Ref. :  000041165
Date :  2017-05-09
Language :  English
Home Page / The whole website
fr / es / de / po / en

Declaration of 9 may 1950

Declaration of 9 may

The declaration of 9th May 1950 is believed to be the founding text of European integration. Delivered by Robert Schuman, the French Foreign Minister, in the Salon de l'Horloge at the Quai d'Orsay in Paris, this declaration, inspired by Jean Monnet, the first Planning Commissioner, lays out a European organisation that would be responsible for pooling the French and German production of coal and steel.

This is the full text of the proposal, which was presented by the French foreign minister Robert Schuman and which led to the creation of what is now the European Union.

World peace cannot be safeguarded without the making of creative efforts proportionate to the dangers which threaten it.

The contribution which an organised and living Europe can bring to civilisation is indispensable to the maintenance of peaceful relations. In taking upon herself for more than 20 years the role of champion of a united Europe, France has always had as her essential aim the service of peace. A united Europe was not achieved and we had war.

Europe will not be made all at once, or according to a single plan. It will be built through concrete achievements which first create a de facto solidarity. The coming together of the nations of Europe requires the elimination of the age-old opposition of France and Germany. Any action taken must in the first place concern these two countries.

With this aim in view, the French Government proposes that action be taken immediately on one limited but decisive point :

It proposes that Franco-German production of coal and steel as a whole be placed under a common High Authority, within the framework of an organisation open to the participation of the other countries of Europe.

The pooling of coal and steel production should immediately provide for the setting up of common foundations for economic development as a first step in the federation of Europe, and will change the destinies of those regions which have long been devoted to the manufacture of munitions of war, of which they have been the most constant victims.

The solidarity in production thus established will make it plain that any war between France and Germany becomes not merely unthinkable, but materially impossible. The setting up of this powerful productive unit, open to all countries willing to take part and bound ultimately to provide all the member countries with the basic elements of industrial production on the same terms, will lay a true foundation for their economic unification.

This production will be offered to the world as a whole without distinction or exception, with the aim of contributing to raising living standards and to promoting peaceful achievements. With increased resources Europe will be able to pursue the achievement of one of its essential tasks, namely, the development of the African continent.

In this way, there will be realised simply and speedily that fusion of interest which is indispensable to the establishment of a common economic system; it may be the leaven from which may grow a wider and deeper community between countries long opposed to one another by sanguinary divisions.

By pooling basic production and by instituting a new High Authority, whose decisions will bind France, Germany and other member countries, this proposal will lead to the realisation of the first concrete foundation of a European federation indispensable to the preservation of peace.

To promote the realisation of the objectives defined, the French Government is ready to open negotiations on the following bases :

The task with which this common High Authority will be charged will be that of securing in the shortest possible time the modernisation of production and the improvement of its quality; the supply of coal and steel on identical terms to the French en German markets, as well as to the markets of other member countries; the development in common of exports to other countries; the equalisation and improvement of the living conditions of workers in these industries.

To achieve these objectives, starting from the very different conditions in which the production of member countries is at present situated, it is proposed that certain transitional measures should be instituted, such as the application of a production and investment plan, the establishment of compensating machinery for equating prices, and the creation of a restructuring fund to facilitate the rationalisation of production. The movement of coal and steel between member countries will immediately be freed from all customs duty, and will not be affected by differential transport rates. Conditions will gradually be created which will spontaneously provide for the more rational distribution of production at the highest level of productivity.

In contrast to international cartels, which tend to impose restrictive practices on distribution and the exploitation of national markets, and to maintain high profits, the organisation will ensure the fusion of markets and the expansion of production.

The essential principles and undertakings defined above will be the subject of a treaty signed between the States and submitted for the ratification of their parliaments. The negotiations required to settle details of applications will be undertaken with the help of an arbitrator appointed by common agreement. He will be entrusted with the task of seeing that the agreements reached conform with the principles laid down, and, in the event of a deadlock, he will decide what solution is to be adopted. The common High Authority entrusted with the management of the scheme will be composed of independent persons appointed by the governments, giving equal representation. A chairman will be chosen by common agreement between the governments. The authority's decisions will be enforceable in France, Germany and other member countries. Appropriate measures will be provided for means of appeal against the decisions of the authority.

A representative of the United Nations will be accredited to the authority, and will instructed to make a public report to the United Nations twice yearly, giving an account of the working of the new organisation, particularly as concerns the safeguarding of its objectives.

The institution of the High Authority will in no way prejudge the methods of ownership of enterprises. In the exercise of its functions, the common High Authority will take into account the powers conferred upon the International Ruhr Authority and the obligations of all kinds imposed upon Germany, so long these remain in force.

