Ref. :  000041681
Date :  2018-06-12
Language :  English
Home Page / The whole website
fr / es / de / po / en

Afghanistan: World Bank should aid girls’ education

Act urgently to reverse the declining number in school

Author :  Human Rights Watch


(New York, June 13, 2018) – The World Bank, along with the Afghan government and its donors, should use its new education program to reverse the declining number of girls in school in Afghanistan, Human Rights Watch said on Tuesday in a letter to bank management. The anticipated US$300 million donor-funded World Bank project, Education Quality Reform in Afghanistan (EQRA), is to be submitted for approval to the World Bank’s executive board in the coming weeks.

A June 2018 UNICEF report found that up to 3.7 million children in Afghanistan – nearly half the children in the country – are out of school, and 60 percent of those are girls. In six of the country’s 34 provinces – Helmand, Kandahar, Paktika, Uruzgan, Wardak and Zabul – 15 percent or less of girls are in school. For the first time since 2002, UNICEF found, the number of Afghan children studying is falling.

“There’s an education crisis in Afghanistan right now – with girls most affected – and the world is looking away,” said Heather Barr, senior women’s rights researcher at Human Rights Watch. “It’s intolerable that nearly 17 years after the Taliban government’s fall, the number of girls going to school in Afghanistan is falling.”

The UNICEF findings are consistent with an October 2017 Human Rights Watch report that found that while deteriorating security is a significant barrier to girls’ education, girls were at increasing risk of missing school due to other factors. These include decreases and changes in donor support, and discrimination against girls within the Afghan government’s school system.

In addition to reducing funding, donors in many cases are shifting their bilateral aid from supporting nongovernmental organization-run schools focused on serving girls, to pooled funding through the World Bank program that directly funds the Afghan government’s education system. While direct government aid can improve sustainability, this particular shift is likely to harm girls’ ability to attend school because the government has made education inaccessible to many girls, Human Rights Watch said.

The Afghan government has 5,260 boys’ schools but only 2,531 girls’ schools – more than two to one. Many families want their daughters to study but will only accept them being taught by a female teacher – and in half of Afghanistan’s provinces, 20 percent or fewer teachers are female. Neither boys nor girls should have to study at a school without a toilet, but it is much harder for girls, especially as they reach puberty and begin menstruation – and 60 percent of Afghan government schools have no toilets.

EQRA will become the third World Bank project to support education in Afghanistan since 2002. It will receive funding from the World Bank-administered Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund (ARTF). As of April 2018, donors to the ARTF, by pledge size, were: the European Union/European Community, the United States, United Kingdom, Denmark, Canada, Australia, Italy, Finland, South Korea, Switzerland, Japan, and Poland.

To move forward, the EQRA project will require approval by the World Bank’s board, which consists of donor countries to the bank’s work. That gives board members the opportunity to ensure that the education project and its respective donor countries give priority to addressing the disproportionate barriers to girls’ education.

“Girls’ education in Afghanistan is at urgent risk unless donors use their funds to ensure that the Afghan government takes this problem seriously,” Barr said. “The World Bank’s US$300 million education project is their best chance to turn this crisis around.”


Countries : 

Rate this content
 
 
 
Same author:
 flecheLa Turquie n’enregistre plus les demandeurs d’asile syriens
 flecheTurkmenistan: Report of inquiry to German cybersecurity firm
 flecheUkraine: investigate, punish hate crimes
 flecheKids with albinism belong at home and in school
 flecheRussia: Repression, Discrimination Ahead of World Cup
 flecheSaudi Arabia: Thousands Held Arbitrarily
 flecheNicaragua: Protests Leave Deadly Toll
 flecheZimbabwe: Tobacco Work Harming Children
 flecheRwanda: Unlawful Military Detention, Torture
 flecheForced Labor Used in Uzbekistan's Cotton Harvests
 flecheIran: Women Face Bias in the Workplace
 flecheUS: Policy failures drive preventable overdose deaths
 flecheFollow the Thread
 flecheBrazil: Military Police Muzzled
 flecheWorld Report 2017: Demagogues Threaten Human Rights
 flecheHalte à l’utilisation d’écoles à des fins militaires
 flecheKenya: Involuntary Refugee Returns to Somalia
 flecheAustralia: Appaling abuse, neglect of refugees on Nauru
 flecheHazardous Child Labor on Indonesian Tobacco Farms
 flecheGlobal Profits from Hazardous Child Labor
 flechePeople with Disabilities at Risk in Conflict, Disaster
 flecheTunisia: Uphold Rights While Fighting Terrorism
 flecheUS: Abuse of Transgender Women in Immigration Detention
 flecheBusinesses Help Fuel Abuses in Israeli Settlements
 flecheKiller Robots and the Concept of Meaningful Human Control
 flecheEU/Balkans/Greece: Border Curbs Threaten Rights
 fleche“Stay With Him Even If He Wants To Kill You”
 flecheSouth Sudan's Schools Occupied by Military
 flecheRights in Transition
 fleche‘Politics of Fear’ Threatens Rights : World Report 2016
 flecheLebanon: Residency Rules Put Syrians at Risk
 flecheRwanda: International Tribunal Closing Its Doors
 flecheSouth Sudan: Terrifying Lives of Child Soldiers
 flecheHuman Rights in Climate Pact Under Fire
 flecheChild Marriage: Zimbabwe
 flecheUN: Human Rights Crucial in Addressing Climate Change
 flecheAmid Insecurity, Protect Refugees
 flecheEU/AU: Put Rights at Heart of Migration Efforts
 flecheUN: End Overbroad Foreign Terrorist Fighter Laws
 flecheEU/Balkans: Contradictory Migration Plan
 flecheKenya: Climate Change Threatens Rights
 flecheSyria: New Russian-Made Cluster Munition Reported
 flecheEU: Shifting Responsibility on Refugees, Asylum Seekers
 flecheEU: Leaders Duck Responsibilities on Refugees
 flecheDispatches: France – State Snooping is Now Legal
 flecheCluster Munitions Used in 5 Countries in 2015
 flecheChina: Ensure 2022 Olympics Won’t Fuel Abuse
 flecheDispatches: The EU, Migration, and Learning to Share
 flecheChina/Kazakhstan: 2022 Games Major Test of Olympic Reforms
 flecheUN: Act to Empower Women in Conflicts
 flecheWestern Balkans: Media Freedom Under Threat
 flecheYemen: Unlawful Airstrikes Kill Dozens of Civilians
 flecheEU: Rights Abuses at Home Drive Mediterranean Crisis
 fleche37 Countries Start Process of Protecting Schools and Universities During Conflict
 flecheThe ‘Killer Robots’ Accountability Gap
 flecheUN: Major Step on Internet Privacy
 flecheSyria: 83% of Lights Extinguished After 4 Years of Crisis
 flecheWorld Report 2015: Rights Aren’t Wrong in Tough Times
 flecheTunisia: Blogger Convicted by Military Court
 flecheTunisia: Four Years On, Injustice Prevails
 flecheSouth Sudan: One Year Later, Injustice Prevails
 flecheIndia: Women With Disabilities Locked Away and Abused
 flecheUS: Senate Report Slams CIA Torture, Lies
 flecheUS: Immigration Plan Laudable But Incomplete
 flecheThe silence over Islamic State’s abuse of women
 flecheCrimea: Human Rights in Decline
 flecheUkraine, Syria: Incendiary Weapons Threaten Civilians
 flecheSyria: ISIS Tortured Kobani Child Hostages
 flecheIraq: ISIS Executed Hundreds of Prison Inmates
 flecheUS: Migrants Returned to Danger
 flecheNigeria: Victims of Abductions Tell Their Stories
 flecheEurope: National Courts Extend Reach of Justice
 flecheÉtats-Unis : Dérives de la surveillance
 flecheIraq: ISIS Abducting, Killing, Expelling Minorities
 flecheUnited Nations: Rein in Mass Surveillance
 flecheUganda: Homeless Children Face Violence, Exploitation
 flecheFrance: Face-Veil Ruling Undermines Rights
 flecheIsrael: Serious Violations in West Bank Operations
 flecheTo Help Restore Confidence in Europe, Protect Rights
 flecheSyria: Abuses in Kurdish-run Enclaves
 flecheMalaysia: End Arrests of Transgender Women
 flecheGlobal Treaty to Protect Forced Labor Victims Adopted
 flecheSyria: Strong Evidence Government Used Chemicals as a Weapon
 flecheSnowden Claims NSA Spied on Rights Groups
 flecheExploitation in the Name of Education
 flecheWorld Report 2014: War on Syria’s Civilians Unchecked
 flecheCorée du Nord : Crimes contre l'humanité dans les camps
 flecheWar on Syria’s Civilians Unchecked
 flecheStatement on US President Obama’s surveillance speech
 flecheWorld Bank Group: Inadequate Response to Killings, Land Grabs
 flecheWhy Tech is a Double-edged Sword for Human Rights
 flecheReporters’ Guide For Covering the 2014 Winter Olympic Games in Sochi, Russia
 flecheTunisia: Strengthen New Constitution’s Human Rights Protection
 flecheCentral African Republic: Sectarian Atrocities Escalate
 flecheChallenging the Red Lines
 flecheSaudi Arabia: Activists Challenging Status Quo
 flecheSyria: Holistic Approach Needed for Justice
 flecheICC: Support Justice, Reject Immunity
 flecheICC: Africa Should Reject ‘Free Pass’ for Leaders
 flecheUN: Start International Talks on ‘Killer Robots’
 fleche"At Least Let Them Work"
 flecheRussia: Abuses Tarnish 100-Day Countdown to Winter Olympics
 flechePressure Grows to Protect Domestic Workers
 flecheEU: Improve Migrant Rescue, Offer Refuge
 flecheJordan: Reform Agenda Falling Short
 flecheUN: Hold International Talks on ‘Killer Robots’
 flecheTunisia: Landmark Opportunity to Combat Torture
 fleche“You Can Still See Their Blood”
 flecheSyria: Executions, Hostage Taking by Rebels
 flecheGroundbreaking Treaty on Toxic Mercury
 flecheUN Security Council: Address Rights Abuses in DR Congo
 flecheAfghanistan: Child Marriage, Domestic Violence Harm Progress
 flecheICC: keep pledges to strengthen international justice
 flecheICC: Strengthen international justice at Kampala Conference
 flecheUnited Nations - Do not meet with officials wanted for war crimes - Letter to UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon
 flecheDecisive moment for global transparency effort
 flecheWorld Report: Abusers target Human Rights messengers
 flecheUN: Act to end atrocities in Eastern Congo
 flecheWorld AIDS Day: Punitive laws threaten HIV progress
 flecheICC: Promote global support for Court
 flecheReport "Together, Apart - Organizing around sexual orientation and gender identity worldwide"
 flecheUAE: exploited workers building ‘Island of Happiness’
 flecheSwine flu measures no excuse for abridging rights
 flecheQ & A: International Criminal Court’s decision on al-Bashir’s arrest warrant
 flecheThe intensifying battle over Internet freedom
 fleche2009 World Report: Obama should emphasize human rights
 flecheKillings in Kiwanja - The UN’s inability to protect civilians
 flecheICC: First warrants requested for attacks on Darfur Peacekeepers
 flecheGovernments should improve access to pain treatment : millions worldwide suffer unnecessarily
 flecheICC: Good progress amid missteps in first five years
 flecheOAS adopts resolution to protect sexual rights
 flecheArmenia: civilians die as police suppress demonstrations and riots
 flecheReport : "On the Margins of Profit - Rights at Risk in the Global Economy"
 flecheKosovo: build new state on rule of law
 fleche2007 in photos
 flecheWorld Report 2008
 flecheDemocracy charade undermines rights
 fleche“Burma: children bought and sold by army recruiters”
 flecheHuman Rights Watch’s Statement to the International Organization for Migration (IOM) Council
 flecheBurma: fully cooperate with UN envoy
 flecheNicaragua: New Abortion Ban Puts Women’s Lives at Risk
 flecheRussia targets Georgians for expulsion
 flecheDarfur 2007: Chaos by Design - Report
 flecheDarfur 2007: Chaos by Design - Report

 flecheUganda: Press homophobia raises fears of crackdown
 flecheSpain: Migrant Children at Risk in Government Facilities
 flecheHuman Rights Watch Launches World Report 2007 on Guantanamo Anniversary
 flecheEU Should Fill Leadership Void on Human Rights
 flecheLes pionniers de la justice internationale
 flecheUniversal Jurisdiction in Europe : The State of the Art
 flecheHuman Rights Watch World Report 2006
 flecheUkraine: Migrants, Asylum Seekers Regularly Abused
 flecheHuman Rights Watch Statement on U.S. Secret Detention Facilities in Europe
 flecheD.R. Congo: Arming Civilians Adds Fuel to the Fire
 flecheRussia: Mothers With HIV and Their Children Face Stigma and Discrimination
 flecheSudan: Communal Violence Threatens Peace Process
 flecheBalkans: Srebrenica’s Most Wanted Remain Free
 flecheKyrgyzstan: Say No to Return of Uzbek Refugees
 flecheChina: Religious Repression of Uighur Muslims
 fleche'Diplomatic Assurances' Allowing Torture: Growing Trend Defies International Law


 flecheHuman Rights Watch International Film Festival
 flecheDans toute l'Europe, des organisations de défense des droits humains et des réfugiés demandent à l'Union européenne d'abandonner une proposition déterminante sur le droit d'asile
 flecheRepeating Clinton's Mistakes
 flecheU.S.: Abu Ghraib Only the “Tip of the Iceberg”
 fleche'Diplomatic Assurances' Allowing Torture
 flecheStop the export of U.S.-Funded Abstinence-only HIV/AIDS programs
 flecheCuba: EU Should Insist on Real Rights Progress
 flecheColombia: Armed Groups Send Children to War
 flecheU.S. Gag on Needle Exchange Harms U.N. AIDS Efforts
 flecheSudan: Atrocities, Impunity Threaten Lasting Peace
 flecheHuman Rights Day Statement
 flecheUnited Nations : Good Diagnosis, but Poor Prescription
 flecheIraq: Coalition Ignored Warnings on Weapons Stocks
 flecheBalkans: Local Courts Currently Unprepared to Try War Crimes

 flechePrisoners Who Disappear
 flecheHuman Rights in the War on Terrorism
 flecheOlympic Spotlight Shifts to China : Beijing Should Use Olympic Games to Improve Basic Rights
 flecheIraq: Insurgents Must Stop Targeting Civilians
 flecheU.S.: Hundreds of Civilian Deaths in Iraq Were Preventable
 flecheAfrica: Gender Inequality Fuels AIDS Crisis
 flecheTurkey: Acceleration of Reforms Needed Now for EU Bid
 flecheColombia — Widespread Use of Child Combatants
 flecheAfghanistan: Security Must Precede Repatriation
 flecheTrade Ministers Urged to Protect Labor Rights in FTAA

 flecheFTAA Summit: Reject Tighter Patents on AIDS Drugs
 flecheNAFTA Labor Accord Ineffective
13
SEARCH
Keywords   go
in