Accord on Middle East consistent with Road Map to peace - Annan
 flecheUN agency mission finds serious humanitarian needs in east of DR of the Congo
 flecheParticipants in Second Committee Panel Discussion Agree Trade Best Tool for Helping Countries Reach Global Anti-Poverty Goals
 flecheGeneral Assembly approves international treaty against corruption
 flecheUN envoy warns Security Council that Kosovo still faces serious problems
 flecheFive new non-permanent members elected to Security Council
 flecheCameroon, Spain, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and United States of America: draft resolution
 flecheAnnan says no ‘major shift’ in new Iraq resolution, welcomes some changes
 flecheSecurity Council approves expanding international force to outside Afghan capital
 flecheKosovo provisional President to represent Pristina in UN-backed Vienna talks
 flecheIraq: Security Council starts discussing new US resolution
 flecheUN launches peace mission in Liberia to bring country back from 'hellish limbo'
 flecheEconomic Report on Africa 2003: 'African economic growth falters'
 flecheInsecurity, tardiness deal blow to phasing out of UN food programme in Iraq
 flecheCartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity
 flecheAIDS battle has fallen behind schedule and drastic action is needed - Annan
 flecheLancement à Addis-Abeba de la Commission du VIH et de la gouvernance en Afrique
 flecheSecurity Council authorizes multinational force for Liberia
 flecheLes Etats sont appelés devant le Conseil à faire plus d’efforts dans la lutte contre le terrorisme
 flecheLe rôle des médias à l’ère d’internet fait l’objet d’un débat dans le cadre du Forum mondial des médias électroniques à Genève
 flecheLa sous-commission des droits de l'homme se réunit à Genève du 20 juillet au 15 août
 flecheLa Journée mondiale de l'alimentation prônera une alliance transfrontalière contre la faim
 flechePrise de fonctions du nouveau directeur de l'OMS qui annonce ses objectifs
 flecheLa conférence sur le nouvel ordre numérique mondial se tiendra les 18 et 19 Juin à New-York
 flecheLe traité sur le commerce des OGM deviendra très prochainement une loi
 flecheLes émissions de gaz à effets de serre par les pays industrialisés repartiraient à la hausse
 flecheLa Feuille de route, peut-être la dernière chance pour la paix, selon l'Envoyé de l'ONU au Moyen-Orient
 flecheQuelque 500 groupes autochtones au Forum de l'ONU qui débute aujourd'hui
 flecheLe Forum de l'ONU sur le développement durable trouve une dynamique de mise en oeuvre des objectifs de Johannesburg
 flecheLa commission du developpement durable ouvre sa onzième session pour definir une feuille de route propice à la réalisation progressive des objectifs de Johannesburg
 flecheLa Commission Du Developpement Durable axera les travaux de sa onzieme session sur la mise en oeuvre des mesures adoptees au sommet de Johannesburg
 flecheLuis Moreno Ocampo élu Procureur de la Cour pénale internationale
 flecheSecurity Council ends Iraq debate, hears overwhelming appeal for aid to civilians
 flecheSecurity Council begins first debate on Iraq since outbreak of military action
 flecheSecretary-General's press conference (unofficial transcript)
 flecheUnited Nation Weapons Inspectors Report to Security Council on Progress in Disarmement of Iraq

 flecheLes inégalités entre les sexes au coeur de la pandémie du VIH/sida
 flecheHans Blix: la décision iraquienne de détruire les missiles interdits, "un très important élément d'un vrai désarmement"
 flecheLancement au siège des Nations Unies de la décennie internationale pour l'alphabétisation 2003-2012
 flecheMultilatéralisme, «mondialisation de la solidarité», lutte contre le terrorisme et consolidation de la paix
 fleche2002, le Conseil de sécurité défend son rôle de garant de la paix et de la sécurité dans le monde
 flecheConférence de presse du Président du Conseil de sécurité, M. Jean Marc de La Sablière (France)
 flecheMondialisation, terrorisme, universalité des droits de l'homme sont des réalités qu'il faut savoir gérer entre les Etats et les peuples
 flecheLes délégations estiment que la réussite des objectifs d’Action 21 est tributaire de ressources financieres mondiales
 flecheDes délégations dénoncent le protectionnisme des pays du nord et “l’hypocrisie” des politiques commerciales actuelles

 flecheMarrakech accueille du 11 au 13 decembre prochains la Reunion ministerielle sur la modernisation des gouvernements
 flecheUn Population Report Says Good Reproductive Health For Women Essential To Ending Poverty
 flecheA l'occasion de la journée des droits de l'homme, Kofi Annan appelle à une vision d'un nouvel équilibre dans les relations internationales
 flecheEn termes économiques, sociaux et culturels, les avantages des migrations sont supérieurs à leurs problèmes potentiels, déclare M. Kofi Annan
 flecheLa Commission adopte quatre projets de résolution dont l’un appuie la création d’un fonds mondial de solidarité contre la pauvreté
 flecheFace aux conflits et à la pauvreté, la coopération entre l'ONU et les organisations régionales est nécessaire et doit être renforcée
 flecheDeuxième commission: les délégations estiment que les objectifs de lutte contre la pauvreté ne seront pas atteints en 2015
 flechePour les pays en développement, la gouvernance internationale devrait évoluer au même rythme que la mondialisation de l’économie
 flecheLe nombre de migrants dans le monde atteint 175 millions
 flecheLa journée internationale pour l'élimination de la pauvreté sera marquée le 17 octobre au siège
 flecheLe dialogue de haut niveau sur le renforcement de la coopération pour le développement doit faciliter la mise en œ;uvre du Consensus de Monterrey
 flecheAppels en troisième commission pour des mésures internationales pour aider les États à mener une lutte efficace contre le trafic de drogues

 flecheUn nouveau multilatéralisme devrait régir la mise en œuvre des engagements internationaux en faveur du développement
 flecheLe débat sur le désarmement et la sécurité internationale s’ouvre ce matin sur des appels au multilatéralisme
 flecheLa deuxième commission entend un exposé du professeur Stiglitz, Prix Nobel d’Economie, sur les incidences négatives de la mondialisation
 flecheLes doléances des pays en développement enclaves en matière d'accès aux transports au centre du debat general
 flecheDes pays mettent en cause la mondialisation dans les disparités économiques entre le nord et le sud
 flecheJournée internationale de la paix, célébrée le 21 septembre
 flecheDes délégations appellent l’ONU à faire appliquer plus fermement les résolutions du Conseil de Sécurité en Matière de Conflits
 flecheL'agenda pour la lutte contre le terrorisme ne doit pas reléguer au second plan l'éradication de la pauvreté abjec qui menace la vie des populations des pays du sud, estiment des délégations
 flecheLa communauté internationale appelée à faire face à ses contradictions et à honorer de façon urgente ses promesses pour éviter de nouvelles crises
 flecheLa cérémonie de signature des traités relatifs au développement durable s'est achevée au siège des Nations Unies
 flecheLes petits pays insulaires en développement dénoncent les disparités de la mondialisation
 flecheLes Nations Unies comptent désormais 190 Etats membres avec l'admission de la Suisse
 flecheDraft political declaration submitted by the President of the Summit
 flecheWorld summit on sustainable development plan of implementation
 flecheL'Education doit être considerée comme un domaine prioritaire d'action dans le processus de développement durable
 flecheLa Mondialisation économique appelle une Mondialisation de la Solidarité au service du dévéloppement durable
 flecheWorld Summit on Sustainable Development - Plenary Session
 flechePremières annonces pour les partenariats en faveur du développement durable
 flecheLes approches régionales dans la mise en œuvre des recommandations de Johannesburg
 flecheLes institutions de l’ONU et les autres entités non étatiques appellent le sommet de Johannesburg à passer à l’action
 flecheLe sommet de Johannesburg entend des appels en faveur d'un accroissement de 15% d'ici à 2015 de la part des énergies renouvelables dans la consommation énergétique mondiale
 flecheLe Sommet de Johannesburg examine les problèmes agricoles
 flecheLe sommet de Johannesburg plaide pour une répartition équitable des bénéfices de la biodiversité, base du développement durable
 flecheConférence de presse des ONG et leur contribution aux débats sur le développement durable
 flecheLes îlots actuels de richesses qu'entoure une mer de pauvreté sont insupportables, a dit Thabo Mbeki, a l'ouverture du Sommet mondial pour le développement durable
 flecheJohannesburg Summit Opens With Calls for Credible Action
 flecheMettre la croissance économique au service du développement social et de la protection de l'environnement : le défi de Johannesburg
 flecheLe Secrétaire General engage les dirigeants fu G-8 à agir pour soutenir l'Afrique
 flecheUn nouveau rapport met en garde contre les conditions actuelles de développement, qui menacent à long terme la sécurité de la terre et de ses habitants
 flecheVingt organisations non gouvernementales s’expriment sur des questions liées aux droits économiques, sociaux et culturels
 flecheUne nouvelle étude scientifique révèle l’ampleur des impacts d’un énorme nuage de pollution sur l’environnement à l’échelle régionale et mondiale
 flecheLes experts du Cedaw s'inquiètent de la situation des femmes mexicaines appartenant à des minorités
 flecheNew UN Publication Underlines Vital Role of Ecosystems in Reducing Poverty
 flecheL’Ecosoc clot les travaux de la première partie de sa session 2002 à la croisée des réunions de Monterrey et de Johannesburg
 flecheLa première session du forum social se tiendra à Genève du 25 au 26 juillet 2002
 flecheSecretary-General calls for greater equity, sustainability in development, as economic and social council begins high-level meeting
 flecheLes Nations Unies présentées comme un partenaire incontournable pour fédérer les synergies de promotion des TIC au service du développement
 flechePauvreté, modes de production et de consommation et environnement constituent les principaux défis, selon le ministre indonésien de l'environnement
 flecheL’extrême pauvreté va s'aggraver dans les pays les moins avancés si les tendances actuelles se poursuivent
 flecheLa participation des grands groupes à la mise en oeuvre d'Action 21 perçue comme une condition sine qua non de la réalisation des objectifs du développement durable
 fleche"Le rôle de l’Etat à l’ère de la mondialisation "
 flecheUn comité d'experts indépendant conseille à l'ONU de soutenir l'initiative de développement mise au point par l'Afrique elle-même
 flecheWorld Food Summit: Five Years Later
 flecheLe droit au développement et le droit de vivre dans un environnement sain sont soulignés
 flecheSommet mondial de l'alimentation: cinq ans aprés -- le secrétaire général déplore la lenteur des progrés en matière de lutte contre la faim
 flecheAprès deux semaines de négociations intenses, Bali contraint de confier à Johannesburg la finalisation du "Plan d'application 21"
 flecheLe président du comité préparatoire se déclare optimiste quant a la finalisation d'un document avant le rendez-vous de Johannesburg
 flecheDifficiles negociations sur les questions du commerce et de financement et progres sur l'eau, l'energie et les oceans
 flecheAction Plans for Water, Sanitation, Energy, Poverty Eradication Among Key Issues Under Negotiation in Bali
 flecheDéclaration de Rio sur l'environnement et le développement
 flecheA la veille du sommet sur le developpement durable, Kofi Annan appelle a l'integration du concept de diversité biologique dans les strategies commerciales et economiques.
 flechePermanent Forum Reviews Impact of un System Activities on Indigenous Peoples
 flecheLes populations autochtones font entendre leur voix aux Nations Unies
 flechePermanent Forum is milestone in struggle for rights of indigenous peoples, says deputy secretary - General
 flecheLe monde a-t-il tenu les engagements faits aux enfants?
 flecheLes dirigenats du monde s'engagent à améliorer la condition de l'enfant
 flecheCountries call for greater efforts to spur development and close gap between rich and poor nations
 flecheConférence de Monterrey: Des initiatives visant le financement du développement ont été avancées ce matin
 flecheUN labour agency convenes expert panel on reducing globalization's inequities
 flecheLa Conférence de Monterrey est le début d'un long processus qui permettra aux pays du nord et du sud de dépasser les antagonismes et d'assurer le financement du développement
 flecheConférence de Monterrey: Un nouveau partenariat pour résoudre les problèmes du financement du développement
 flecheLa féminisation de la pauvreté dénoncée devant la Commission de la condition de la femme
 flecheLa raison a-t-elle encore une place face à la mondialisation ?

 flecheL’Intégration à la mondialisation et le développement durable passent par une éducation renforcée, continue, professionnelle plus ouverte aux femmes

 flecheReport of the Secretary-General on sustainable development
 flecheLes politiques macro-économiques ne seront durables que si elles sont justes pour tous, souligne la présidente de la commission du développement social
 flecheLa mondialisation et le financement des politiques économiques doivent se faire dans la perspective de la promotion du développement durable
 flecheJohannesburg devra réaffirmer l'engagement des Etats vis-à-vis du développement durable
 flecheEthics, Human Rights and Globalisation
 flecheAddressing Security Council, Secretary-General calls on Counter-terrorism Committee to develop long-term strategy to defeat terror
 flecheDans un rapport destiné au sommet mondial pour le développement durable, le secrétaire général présente les grandes lignes d'un plan de construction d'un avenir sûr.
 flecheL'assemblée générale souscrit à la participation des entreprises et de la société civile aux partenariats visant à promouvoir le développement
 flecheL'Assemblee Générale adopte onze résolutions relatives à la coopération entre l'ONU et les organisations régionales
 fleche'Intolerance is taught and can be untaught', secretary-general says in message to Institute for International Education
 flecheL'Assemblée générale souligne l'urgence de progresser dans le domaine du désarmement afin de contribuer à l'action mondiale contre le terrorisme
 flecheThird committee approves, without vote, 10 draft resolution on human rights, women, cultural diversity, refugees
 flecheCommittee on economic, social and cultural rights discusses draft statement on intellectual property and human rights
 flecheIl ne suffit pas d'éliminer les obstacles au commerce, les pays en développement doivent pouvoir exploiter leurs débouchés commerciaux.
 flecheUN panel to look at how globalization, new technology have changed drug trade
 flecheLa pertinence de certaines publications du département de l'information est mise en question par des délégations
 flecheWorld trade meeting should focus on development, UNDP chief says
 flecheLa mondialisation est-elle une menace pour l'Etat-nation? La question est posée devant la deuxième commission
 flecheLe secrétaire général défends le rôle privilégié de l'ONU dans la coallition universelle contre le terrorisme
 flecheDeputy Secretary-General urges 'globalization of values'
 flecheGlobalization presents rural women with new obstacles, challenges: UN report
 flecheGlobalization must be more inclusive, top UN development official says
 flecheContinues Debate on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
 flecheIndictment for crimes against humanity and violations of the laws or customs of war
 flecheTransnational crime threatens global stability
 flecheL'habilitation des autorités locales et des femmes, la bonne gouvernance, la mobilisation de fonds, vecteur de réalisation des objectifs de l'accès a tous au logement
 flecheMessage of Mary Robinson, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and Seceretary-General, World Conference against Racism, Xenophobia and related Intolerance
 flecheLe processus de décolonisation dois être mené a bien, déclare le secrétaire général a l'ouverture du séminaire régional des Caraïbes
 flecheProductive and inclusive cities - Towardes cities for all
 flecheLe secrétaire général exhorte les dirigeants d'entreprises américaines à se joindre à la lutte mondiale contre le sida
 flecheLe renforcement de la coopération technique entre pays en développement est essentiel face aux défis de la mondialisation
 flecheUn groupe d'experts examinera la situacion des femmes en milieu rural dans le contexte de la mondialisation
 flecheDisques et productions musicales offrent de nouvelles perspectives commerciales aux PMA
 flecheL'intégration à la mondialisation et l'accès au marché dépendent de transports efficaces
 flecheLa troisième conférence de l'ONU sur les PMA s'attaquera a la pauvreté des 49 pays les plus démunis de la planète
 flecheL'Université de l'ONU préconise une réforme de l'Organisation.

 flecheLa commission des droits de l'homme adopte des résolutions sur l'extrême pauvreté, le sida, la mondialisation et les produits toxiques
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