Ref. :  000040647
Date :  2016-12-06
Language :  English
Home Page / The whole website
fr / es / de / po / en

Singapore tops latest OECD PISA global education survey

Author :  OCDE / OECD


Singapore outperforms the rest of the world in the OECD’s latest PISA survey, which evaluates the quality, equity and efficiency of school systems. The top OECD countries were Japan, Estonia, Finland and Canada.

The OECD’s PISA 2015 tested around 540,000 15-year-old students in 72 countries and economies on science, reading, maths and collaborative problem-solving. The main focus was on science, an increasingly important part of today’s economy and society.

While spending per student in primary and secondary education increased by almost 20% since 2006 in OECD countries alone, only 12 of the 72 countries and economies assessed in PISA have seen their science performance improve over this period. These include high-performing education systems, such as Singapore and Macao (China), and low-performers, such as Peru and Colombia.



“A decade of scientific breakthroughs has failed to translate into breakthroughs in science performance in schools,” said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría, launching the report in London. “Every country has room for improvement, even the top performers. With high levels of youth unemployment, rising inequality, a significant gender gap, and an urgent need to boost inclusive growth in many countries, more must be done to ensure every child has the best education possible.” Read the full speech.

Around 1 in 10 students across OECD countries, and 1 in 4 in Singapore, perform at the highest level in science. Across the OECD, more than one in five students falls short of baseline proficiency: only in Canada, Estonia, Finland, Hong Kong (China), Japan, Macao (China), Singapore and Viet Nam do at least nine out of ten 15-year-old students master the basics that every student should know before leaving school.

This underlines the challenge that all countries, including some of the wealthiest ones, face in meeting Sustainable Development Goal 4 by 2030 to achieve “inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all”.

The report reveals the policies in place that successful countries share: high and universal expectations for all students; a strong focus on great teaching; resources targeted at struggling students and schools; and a commitment to coherent, long-term strategies.

Canada, Denmark, Estonia, Hong Kong (China) and Macao (China) achieve both high standards of excellence overall and equity in education outcomes. A number of countries have improved equity, especially the United States. But in Australia, Czech Republic, Finland, Greece, Hungary, New Zealand and the Slovak Republic, the share of students performing at the highest levels fell at the same time as the share of low performers rose.

“Achieving greater equity in education is not only a social justice imperative, it also fuels economic growth and promotes social cohesion,” added Mr Gurría.

The OECD PISA 2015 Survey underlines that, in the context of massive information flows and rapid change, everyone now needs to be able to “think like a scientist”: to be able to weigh evidence and come to a conclusion; to understand that scientific “truth” may change over time, as new discoveries are made, and as humans develop a greater understanding of natural forces and of technology’s capacities and limitations.

Other key findings include:

Gender gap

• Gender differences in science tend to be smaller than in reading and mathematics but, on average, in 33 countries and economies, the share of top performers in science is larger among boys than among girls. Finland is the only country in which girls are more likely to be top performers than boys.

• One in four boys and girls reported that they expect to work in a science-related occupation but opt for very different ones: girls mostly seek positions in the health sector and boys in becoming ICT professionals, scientists or engineers.

Equity in education

• Canada, Denmark, Estonia, Hong Kong (China) and Macao (China) achieve high levels of performance and equity in education outcomes.

• Poorer students are 3 times more likely to be low performers than wealthier students, and immigrant students are more than twice as likely as non-immigrants to be low achievers.

• On average across countries with relatively large immigrant student populations, attending a school with a high concentration of immigrant students is not associated with poorer student performance, after accounting for the school’s students socio-economic level.

Students’ performance in reading and mathematics

• Nearly 20% of students in OECD countries, on average, do not attain the baseline level of proficiency in reading. This proportion has remained stable since 2009.

• On average across OECD countries, the gender gap in reading in favour of girls narrowed by 12 points between 2009 and 2015: boys’ performance improved, particularly among the highest-achieving boys, while girls’ performance deteriorated, particularly among the lowest-achieving girls.

• More than one in four students in Beijing-Shanghai-Jiangsu-Guangdong (China), Hong Kong (China), Singapore and Chinese Taipei are top-performing students in mathematics, a higher share than anywhere else.

School performance

• How much time students spend learning and how science is taught are even more strongly associated with science performance and the expectations of pursuing a science-related career than how well-equipped and staffed the science department is and science teachers’ qualifications.

• Students in larger schools score higher in science and are more likely than students in smaller schools to expect to work in a science-related occupation in the future. But students in smaller schools reported a better disciplinary climate in their science lessons and they are less likely than students in larger schools to skip days of school and arrive late for school, after accounting for schools’ and students’ socio-economic status.

• Thirty countries and economies used grade repetition less frequently in 2015 than in 2009; in only five countries did the incidence of grade repetition increase during the period. The use of grade repetition decreased by at least 10 percentage points in Costa Rica, France, Indonesia, Latvia, Macao (China), Malta, Mexico and Tunisia.



For further information, journalists should contact the OECD Media division (tel. + 33 1 45 24 97 00).

Other launch events taking place include: Paris with Gabriela Ramos, OECD Chief of Staff and G20 Sherpa, and Najat Vallaud-Belkacem, French Education Minister; Brussels with Douglas Frantz, OECD Deputy Secretary-General, and Tibor Navracsics, European Commissioner for Education, Culture, Youth and Sport; Berlin with Heino von Meyer, OECD Head of Berlin Centre and Cornelia Quennet-Thielen, State Secretary at the Federal Ministry for Education and Research; Rome with Francesco Avvisati, OECD PISA analyst, and Anna Maria Ajello, president of INVALSI; and a webinar for Latin American media with OECD Chief of Staff and G20 Sherpa Gabriela Ramos.

The report, together with country analysis, summaries and data, is available at www.oecd.org/pisa/

Read, share, link or embed PISA 2016 Results: Excellence and Equity in Education on your website

Test your skills online by answering some PISA 2016 science questions

For more information on the new PISA Online Programme for School Improvement, see www.pisa4u.org

Rate this content
 
 
 