Continents : 
- Europe   

Rate this content
Same author:
 flecheFor geopolitics of the euro (European Issue n°506)
 flecheEurope 2050: Demographic Suicide
 flecheEmmanuel Macron's Europe - A vision, some proposals
 fleche"Inaction is sometimes more costly than action."
 flecheDigital Technologies: Huge Development Potential Remains Out of Sight for the Four Billion Who Lack Internet Access
 flecheBREXIT ou BRITIN : fait-il vraiment plus froid dehors ?
 flecheBREXIT: What Fair Deal between UK and EU Member States?
 flecheThe acceleration of differentiated integration and enhanced cooperation
 flecheScotland's probable choice to remain part of the UK will not necessarily mean the end of the road to autonomy
 flecheEurope, Power and the Sea
 flecheReforming the European Union:
Which methods? Which options?

 flecheReforming the European Union:
Which methods? Which options?

 flecheWhat should Brussels change? How can the functioning of the European institutions be improved rapidly?
 flecheAscension of populist parties but relative stability of political balance in the European elections
 flechePetro Porochenko triomphe dès le 1er tour l’élection présidentielle en Ukraine
 flecheEuropean Elections: what are the issues at stake in the legislature 2014-2019?
 flecheEuropean Elections 2014 - multiple issues at stake
 flecheCompétitivité, énergie et climat, quelles priorités pour l’Europe ?
 flecheA review of post-Lampedusa: What type of EU migratory cooperation with third countries?
 flecheEurope and Globalisation: the dangers and the assets
 fleche"Social Europe", a lever for euro zone integration
 flecheUn jour viendra où les Européens, du moins un petit groupe d'entre eux, décideront ensemble d'un budget commun affecté à certains aspects de la politique de défense commune
 fleche« Quelle place pour les Parlements nationaux dans la construction de l’Union politique européenne ? »
 fleche« Premier ensemble du commerce mondial avec 17,5% des échanges mondiaux en 2011, l’Union européenne reste bien placée dans la compétition commerciale mondiale »
 flecheSchuman Report on Europe, State of the Union 2013
 flecheEurope adrift: Illusions and Realities of the European Energy Policy
 flecheTerms of Crisis
 flecheA Political Union for Europe
 flecheWhat's the grand plan to save the euro ?
 flecheL’Union européenne peut-elle devenir une grande puissance ?
 flecheForces et faiblesses de la Chine
 flecheWhat kind of Europe in what kind of World?
 flecheThe Schuman Report on Europe, the State of the Union 2012
 flecheRapport Schuman sur l’Europe, l’état de l’Union en 2012
 flecheLa mixité, un modèle européen
 fleche«In the Arab Revolutions we have to perceive a marvellous opportunity to reshape the Euro-Mediterranean relationship»
 flecheWomen and Europe: for total and irrevocable equality
 flecheUn gouvernement économique européen : du slogan à la réalité ?
 flecheG 20, U.E, Otan: 4 jours, 4 questions
 flecheExclusive interview with Jean-Claude Trichet, President of the European Central Bank
 fleche"L'Europe à l'épreuve de la récession"
 flecheLe « smart power » américain, un défi pour l’Europe
 flecheL'Union européenne face à la crise financière : quelles réponses?
 flecheThe European Union and the Russo-Georgian War
 flecheLa différenciation peut-elle contribuer à l’approfondissement de l’intégration communautaire ?
 flecheL'Europe soutient-elle ses entreprises à l'exportation?
 flecheLes défis politiques et économiques de l'Union pour la Méditerranée
 fleche"Le Traité de Lisbonne : des réponses utiles, mais partielles, aux défis politiques lancés à l'Union européenne"
 flecheThe Lisbon Treaty in 10 information sheets
 flecheLe rôle de la Banque européenne d'investissement dans les Etats candidats à l'adhésion à l'Union européenne
 flecheLa crise financière : origines et conséquences. Quelles sont les conditions du retour de confiance?
 flecheComprendre le Conseil européen de Lisbonne et le Traité réformateur
 flecheLes services de la santé en Europe en 2007 : quels enjeux? - Questions d'Europe n° 72
 flecheComprendre l'accord de Bruxelles sur un traité modificatif (23 juin 2007) et la conférence intergouvernementale
 flecheLe cadre constitutionnel du débat de révision de la Constitution
 flecheQuelle constitution pour l'Europe?
Keywords   go
Translate this page Traduire par Google Translate

Share on Facebook
Partager sur Twitter
Share on Google+Google + Share on LinkedInLinkedIn
Partager sur MessengerMessenger Partager sur BloggerBlogger
Other items
where is published this article: