Ref. :  000001278
Date :  2001-06-29
Language :  English
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Indictment for crimes against humanity and violations of the laws or customs of war

The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia

Author :  ONU / UN


INDICTMENT

The Prosecutor of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, pursuant to her authority under Article 18 of the Statute of the
Tribunal, charges:



SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC
MILAN MILUTINOVIC
NIKOLA SAINOVIC
DRAGOLJUB OJDANIC
VLAJKO STOJILJKOVIC

with CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY and VIOLATIONS OF THE LAWS OR CUSTOMS OF WAR as set forth below:

BACKGROUND

1. The Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija is located in the southern part of the Republic of Serbia, a constituent republic of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (hereinafter FRY). The territory now comprising the FRY was part of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia(hereinafter SFRY). The Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija is bordered on the north and north-west by the Republic of Montenegro, another constituent republic of the FRY. On the south-west, the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija is bordered by the Republic of Albania, and to the south, by the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. The capital of the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija is Pristina.

2. In 1990 the Socialist Republic of Serbia promulgated a new Constitution which, among other things, changed the names of the republic and the autonomous provinces. The name of the Socialist Republic of Serbia was changed to the Republic of Serbia (both hereinafter Serbia); the name of the Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo was changed to the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija (both hereinafter Kosovo); and the name of the Socialist Autonomous Province of Vojvodina was changed to the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina (hereinafter Vojvodina). During this same period, the Socialist Republic of Montenegro changed its name to the Republic of Montenegro (hereinafter Montenegro).

3. In 1974, a new SFRY Constitution had provided for a devolution of power from the central government to the six constituent republics of the country. Within Serbia, Kosovo and Vojvodina were given considerable autonomy including control of their educational systems, judiciary, and police. They were also given their own provincial assemblies, and were represented in the Assembly, the Constitutional Court, and the Presidency of the SFRY.

4. In 1981, the last census with near universal participation, the total population of Kosovo was approximately 1,585,000 of which 1,227,000 (77%)were Albanians, and 210,000 (13%) were Serbs. Only estimates for the population of Kosovo in 1991 are available because Kosovo Albanians boycotted the census administered that year. General estimates are that the current population of Kosovo is between 1,800,000 and 2,100,000 of which approximately 85-90% are Kosovo Albanians and 5-10% are Serbs.

5. During the 1980s, Serbs voiced concern about discrimination against them by the Kosovo Albanian-led provincial government while Kosovo Albanians voiced concern about economic underdevelopment and called for greater political liberalisation and republican status for Kosovo. From 1981 onwards, Kosovo Albanians staged demonstrations which were suppressed by SFRY military and police forces of Serbia.

6. In April 1987, Slobodan MILOSEVIC, who had been elected Chairman of the Presidium of the Central Committee of the League of Communists of Serbia in 1986, travelled to Kosovo. In meetings with local Serb leaders and in a speech before a crowd of Serbs, Slobodan MILOSEVIC endorsed a Serbian nationalist agenda. In so doing, he broke with the party and government policy which had restricted nationalist expression in the SFRY since the time of its founding by Josip Broz Tito after the Second World War. Thereafter, Slobodan MILOSEVIC exploited a growing wave of Serbian nationalism in order to strengthen centralised rule in the SFRY.

7. In September 1987 Slobodan MILOSEVIC and his supporters gained control of the Central Committee of the League of Communists of Serbia. In 1988, Slobodan MILOSEVIC was re-elected as Chairman of the Presidium of the Central Committee of the League of Communists of Serbia. From that influential position, Slobodan MILOSEVIC was able to further develop his political power.

8. From July 1988 to March 1989, a series of demonstrations and rallies supportive of Slobodan MILOSEVIC's policies -- the so-called "Anti-Bureaucratic Revolution" -- took place in Vojvodina and Montenegro. These protests led to the ouster of the respective provincial and republican governments; the new governments were then supportive of, and indebted to, Slobodan MILOSEVIC.

9. Simultaneously, within Serbia, calls for bringing Kosovo under stronger Serbian rule intensified and numerous demonstrations addressing this issue were held. On 17 November 1988, high-ranking Kosovo Albanian political figures were dismissed from their positions within the provincial leadership and were replaced by appointees loyal to Slobodan MILOSEVIC. In early 1989, the Serbian Assembly proposed amendments to the Constitution of Serbia which would strip Kosovo of most of its autonomous powers, including control of the police, educational and economic policy, and choice of
official language, as well as its veto powers over further changes to the Constitution of Serbia. Kosovo Albanians demonstrated in large numbers against the proposed changes. Beginning in February 1989, a strike by Kosovo Albanian miners further increased tensions.

10. Due to the political unrest, on 3 March 1989, the SFRY Presidency declared that the situation in the province had deteriorated and had become a threat to the constitution, integrity, and sovereignty of the country. The government then imposed "special measures" which assigned responsibility for public security to the federal government instead of the government of Serbia.

11. On 23 March 1989, the Assembly of Kosovo met in Pristina and, with the majority of Kosovo Albanian delegates abstaining, voted to accept the proposed amendments to the constitution. Although lacking the required two-thirds majority in the Assembly, the President of the Assembly nonetheless declared that the amendments had passed. On 28 March 1989, the Assembly of Serbia voted to approve the constitutional changes effectively revoking the autonomy granted in the 1974 constitution.

12. At the same time these changes were occurring in Kosovo, Slobodan MILOSEVIC further increased his political power when he became the President of Serbia. Slobodan MILOSEVIC was elected President of the Presidency of Serbia on 8 May 1989 and his post was formally confirmed on 6 December 1989.

13. In early 1990, Kosovo Albanians held mass demonstrations calling for an end to the "special measures." In April 1990, the SFRY Presidency lifted the "special measures" and removed most of the federal police forces as Serbia took over responsibility for police enforcement in Kosovo.

14. In July 1990, the Assembly of Serbia passed a decision to suspend the Assembly of Kosovo shortly after 114 of the 123 Kosovo Albanian delegates from that Assembly had passed an unofficial resolution declaring Kosovo an equal and independent entity within the SFRY. In September 1990, many of these same Kosovo Albanian delegates proclaimed a constitution for a "Republic of Kosovo." One year later, in September 1991, Kosovo Albanians held an unofficial referendum in which they voted overwhelmingly for independence. On 24 May 1992, Kosovo Albanians held unofficial elections for an assembly and president for the "Republic of Kosovo."

15. On 16 July 1990, the League of Communists of Serbia and the Socialist Alliance of Working People of Serbia joined to form the Socialist Party of Serbia (SPS), and Slobodan MILOSEVIC was elected its President. As the successor to the League of Communists, the SPS became the dominant political party in Serbia and Slobodan MILOSEVIC, as President of the SPS, was able to wield considerable power and influence over many branches of the government as well as the private sector. Milan MILUTINOVIC and Nikola SAINOVIC have both held prominent positions within the SPS. Nikola SAINOVIC was a member of the Main Committee and the Executive Council as well as a vice-chairman; and Milan MILUTINOVIC successfully ran for President of Serbia in 1997 as the SPS candidate.

16. After the adoption of the new Constitution of Serbia on 28 September 1990, Slobodan MILOSEVIC was elected President of Serbia in multi-party elections held on 9 and 26 December 1990; he was re-elected on 20 December 1992. In December 1991, Nikola SAINOVIC was appointed a Deputy Prime Minister of Serbia.

17. After Kosovo's autonomy was effectively revoked in 1989, the political situation in Kosovo became more and more divisive. Throughout late 1990 and 1991 thousands of Kosovo Albanian doctors, teachers, professors, workers, police and civil servants were dismissed from their positions. The local court in Kosovo was abolished and many judges removed. Police violence against Kosovo Albanians increased.

18. During this period, the unofficial Kosovo Albanian leadership pursued a policy of non-violent civil resistance and began establishing a system of unofficial, parallel institutions in the health care and education sectors.

19. In late June 1991 the SFRY began to disintegrate in a succession of wars fought in the Republic of Slovenia (hereinafter Slovenia), the Republic of Croatia (hereinafter Croatia), and the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (hereinafter Bosnia and Herzegovina). On 25 June 1991, Slovenia declared independence from the SFRY, which led to the outbreak of war; a peace agreement was reached on 8 July 1991. Croatia declared its independence on 25 June 1991, leading to fighting between Croatian military forces on the one side and the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA), paramilitary units and the "Army of the Republic of Srpska Krajina" on the other.

20. On 6 March 1992, Bosnia and Herzegovina declared its independence, resulting in wide scale war after 6 April 1992. On 27 April 1992, the SFRY was reconstituted as the FRY. At this time, the JNA was re-formed as the Armed Forces of the FRY (hereinafter VJ). In the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the JNA, and later the VJ, fought along with the "Army of Republika Srpska" against military forces of the Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the "Croat Defence Council." Active hostilities ceased with the signing of the Dayton peace agreement in December 1995.

21. Although Slobodan MILOSEVIC was the President of Serbia during the wars in Slovenia, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, he was nonetheless the dominant Serbian political figure exercising de facto control of the federal government as well as the republican government and was the person with whom the international community negotiated a variety of peace plans and agreements related to these wars.

22. Between 1991 and 1997 Milan MILUTINOVIC and Nikola SAINOVIC both held a number of high ranking positions within the federal and republican governments and continued to work closely with Slobodan MILOSEVIC. During this period, Milan MILUTINOVIC worked in the Foreign Ministry of the FRY, and at one time was Ambassador to Greece; in 1995, he was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs of the FRY, a position he held until 1997. Nikola SAINOVIC was Prime Minister of Serbia in 1993 and Deputy Prime Minister of the FRY in 1994.

23. While the wars were being conducted in Slovenia, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, the situation in Kosovo, while tense, did not erupt into the violence and intense fighting seen in the other countries. In the mid-1990s, however, a faction of the Kosovo Albanians organised a group known as Ushtria Çlirimtare e Kosovës (UÇK) or, known in English as the Kosovo Liberation Army KLA). This group advocated a campaign of armed insurgency and violent resistance to the Serbian authorities. In mid-1996, the KLA began launching attacks primarily targeting FRY and Serbian police forces. Thereafter, and throughout 1997, FRY and Serbian police forces responded with forceful operations against suspected KLA bases and supporters in Kosovo.

24. After concluding his term as President of Serbia, Slobodan MILOSEVIC was elected President of the FRY 15 July 1997, and assumed office on 23 July 1997. Thereafter, elections for the office of the President of Serbia were held; Milan MILUTINOVIC ran as the SPS candidate and was elected President of Serbia on 21 December 1997. In 1996, 1997 and 1998, Nikola SAINOVIC was re-appointed Deputy Prime Minister of the FRY. In part through his close alliance with Milan MILUTINOVIC, Slobodan MILOSEVIC was able to retain his influence over the Government of Serbia.

25. Beginning in late February 1998, the conflict intensified between the KLA on the one hand and the VJ, the police forces of the FRY, police forces of Serbia, and paramilitary units (all hereinafter forces of the FRY and Serbia), on the other hand. A number of Kosovo Albanians and Kosovo Serbs were killed and wounded during this time. Forces of the FRY and Serbia engaged in a campaign of shelling predominantly Kosovo Albanian towns and villages, widespread destruction of property, and expulsions of the civilian population from areas in which the KLA was active. Many residents fled the territory as a result of the fighting and destruction or were forced to move to other areas within Kosovo. The United Nations estimates that by mid-October 1998, over 298,000 persons, roughly fifteen percent of the population, had been internally displaced within Kosovo or had left the province.

26. In response to the intensifying conflict, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) passed Resolution 1160 in March 1998 "condemning the use of excessive force by Serbian police forces against civilians and peaceful demonstrators in Kosovo," and imposed an arms embargo on the FRY. Six months later the UNSC passed Resolution 1199 (1998) which stated that "the deterioration of the situation in Kosovo, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, constitutes a threat to peace and security in the region." The Security Council demanded that all parties cease hostilities and that "the security forces used for civilian repression" be withdrawn.

27. In an attempt to diffuse tensions in Kosovo, negotiations between Slobodan MILOSEVIC, and representatives of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), and the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) were conducted in October 1998. An "Agreement on the OSCE Kosovo Verification Mission" was signed on 16 October 1998. This agreement and the "Clark-Naumann agreement," which was signed by Nikola SAINOVIC, provided for the partial withdrawal of forces of the FRY and Serbia from Kosovo, a limitation on the introduction of additional forces and equipment into the area, and the deployment of unarmed OSCE verifiers.

28. Although scores of OSCE verifiers were deployed throughout Kosovo, hostilities continued. During this period, a number of killings of Kosovo Albanians were documented by the international verifiers and human rights organisations. In one such incident, on 15 January 1999, 45 unarmed Kosovo Albanians were murdered in the village of Racak in the municipality of Stimlje/Shtime.

29. In a further response to the continuing conflict in Kosovo, an international peace conference was organised in Rambouillet, France beginning on 7 February 1999. Nikola SAINOVIC, the Deputy Prime Minister of the FRY, was a member of the Serbian delegation at the peace talks and Milan MILUTINOVIC, President of Serbia, was also present during the negotiations. The Kosovo Albanians were represented by the KLA and a delegation of Kosovo Albanian political and civic leaders. Despite intensive negotiations over several weeks, the peace talks collapsed in mid-March 1999.

30. During the peace negotiations in France, the violence in Kosovo continued. In late February and early March, forces of the FRY and Serbia launched a series of offensives against dozens of predominantly Kosovo Albanian villages and towns. The FRY military forces were comprised of elements of the 3rd Army, specifically the 52nd Corps, also known as the Pristina Corps, and several brigades and regiments under the command of the Pristina Corps. The Chief of the General Staff of the VJ, with command responsibilities over the 3rd Army and ultimately over the Pristina Corps, is Colonel General Dragoljub OJDANIC. The Supreme Commander of the VJ is Slobodan MILOSEVIC.

31. The police forces taking part in the actions in Kosovo are members of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Serbia in addition to some units from the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the FRY. All police forces employed by or working under the authority of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Serbia are commanded by Vlajko STOJILJKOVIC, Minister of Internal Affairs of Serbia. Under the FRY Act on the Armed Forces, those police forces engaged in military operations during a state of war or imminent threat of war are subordinated to the command of the VJ whose commanders are Colonel General Dragoljub OJDANIC and Slobodan MILOSEVIC.

32. Prior to December 1998, Slobodan MILOSEVIC designated Nikola SAINOVIC as his representative for the Kosovo situation. A number of diplomats and other international officials who needed to speak with a government official regarding events in Kosovo were directed to Nikola SAINOVIC. He took an active role in the negotiations establishing the OSCE verification mission for Kosovo and he participated in numerous other meetings regarding the Kosovo crisis. From January 1999 to the date of this indictment, Nikola SAINCOVIC has acted as the liaison between Slobodan MILOSEVIC and various Kosovo Albanian leaders.

33. Nikola SAINOVIC was most recently re-appointed Deputy Prime Minister of the FRY on 20 May 1998. As such, he is a member of the Government of the FRY, which, among other duties and responsibilities, formulates domestic and foreign policy, enforces federal law, directs and co-ordinates the work of federal ministries, and organises defence preparations.

34. During their offensives, forces of the FRY and Serbia acting in concert have engaged in a well-planned and co-ordinated campaign of destruction of property owned by Kosovo Albanian civilians. Towns and villages have been shelled, homes, farms, and businesses burned, and personal property destroyed. As a result of these orchestrated actions, towns, villages, and entire regions have been made uninhabitable for Kosovo Albanians. Additionally, forces of the FRY and Serbia have harassed, humiliated, and degraded Kosovo Albanian civilians through physical and verbal abuse. The Kosovo Albanians have also been persistently subjected to insults, racial slurs, degrading acts based on ethnicity and religion, beatings, and other forms of physical mistreatment.

35. The unlawful deportation and forcible transfer of thousands of Kosovo Albanians from their homes in Kosovo involved well-planned and co-ordinated efforts by the leaders of the FRY and Serbia, and forces of the FRY and Serbia, all acting in concert. Actions similar in nature took place during the wars in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina between 1991 and 1995. During those wars, Serbian military, paramilitary and police forces forcibly expelled and deported non-Serbs in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina from areas under Serbian control utilising the same method of operations as have been used in Kosovo in 1999: heavy shelling and armed attacks on villages; widespread killings; destruction of non-Serbian residential areas and cultural and religious sites; and forced transfer and deportation of non-Serbian populations.

36. On 24 March 1999, NATO began launching air strikes against targets in the FRY. The FRY issued decrees of an imminent threat of war on 23 March 1999 and a state of war on 24 March 1999. Since the air strikes commenced, forces of the FRY and Serbia have intensified their systematic campaign and have forcibly expelled hundreds of thousands of Kosovo Albanians.

37. In addition to the forced expulsions of Kosovo Albanians, forces of the FRY and Serbia have also engaged in a number of killings of Kosovo Albanians since 24 March 1999. Such killings occurred at numerous locations, including but not limited to, Bela Crkva, Mali Krusa/Krushe e Vogel -- Velika Krusa/Krushe e Mahde, Dakovica/Gjakovë , Crkovez/Padalishte, and Izbica.

38. The planning, preparation and execution of the campaign undertaken by forces of the FRY and Serbia in Kosovo, was planned, instigated, ordered, committed or otherwise aided and abetted by Slobodan MILOSEVIC, the President of the FRY; Milan MILUTINOVIC, the President of Serbia; Nikola SAINOVIC, the Deputy Prime Minister of the FRY; Colonel General Dragoljub OJDANIC, the Chief of the General Staff of the VJ; and Vlajko STOJILJKOVIC, the Minister of Internal Affairs of Serbia.

39. By 20 May 1999, over 740,000 Kosovo Albanians, approximately one-third of the entire Kosovo Albanian population, were expelled from Kosovo. Thousands more are believed to be internally displaced. An unknown number of Kosovo Albanians have been killed in the operations by forces of the FRY and Serbia.



THE ACCUSED

40. Slobodan MILOSEVIC was born on 20 August 1941 in the town of Pozarevac in present-day Serbia. In 1964 he received a law degree from the University of Belgrade and began a career in management and banking. Slobodan MILOSEVIC held the posts of deputy director and later general director at Tehnogas, a major gas company until 1978. Thereafter, he became president of Beogradska banka (Beobanka), one of the largest banks in the SFRY and held that post until 1983.

41. In 1983 Slobodan MILOSEVIC began his political career. He became Chairman of the City Committee of the League of Communists of Belgrade in 1984. In 1986 he was elected Chairman of the Presidium of the Central Committee of the League of Communists of Serbia and was re-elected in 1988. On 16 July 1990, the League of Communists of Serbia and the Socialist Alliance of Working People of Serbia were united; the new party was named the Socialist Party of Serbia (SPS), and Slobodan MILOSEVIC was elected its President. He holds the post of President of the SPS as of the date of this indictment.

42. Slobodan MILOSEVIC was elected President of the Presidency of Serbia on 8 May 1989 and re-elected on 5 December that same year. After the adoption of the new Constitution of Serbia on 28 September 1990, Slobodan MILOSEVIC was elected to the newly established office of President of Serbia in multi-party elections held on 9 and 26 December 1990; he was re-elected on 20 December 1992.

43. After serving two terms as President of Serbia, Slobodan MILOSEVIC was elected President of the FRY on 15 July 1997 and he began his official duties on 23 July 1997. At all times relevant to this indictment, Slobodan MILOSEVIC has held the post of President of the FRY.

44. Milan MILUTINOVIC was born on 19 December 1942 in Belgrade in present-day Serbia. Milan MILUTINOVIC received a degree in law from Belgrade University.

45. Throughout his political career, Milan MILUTINOVIC has held numerous high level governmental posts within Serbia and the FRY. Milan MILUTINOVIC was a deputy in the Socio-Political Chamber and a member of the foreign policy committee in the Federal Assembly; he was Serbia's Secretary for Education and Sciences, a member of the Executive Council of the Serbian Assembly, and a director of the Serbian National Library. Milan MILUTINOVIC also served as an ambassador in the Federal Ministry of Foreign Affairs and as the FRY Ambassador to Greece. He was appointed the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the FRY on 15 August 1995. Milan MILUTINOVIC is a member of the SPS.

46. On 21 December 1997, Milan MILUTINOVIC was elected President of Serbia. At all times relevant to this indictment, Milan MILUTINOVIC has held the post of President of Serbia.

47. Nikola SAINOVIC was born on 7 December 1948 in Bor, Serbia. He graduated from the University of Ljubljana in 1977 and holds a Master of Science degree in Chemical Engineering. He began his political career in the municipality of Bor where he held the position of President of the Municipal Assembly of Bor from 1978 to 1982.

48. Throughout his political career, Nikola SAINOVIC has been an active member of both the League of Communists and the Socialist Party of Serbia (SPS). He held the position of Chairman of the Municipal Committee of the League of Communists in Bor. On 28 November 1995, Nikola SAINOVIC was elected a member of the SPS's Main Committee and a member of its Executive Council. He was also named president of the Committee to prepare the SPS Third Regular Congress (held in Belgrade on 2-3 March 1996). On 2 March 1996 Nikola SAINOVIC was elected one of several vice chairmen of the SPS. He held this position until 24 April 1997.

49. Nikola SAINOVIC has held several positions within the governments of Serbia and the FRY. In 1989, he served as a member of the Executive Council of Serbia's Assembly and Secretary for Industry, Energetics and Engineering of Serbia in 1989. He was appointed Minister of Mining and Energy of Serbia on 11 February 1991, and again on 23 December 1991. On 23 December 1991, he was also named Deputy Prime Minister of Serbia. Nikola SAINOVIC was appointed Minister of the Economy of the FRY on 14 July 1992, and again on 11 September 1992. He resigned from this post on 29 November 1992. On 10 February 1993, Nikola SAINOVIC was elected Prime Minister of Serbia.

50. On 22 February 1994, Nikola SAINOVIC was appointed Deputy Prime Minister of the FRY. He was re-appointed to this position in three subsequent governments: on 12 June 1996, 20 March 1997 and 20 May 1998. Slobodan MILOSEVIC designated Nikola SAINOVIC as his representative for the Kosovo situation. Nikola SAINOVIC chaired the commission for co-operation with the OSCE Verification Mission in Kosovo, and was an official member of the Serbian delegation at the Rambouillet peace talks in February 1999. At all times relevant to this indictment, Nikola SAINOVIC has held the post of Deputy Prime Minister of the FRY.

51. Colonel General Dragoljub OJDANIC was born on 1 June 1941 in the village of Ravni, near Uzice in what is now Serbia. In 1958, he completed the Infantry School for Non-Commissioned Officers and in 1964, he completed the Military Academy of the Ground Forces. In 1985, Dragoljub OJDANIC graduated from the Command Staff Academy and School of National Defence with a Masters Degree in Military Sciences. At one time he served as the Secretary for the League of Communists for the Yugoslav National Army (JNA) 52nd Corps, the precursor of the 52nd Corps of the VJ now operating in Kosovo.

52. In 1992, Colonel General Dragoljub OJDANIC was the Deputy Commander of the 37th Corps of the JNA, later the VJ, based in Uzice, Serbia. He was promoted to Major General on 20 April 1992 and became Commander of the Uzice Corps. Under his command, the Uzice Corps was involved in military actions in eastern Bosnia during the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In 1993 and 1994 Dragoljub OJDANIC served as Chief of the General Staff of the First Army of the FRY. He was Commander of the First Army between 1994 and 1996. In 1996, he became Deputy Chief of the General Staff of the VJ. On 26 November 1998, Slobodan MILOSEVIC appointed Dragoljub OJDANIC Chief of General Staff of the VJ, replacing General Momcilo Perisic. At all times relevant to this indictment, Colonel General Dragoljub OJDANIC has held the post of Chief of the General Staff of the VJ.

53. Vlajko STOJILJKOVIC was born in Mala Krsna, in Serbia. He graduated from the University of Belgrade with a law degree, and then was employed at the municipal court. Thereafter, he became head of the Inter-Municipal Secretariat of Internal Affairs in Pozarevac. Vlajko STOJILJKOVIC has served as director of the PIK firm in Pozarevac, vice-president and president of the Economic Council of Yugoslavia, and president of the Economic Council of Serbia.

54. By April 1997, Vlajko STOJILJKOVIC became Deputy Prime Minister of the Serbian Government and Minister of Internal Affairs of Serbia. On 24 March 1998, the Serbian Assembly elected a new Government, and Vlajko STOJILJKOVIC was named Minister of Internal Affairs of Serbia. He is also a member of the main board of the SPS. At all times relevant to this indictment, Vlajko STOJILJKOVIC, has held the post of Minister of Internal Affairs.



SUPERIOR AUTHORITY

55. Slobodan MILOSEVIC was elected President of the FRY on 15 July 1997, assumed office on 23 July 1997, and remains President as of the date of this indictment.

56. As President of the FRY, Slobodan MILOSEVIC functions as President of the Supreme Defence Council of the FRY. The Supreme Defence Council consists of the President of the FRY and the Presidents of the member republics, Serbia and Montenegro. The Supreme Defence Council decides on the National Defence Plan and issues decisions concerning the VJ. As President of the FRY, Slobodan MILOSEVIC has the power to "order implementation of the National Defence Plan" and commands the VJ in war and peace in compliance with decisions made by the Supreme Defence Council. Slobodan MILOSEVIC, as Supreme Commander of the VJ, performs these duties through "commands, orders and decisions."

57. Under the FRY Act on the Armed Forces of Yugoslavia, as Supreme Commander of the VJ, Slobodan MILOSEVIC also exercises command authority over republican and federal police units subordinated to the VJ during a state of imminent threat of war or a state of war. A declaration of imminent threat of war was proclaimed on 23 March 1999, and a state of war on 24 March 1999.

58. In addition to his de jure powers, Slobodan MILOSEVIC exercises extensive de facto control over numerous institutions essential to, or involved in, the conduct of the offences alleged herein. Slobodan MILOSEVIC exercises extensive de facto control over federal institutions nominally under the competence of the Assembly or the Government of the FRY. Slobodan MILOSEVIC also exercises de facto control over functions and institutions nominally under the competence of Serbia and its autonomous provinces, including the Serbian police force. Slobodan MILOSEVIC further exercises de facto control over numerous aspects of the FRY's political and economic life, particularly the media. Between 1986 and the early 1990s, Slobodan MILOSEVIC progressively acquired de facto control over these federal, republican, provincial and other institutions. He continues to exercise this de facto control to this day.

59. Slobodan MILOSEVIC's de facto control over Serbian, SFRY, FRY and other state organs has stemmed, in part, from his leadership of the two principal political parties that have ruled in Serbia since 1986, and in the FRY since 1992. From 1986 until 1990, he was Chairman of the Presidium of the Central Committee of the League of Communists in Serbia, then the ruling party in Serbia. In 1990, he was elected President of the Socialist Party of Serbia, the successor party to the League of Communists of Serbia and the Socialist Alliance of the Working People of Serbia. The SPS has been the principal ruling party in Serbia and the FRY ever since. Throughout the period of his Presidency of Serbia, from 1990 to 1997, and as the President of the FRY, from 1997 to the present, Slobodan MILOSEVIC has also been the leader of the SPS.

60. Beginning no later than October 1988, Slobodan MILOSEVIC has exercised de facto control over the ruling and governing institutions of Serbia, including its police force. Beginning no later than October 1988, he has exercised de facto control over Serbia's two autonomous provinces -- Kosovo and Vojvodina -- and their representation in federal organs of the SFRY and the FRY. From no later than October 1988 until mid-1998, Slobodan MILOSEVIC also exercised de facto control over the ruling and governing institutions of the Montenegro, including its representation in all federal organs of the SFRY and the FRY.

61. In significant international negotiations, meetings and conferences since 1989, Slobodan MILOSEVIC has been the primary interlocutor with whom the international community has negotiated. He has negotiated international agreements that have subsequently been implemented within Serbia, the SFRY, the FRY, and elsewhere on the territory of the former SFRY. Among the conferences and international negotiations at which Slobodan MILOSEVIC has been the primary representative of the SFRY and FRY are: The Hague Conference in 1991; the Paris negotiations of March 1993; the International Conference on the Former Yugoslavia in January 1993; the Vance-Owen peace plan negotiations between January and May 1993; the Geneva peace talks in the summer of 1993; the Contact Group meeting in June 1994; the negotiations for a cease fire in Bosnia and Herzegovina, 9-14 September 1995; the negotiations to end the NATO bombing in Bosnia and Herzegovina, 14-20 September 1995; and the Dayton peace negotiations in November 1995.

62. As the President of the FRY, the Supreme Commander of the VJ, and the President of the Supreme Defence Council, and pursuant to his de facto authority, Slobodan MILOSEVIC is responsible for the actions of his subordinates within the VJ and any police forces, both federal and republican, who have committed the crimes alleged in this indictment since January 1999 in the province of Kosovo.

63. Milan MILUTINOVIC was elected President of Serbia on 21 December 1997, and remains President as of the date of this indictment. As President of Serbia, Milan MILUTINOVIC is the head of State. He represents Serbia and conducts its relations with foreign states and international organisations. He organises preparations for the defence of Serbia.

64. As President of Serbia, Milan MILUTINOVIC is a member of the Supreme Defence Council of the FRY and participates in decisions regarding the use of the VJ.

65. As President of Serbia, Milan MILUTINOVIC, in conjunction with the Assembly, has the authority to request reports both from the Government of Serbia, concerning matters under its jurisdiction, and from the Ministry of the Internal Affairs, concerning its activities and the security situation in Serbia. As President of Serbia, Milan MILUTINOVIC has the authority to dissolve the Assembly, and with it the Government, "subject to the proposal of the Government on justified grounds," although this power obtains only in peacetime.

66. During a declared state of war or state of imminent threat of war, Milan MILUTINOVIC, as President of Serbia, may enact measures normally under the competence of the Assembly, including the passage of laws; these measures may include the reorganisation of the Government and its ministries, as well as the restriction of certain rights and freedoms.

67. In addition to his de jure powers, Milan MILUTINOVIC exercises extensive de facto influence or control over numerous institutions essential to, or involved in, the conduct of the crimes alleged herein. Milan MILUTINOVIC exercises de facto influence or control over functions and institutions nominally under the competence of the Government and Assembly of Serbia and its autonomous provinces, including but not limited to the Serbian police force.

68. In significant international negotiations, meetings and conferences since 1995, Milan MILUTINOVIC has been a principal interlocutor with whom the international community has negotiated. Among the conferences and international negotiations at which Milan MILUTINOVIC has been a primary representative of the FRY are: preliminary negotiations for a cease fire in Bosnia and Herzegovina, 15-21 August 1995; the Geneva meetings regarding the Bosnian cease fire, 7 September 1995; further negotiations for a cease fire in Bosnia and Herzegovina, 9-14 September 1995; the negotiations to end the NATO bombing in Bosnia and Herzegovina, 14-20 September 1995; the meeting of Balkan foreign ministers in New York, 26 September 1995; and the Dayton peace negotiations in November 1995. Milan MILUTINOVIC was also present at the negotiations at Rambouillet in February 1999.

69. As the President of Serbia, and a member of the Supreme Defence Council, and pursuant to his de facto authority, Milan MILUTINOVIC is responsible for the actions of any of his subordinates within the VJ and within any police forces who have committed the crimes alleged in this indictment since January 1999 within the province of Kosovo.

70. Colonel General Dragoljub OJDANIC was appointed Chief of the General Staff of the VJ on 26 November 1998. He remains in that position as of the date of this indictment. As Chief of the General Staff of the VJ, Colonel General Dragoljub OJDANIC commands, orders, instructs, regulates and otherwise directs the VJ, pursuant to acts issued by the President of the FRY and as required to command the VJ.

71. As Chief of the General Staff of the VJ, Colonel General Dragoljub OJDANIC determines the organisation, plan of development and formation of commands, units and institutions of the VJ, in conformity with the nature and needs of the VJ and pursuant to acts rendered by the President of the FRY.

72. In his position of authority, Colonel General Dragoljub OJDANIC also determines the plan for recruiting and filling vacancies within the VJ and the distribution of recruits therein; issues regulations concerning training of the VJ; determines the educational plan and advanced training of professional and reserve military officers; and performs other tasks stipulated by law.

73. As Chief of the General Staff of the VJ, Colonel General Dragoljub OJDANIC -- or other officers empowered by him -- assigns commissioned officers, non-commissioned officers and soldiers, and promotes non-commissioned officers, reserve officers, and officers up to the rank of colonel. In addition, Colonel General Dragoljub OJDANIC nominates the president, judges, prosecutors, and their respective deputies and secretaries, to serve on military disciplinary courts.

74. Colonel General Dragoljub OJDANIC carries out preparations for the conscription of citizens and mobilisation of the VJ; co-operates with the Ministries of Internal Affairs of the FRY and Serbia and the Ministry of Defence of the FRY in mobilising organs and units of Ministries of Internal Affairs; monitors and, proposes measures to correct problems encountered during, and informs the Government of the FRY and the Supreme Defence Council about the implementation of the aforementioned mobilisation.

75. As the Chief of the General Staff of the VJ , Colonel General Dragoljub OJDANIC is responsible for the actions of his subordinates within the VJ and for the actions of any federal and republican police forces, which are subordinated to the VJ, who have committed crimes since January 1999 within the province of Kosovo.

76. Vlajko STOJILJKOVIC was named Minister of Internal Affairs of Serbia on 24 March 1998. As head of a Serbian government ministry, Vlajko STOJILJKOVIC is responsible for the enforcement of laws, regulations and general acts promulgated by Serbia's Assembly, Government or President.

77. As Minister of Internal Affairs of Serbia, Vlajko STOJILJKOVIC directs the work of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and its personnel. He determines the structure, mandate and scope of operations of organisational units within the Ministry of Internal Affairs. He is empowered to call up members of the Ministry of Internal Affairs reserve corps to perform duties during peace time, and to prevent activities threatening Serbia's security. The orders which he and Ministry of Internal Affairs superior officers issue to Ministry of Internal Affairs personnel are binding unless they constitute a criminal act.

78. As Minister of Internal Affairs of Serbia, Vlajko STOJILJKOVIC has powers of review over decisions and acts of agents for the Ministry. He considers appeals against decisions made in the first instance by the head of an organisational unit of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Moreover, he is empowered to decide appeals made by individuals who have been detained by the police.

79. On 8 April 1999, as Minister of Internal Affairs of Serbia, Vlajko STOJILJKOVIC's powers during the state of war were expanded to include transferring Ministry employees to different duties within the Ministry for as long as required.

80. As Minister of Internal Affairs of Serbia, Vlajko STOJILJKOVIC is responsible for ensuring the maintenance of law and order in Serbia. As Minister of Internal Affairs, he is responsible for the actions of his subordinates within the police forces of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Serbia who have committed crimes since January 1999 in the province of Kosovo.



GENERAL ALLEGATIONS

81. At all times relevant to this indictment, a state of armed conflict existed in Kosovo in the FRY.

82. All acts and omissions charged as crimes against humanity were part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against the Kosovo Albanian civilian population of Kosovo in the FRY.

83. Each of the accused is individually responsible for the crimes alleged against him in this indictment, pursuant to Article 7(1) of the Tribunal Statute. Individual criminal responsibility includes committing, planning, instigating, ordering or aiding and abetting in the planning, preparation or execution of any crimes referred to in Articles 2 to 5 of the Tribunal Statute.

84. In as much as he has authority or control over the VJ and police units, other units or individuals subordinated to the command of the VJ in Kosovo, Slobodan MILOSEVIC, as President of the FRY, Supreme Commander of the VJ and President of the Supreme Defence Council, is also, or alternatively, criminally responsible for the acts of his subordinates, including members of the VJ and aforementioned employees of the Ministries of Internal Affairs of the FRY and Serbia, pursuant to Article 7(3) of the Tribunal Statute.

85. In as much as he has authority or control over police units of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the VJ, or police units, other units or individuals subordinated to the command of the VJ in Kosovo, Milan MILUTINOVIC, as President of Serbia and a member of the Supreme Defence Council, is also, or alternatively, criminally responsible for the acts of his subordinates, including aforementioned employees of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Serbia, pursuant to Article 7(3) of the Tribunal Statute.

86. In as much as he has authority or control over the VJ and police units, other units or individuals subordinated to the command of the VJ in Kosovo, Colonel General Dragoljub OJDANIC, as Chief of the General Staff of the VJ, is also, or alternatively, criminally responsible for the acts of his subordinates, including members of the VJ and aforementioned employees of the Ministries of Internal Affairs of Serbia and the FRY, pursuant to Article 7(3) of the Tribunal Statute.

87. In as much as he has authority or control over employees of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, including any other regular or mobilised police units, Vlajko STOJILJKOVIC, as Minister of Internal Affairs of Serbia, is also, or alternatively, criminally responsible for the acts of his subordinates, including employees of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Serbia, pursuant to Article 7(3) of the Tribunal Statute.

88. A superior is responsible for the acts of his subordinate(s) if he knew or had reason to know that his subordinate(s) was/were about to commit such acts or had done so and the superior failed to take the necessary and reasonable measures to prevent such acts or to punish the perpetrators thereof.

89. The general allegations contained in paragraphs 81 through 88 are re-alleged and incorporated into each of the charges set forth below.



CHARGES

COUNTS 1 - 4
CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY
VIOLATIONS OF THE LAWS OR CUSTOMS OF WAR

90. Beginning in January 1999 and continuing to the date of this indictment, Slobodan MILOSEVIC, Milan MILUTINOVIC, Nikola SAINOVIC, Dragoljub OJDANIC, and Vlajko STOJILJKOVIC planned, instigated, ordered, committed or otherwise aided and abetted in a campaign of terror and violence directed at Kosovo Albanian civilians living in Kosovo in the FRY.

91. The campaign of terror and violence directed at the Kosovo Albanian population was executed by forces of the FRY and Serbia acting at the direction, with the encouragement, or with the support of Slobodan MILOSEVIC, Milan MILUTINOVIC, Nikola SAINOVIC, Dragoljub OJDANIC, and Vlajko STOJILJKOVIC. The operations targeting the Kosovo Albanians were undertaken with the objective of removing a substantial portion of the Kosovo Albanian population from Kosovo in an effort to ensure continued Serbian control over the province. To achieve this objective, the forces of the FRY and Serbia, acting in concert, have engaged in well-planned and co-ordinated operations as described in paragraphs 92 through 98 below.

92. The forces of the FRY and Serbia, have in a systematic manner, forcibly expelled and internally displaced hundreds of thousands of Kosovo Albanians from their homes across the entire province of Kosovo. To facilitate these expulsions and displacements, the forces of the FRY and Serbia have intentionally created an atmosphere of fear and oppression through the use of force, threats of force, and acts of violence.

93. Throughout Kosovo, the forces of the FRY and Serbia have looted and pillaged the personal and commercial property belonging to Kosovo Albanians forced from their homes. Policemen, soldiers, and military officers have used wholesale searches, threats of force, and acts of violence to rob Kosovo Albanians of money and valuables, and in a systematic manner, authorities at FRY border posts have stolen personal vehicles and other property from Kosovo Albanians being deported from the province.

94. Throughout Kosovo, the forces of the FRY and Serbia have engaged in a systematic campaign of destruction of property owned by Kosovo Albanian civilians. This has been accomplished through the widespread shelling of towns and villages; the burning of homes, farms, and businesses; and the destruction of personal property. As a result of these orchestrated actions, villages, towns, and entire regions have been made uninhabitable for Kosovo Albanians.

95. Throughout Kosovo, the forces of the FRY and Serbia have harassed, humiliated, and degraded Kosovo Albanian civilians through physical and verbal abuse. Policemen, soldiers, and military officers have persistently subjected Kosovo Albanians to insults, racial slurs, degrading acts, beatings, and other forms of physical mistreatment based on their racial, religious, and political identification.

96. Throughout Kosovo, the forces of the FRY and Serbia have systematically seized and destroyed the personal identity documents and licenses of vehicles belonging to Kosovo Albanian civilians. As Kosovo Albanians have been forced from their homes and directed towards Kosovo's borders, they have been subjected to demands to surrender identity documents at selected points en route to border crossings and at border crossings into Albania and Macedonia. These actions have been undertaken in order to erase any record of the deported Kosovo Albanians' presence in Kosovo and to deny them the right to return to their homes.

97. Beginning on or about 1 January 1999 and continuing until the date of this indictment, the forces of the FRY and Serbia, acting at the direction, with the encouragement, or with the support of Slobodan MILOSEVIC, Milan MILUTINOVIC, Nikola SAINOVIC, Dragoljub OJDANIC, and Vlajko STOJILJKOVIC have perpetrated the actions set forth in paragraphs 92 through 96, which have resulted in the forced deportation of approximately 740,000 Kosovo Albanian civilians. These actions have been undertaken in all areas of Kosovo, and these means and methods were used throughout the province, including the following municipalities:

a. Dakovica/Gjakovë : On or about 2 April 1999, forces of the FRY and Serbia began forcing residents of the town of Dakovica/Gjakovë to leave. Forces of the FRY and Serbia spread out through the town and went house to house ordering Kosovo Albanians from their homes. In some instances, people were killed, and most persons were threatened with death. Many of the houses and shops belonging to Kosovo Albanians were set on fire, while those belonging to Serbs were protected. During the period from 2 to 4 April 1999, thousands of Kosovo Albanians living in Dakovica/Gjakovë and neighbouring villages joined a large convoy, either on foot or driving in cars, trucks and tractors, and moved to the border with Albania. Forces of the FRY and Serbia directed those fleeing along pre-arranged routes, and at police checkpoints along the way most Kosovo Albanians had their identification papers and license plates seized. In some instances, Yugoslav army trucks were used to transport persons to the border with Albania.

b. Gnjilane/Gjilan: Forces of the FRY and Serbia entered the town of Prilepnica/Pë rlepnicë on or about 6 April 1999, and ordered residents to leave saying that the town would be mined the next day. The townspeople left and tried to go to another village but were turned back by police. On 13 April 1999, residents of Prilepnica/Pë rlepnicë were again informed that the town had to be evacuated by the following day. The next morning, the Kosovo Albanian residents left in a convoy of approximately 500 vehicles and headed to the Macedonian border. Shortly after the residents left, the houses in Prilepnica/Pë rlepnicë were set on fire. Kosovo Albanians in other villages in Gnjilane/Gjilan municipality were also forced from their homes, and were made to join another convoy to the Macedonian border. Along the way, some men were taken from the convoy and killed along the road. When the Kosovo Albanians reached the border, their identification papers were confiscated.

c. Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovicë : In late March 1999, forces of the FRY and Serbia began moving systematically through the town of Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovicë . They entered the homes of Kosovo Albanians and ordered the residents to leave their houses at once and to go to the bus station. Some houses were set on fire forcing the residents to flee to other parts of the town. Over a two week period the forces of the FRY and Serbia continued to expel the Kosovo Albanian residents of the town. During this period, properties belonging to Kosovo Albanians were destroyed and Kosovo Albanians were robbed of money, vehicles, and other valuables. A similar pattern was repeated in other villages in the Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovicë municipality, where Kosovo Albanians were forced from their homes, followed by the destruction of their villages by forces of the FRY and Serbia. The Kosovo Albanian residents of the municipality were forced to join convoys going to the Albanian border. En route to the border, Serb soldiers, policemen, and military officers robbed them of valuables and seized their identity documents.

d. Orahovac/Rahovec: On the morning of 25 March 1999, forces of the FRY and Serbia surrounded the village of Celine with tanks and armoured vehicles. After shelling the village, troops entered the village and systematically looted and pillaged everything of value from the houses. Most of the Kosovo Albanian villagers had fled to a nearby forest before the army and police arrived. On 28 March, a number of Serb police forced the thousands of people hiding in the forest to come out. After marching the civilians to a nearby village, the men were separated from the women and were beaten, robbed, and had all of their identity documents taken from them. The men were then marched to Prizren and eventually forced to go to the Albanian border.

On 25 March 1999, a large group of Kosovo Albanians went to a mountain near the village of Nagafc, also in Orahovac/Rahovec municipality, seeking safety from attacks on nearby villages. Forces of the FRY and Serbia surrounded them and on the following day, ordered the 8,000 people who had sought shelter on the mountain to leave. The Kosovo Albanians were forced to go to a nearby school and then they were forcibly dispersed into nearby villages. After three or four days, the forces of the FRY and Serbia entered the villages, went house to house and ordered people out. Eventually, they were forced back into houses and told not to leave. Those who could not fit inside the houses were forced to stay in cars and tractors parked nearby. On 2 April 1999, the forces of the FRY and Serbia started shelling the villages, killing a number of people who had been sleeping in tractors and cars. Those who survived headed for the Albanian border. As they passed through other Kosovo Albanian villages, which had been destroyed, they were taunted by Serb soldiers. When the villagers arrived at the border, all their identification papers were taken from them.

e. Pec/Pejë : On 27 and 28 March 1999, in the city of Pec/Pejë , forces of the FRY and Serbia went from house to house forcing Kosovo Albanians to leave. Some houses were set on fire and a number of people were shot. Soldiers and police were stationed along every street directing the Kosovo Albanians toward the town centre. Once the people reached the centre of town, those without cars or vehicles were forced to get on buses or trucks and were driven to the town of Prizren. Outside Prizren, the Kosovo Albanians were forced to get off the buses and walk approximately 40 kilometres to the Albanian border where they were ordered to turn their identification papers over to Serb policemen.

f. Pristina/Prishtinë : On or about 1 April 1999, Serbian police went to the homes of Kosovo Albanians in the city of Pristina/Prishtinë and forced the residents to leave in a matter of minutes. During the course of these forced expulsions, a number of people were killed. Many of those forced from their homes went directly to the train station, while others sought shelter in nearby neighbourhoods. Hundreds of ethnic Albanians, guided by Serb police at all the intersections, gathered at the train station and then were loaded onto overcrowded trains or buses after a long wait where no food or water was provided. Those on the trains went as far as General Jankovic, a village near the Macedonian border. During the train ride many people had their identification papers taken from them. After getting off the trains, the Kosovo Albanians were told by the Serb police to walk along the tracks into Macedonia since the surrounding land had been mined. Those who tried to hide in Pristina/Prishtinë were expelled a few days later in a similar fashion.

During the same period, forces of the FRY and Serbia entered the villages of Pristina/Prishtinë municipality where they beat and killed many Kosovo Albanians, robbed them of their money, looted their property and burned their homes. Many of the villagers were taken by truck to Glogovac in the municipality of Lipljan/Lipjan. From there, they were transported to General Jankovic by train and walked to the Macedonian border. Others, after making their way to the town of Urosevac/Ferizaj, were ordered by the Serb police to take a train to General Jankovic, from where they walked across the border into Macedonia.

g. Prizren: On 25 March 1999 the village of Pirana was surrounded by forces of the FRY and Serbia, tanks and various military vehicles. The village was shelled and a number of the residents were killed. Thereafter, police entered the village and burned the house of Kosovo Albanians. After the attack, the remaining villagers left Pirana and went to surrounding villages. Some of the Kosovo Albanians fleeing toward Srbica were killed or wounded by snipers. Serb forces then launched an offensive in the area of Srbica and shelled the villages of Reti e Utlet, Reti and Randobrava. Kosovo Albanian villagers were forced from their homes and sent to the Albanian border. From 28 March 1999, in the city of Prizren itself, Serb policemen went from house to house, ordering Kosovo Albanian residents to leave. They were forced to join convoys of vehicles and persons travelling on foot to the Albanian border. At the border all personal documents were taken away by Serb policemen.

h. Srbica/Skenderaj: On or about 25 March 1999, the villages of Vojnik, Lecina, Klladernica, Turiqevc Broje and Izbica were destroyed by shelling and burning. A group of approximately 4,500 Kosovo Albanians from these villages gathered outside the village of Izbica where members of the forces of the FRY and Serbia demanded money from the group and separated the men from the women and children. A large number of the men were then killed. The surviving women and children were moved as a group towards Vojnik and then on to the Albanian border.

i. Suva Reka/Suharekë : On the morning of 25 March 1999, forces of the FRY and Serbia surrounded the town of Suva Reka/Suharekë . During the following days, police officers went from house to house, threatening Kosovo Albanian residents, and removing many of the people from their homes at gunpoint. The women, children and elderly were sent away by the police and then a number of the men were killed by the Forces of the FRY and Serbia. The Kosovo Albanians were forced to flee making their way in trucks, tractors and trailers towards the border with Albania. While crossing the border, they had all their documents and money taken.

On 31 March 1999, approximately 80,000 Kosovo Albanians displaced from villages in the Suva Reka/Suharekë municipality gathered near Bellanice. The following day, forces of the FRY and Serbia shelled Bellanice, forcing the displaced persons to flee toward the Albanian border. Prior to crossing the border, they had all their identification documents taken away.

j. Urosevac/Ferizaj: During the period between 4 and 14 April 1999, forces of the FRY and Serbia shelled the villages of Softaj, Rahovica, Zltara, Pojatista, Komoglava and Sojevo, killing a number of residents. After the shelling, police and military vehicles entered the villages and ordered the residents to leave. After the villagers left their houses, the soldiers and policemen burned the houses. The villagers that were displaced joined in a convoy to the Macedonian border. At the border, all of their documents were taken.

98. Beginning on or about 1 January 1999 and continuing until the date of this indictment, forces of the FRY and Serbia, acting at the direction, with the encouragement, or with the support of Slobodan MILOSEVIC, Milan MILUTINOVIC, Nikola SAINOVIC, Dragoljub OJDANIC, and Vlajko STOJILJKOVIC, have murdered hundreds of Kosovo Albanian civilians. These killings have occurred in a widespread or systematic manner throughout the province of Kosovo and have resulted in the deaths of numerous men, women, and children. Included among the incidents of mass killings are the following:

a. On or about 15 January 1999, in the early morning hours, the village of Racak (Stimlje/Shtime municipality) was attacked by forces of the FRY and Serbia. After shelling by the VJ units, the Serb police entered the village later in the morning and began conducting house-to-house searches. Villagers, who attempted to flee from the Serb police, were shot throughout the village. A group of approximately 25 men attempted to hide in a building, but were discovered by the Serb police. They were beaten and then were removed to a nearby hill, where the policemen shot and killed them. Altogether, the forces of the FRY and Serbia killed approximately 45 Kosovo Albanians in and around Racak. (Those persons killed who are known by name are set forth in Schedule A, which is attached as an appendix to this indictment.)

b. On or about 25 March 1999, forces of the FRY and Serbia attacked the village of Bela Crkva (Orahovac/Rahovec municipality). Many of the residents of Bela Crkva fled into a streambed outside the village and sought shelter under a railroad bridge. As additional villagers approached the bridge, a Serbian police patrol opened fire on them killing 12 persons, including 10 women and children. The police then ordered the remaining villagers out of the streambed, at which time the men were separated from the women and small children. The police ordered the men to strip and then systematically robbed them of all valuables. The women and children were then ordered to leave. The village doctor attempted to speak with the police commander, but he was shot and killed, as was his nephew. The other men were then ordered back into the streambed. After they complied, the police opened fire on the men, killing approximately 65 Kosovo Albanians. (Those persons killed who are known by name are set forth in Schedule B which is attached as an appendix to the indictment.)

c. On or about 25 March 1999, the villages of Velika Krusa and Mali Krusa/Krushe e Mahde and Krushe e Vogel (Orahovac/Rahovec municipality) were attacked by forces of the FRY and Serbia. Village residents took refuge in a forested area outside Velika Krusa/Krushe e Mahde, where they were able to observe the police systematically looting and then burning the villagers' houses. On or about the morning of 26 March 1999, Serb police located the villagers in the forest. The police ordered the women and small children to leave the area and to go to Albania. The police then searched the men and boys and took their identity documents, after which they were made to walk to an uninhabited house between the forest and Mali Krusa/Krushe e Vogel. Once the men and boys were assembled inside the house, the Serb police opened fire on the group. After several minutes of gunfire, the police piled hay on the men and boys and set fire to it in order to burn the bodies. As a result of the shootings and the fire, approximately 105 Kosovo Albanian men and boys were killed by the Serb police. (Those persons killed who are known by name are set forth in Schedule C which is attached as an appendix to this indictment.)

d. On or about the evening of 26 March 1999, in the town of Dakovica/Gjakovë , Serb gunmen came to a house on Ymer Grezda Street. The women and children inside the house were separated from the men, and were ordered to go upstairs. The Serb gunmen then shot and killed the 6 Kosovo Albanian men who were in the house. (The names of those killed are set forth in Schedule D which is attached as an appendix to this indictment.)

e. On or about 27 March 1999, in the morning hours, forces of the FRY and Serbia attacked the village of Crkolez/Padalishte (Istok/Istog municipality). As the forces entered the village, they fired on houses and on villagers who attempted to flee. Eight members of the Beke IMERAJ family were forced from their home and were killed in front of their house. Other residents of Crkolez/Padalishte were killed at their homes and in a streambed near the village. Altogether, forces of the FRY and Serbia killed approximately 20 Kosovo Albanians from Crkolez/Padalishte.(Those persons killed who are known by name are set forth in Schedule E which is attached as an appendix to this indictment.)

f. On or about 27 March 1999, FRY and Republic of Serbia forces attacked the village of Izbica (Srbica/Skenderaj municipality). Several thousand village residents took refuge in a meadow outside the village. On or about 28 March 1999, forces of the FRY and Serbia surrounded the villagers and then approached them, demanding money. After valuables were stolen by the soldiers and policemen, the men were separated from the women and small children. The men were then further divided into two groups, one of which was sent to a nearby hill, and the other of which was sent to a nearby streambed. Both groups of men were then fired upon by the forces of the FRY and Serbia, and approximately 130 Kosovo Albanian men were killed. (Those persons killed who are known by name are set forth in Schedule F which is attached as an appendix to this indictment.)

g. On or about the early morning hours of 2 April 1999, Serb police launched an operation against the Qerim district of Dakovica/Gjakovë. Over a period of several hours, Serb police forcibly entered houses of Kosovo Albanians in the Qerim district, killing the occupants, and then setting fire to the buildings. In the basement of a house on Millosh Gilic Street, the Serb police shot the 20 occupants and then set the house on fire. As a result of the shootings and the fires set by the Serb police, 20 Kosovo Albanians were killed, of whom 19 were women and children. (The names of those killed are set forth in Schedule G which is attached as an appendix to this indictment.)

99. Beginning on or about 1 January 1999 and continuing until the date of this indictment, the forces of the FRY and Serbia, acting at the direction, with the encouragement, or with the support of Slobodan MILOSEVIC, Milan MILUTINOVIC, Nikola SAINOVIC, Dragoljub OJDANIC, and Vlajko STOJILJKOVIC, have utilised the means and methods set forth in paragraphs 92 through 98 to execute a campaign of persecution against the Kosovo Albanian civilian population based on political, racial, or religious grounds.

100. By these actions Slobodan MILOSEVIC, Milan MILUTINOVIC, Nikola SAINOVIC, Dragoljub OJDANIC, and Vlajko STOJILJKOVIC planned, instigated, ordered, committed or otherwise aided and abetted the planning, preparation or execution of:



COUNT 1
(Deportation)

Count 1: Deportation, a CRIME AGAINST HUMANITY, punishable under Article 5(d) of the Statute of the Tribunal.


COUNT 2
(Murder)

Count 2: Murder, a CRIME AGAINST HUMANITY, punishable under Article 5 (a) of the Statute of the Tribunal.

COUNT 3
(Murder)

Count 3: Murder, a VIOLATION OF THE LAWS OR CUSTOMS OF WAR, punishable under Article 3 of the Statute of the Tribunal and recognised by Article 3(1)(a) (murder) of the Geneva Conventions.


COUNT 4
(Persecutions)

Count 4: Persecutions on political, racial and religious grounds, a CRIME AGAINST HUMANITY, punishable under Article 5(h) of the Statute of the Tribunal.

Louise Arbour
Prosecutor

22 May 1999
The Hague, The Netherlands



Schedule A
Persons Known by Name Killed at Racak - 15 January 1999

Name, Approximate Age and Sex

ASLLANI, Lute; 30 Female

AZEMI, Banush; Male
BAJRAMI, Ragip; 34; Male
BEQIRI, Halim; 13; Male
BEQIRI, Rizah; 49; Male
BEQIRI, Zenel; 20; Male
BILALLI, Lutfi; Male
EMINI, Ajet; Male
HAJRIZI, Bujar; Male
HAJRIZI, Myfail; 33; Male
HALILI, Skender; Male
HYSENAJ, Haqif
Male
IBRAHIMI, Hajriz; Male
IMERI, Hakip; Male
IMERI, Murtez; Male
IMERI, Nazmi; Male
ISMALJI, Meha; Male
ISMALJI, Muhamet; Male
JAKUPI, Ahmet; Male
JAKUPI, Esref; 40; Male
JAKUPI, Hajriz; Male
JAKUPI, Mehmet; Male
JAKUPI, Xhelal; Male
JASHARI, Jasher; 24; Male
JASHARI, Raif; 20; Male
JASHARI, Shukri; 18; Male
LIMANI, Fatmir; 35; Male
LIMANI, Nexhat; 19; Male
LIMANI, Salif; 23; Male
MEHMETI, Bajram; Male
MEHMETI, Hanumshah; Female
METUSHI, Arif; Male
METUSHI, Haki; 70; Male
MUSTAFA, Ahmet; Male
MUSTAFA, Aslani; 34; Male
MUSTAFA, Muhamet; 21; Male
OSMANI, Sadik; 35; Male
SALIHU, Jashar; 25; Male
SALIHU, Shukri; 18; Male
SHABANI, Bajrush; 22; Male
SMAJLAI, Ahmet; 60; Male
SYLA, Sheremet; 37; Male
SYLA, Shyqeri; Male
XHELADINI, Bajram; Male
ZYMERI, Njazi; Male




Schedule B
Persons Known by Name Killed at Bela Crkva - 25 March 1999

Name, Approximate Age and Sex
BEGAJ, Abdullah, 25; Male
BERISHA, Murat; 60; Male
GASHI, Fadil; 46; Male
MORINA, Musa; 65; Male
POPAJ, Abdullah; 18; Male
POPAJ, Agon; 14; Male
POPAJ, Alban; 21; Male
POPAJ, Bedrush; 47; Male
POPAJ, Belul; 14; Male
POPAJ, Ethem; 46; Male
POPAJ, Hazer; 77; Male
POPAJ, Hyshi; 37; Male
POPAJ, Irfan; 41; Male
POPAJ, Isuf; 76; Male
POPAJ, Kreshnik, 18; Male
POPAJ, Lindrit; 18; Male
POPAJ, Mehmet; 46; Male
POPAJ, Mersel; 53; Male
POPAJ, Nazmi; 45; Male
POPAJ, Nisim; 35; Male
POPAJ, Rrustem; Male
POPAJ, Sahid, 40; Male
POPAJ, Sedat; 47; Male
POPAJ, Shendet; 17; Male
POPAJ, Vehap; 58; Male
POPAJ, Xhavit; 32; Male
SPAHIU, FNU; (daughter of Xhemal), Female
SPAHIU, FNU, (daughter of Xhemal); Female
SPAHIU, FNU, (daughter of Xhemal); Female
SPAHIU, FNU, (daughter of Xhemal); Female
SPAHIU, FNU; (wife of Xhemal); Female
SPAHIU, Xhemal; Male
ZHUNIQI, Abein; 37; Male
ZHUNIQI, Agim; 51; Male
ZHUNIQI, Bajram; 51; Male
ZHUNIQI, Biladh; 67; Male
ZHUNIQI, Clirim; 40; Male
ZHUNIQI, Dardan; 6; Male
ZHUNIQI, Dardane; 8; Female
ZHUNIQI, Destan; 68; Male
ZHUNIQI, Eshref; 55; Male
ZHUNIQI, Fatos; 42; Male
ZHUNIQI, FNU; 4; Male
ZHUNIQI, FNU; (wife of Clirim); Female
ZHUNIQI, FNU; (son of Fatos); 16
Male
ZHUNIQI, Hysni; 70; Male
ZHUNIQI, Ibrahim; 68; Male
ZHUNIQI, Kasim; 33; Male
ZHUNIQI, Medi; 55; Male
ZHUNIQI, Muhammet; 70; Male
ZHUNIQI, Muharrem; 30; Male
ZHUNIQI, Qamil; 77; Male
ZHUNIQI, Qemal; 59; Male
ZHUNIQI, Reshit; 32; Male
ZHUNIQI, Shemsi; 52; Male




Schedule C
Persons Known by Name Killed at Velika Krusa/Krushe e Mahde -- Mali Krusa/Krushe e Vogel - 26 March 1999

Name, Approximate Age and Sex

ASLLANI, Adem; 68; Male
ASLLANI, Asim; 34; Male
ASLLANI, Feim; 30; Male
ASLLANI, Muharrem; 66; Male
ASLLANI, Nexhat; 27; Male
ASLLANI, Nisret; 33; Male
ASLLANI, Perparim; 26; Male
AVDYLI, Bali; 72; Male
AVDYLI, Enver; 28; Male
BATUSHA, Ahmet; 38; Male
BATUSHA, Amrush; 32; Male
BATUSHA, Asllan; 46; Male
BATUSHA, Avdi; 45; Male
BATUSHA, Bekim; 22; Male
BATUSHA, Beqir; 68; Male
BATUSHA, Burim; 18; Male
BATUSHA, Enver; 22; Male
BATUSHA, Feim; 23; Male
BATUSHA, FNU; (son of Ismail); 19; Male
BATUSHA, FNU; (son of Zaim); 20; Male
BATUSHA, Haxhi; 28; Male
BATUSHA, Lirim; 16; Male
BATUSHA, Milaim; 32; Male
BATUSHA, Muharrem; 69; Male
BATUSHA, Njazi; 39; Male
BATUSHA, Osman; 65; Male
BATUSHA, Sefer; 19; Male
BATUSHA, Sejdi; 68; Male
BATUSHA, Skifer; 22; Male
BATUSHA, Sulejman; 46; Male
BATUSHA, Zaim; 50; Male
HAJDARI, Abaz; 40; Male
HAJDARI, Abedin; 17; Male
HAJDARI, Halil; 42; Male
HAJDARI, Halim; 70; Male
HAJDARI, Hysni; 20; Male
HAJDARI, Marsel; 17; Male
HAJDARI, Nazim; 33; Male
HAJDARI, Qamil; 46; Male
HAJDARI, Rasim; 25; Male
HAJDARI, Sahit; 36; Male
HAJDARI, Selajdin; 38; Male
HAJDARI, Shani; 40; Male
HAJDARI, Vesel; 19; Male
HAJDARI, Zenun; 28; Male
LIMONI, Avdyl; 45; Male
LIMONI, Limon; 69; Male
LIMONI, Luan; 22; Male
LIMONI, Nehbi; 60; Male
RAMADANI, Afrim; 28; Male
RAMADANI, Asllan; 34; Male
RAMADANI, Bajram; 15; Male
RAMADANI, FNU; (son of Hysen); 23; Male
RAMADANI, Hysen; 62; Male
RAMADANI, Lufti; 58; Male
RAMADANI, Murat; 60; Male
RAMADANI, Ramadan; 59; Male
RAMADANI, Selajdin; 27; Male
RASHKAJ, FNU; 16; Male
RASHKAJ, FNU; 18; Male
RASHKAJ, Refki; 17; Male
SHEHU, Adnan; 20; Male
SHEHU, Arben; 20; Male
SHEHU, Arif; 36; Male
SHEHU, Bekim; 22; Male
SHEHU, Burim; 19; Male
SHEHU, Destan; 68; Male
SHEHU, Din; 68; Male
SHEHU, Dritan; 18; Male
SHEHU, Fadil; 42; Male
SHEHU, Flamur; 15; Male
SHEHU, FNU; (son of Haziz); 20; Male
SHEHU, FNU; (son of Sinan); 18; Male
SHEHU, Haxhi; 25; Male
SHEHU, Haziz; 42; Male
SHEHU, Ismail; 68; Male
SHEHU, Ismet; 40; Male
SHEHU, Mehmet; 13; Male
SHEHU, Mentor; 18; Male
SHEHU, Myftar; 44; Male
SHEHU, Nahit; 15; Male
SHEHU, Nehat; 22; Male
SHEHU, Nexhat; 38; Male
SHEHU, Qamil; 50; Male
SHEHU, Sahit; 23; Male
SHEHU, Sali; 44; Male
SHEHU, Sami; 24; Male
SHEHU, Sefer; 44; Male
SHEHU, Shani; 34; Male
SHEHU, Shefqet; 38; Male
SHEHU, Sinan; 50; Male
SHEHU, Veli; 28; Male
SHEHU, Vesel; 19; Male
SHEHU, Xhafer; 38; Male
SHEHU, Xhavit; 20; Male
SHEHU, Xhelal; 13; Male
ZYLFIU, Afrim; 22; Male
ZYLFIU, FNU; (son of Halim); 18; Male
ZYLFIU, Halim; 60; Male
ZYLFIU, Hamdi; 62; Male
ZYLFIU, Hamit; 22; Male
ZYLFIU, Hysen; 50; Male
ZYLFIU, Njazim; 24; Male




Schedule D
Persons Killed at Dakovica /Gjakove - 26 March 1999

Name, Approximate Age and Sex
BEGOLLI, Sylejman; 48; Male
BYTYQI, Arif; 72; Male
BYTYQI, Urim; 38; Male
DERVISHDANA, Emin; 31; Male
DERVISHDANA, Fahri; 37; Male
DERVISHDANA, Zenel; 59; Male



Schedule E
Persons Known by Name Killed at Crkolez/Padalishtë - 27 March 1999

Name, Approximate Age and Sex

IMERAJ, Afrim; 2; Male
IMERAJ, Ardiana; 13; Female
IMERAJ, Arijeta; 11; Female
IMERAJ, Avdyl; 67; Male
IMERAJ, Beke; 53; Male
IMERAJ, Feride; 21; Female
IMERAJ, Fetije; 42; Female
IMERAJ, Florije; 19; Female
IMERAJ, Gjylfidan; 15; Female
IMERAJ, Hasan; 63; Male
IMERAJ, Mihane; 72; Female
IMERAJ, Mona; 72; Female
IMERAJ, Muhamet; 19; Male
IMERAJ,Nexhmedin; Male; IMERAJ, Rab; 30; Male
IMERAJ, Rustem; 73; Male
IMERAJ, Sabahat; 21; Male
IMERAJ, Shehide; 70; Female
IMERAJ, Violeta; 17; Female
IMERAJ, Xhyfidane; 14; Female



Schedule F
Persons Known by Name Killed at Izbica - 28 March 1999

Name, Approximate Age and Sex

BAJRA, Bajram; 62; Male
BAJRA, Brahim; Male; BAJRA, Fazli; 60; Male
BAJRA, Ilaz; Male; BAJRA, Sami; Male
BEHRAMAJ, Demush; 60; Male
BEHRAMAJ, Muhamed; 50; Male
BEHRAMAJ, Nur; 85; Male
BEHRAMI, Ardita; Male
BEHRAMI, Bemush; 75; Male
BEHRAMI, Edona; Male
BEHRAMI, Muhamet; Male
BEHRAMI, Nuredin; 90; Male
BEQIRI, Ajet; Male
CAKAJ, Demush; 65; Male
CAKAJ, Muhamet; 60; Male
CAKAJ, Nura; 80; Male
CAKAJ, Thair; 65; Male
CAKAJ, Zeqir; 80; Male
CELI, Metush; 62; Male
CELI, Rexhe; Male
CELI, Smajl; 67; Male
CUPEVA, Hamz; 46; Male
DRAGA, Ali; 65; Male
DRAGA, Bahim; 72; Male
DRAGA, Cen; 68; Male
DRAGA, Hajriz; 43; Male
DRAGA, Halit; Male
DRAGA, Hazir; Male
DRAGA, Ismet; 28; Male
DRAGA, Jetulla; 60; Male
DRAGA, Murat; Male
DRAGA, Rahim; 70; Male
DRAGA, Rustem; 70; Male
DURAKU, Dibran; 65; Male
FEJZA, Zyra; Male
FETAHI, Azem; 75; Male
FETAHI, Hetem; 63; Male
FETAHI, Muharem; 80; Male
FETAHU, Lah; 67; Male
GASHI, Beqe; Male
GASHI, Brahim; 70; Male
GASHI, Deli; Male
GASHI, Hajrullah; Male
GASHI, Ram; 57; Male
HAJRIZI, Fata; Male
HASANI, Nezir; Male
HAXHA, Bajram; 78; Male
HAXHA, Fejz; 86; Male
HOTI, Muhamet; Male
JETULLAHU, Beqir; Male
JETULLAHU, Selim; Male
KELMENDI, Bajram; Male
KELMENDI, Beqir; Male
KRASNIQI, Deli; 80; Male
KRASNIQI, Mustafe; Male
KRASNIQI, Rahim; 62; Male
KRASINIQI, Rrahim; Male
LATIFI, Jetullah; Male
LNU, Qazim; 70; Male
MUSLIA, Shaban; 75; Male
MUSTAFA, Hasan; 70; Male
NEBIHI, Selim; 95; Male
OSMANI, Azem; 75; Male
OSMANI, Hetem; 70; Male
OSMANI, Muharrem; 90; Male
RACI, Ramadan; 56; Male
RAMA, Halit; 60; Male
REXHEPI, Muji; 47; Male
REXHEPI, Zaim; 38; Male
RUSTEMI, Halit; 60; Male
SALIHU, Zeqir; Male
SEJDIU, Bajram; Male
SEJDIU, Mustafe; 41; Male
SHALA, Kujtim; 47; Male
SHALA, Isuf; Male
SHALA, Sali; 35; Male
SPAHIU, Rizah; Male
TAHAJ, Ethem; 65; Male
TAHAJ, Muharem; 75; Male
TAHI, Azem; 60; Male
TAHI, Hetem; 50; Male
TAHI, Muharem; 70; Male
TAHIRI, Brahim; Male
TAHIRI, Rrahim; Male
THACI, Hamit; 70; Male
THACI, Haxhi; Male
THACI, Jetullah; Male
THACI, Rame; Male
THACI, Sahit; Male
THACI, Salih; Male
THACI, Uke; 80; Male
XHEMAJLI, Esat; Male
XHEMALI, Demush; 87; Male
XHEMALI, Idriz; 67; Male




Schedule G
Persons Killed at Dakovica / Gjakovë - 2 April 1999

Name, Approximate Age and Sex

CAKA, Dalina; 14; Female
CAKA, Delvina; 6; Female
CAKA, Diona; 2; Female
CAKA, Valbona; 34; Female
GASHI, Hysen; 50
HAXHIAVDIJA, Doruntina; 8; Female
HAXHIAVDIJA, Egzon; 5; HAXHIAVDIJA, Rina; 4; Female
HAXHIAVDIJA, Valbona; 38; Female
HOXHA, Flaka; 15; Female
HOXHA, Shahindere; 55; Female
NUÇ I, Manushe; 50; Female
NUÇ I, Shirine; 70; Female
VEJSA, Arlind; 5; Male
VEJSA, Dorina; 10; Female
VEJSA, Fetije; 60; Female
VEJSA, Marigona; 8; Female
VEJSA, Rita; 2; Female
VEJSA, Sihana; 8; Female
VEJSA, Tringa; 30; Female


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 flecheBan, Ki-moon
 flecheBangkok climate change talks good start, but ‘huge’ task lays ahead – UN official
 flecheConsejo de Derechos Humanos inicia mecanismo de revisión periódica de países
 flecheUN report cites major gains in treating women and children with AIDS
 flecheBan Ki-moon outlines steps to bolster collaboration with regional organizations
 flecheClimate change threatens development efforts of world’s poor – UN official
 flecheUN unveils latest list of ‘10 Stories the World Should Know More About’
 flecheUN-backed potato conference will help shape tomorrow’s tuber
 flecheUrgent action crucial for Africa to meet its development targets – Ban Ki-moon
 flecheGlobalization must benefit ‘bottom billion’ of poor – Ban Ki-moon
 flecheThousands of languages face extinction, UN warns at start of International Year
 flecheBan Ki-moon urges early funding for $3.8 billion UN humanitarian appeal
 flecheMajor corporations to invest in UN-backed fight against AIDS, TB, malaria
 flecheConflict in Central African Republic uproots 300,000, UN reports
 flecheNo agreement reached on Kosovo’s future status in Security Council
 flecheUpdated UN strategy to monitor climate change with dozens of satellites
 flecheSecretary-General lays out challenging UN agenda for 2008
 flecheBan Ki-moon warns of critical gaps as joint UN-AU force takes over in Darfur
 flecheACNUR advierte sobre entendimiento erróneo de expansión de zona Schengen
 flecheBan Ki-moon stresses role of science and technology in Africa’s development
 flecheWhen women are empowered, all of society benefits – Migiro
 flecheUN forum tackles balance between property rights and Internet freedom
 flecheGeneral Assembly president urges framework to address Security Council reform
 flecheJean Ziegler qualifie le recours aux biocarburants de 'crime contre l'humanité'
 flecheFIDA : les travailleurs migrants ont renvoyé chez eux plus de 300 milliards de dollars en 2006
 flecheParts of Asia-Pacific region lag behind Africa in reaching antipoverty goals
 flecheUN Human Rights Council calls on Myanmar to release detainees, political prisoners
 flecheInternational Day of Non-Violence: 2 October 2007
 flecheDarfour, Somalie, Kosovo et Myanmar : les crises politiques évoquées à l'Assemblée générale
 flecheSecurity Council urges free and timely election of new Lebanese president
 flecheSecurity Council approves UN presence in Central African Republic, Chad
 fleche“Peace is the United Nations’ highest calling” : International Day of peace, 21 septembre
 flecheNew General Assembly president calls for focus on priority issues
 flecheThe Future in our Hands: Addressing the Leadership Challenge of Climate Change (UN Headquarters, New York, 24 September 2007)
 flecheUnited Nations adopts Declaration on Rights of Indigenous Peoples
 flecheBan Ki-moon convenes ‘unprecedented’ meeting to boost African development
 flecheSecurity Council extends UN mission in southern Lebanon by a year
 flecheGlobal land temperatures for January and April likely warmest ever recorded
 flecheClimat : Ban Ki-moon souhaite un nouvel accord pour succéder Kyoto d'ici à 2009
 flecheUN-backed meeting aims to foster ways to eradicate female genital mutilation
 flecheOIM lança programa de ajuda a crianças sem documento na Europa
 flecheShea butter initiative empowers Ghanaian women
 flecheMiddle East: UN envoy voices optimism on recent political developments
 flecheUN best-placed to tackle global problems in today's world – Ban Ki-moon
 flecheConferência internacional sobre Aids quer mais recursos para pesquisa
 fleche$ 2.5 Billion Global Shortfall in Aid for 2007 Humanitarian Appeal
 flecheONUDC : 800.000 à 1 million de personnes toujours concernées par la traite des êtres humains
 flecheBusiness leaders at UN summit adopt declaration on responsible practices
 flecheCities in Africa and Asia to double in size by 2030: UN Population Fund
 flecheMultilinguisme : l'Assemblée générale appelle les Etats membres à aider à la conservation de toutes les langues
 flecheLes populations autochtones, premières victimes des changements climatiques
 flecheInternational Criminal Court issues warrants for first Darfur war crimes suspects
 flecheUN marks World Water Day with calls for integrated management of vital resource
 flecheManejo responsable de peces no nativos
 flecheRemessas à América Latina baterão US$ 100 bilhões em 2010, diz BID
 flecheDiversidade Cultural - Bem protegido
 flecheNew UN estimates predict 2.5 billion increase in world population by 2050
 flecheUN World Court acquits Serbia of genocide in Bosnia; finds it guilty of inaction
 flecheThe fifty-first session of the Commission on the Status of Women will take place from 26 February to 9 March 2007
 flecheUN acting quickly to implement counter-terrorism strategy – Ban Ki-moon
 flecheEvidence is now ‘unequivocal’ that humans are causing global warming
 flecheLe réchauffement climatique sape nos efforts pour lutter contre la pauvreté, affirme Ban Ki-mooon
 flecheWorld tourism marks another record year with 842 million arrivals, UN agency reports
 flecheMillennium Development Goals Report 2006
 flecheIn remarks to security council, Secretary-General pledges to play role of harmonizer, bridge-builder
 flecheSecretary-General Ban stresses Darfur, Middle East and conflict prevention as key issues
 flecheBan Ki-moon, United Nations secretary-general
 flecheSpecial representative in Somalia, briefing security council, says crisis ‘escalated dangerously’, fighting expanded across 400-kilometre front
 flecheFormer General Assembly president chosen as UN envoy on Darfur crisis
 flecheNext Secretary-General vows to restore trust in United Nations - Video
 flecheNext Secretary-General vows to restore trust in United Nations
 flecheOIM anuncia fundo para ajudar migrantes em zonas de conflito
 flecheTemperatura média global aumenta 0,4ºC, segundo estudo
 flecheUN remains best device for achieving key goals of international relations – Annan
 flecheTensions in Middle East ‘near the breaking point’, secretary-general tells security council
 flecheAnnan refutes notion of 'clash of civilizations,' points to youth as key to end mistrust
 flecheAlliance of Civilizations - Report of the High-level Group
 flecheNepal: Annan pledges quick assistance following peace accord with Maoist rebels
 flecheSecretary-General, in Security Council debate, stresses need to maintain
political momentum in protecting children affected by armed conflict

 flecheMoyen-Orient : l'envoyé de l'ONU espère qu'un futur gouvernement palestinien d'union nationale fera cesser les attaques à la roquette
 flecheCiting ‘frightening lack of leadership’ on climate change, Secretary-General calls phenomenon an all-encompassing threat in address to nairobi talks
 flecheG-8 nations must lead efforts to combat global water and sanitation crisis: UN report
 flecheNew UN chief not to ignore Africa
 flecheUN health agency launches initiative to fight corruption in medicines procurement
 flechePanama emerges as compromise candidate to fill last vacant Security Council seat
 flecheDelegates voice concern over restrictions on movement of migrants
as Second Committee takes up globalization, interdependence

 flecheFlexible policies needed to address labour, social, economic worries
as globalization picks up pace, panellists tell second committee

 flecheUN Secretary-General’s Study on Violence against Children
 flecheSecurity Council proposes Republic of Korea Foreign Minister Ban as Secretary-General
 flecheExpertos de la ONU evaluarán daños medioambientales en Líbano
 flecheDéveloppement : le Brésil et l'Afrique du Sud dénoncent un ordre économique 'politiquement et moralement intenable'
 flecheCoup d'envoi officiel d'UNITAID, centrale d'achat de médicaments pour les pays pauvres
 flecheSecurity Council votes to set up UN peacekeeping force in Darfur
 flecheQana attack may illustrate pattern of violations in Middle East conflict: Annan
 flecheSecurity Council calls for greater effort to protect children in wartime
 flecheScientists and policy experts call for creation of international panel on biodiversity loss
 flecheExperts call for overhaul of UN’s internal justice system
 flecheSecurity Council should discuss possible stabilization force for Middle East – Annan
 flecheMoyen-Orient : l'espace ouvert aux initiatives diplomatiques est en train de se refermer rapidement, affirme Ibrahim Gambari
 flecheGestion de l'ONU : l'Assemblée générale adopte une première série de réformes
 flecheUN Council Members agree swift action needed after Korean missile launch
 flecheGlobalização aumenta diferença entre ricos e pobres, diz pesquisa
 flechePoverty is the most serious and widespread human rights abuse, UN official says
 flecheOfficials hail ‘historic’ inaugural session of UN Peacebuilding Commission
 flecheGlobalization and interdependence: international migration and development
 flecheAnnan calls for ‘a new coalition’ on UN reform to bridge north-south divide
 flecheInternational migration can benefit countries of origin and destination, says Secretary-General, presenting new report to General Assembly
 flecheAnnan calls for ‘decisive action’ to protect planet against ecological degradation
 flecheS'unir contre le terrorisme : recommandations
pour une stratégie antiterroriste mondiale

 flecheHigh Level Meeting on AIDS
 flecheUN Security Council authorizes European force in DR Congo
 flecheDarfur: UN Council imposes sanctions on four individuals, urges peace accord
 flecheSahara occidental : les négociations directes entre parties, seule solution à l'impasse actuelle, affirme Kofi Annan
 flecheUN Council warned of 'dangerous deterioration' in Israeli-Palestinian conflict
 flecheVirtually no country immune from human trafficking, UNODC report shows
 flecheFMI/Banque mondiale : allègement de la dette et énergie propre au centre des réunions de printemps
 flecheDarfur relief efforts near collapse due to fading international support: UN official
 flecheCrises humanitaires en Afrique: Des milliers de vies menacées
 flecheLe HCR ouvrira un bureau en Tchétchénie « dès que la sécurité le permettra »
 flecheGrippe aviaire : Kofi Annan plaide pour une aide supplémentaire aux pays pauvre
 flecheWorld Economic Situation and Prospects 2006
 flecheJan Eliasson présente une résolution créant un Conseil des droits de l'homme qui siègera tout au long de l'année
 flecheInternational Women’s Day: Looking Back
 flecheTsunami-affected countries need to do even more to protect rights of victims: UN
 flecheCompliance body set up for Kyoto Protocol on reducing greenhouse gases
 flecheSans une stratégie à long terme pour financer la lutte contre la pauvreté, les sources novatrices de financement ne permettront pas d'atteindre les Objectifs du Millénaire
 flecheSituation of detainees at Guantánamo Bay - UN Report
 flecheGrippe aviaire : Kofi Annan appelle les gouvernements à se préparer à une pandémie humaine
 flecheUN agency calls for international aid as millions battle for survival in West Africa
 flecheEl crecimiento de la población mundial y el medio ambiente
 flecheSommet Mondial de l’OMC : espoirs perdus pour l’Afrique à Hong Kong
 flecheUNESCO, INSTRAW sign agreement for increased cooperation to promote gender equality, women’s empowerment
 flecheTime Is Now To Act on Climate Change
 flecheFAO : Le commerce au service des pauvres ?
 flecheUN rights chief: total ban on torture under attack in ‘war on terror’
 flecheUN climate conference finalizes 'rule book' on reducing greenhouse gasses
 flecheCalls for protection of earth's climate heard at UN conference on global warming
 flecheUN refugee agency calls on Mediterranean countries to recognize refugee rights
 flecheInternet governance, funding of technology to be tackled at UN summit
 flecheBird flu: UN-sponsored conference draws up six-point action plan
 flecheUN officials detail priorities for combating potentially deadly bird flu pandemic
 flecheIn fight to feed 10 million in southern Africa, UN agency faces huge shortfall
 flecheIn fight to feed 10 million in southern Africa, UN agency faces huge shortfall
 flecheAs tensions between Ethiopia and Eritrea escalate, Annan urges restraint
 flecheJournée de l'alimentation : 800 millions de personnes souffrent de la faim dans le monde
 flecheEradication of poverty and other development issues: human resources development
 flecheSecurity Council calls on Rwandan rebel group to disarm, leave DR of Congo
 flechePoor States need trade more than aid to overcome poverty, speakers tell UN Assembly
 flecheLe débat général de la 60e Assemblée générale s'est terminé vendredi
 flecheIllicit trafficking in radioactive materials rose substantially from 2003-2004 – UN
 flecheJournée de la paix : le Secrétaire général appelle à observer un cessez-le-feu mondial de 24 heures
 flecheWorldwide overweight and obesity problem ‘staggering’ – UN health agency
 flecheHigh mortality and malnutrition affect Muslim children most says UN children's agency
 flecheEnding its 59th session, UN Assembly approves key draft for World Summit
 flechePetróleo por Alimentos: Annan destaca aspectos positivos del programa y subraya importancia de reformar sistema de la ONU
 flecheHCR : chute des demandes d'asile dans les pays industrialisés
 flecheUnited Nations steps up aid to US in wake of Hurricane Katrina
 flecheSteps must be taken to avoid resistance to latest malaria drug, UN agency warns
 flecheUN launches new guide on sustainable consumption and production
 flecheSommet mondial 2005 : nouvelle version du projet de document final
 flecheWild birds likely to spread potentially deadly bird flu far and wide - UN agency
 flecheKosovo: UN helps set up hotline for victims of gender violence and trafficking
 flecheUN seminar to examine social implications of migration
 flecheUnited Kingdom must not deport people to countries with risk of torture – UN rights expert
 flecheGovernments should urgently address rapid urbanization, growing slums – Annan
 flecheImplementation of the Outcome of the United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II) and strengthening of the United Nations Human Settlemets Programme (UN-Habitat)
 flecheRising poverty over past 10 years threatens stability, says UN report
 flecheUN agency declares TB an emergency in Africa; urges ‘extraordinary’ action
 flecheFAO Concerned about Spread of Bird Flu in Russia and Neighboring Asian Countries
 fleche¿Qué le falta a América Latina para reducir la
pobreza?

 flecheEl Banco Mundial y su relación con los países en desarrollo
 flecheAngola pede fim da "Divisão Digital"
 flecheWHO says Millennium development goals cannot be reached without strengthening health systems
 flecheUnited Nations peacekeeping operations
 flecheViolences contre les femmes: un rapport de l'ONU préconise de renforcer la protection des travailleuses migrantes
 flecheGreenhouse effect could melt nearly all world's glaciers, says UN-backed report
 flecheRéforme du Conseil de sécurité : le Japon espère un soutien de l'Union africaine
 flecheRéforme du Conseil de sécurité : le groupe "Unis pour le consensus" propose une voie «plus démocratique»
 flecheUN’s HIV/AIDS Africa envoy questions G8 Summit results, calls for advocacy
 flecheTerrorisme: le Conseil de sécurité demande la coopération de tous les Etats
 flecheAssemblée générale : présentation d'un nouveau projet de déclaration du sommet de septembre vendredi
 flecheLe projet africain de réforme du Conseil de sécurité en débat à l'Assemblée générale
 flecheAnnan meets foreign ministers of countries aspiring to permanent Security Council membership
 flecheRencontre entre les ministres des affaires étrangères du G-4 et le président de l'Assemblée générale dimanche à New York
 flecheInternaly displaced peoples - worldwide
 flecheAfrica: Countries facing humanitarian emergencies
 flechePredicted freshwater stress abd scarcity in africa and Middle East
 flecheUNOCI mission in Côte d'Ivoire
 flecheUNMOGIP mission in Kashmir
 flecheUNFICYP mission in Cyprus
 flecheONUB mission in Burundi
 flecheUNOMIG mission in Georgia
 flecheMINUSTAH mission in Haiti
 flecheMINURSO mission in West Sahara
 flecheUN mission in Kosovo
 flecheUnited Nations political and peace-building missions
 flecheRéforme du Conseil de sécurité : le G-4 contré par l'Union africaine et le groupe «Unis pour le consensus»
 flecheUNTSO - Middle East deployment as of July 1997
 flecheA Londres, le Secrétaire général appelle à une mobilisation historique en faveur des Objectifs du Millénaire
 flecheL'Assemblée générale débat de l'élargissement du Conseil de sécurité
 flecheBombazos en Londres son un ataque a la humanidad, dice Annan
 flecheUNICEF celebra reunión de niños C-8 sobre pobreza y enfermedades infantiles
 flecheCodex comienza reunión sobre inocuidad y calidad de alimentos
 flecheUNAIDS will implement recommendations on streamlining national programmes
 flecheNew UN-sponsored project seeks to rescue Amazon from deforestation
 flecheONU celebra LX Aniversario de Carta de las Naciones Unidas
 flecheAnnan exhorta a respaldar reconstrucción y estabilización de Iraq
 flecheSecretario General encomia apoyo de Unión Europea y OTAN a Unión Africana en Darfur
 flecheFinancement du développement : les ministres français et britanniques estiment qu'il faut passer à la vitesse supérieure
 flecheJamais la possibilité de réaliser les objectifs de la Charte des Nations Unies n'a été aussi proche, estime Kofi Annan
 flecheOn UN's 60th anniversary, Annan sees moment for change
 flecheUnited Nations General Assembly resolution on multilingualism
 flecheL'Assemblée générale exige une parité absolue dans les six langues sur le site Internet de l'ONU
 flecheLula assina convenção da ONU contra corrupção
 flecheKofi Annan déplore que l'ONU soit confrontée, une nouvelle fois, à une menace du Congrès Américain
 fleche«A part le Japon, nous ne citerons pas de noms», déclarent les Etats-Unis sur l'élargissement du Conseil de sécurité
 flecheU.S. supports Japan for UN Security Council - Press conference
 flecheAnnan welcomes US report on UN reform
 flecheDiretor fala sobre crime, drogas e corrupção
 flecheThe Millennium Development Goals - Report 2005

 flecheA Paris, Kofi Annan exhorte le monde des affaires à s'engager dans la lutte contre la pauvreté
 flecheObjectifs du Millénaire : progrès sans précédent et retards inacceptables, selon un nouveau bilan des Nations Unies
 flecheRemarks at the launch of the Millenium Development Goals - Report 2005
 flecheUN report on Darfur
 flecheLe Secrétaire général continue de plaider pour l'élargissement du Conseil de sécurité
 flecheIl est difficile d'imaginer le monde sans l'ONU estime le sénateur américain Patrick Leahy
 flecheProgress made in the implementation of the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS
 flecheA Addis-Abeba, Kofi Annan appelle à soutenir la Mission de l'Union africaine au Darfour
 flecheVIH/sida : les pays en développement nettement plus affectés
 flecheNumber of asylum seekers arriving in industrialized countries continues to fall
 flecheUN Afghanistan envoy calls for punishment of all coalition forces involved in prison abuses
 flecheSix million West Africans face famine because of locusts and drought, UN says
 flecheNobel laureate appeals to UN forum for help with conservation of Congo Basin forest
 flecheUN envoy Clinton meets with UK relief agencies on ways to boost aid for tsunami recovery
 flecheEspaña preside Asamblea Mundial de la Salud
 flecheBackground paper on Global and Regional Mechanisms of Disaster Risk Reduction and Relief: Review, Evaluation, Future Directions of Integration
 flecheStudy on Regional Cooperation and the Provision of Regional and Global Public Goods
 flecheBonn talks to promote progress on climate change & kyoto protocol to be held 16 - 267 May
 flecheCentral Asian countries launch AIDS project with help from UN, World Bank
 flecheIraq emerging as transit country for drugs, UN monitoring board says
 flecheNuclear non-proliferation conference at UN agrees on agenda
 flecheLes conditions de vie des Iraquiens se sont gravement détériorées, selon une nouvelle étude du PNUD
 flecheMillennium Indicators Database

 flecheReport of the Secretary-General of the United Nations for the Conference on the Millenium Objectives to be held in September 2005
 flecheMultilateralism and donor aid for poorer states vital in fighting terrorism
 flecheUnited Nations Peacekeeping Prepations
 flecheWorld Survey on the Role of Women in Development 2004
 flecheEffect of AIDS on population and development - Focus of UN commission's annual session
 flecheLack of reform in Arab states could lead to chaotic social upheaval – UN report
 flecheReformed UN could be even more effective in preventing global threats – Fréchette
 flecheAide to UN envoy for tsunami relief leaves today for devastated region
 flecheL'OMS crée une Commission pour s'attaquer aux causes sociales de la mauvaise santé
 flecheAnnan to present on Monday new report on building better and safer world
 flecheAnnan calls for deal by world leaders on poverty, security and human rights
 flecheWoman continue to face host of persistent obstacles to advancement, commission told, as high-level debate continues
 flecheAnnan and Security Council to discuss the situation in Sudan's war-torn Darfur region
 flecheUN women's rights text adopted after US withdraws proposed amendment on abortion
 flecheWomen increasingly migrate for economic reasons; trafficking also rising
 flecheSustainable tourism must respect local cultures, UN agency says
 flecheBrecha digital se reduce lentamente pero sigue siendo extensa
 flecheWorld population to reach 9.1 billion in 2050, UN projects
 flecheOMS : Entrée en vigueur de la convention contre le tabac
 flecheGender equality and development goals inextricably linked, UN agency says
 flecheAfghanistan's progress is notable but perilously fragile, UN report warns
 flecheUN’s Kyoto treaty against global warming comes into force
 flecheBanco Mundial recomienda invertir en campo para reducir pobreza en América Latina
 flecheSecretario General pide coordinación entre Europa y EEUU para seguridad global
 flecheAdapter l'ONU pour réformer l'ordre mondial, propose Kofi Annan à Londres
 flecheAide au développement : colère et espoir de l'Envoyé de l'ONU pour le sida en Afrique
 flecheDarfour : le Secrétaire général appelle l'OTAN et l'UE à l'aide
 flechePerez de Cuellar, Javier
 flecheFAO insta a intensificar medidas para combatir gripe aviar
 flecheRenforcer les liens entre l'Union africaine et les Nations Unies, propose le Secrétaire général à Abuja
 flecheL'ONU met en garde contre le déploiement de nouvelles opérations de maintien de la paix en 2005
 flecheAssurer l'éducation primaire pour tous
 flecheMettre en place un partenariat mondial pour le développement
 flecheCombattre le VIH/sida, le paludisme et d'autres maladies
 flecheAidez les 300 millions d'enfants victimes de la faim, exhorte le PAM
 flecheUN conference adopts 10-year plan to tackle natural hazards
 flecheMalloch-Brown, Mark
 flecheNew report to Annan proposes solutions to problems of world poverty
 flecheSecurity Council plans trip to Haiti by end of May
 flecheTsunami donor session opens with UN call to pay up and not forget other crises
 flecheUN agencies zero in on specific tsunami relief from mental health to blankets
 flecheAnnan hails signing of Sudan peace accord but warns of 'daunting challenges' ahead
 flecheUN urges continued vigilance of locust threat to western Africa
 flecheR.D. du Congo : maintenir le cap pour le bénéfice de l'Afrique
 flecheIn Jakarta, Annan launches nearly $1 billion appeal for aid to tsunami victims
 flecheUN envoy urges halt to fighting in Darfur as Sudan readies for polio vaccination scheme
 flecheAssemblée générale : un bilan de la 59ème session en prélude à la réforme attendue
 flecheL'ONU devra aider l'Afrique à renforcer ses capacités de maintien de la paix
 flecheNaming new chief of staff, Annan stresses resolve to push for UN reforms
 flecheSouth Asia
 flecheTsunami : une réponse sans précédent pour une catastrophe sans précédent, exhorte Kofi Annan
 flecheL'alerte rapide sur les catastrophes au centre des conférences de Maurice et de Kobe
 flecheAsie du Sud : les secours sous la coordination de l'ONU
 flecheUN official hails sharp increase in aid to the world's poorest nations
 flecheGeneral Assembly votes for funds to strengthen world body's security
 flecheAssemblée générale : cap sur le développement durable des pays du «Sud»
 flecheMigranten leisten einen wichtigen Beitrag zum wirtschaftlichen, gesellschaftlichen und kulturellen Fortschritt
 flecheCooperation among poor States is vital for reaching development goals, Annan says
 flecheTens of thousands of civilians flee clashes, attacks in eastern DR of Congo
 flecheR. D. du Congo : la MONUC met en garde les troupes insurgées et leur «appui extérieur»
 flecheUN climate conference hears call to action to avoid plagues of global warming
 flecheIn Washington DC, Annan says UN is best placed to tackle global ills
 flecheInternational migration may empower women by providing new roles, UN says
 flecheHuman Rights Day
 flecheGeneral Assembly gives Annan what its president calls vote of confidence
 flecheUS endorses Annan's work and refutes push for his resignation
 flecheSecurity Council committee urges greater effort on weapons of mass destruction
 fleche2005 critical to reforming UN to face HIV/AIDS, genocide, terrorism – Annan
 flecheAnnan calls for end to negative stereotypes of believers in Islam
 flecheWorld summit for Social Development - speech by Minister Jan Pronk
 flecheLa sociedad civil y la gobernanza mundial
 flecheÉprouvés par les ouragans et la mondialisation: les petits pays insulaires souhaitent obtenir un appui international plus marqué lors de la conférence de Maurice
 flecheUN marks Day of Disabled Persons with call for their full inclusion in society
 flecheNational sustainable development strategies: global map
 flecheGlobal approach to deal with migration issues needed
 flecheA more secure world : Our shared responsibility - Executive Summary
 flechePanel to release plan to address 21st century threats, make the world more secure and strengthen the United Nations
 flecheAnnan endorses panel's recommendations for a more secure world, strengthened UN
 flecheSome nations still not cooperating with UN war crimes tribunals, Security Council told
 flecheFresh from pushing for peace in Sudan, Annan focuses on Africa's Great Lakes
 flecheForte baisse des demandeurs d'asile en 2004, signale le HCR
 flecheAt rare Security Council session in Africa, Annan seeks an end to Sudan's wars
 flecheAnnan, Kofi
 flecheDéclaration à la presse du Président du Conseil de Sécurité concernant la région des Grands Lacs
 flecheLe Conseil s'informe des préparatifs de la conférence internationale sur la région des Grands Lacs qui réunira les dirigeants des 11 pays concernés les 19 et 20 novembre à Dar es-Salam
 flecheLa diversité culturelle et la coopération entre l’organisation des Nations Unies (ONU) et l’Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF)
 flecheL'ONU devrait regagner ses avantages comparatifs sur les institutions de Bretton Woods en renforçant la cohérence de ses interventions
 flecheUnited Nations establishes Working Group on Internet Governance
 flecheClashes in Côte d'Ivoire could trigger violence across West Africa, UN envoy warns
 flecheUN seeks $1.7 billion to help people caught in world's "forgotten crises" in 2005
 flecheWorld must act now to forestall staggering threat from global warming
 flecheConflict flares in Côte d'Ivoire prompting Security Council call for end to fighting
 flecheCommission sociale: la montée du racisme, favorisée par la surdétermination de la lutte contre le terrorisme, met en danger la démocratie.
 flecheUN finances improved but still 'delicate'
 flecheNoting high growth rate, Annan calls for increased investment in Africa
 flecheRenforcer la coordination entre l’ECOSOC et l’ONU
 flecheHuman rights of migrants deteriorating, warns UN expert
 flecheGeneral Assembly president's United Nations day message stresses need to strengthen organization through reform
 flecheKosovo: Annan hails elections, praises Kosovo Serbs who voted despite pressure
 flecheGeneral Assembly legal committee resumes debate on anti-cloning text
 flecheGender balance in UN peacekeeping has improved, Annan says
 flechePublic information critical element of UN's success
 flecheAid for Africa?s farms drops as developed States maintain subsidies ? UN official
 flecheMaintaining biodiversity is key to ending world hunger
 flecheAnnan appeals to European countries to provide more UN peacekeeping troops
 flecheWorld leaders reaffirm support for key 1994 population and development plan
 flecheSecurity Council acts unanimously to adopt resolution strongly condemning terrorism as one of most serious threats to peace
 flecheCall of peace bell "has remained constant, clear and true", says Secretary-General at annual Headquarters ceremony
 flecheLíderes mundiales se reúnen en sede de la ONU para analizar la globalización
 flecheCent-dix pays souscrivent aux mécanismes innovants de financement
 flecheRencontres au Darfour : mieux protéger les civils, renforcer la présence de l'Union Africaine
 flecheA l'ONU aujourd'hui, la question sociale affirmée comme priorité de la mondialisation
 flecheUN's review of population policy says lack of funding is retarding progress
 flechePetits Etats Insulaires-L'information pour la prise de décisions
 fleche'World Culture Open' holds inaugural conference at United Nations
 flecheUN finds progress on world anti-poverty goals, but crisis areas remain
 flecheAnnan sees major challenges to reaching goals set at 2000 'Millennium' summit
 flecheLebanon: Close Security Council vote backs free elections, urges foreign troop pullout
 flecheAl-Qaeda-related terrorism still poses as great a threat as ever
 flecheSudan: UN appeals for urgent funding to fill huge overall aid shortfall
 flecheUN culture agency observes International Day on Slave Trade and Abolition
 flecheUnited Nations
 flecheJohannesburg : World Summit on Sustainable Development (2002)
 flecheUN Headquarters Internship Programme
 flecheMillenium Development Goals : Civil society takes action
 flecheLa conférence « Objectifs du Millénaire : la société civile agit » relayée sur le Web
 flecheUN ongoing peacekeeping missions
 flecheUN Secretary-General, Security Council urge probe of massacre at Burundi refugee camp
 flecheWorld's youth need education and training to prepare for future - Kofi Annan

 flecheInternational Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples
 flecheAction needed now to end abuse of world?s indigenous peoples
 flecheWFP and Arab League sign historic agreement for cooperation
 flecheSecurity Council demands Sudan Disarm Militias in Darfur, adopting resolution 1556 (2004) by vote of 13-0-2
 flecheSoudan : accès humanitaire désormais totalement libre, indique l'Envoyé de l'ONU
 flecheForty-ninth session of the Commission on the Status of Women (28 February to 11 March 2005)
 flecheColombo, Sri Lanka, 26 July 2004 - Secretary-General's message to the Asia-Pacific Institute for Broadcasting Development General Conference
 flecheGlobal Compact Centre in Barcelona to promote corporate citizenship - UN
 flecheSudan's Government must protect civilians in Darfur, Annan and Powell say
 flecheEconomic and Social Council adopts more than 50 texts on broad range of human rights issues
 flecheLe monde ne sera plus jamais le même après le sida, selon le directeur d'ONUSIDA
 flecheAfrica must accelerate links between national economies; aim for economic union, states new report by United NationsEconomic Commission for Africa
 flecheOn World Population Day, UN calls for greater commitment to women's rights
 flecheConseil économique et social : Session de fond de 2004 (en cours)
 flecheSecond phase of world summit on information society formally launchedtoday with first preparatory meeting
 flecheSecurity Council approves 5,600-strong peacekeeping operation in Burundi
 flecheUN finds Sudan has carried out massive human rights violations in Darfur
 flecheInternational agenda must include sustainable development, Annan says
 flecheAnnan Names Independent Panel to Probe ‘Oil-for-Food’ Allegations
 flecheSrebrenica massacre was genocide, UN tribunal for former Yugoslavia confirms
 flecheSmall island States to hold talks on their difficulties at UN development forum
 flecheAu Conseil de sécurité, les leaders du Kosovo appelés à s'attaquer aux causes des récentes violences ethniques
 flecheMarking 10 years since Rwanda genocide, UN officials voice regret and resolve
 flecheSecurity Council backs corruption probe of UN's Oil-for-Food programme
 flecheAnnan submits final settlement plan for Cyprus referenda
 flecheAnnan informs key players of UN's intention to send team back to Iraq
 flecheSecretary-General's remarks on International Women's Day
 flecheSecretary-General's opening remarks at meeting with Nato Parliamentarians
 flecheSecurity Council authorizes full peacekeeping operation in Côte d'Ivoire
 flecheSecurity Council authorizes Deployment of multinational force to Haiti for 3 months, unanimously adopting Resolution 1529 (2004)
 flecheReprise d'une croissance économique modulée en Occident cependant menacée par le déficit américain

 flecheLe dialogue direct entre dirigeants chypriotes turc et grec a repris aujourd'hui
 flechePress briefing on peacekeeping in Africa
 flecheSecurity Council members urge measures to stabilize situation in DR Congo
 flecheUN Secretary-General and US President hold 'constructive' talks on Iraq
 flecheWest Africans seek UNESCO biosphere reserves for sustainable development
 flecheSecretary-General's address to the Stockholm International Forum
 flecheWith adequate coalition security, UN will send elections team to Iraq – Annan
 fleche5 years after launching Global Compact, Annan urges leaders in Davos to boost support
 flecheUN official calls on G-77 to make great efforts to help world's poorest nations
 flecheGlobal warmth up, ozone hole at record, Arctic ice down for 2003 - UN findings
 flecheChypre: le Secrétaire général souhaite que la partie turque fasse le nécessaire pour accéder à l'Union européenne le 1er mai
 flecheDéclaration sur les normes bioéthiques : premières consultations de l'UNESCO
 flecheClimate change causing thousands of deaths, says UN report
 flecheUN meeting will examine how indigenous communities protect biodiversity
 flecheUS world leadership is better accepted in multilateral framework, Annan says
 flecheAl-Qaida's influence continues to spread, Security Council panel says
 flecheOn World AIDS Day, Annan urges harder work as goals fall behind schedule
 flecheIraq : le Programme alimentaire de l'ONU prêt pour le transfert des activités Pétrole contre nourriture
 flecheUnequal Benefits of Globalization, Need to Implement Development
 flecheIsraeli policies hurting Palestinian children, UN expert on right to food says
 flecheGeneva Accord on Middle East consistent with Road Map to peace - Annan
 flecheUN agency mission finds serious humanitarian needs in east of DR of the Congo
 flecheParticipants in Second Committee Panel Discussion Agree Trade Best Tool for Helping Countries Reach Global Anti-Poverty Goals
 flecheGeneral Assembly approves international treaty against corruption
 flecheUN envoy warns Security Council that Kosovo still faces serious problems
 flecheFive new non-permanent members elected to Security Council
 flecheCameroon, Spain, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and United States of America: draft resolution
 flecheAnnan says no ‘major shift’ in new Iraq resolution, welcomes some changes
 flecheSecurity Council approves expanding international force to outside Afghan capital
 flecheKosovo provisional President to represent Pristina in UN-backed Vienna talks
 flecheIraq: Security Council starts discussing new US resolution
 flecheUN launches peace mission in Liberia to bring country back from 'hellish limbo'
 flecheEconomic Report on Africa 2003: 'African economic growth falters'
 flecheInsecurity, tardiness deal blow to phasing out of UN food programme in Iraq
 flecheCartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity
 flecheAIDS battle has fallen behind schedule and drastic action is needed - Annan
 flecheLancement à Addis-Abeba de la Commission du VIH et de la gouvernance en Afrique
 flecheSecurity Council authorizes multinational force for Liberia
 flecheLes Etats sont appelés devant le Conseil à faire plus d’efforts dans la lutte contre le terrorisme
 flecheLe rôle des médias à l’ère d’internet fait l’objet d’un débat dans le cadre du Forum mondial des médias électroniques à Genève
 flecheLa sous-commission des droits de l'homme se réunit à Genève du 20 juillet au 15 août
 flecheLa Journée mondiale de l'alimentation prônera une alliance transfrontalière contre la faim
 flechePrise de fonctions du nouveau directeur de l'OMS qui annonce ses objectifs
 flecheLa conférence sur le nouvel ordre numérique mondial se tiendra les 18 et 19 Juin à New-York
 flecheLe traité sur le commerce des OGM deviendra très prochainement une loi
 flecheLes émissions de gaz à effets de serre par les pays industrialisés repartiraient à la hausse
 flecheLa Feuille de route, peut-être la dernière chance pour la paix, selon l'Envoyé de l'ONU au Moyen-Orient
 flecheQuelque 500 groupes autochtones au Forum de l'ONU qui débute aujourd'hui
 flecheLe Forum de l'ONU sur le développement durable trouve une dynamique de mise en oeuvre des objectifs de Johannesburg
 flecheLa commission du developpement durable ouvre sa onzième session pour definir une feuille de route propice à la réalisation progressive des objectifs de Johannesburg
 flecheLa Commission Du Developpement Durable axera les travaux de sa onzieme session sur la mise en oeuvre des mesures adoptees au sommet de Johannesburg
 flecheLuis Moreno Ocampo élu Procureur de la Cour pénale internationale
 flecheSecurity Council ends Iraq debate, hears overwhelming appeal for aid to civilians
 flecheSecurity Council begins first debate on Iraq since outbreak of military action
 flecheSecretary-General's press conference (unofficial transcript)
 flecheAt request of non-aligned countries, Security Council hears views of larger UN membership on disarmament of Iraq
 flecheUnited Nation Weapons Inspectors Report to Security Council on Progress in Disarmement of Iraq

 flecheLes inégalités entre les sexes au coeur de la pandémie du VIH/sida
 flecheHans Blix: la décision iraquienne de détruire les missiles interdits, "un très important élément d'un vrai désarmement"
 flecheLancement au siège des Nations Unies de la décennie internationale pour l'alphabétisation 2003-2012
 flecheMultilatéralisme, «mondialisation de la solidarité», lutte contre le terrorisme et consolidation de la paix
 fleche2002, le Conseil de sécurité défend son rôle de garant de la paix et de la sécurité dans le monde
 flecheConférence de presse du Président du Conseil de sécurité, M. Jean Marc de La Sablière (France)
 flecheMondialisation, terrorisme, universalité des droits de l'homme sont des réalités qu'il faut savoir gérer entre les Etats et les peuples
 flecheLes délégations estiment que la réussite des objectifs d’Action 21 est tributaire de ressources financieres mondiales
 flecheDes délégations dénoncent le protectionnisme des pays du nord et “l’hypocrisie” des politiques commerciales actuelles


 flecheMarrakech accueille du 11 au 13 decembre prochains la Reunion ministerielle sur la modernisation des gouvernements
 flecheUn Population Report Says Good Reproductive Health For Women Essential To Ending Poverty
 flecheA l'occasion de la journée des droits de l'homme, Kofi Annan appelle à une vision d'un nouvel équilibre dans les relations internationales
 flecheEn termes économiques, sociaux et culturels, les avantages des migrations sont supérieurs à leurs problèmes potentiels, déclare M. Kofi Annan
 flecheLa Commission adopte quatre projets de résolution dont l’un appuie la création d’un fonds mondial de solidarité contre la pauvreté
 flecheFace aux conflits et à la pauvreté, la coopération entre l'ONU et les organisations régionales est nécessaire et doit être renforcée
 flecheDeuxième commission: les délégations estiment que les objectifs de lutte contre la pauvreté ne seront pas atteints en 2015
 flechePour les pays en développement, la gouvernance internationale devrait évoluer au même rythme que la mondialisation de l’économie
 flecheLe nombre de migrants dans le monde atteint 175 millions
 flecheLa journée internationale pour l'élimination de la pauvreté sera marquée le 17 octobre au siège
 flecheLe dialogue de haut niveau sur le renforcement de la coopération pour le développement doit faciliter la mise en œ;uvre du Consensus de Monterrey
 flecheAppels en troisième commission pour des mésures internationales pour aider les États à mener une lutte efficace contre le trafic de drogues

 flecheUn nouveau multilatéralisme devrait régir la mise en œuvre des engagements internationaux en faveur du développement
 flecheLe débat sur le désarmement et la sécurité internationale s’ouvre ce matin sur des appels au multilatéralisme
 flecheLa deuxième commission entend un exposé du professeur Stiglitz, Prix Nobel d’Economie, sur les incidences négatives de la mondialisation
 flecheLes doléances des pays en développement enclaves en matière d'accès aux transports au centre du debat general
 flecheDes pays mettent en cause la mondialisation dans les disparités économiques entre le nord et le sud
 flecheJournée internationale de la paix, célébrée le 21 septembre
 flecheDes délégations appellent l’ONU à faire appliquer plus fermement les résolutions du Conseil de Sécurité en Matière de Conflits
 flecheL'agenda pour la lutte contre le terrorisme ne doit pas reléguer au second plan l'éradication de la pauvreté abjec qui menace la vie des populations des pays du sud, estiment des délégations
 flecheLa communauté internationale appelée à faire face à ses contradictions et à honorer de façon urgente ses promesses pour éviter de nouvelles crises
 flecheLa cérémonie de signature des traités relatifs au développement durable s'est achevée au siège des Nations Unies
 flecheLes petits pays insulaires en développement dénoncent les disparités de la mondialisation
 flecheLes Nations Unies comptent désormais 190 Etats membres avec l'admission de la Suisse
 flecheDraft political declaration submitted by the President of the Summit
 flecheWorld summit on sustainable development plan of implementation
 flecheL'Education doit être considerée comme un domaine prioritaire d'action dans le processus de développement durable
 flecheLa Mondialisation économique appelle une Mondialisation de la Solidarité au service du dévéloppement durable
 flecheWorld Summit on Sustainable Development - Plenary Session
 flechePremières annonces pour les partenariats en faveur du développement durable
 flecheLes approches régionales dans la mise en œuvre des recommandations de Johannesburg
 flecheLes institutions de l’ONU et les autres entités non étatiques appellent le sommet de Johannesburg à passer à l’action
 flecheLe sommet de Johannesburg entend des appels en faveur d'un accroissement de 15% d'ici à 2015 de la part des énergies renouvelables dans la consommation énergétique mondiale
 flecheLe Sommet de Johannesburg examine les problèmes agricoles
 flecheLe sommet de Johannesburg plaide pour une répartition équitable des bénéfices de la biodiversité, base du développement durable
 flecheConférence de presse des ONG et leur contribution aux débats sur le développement durable
 flecheLes îlots actuels de richesses qu'entoure une mer de pauvreté sont insupportables, a dit Thabo Mbeki, a l'ouverture du Sommet mondial pour le développement durable
 flecheJohannesburg Summit Opens With Calls for Credible Action
 flecheMettre la croissance économique au service du développement social et de la protection de l'environnement : le défi de Johannesburg
 flecheLe Secrétaire General engage les dirigeants fu G-8 à agir pour soutenir l'Afrique
 flecheUn nouveau rapport met en garde contre les conditions actuelles de développement, qui menacent à long terme la sécurité de la terre et de ses habitants
 flecheVingt organisations non gouvernementales s’expriment sur des questions liées aux droits économiques, sociaux et culturels
 flecheUne nouvelle étude scientifique révèle l’ampleur des impacts d’un énorme nuage de pollution sur l’environnement à l’échelle régionale et mondiale
 flecheLes experts du Cedaw s'inquiètent de la situation des femmes mexicaines appartenant à des minorités
 flecheNew UN Publication Underlines Vital Role of Ecosystems in Reducing Poverty
 flecheL’Ecosoc clot les travaux de la première partie de sa session 2002 à la croisée des réunions de Monterrey et de Johannesburg
 flecheLa première session du forum social se tiendra à Genève du 25 au 26 juillet 2002
 flecheSecretary-General calls for greater equity, sustainability in development, as economic and social council begins high-level meeting
 flecheLes Nations Unies présentées comme un partenaire incontournable pour fédérer les synergies de promotion des TIC au service du développement
 flechePauvreté, modes de production et de consommation et environnement constituent les principaux défis, selon le ministre indonésien de l'environnement
 flecheL’extrême pauvreté va s'aggraver dans les pays les moins avancés si les tendances actuelles se poursuivent
 flecheLa participation des grands groupes à la mise en oeuvre d'Action 21 perçue comme une condition sine qua non de la réalisation des objectifs du développement durable
 fleche"Le rôle de l’Etat à l’ère de la mondialisation "
 flecheUn comité d'experts indépendant conseille à l'ONU de soutenir l'initiative de développement mise au point par l'Afrique elle-même
 flecheWorld Food Summit: Five Years Later
 flecheLe droit au développement et le droit de vivre dans un environnement sain sont soulignés
 flecheSommet mondial de l'alimentation: cinq ans aprés -- le secrétaire général déplore la lenteur des progrés en matière de lutte contre la faim
 flecheAprès deux semaines de négociations intenses, Bali contraint de confier à Johannesburg la finalisation du "Plan d'application 21"
 flecheLe président du comité préparatoire se déclare optimiste quant a la finalisation d'un document avant le rendez-vous de Johannesburg
 flecheDifficiles negociations sur les questions du commerce et de financement et progres sur l'eau, l'energie et les oceans
 flecheAction Plans for Water, Sanitation, Energy, Poverty Eradication Among Key Issues Under Negotiation in Bali
 flecheDéclaration de Rio sur l'environnement et le développement
 flecheA la veille du sommet sur le developpement durable, Kofi Annan appelle a l'integration du concept de diversité biologique dans les strategies commerciales et economiques.
 flechePermanent Forum Reviews Impact of un System Activities on Indigenous Peoples
 flecheLes populations autochtones font entendre leur voix aux Nations Unies
 flechePermanent Forum is milestone in struggle for rights of indigenous peoples, says deputy secretary - General
 flecheLe monde a-t-il tenu les engagements faits aux enfants?
 flecheLes dirigenats du monde s'engagent à améliorer la condition de l'enfant
 flecheCountries call for greater efforts to spur development and close gap between rich and poor nations
 flecheConférence de Monterrey: Des initiatives visant le financement du développement ont été avancées ce matin
 flecheUN labour agency convenes expert panel on reducing globalization's inequities
 flecheLa Conférence de Monterrey est le début d'un long processus qui permettra aux pays du nord et du sud de dépasser les antagonismes et d'assurer le financement du développement
 flecheConférence de Monterrey: Un nouveau partenariat pour résoudre les problèmes du financement du développement
 flecheLa féminisation de la pauvreté dénoncée devant la Commission de la condition de la femme
 flecheLa raison a-t-elle encore une place face à la mondialisation ?

 flecheL’Intégration à la mondialisation et le développement durable passent par une éducation renforcée, continue, professionnelle plus ouverte aux femmes

 flecheReport of the Secretary-General on sustainable development
 flecheLes politiques macro-économiques ne seront durables que si elles sont justes pour tous, souligne la présidente de la commission du développement social
 flecheLa mondialisation et le financement des politiques économiques doivent se faire dans la perspective de la promotion du développement durable
 flecheJohannesburg devra réaffirmer l'engagement des Etats vis-à-vis du développement durable
 flecheEthics, Human Rights and Globalisation
 flecheAddressing Security Council, Secretary-General calls on Counter-terrorism Committee to develop long-term strategy to defeat terror
 flecheDans un rapport destiné au sommet mondial pour le développement durable, le secrétaire général présente les grandes lignes d'un plan de construction d'un avenir sûr.
 flecheL'assemblée générale souscrit à la participation des entreprises et de la société civile aux partenariats visant à promouvoir le développement
 flecheL'Assemblee Générale adopte onze résolutions relatives à la coopération entre l'ONU et les organisations régionales
 fleche'Intolerance is taught and can be untaught', secretary-general says in message to Institute for International Education
 flecheL'Assemblée générale souligne l'urgence de progresser dans le domaine du désarmement afin de contribuer à l'action mondiale contre le terrorisme
 flecheThird committee approves, without vote, 10 draft resolution on human rights, women, cultural diversity, refugees
 flecheCommittee on economic, social and cultural rights discusses draft statement on intellectual property and human rights
 flecheIl ne suffit pas d'éliminer les obstacles au commerce, les pays en développement doivent pouvoir exploiter leurs débouchés commerciaux.
 flecheUN panel to look at how globalization, new technology have changed drug trade
 flecheLa pertinence de certaines publications du département de l'information est mise en question par des délégations
 flecheWorld trade meeting should focus on development, UNDP chief says
 flecheLa mondialisation est-elle une menace pour l'Etat-nation? La question est posée devant la deuxième commission
 flecheLe secrétaire général défends le rôle privilégié de l'ONU dans la coallition universelle contre le terrorisme
 flecheDeputy Secretary-General urges 'globalization of values'
 flecheGlobalization presents rural women with new obstacles, challenges: UN report
 flecheGlobalization must be more inclusive, top UN development official says
 flecheContinues Debate on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
 flecheTransnational crime threatens global stability
 flecheL'habilitation des autorités locales et des femmes, la bonne gouvernance, la mobilisation de fonds, vecteur de réalisation des objectifs de l'accès a tous au logement
 flecheMessage of Mary Robinson, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and Seceretary-General, World Conference against Racism, Xenophobia and related Intolerance
 flecheLe processus de décolonisation dois être mené a bien, déclare le secrétaire général a l'ouverture du séminaire régional des Caraïbes
 flecheProductive and inclusive cities - Towardes cities for all
 flecheLe secrétaire général exhorte les dirigeants d'entreprises américaines à se joindre à la lutte mondiale contre le sida
 flecheLe renforcement de la coopération technique entre pays en développement est essentiel face aux défis de la mondialisation
 flecheUn groupe d'experts examinera la situacion des femmes en milieu rural dans le contexte de la mondialisation
 flecheDisques et productions musicales offrent de nouvelles perspectives commerciales aux PMA
 flecheL'intégration à la mondialisation et l'accès au marché dépendent de transports efficaces
 flecheLa troisième conférence de l'ONU sur les PMA s'attaquera a la pauvreté des 49 pays les plus démunis de la planète
 flecheL'Université de l'ONU préconise une réforme de l'Organisation.

 flecheLa commission des droits de l'homme adopte des résolutions sur l'extrême pauvreté, le sida, la mondialisation et les produits toxiques
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