Same author:
 flecheObesity Update 2017
 flecheHow’s life?
 flecheBetter international co-ordination could lead to more worldwide benefits from migration
 flecheCities will become inequality traps without better housing, transport policies
 flecheGrowing risk of social exclusion among early school leavers
 flecheThe Economic Consequences of Outdoor Air Pollution
 flecheCompare your country: International Migration
 flecheOECD International Migration Outlook 2016
 flecheGovernments must address anti-immigration backlash
 flecheAfrican Economic Outlook 2016
 flecheEnvironmental performance review of France 2016: France will need further effort to meet environmental goals
 flecheOECD Economic outlook
 flecheGlobal economy stuck in low-growth trap: Policymakers need to act to keep promises, OECD says in latest Economic Outlook
 flecheLending to SMEs and entrepreneurs is improving, but more diverse forms of financing are needed
 flecheWorld imports of fake goods worth nearly half a trillion USD a year
 flecheOECD study finds Britons will be paying a heavy “Brexit tax” for many years if UK leaves EU
 flecheDevelopment aid rises again in 2015, spending on refugees doubles
 flecheOECD countries confirm their drive to improve gender equality in public leadership
 flecheFlux de cocaïne
 flecheNew data show importance of quality as well as quantity of jobs and how both evolved during crisis
 flechePolitical finance needs tighter regulation and enforcement
 flecheA boost to transparency in international tax matters: 31 countries sign tax co-operation agreement to enable automatic sharing of country by country information
 flecheFurther reforms needed to tackle growing risk of pensioner poverty
 flecheSpain’s future prosperity depends on raising skill levels and removing barriers to employment
 flecheCountries should address disruptive effects of the digital economy
 flecheDiscrimination and poor job prospects hit children of immigrants
 flecheMore than 3 million German emigrants in OECD countries
 flecheAction is needed to secure future livelihoods in developed and emerging economies, says the OECD Development Centre
 flecheLow oil prices and monetary easing triggering modest acceleration of global recovery
 flecheEarly gender gaps drive career choices and employment opportunities
 flecheShifts in migration underline need for policy reform, says OECD
 flecheAsia/Pacific countries need to improve affordable access to healthcare, says OECD
 flecheComprehensive action needed to shift the global economy into higher gear, says OECD in latest Economic Outlook
 flechePoorer regions struggling to catch up in advanced economies, says OECD
 flecheEmployment
 flecheOECD releases first BEPS recommendations to G20 for international approach to combat tax avoidance by multinationals
 flecheProgress made but Chile should better detect and thoroughly investigate foreign bribery, says OECD
 flecheAmbitious structural reforms can pave the return to strong and sustainable growth, OECD says
 flecheEmployment situation, third quarter 2013, OECD
 flecheLatin America: Tax revenues continue to rise, but are low and varied among countries, according to new OECD-ECLAC-CIAT report
 flecheAsian countries top OECD’s latest PISA survey on state of global education
 flecheOECD Employment Outlook
 flecheGlobal economy advancing but pace of recovery varies, says OECD Economic Outlook
 flecheGlobal economy is improving but Europe lags behind, says OECD
 flecheGlobal portal on product recalls
 flecheInternet firms driving information technology industry growth, says OECD
 flecheInternational Economic Forum on Africa (4 October 2012, Paris - France)
 flecheAgriculture: Increased productivity and a more sustainable food system will improve global food security OECD and FAO publish new Agricultural Outlook
 flecheEconomy: migration starting to rebound, says OECD
 flecheCreate Your Better Life Index
 flecheGrowth in health spending grinds to a halt
 flecheTowards Green Growth: Monitoring Progress - OECD Indicators
 flecheWater: Balancing demand
 flecheReducing inequality while boosting economic growth is possible, says OECD
 flecheEconomy: Global shocks to become more frequent, says OECD
 flecheEnvironment: Green and growth go together
 flecheKorea and Finland top OECD’s latest PISA survey of education performance
 flecheEnvironmental taxation can spur innovation, says OECD
 flecheHealth: OECD says governments must fight fat
 flecheOECD iLibrary: New platform delivers integrated access to OECD’s knowledge base
 flecheEconomy: Recovery slowing amid increased uncertainty, says interim economic assessment
 flecheDeveloping countries set to account for nearly 60% of world GDP by 2030, according to new estimates
 flecheEconomy : G20 keeps investment flows open, but continued vigilance needed, say OECD, UNCTAD
 flecheDevelopment aid rose in 2009 and most donors will meet 2010 aid targets
 flecheWater: The right price can encourage efficiency and investment
 flecheDonors’ mixed aid performance for 2010 sparks concern
 flecheSqueeze on public budgets boosting e-government, says OECD
 flecheGurría calls for ‘new generation’ of statistics to reinforce public confidence in government
 flecheOECD welcomes experts’ call on need for new measures of social progress
 flecheOECD Global Forum consolidates tax evasion revolution in advance of Pittsburgh
 flecheKeep doors open to migrant workers to meet long-term labour needs, says OECD
 flecheOECD Teaching and Learning International Survey (TALIS)
 flecheDevelopment Aid at its highest level ever in 2008
 fleche10th OECD forum (23-24 june 2009, Paris)
 flecheCrisis is an opportunity to revive trade reforms, says OECD report
 flecheRebalancing the world Economy: OECD development co-operation report 2009
 flecheOECD composite leading indicators fall to lowest levels since 1970s
 flecheIncome inequality and poverty rising in most OECD countries
 flecheFinancial centres become more transparent, but information exchange remains a problem for some
 flecheTailor immigration policies to future needs, says OECD
 flecheBiofuel policies in OECD countries costly and ineffective, says report
 flecheLabour market discrimination still a big problem in OECD countries
 flecheFarm policy reform urgent amid rising world food prices
 flecheOECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2008-2017 - Highlights
 flecheOECD countries stay open to commercial investments by sovereign wealth funds
 flecheDebt Relief is down: other ODA rises slightly
 flecheOECD Environmental Outlook to 2030 - Summary
 fleche2008 OECD Environmental Outlook - How much will it cost to address today's key environmental problems?
 flecheHelping immigrants integrate better into society must become a priority, says OECD Secretary-General
 flecheGovernments must do more to help workers adapt to new global economy, says OECD
 flecheOECD Employment Outlook - 2007 Edition - Summary
 flecheOECD Employment Outlook 2007 - Statistical Annex
 flecheIntergenerational Transmission of Disadvantage: Mobility or Immobility across Generations? A Review of the Evidence for OECD Countries
 flecheInternational migration to OECD countries continues to grow in response to labour needs
 flecheReport "Giving Knowledge for Free: The Emergence of Open Educational Resources"
 flecheOpen Educational Resources bring new opportunities, challenges
 flecheOECD annual ministerial meeting to discuss globalisation, innovation and trade (Paris on 15-16 May 2007)
 flecheOECD warns against reform complacency as new report highlights priorities for action
 flecheThe Euro area - will the recovery last?
 flecheOECD Global Forum on International Investment “Enhancing the investment climate: the case of infrastructure”
 flecheMore OECD countries focusing on early childhood as key to education success
 flecheThe Gender, Institutions and Development Data Base
 flecheOECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook - 2006-2015
 flecheAfrican Economic Outlook 2005/2006: Economic prospects improve in much of Africa, though transportation remains a problem
 flecheOECD Forum 2006 : "Balacing Globalisation" (Paris, 22-23 May 2006)
 flecheL’OCDE incite les pouvoirs publics et l’industrie à intensifier la lutte contre le spam
 flecheMinisters look to integrate environment protection with development aid 3 - 5 April at OECD headquarters
 flecheLes élèves qui maîtrisent l’informatique obtiennent de meilleurs scores à l'école
 flecheOECD Handbook on Economic Globalisation Indicators
 flecheConference on the future digital economy: digital content creation, distribution and access (30-31 January 2006, Rome - Italy)
 flecheOECD and the WTO Hong Kong Ministerial Conference
 flecheLess robust than meets the eye?
 flecheOECD urges freer trade combined with structural adjustment to reap benefits from globalisation
 flecheGlobal scientific research project launched to improve understanding of the human brain
 flecheEconomic Survey of the Euro Area 2005
 flecheOECD countries warn of continuing shortfalls in insurance coverage against terrorism
 flecheOECD urges governments to work with social partners on teacher policy
 flecheOECD urges more dynamic employment policies as response to globalisation
 flecheAgriculture export competition will intensify, with rising share of trade by developing countries
 flecheHigh-Level Meeting of the OECD Committee for Agriculture, 14-15 June 2005 - Chair Franz Fischler's Summary
 flecheBrazil, China, India and South Africa to tackle food and agriculture challenges with OECD
 flecheOECD Ministerial Council Meeting, 3-4 May 2005, Chair’s Summary
 flecheOECD environmental performance review of France - A positive but demanding assessment
 flecheCentral Asia since 1991 - The Experience of the New Independent States
 flecheLand, Violent Conflict and Development
 flecheThe Impact of Social Institutions on the Economic Role of Women in Developing Countries
 flecheLa condition des femmes en Inde, Kenya, Soudan et Tunisie
 flecheDecentralisation and Poverty in Developing Countries: Exploring the Impact
 flecheData base on immigrants and expatriates
 flecheDonnées environnementales
 flecheStructure and Trends in International Trade in Services
 flecheWorld trade / 2002- 2004
 flecheOECD Releases New GDP Comparisons Based on 2002 Purchasing Power Parities
 flecheJohnston, Donald J.
 flecheOECD Governments, Insurers Clarify the Definition of Terrorism for Insurance Purposes
 flecheCT Access now Widespread but Laggard Users Risk New Digital Divide, Warns OECD
 flechePISA 2003
 flecheTop-performer Finland improves further in PISA survey as gap between countries widens
 flecheBhagwati, Jagdish
 flecheTruly global
 flecheOECD's Environmental Performance Review of Sweden
 flecheOECD International Trade Statistics - Trends in Second Quarter 2004
 flecheEducation Levels Rising in OECD Countries but Low Attainment Still Hampers Some
 flecheOECD Economic Outlook - may 2004
 flecheAnalyse des politiques d'éducation
 flecheOECD Task Force to Coordinate Fight against Spam
 flecheFrance Needs More Regulatory Reform to Strengthen its Economy, Says OECD
 flecheOECD Countries are not on Track to Meet their Environmental Commitments
 flecheEnvironment Ministers to Meet at OECD 19-21 April 2004
 flecheOECD Backs Broadband for Economic and Social Development
 flecheActivites de lutte contre la corruption en Europe de l'Est et central
 flecheScience, Technology and Innovation for the 21st Century. Meeting of the OECD Committee for Scientific and Technological Policy at Ministerial Level, 29-30 January 2004
 flecheDeclaration by the Heads of the IMF, OECD and World Bank
 flecheOECD Report Warns of Growing Risk of Teacher Shortages in OECD Countries
 flecheCompetition in the spotlight
 flecheL'OCDE incite les gouvernements à rendre leurs systèmes fiscaux plus efficaces
13
SEARCH
Keywords   go
in 
Translate this page Traduire par Google Translate
Share

Share on Facebook
FACEBOOK
Partager sur Twitter
TWITTER
Share on Google+Google + Share on LinkedInLinkedIn
Partager sur MessengerMessenger Partager sur BloggerBlogger
Other items
where is published this article: