Ref. :  000003599
Date :  2002-07-01
Language :  English
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Secretary-General calls for greater equity, sustainability in development, as economic and social council begins high-level meeting

Economic and Social Council

Author :  ONU / UN

Need for Health Care, Education, Poverty Eradication Highlighted by US Treasury Secretary, IMF Managing Director


As the Economic and Social Council began the high-level segment of its annual month-long session this morning, United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan said that although the world economic outlook was plagued by an unusual degree of uncertainty, globalization offered unparalleled opportunities to achieve greater equity through more sustained and balanced growth. It was vital to seize those opportunities, and in doing so, maintain particular focus on the needs of Africa, he said.

Poor economies were paying the highest price for the economic downturn, he continued. Only limited improvement was foreseen in the developing world for the current year. And while the immediate effects of the 11 September terrorist attacks were well known, their long-term effects -- coming just five years after the Asian financial crisis and one year after the adoption of the Millennium Declaration -- were more difficult to evaluate.

Based on the Millennium Development Goals, the challenge was to achieve not only economic and social development today, but to make it sustainable, he said. The World Summit on Sustainable Development, set to open in Johannesburg next month, would test the international community's ability to respond. Health and education were the twin pillars on which one must build the well-being of individuals, and thus a more healthy, equitable and peaceful world, he added.

Opening the meeting, Ivan Simonovic, the Council President, said the purpose of the one-day policy dialogue was for the Council to exchange views with heads of financial and trade institutions on the world economy and discuss ways to enhance international economic cooperation. The participants would also consider follow-up to the Monterrey conference on financing for development, and the role of human resources development in overall development, particularly in the areas of health and education.

Paul H. O'Neill, Treasury Secretary of the United States, said investing in clean water, primary education, and fighting HIV/AIDS were vital to realizing human potential in Africa. One insight from his recent tour was that "we can help local and national efforts to bring clean water to many towns and villages fairly quickly." In West Africa for example, one organization had estimated that clean water and basic sanitation could be provided at a cost of about $17 per person, per year, over five years.

He said a prosperous future required that children enter school at an early age, and stay in school with well-trained teachers and adequate materials. It would cost only an estimated $18 million per year to buy one textbook for each of four core subjects for every primary student in Uganda.

The need to invest in health care was nowhere "more urgent and more heartbreaking" than in the struggle against AIDS, he added, saying that President Bush had announced $500 million for the International Mother and Child HIV Prevention Initiative, among other pledges.

He stressed the need to avoid creating the next generation of highly indebted poor countries. Essential investments in sectors such as health care and education should be funded by grants not loans. With the right combination of aid and accountability -- from both rich nations and poor -- "we can accelerate the spread of clean water, education and health care throughout Africa and the developing world."

Horst Köhler, Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), opened the policy dialogue, saying, the Financing for Development Conference in Monterrey had produced an unprecedented common understanding about what it would take to overcome world poverty. First, the basis for everything was self-responsibility. Economic development required good governance, respect for the rule of law, and policies and institutions that created a good investment climate and unlocked the creative energies of the people.

On that basis, developing countries could rightly expect faster and more comprehensive support from the international community, he continued. What was crucial now was to transform the Monterrey Consensus into concrete action and measurable results, he stressed, pointing out that trade was crucial for growth.

Also participating in the dialogue were Rubens Ricupero, Secretary-General of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Miguel Rodriguez Mendoza, Deputy Director-General of the World Trade Organization and Mamphela Ramphele, Managing Director of the World Bank.

The Council will meet again this afternoon to continue the high-level segment of its 2002 substantive session.


Background

The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) met this morning to begin its 2002 substantive session. Through 26 July, ministers and heads of delegation of both the Council's member countries and observer States will consider the role of human resources development, including in the areas of health and education, as an essential factor in the overall development process.

During the high-level segment of the session, top ministers of health and human welfare, and heads of international agencies, will join with the Secretary-General and Dr. Jeffrey Sachs, his Special Adviser on the Millennium Development Goals, in a high-level dialogue on ways to improve health and education and to launch new approaches and partnerships to accelerate progress towards human development as a principle engine for development. The high-level segment runs through 3 July.

Today, top officials from the International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), will also lead a special policy dialogue and discussion on important developments in the world economy.

That discussion will be guided by chapter 1 of the World Economic and Social Survey (document E/2002/50), compiled by the Development Policy Analysis Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs. The report notes that where the 2001 slowdown was rapid and quickly embraced by many countries, the recovery is expected to be both slow and less synchronized among economies.

The report states that the economic downturn -- which began in the United States when financial difficulties rocked the informational and technologies sector there -- was quickly transmitted around the world through a decline in international trade, the first in almost two decades. The world economy is forecast to grow by less than two percent in 2002, with the momentum of the rebound pushing global growth to above three percent in 2003.

Consumer spending remained strong in the United States and even in some developing and transition countries, the report says. But the cumulative effects of reduced overall growth and higher unemployment, reinforced in the developed countries by lower stock market returns, will muffle consumer spending around the world in 2002.

Only a modest recovery is expected in the developed countries in 2002, while economies in transition are forecast to witness further deceleration. Among the developing countries, the report continues, China and India were able to maintain their growth in 2001 and are expected to continue to do so in 2002 and 2003, but the majority are not expected to return to the average rate of growth achieved prior to the Asian financial crisis until late in 2003.

The report emphasizes the role of the United States in the world economy -- those countries, which depended most on access to American markets fared the worst in 2001, as well as those with strong information and communication technologies sectors. Among the nations that were severely affected were Latin American countries and countries of South-Eastern Asia, including the Republic of Korea and Singapore. The United States recovery in 2002 was expected to be modest, and the stimulus it provided to the rest of the world through imports, would be correspondingly limited.

African countries, the report continues, had been relatively little affected by the slowdown. Their economies continued to grow at only about three per cent, however. Compared with the two per cent population growth in the area, such an increase had a negligible effect on development.

Still, the report points to a few positive signs for the medium term. Most important among those are the improved understanding between the North and the South on key development issues emanating from the initiation of trade negotiations in Doha, Qatar in 2001 and from pledges and commitments made at the International Conference on Financing for Development in Monterrey, Mexico. It also highlights the need to initiate actions to strengthen partnerships for development, ensure requisite increases in official development assistance (ODA) and address the external debt burden faced by most developing countries.

Also before the high-level segment will be the Secretary-General's report on human resources development. In that report (document E/2002/46), he notes that in spite of increased international commitment to health and education, progress remains uneven and inadequate. The high-level segment of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) is an occasion to give renewed political impetus to national and international efforts to improve health and education and to launch new approaches and new partnerships to accelerate progress towards human development as a principle engine for overall development.

He stresses that the notion of human resources development -- so fundamental to the development process -- has evolved into a broader socio-economic and public policy concern for facilitating the development of human capacities, knowledge acquisition, empowerment and participation. At the broadest level, human resources development is an important end in itself, but it must also be recognized as an essential form of productive investment.

Referring to the current report of the Commission on Macroeconomics and Health, the Secretary-General observes that the significance of increased investment in health is clear: the report confirms that a substantial scaling-up of investments in health for poor people will not only save millions of lives but will also produce considerable economic gains. He adds that other research has shown a clear economic payoff from investment in education and training; one extra year of education can, in the long run, increase an individual's per capita output between four and seven percent in countries of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).

He also emphasizes the important synergies between health and education. Development experiences strongly suggest that progress in the area of health reinforces progress in the education sector and vice versa. Health investments are more effective in the presence of better-educated populations. Similarly, investment in education cannot be effective without a healthy population. Education, training and associated health services, if well coordinated, can together form a strong supportive human resources development web, with a cumulatively higher impact on development.

The Secretary-General goes on to emphasize the need to explore ways to increase the resource base in order to fund well-formulated plans to improve human resources development. Ensuring the full integration of education and health into poverty eradication strategies is essential, he says, as is the role of the international community and United Nations in assisting developing countries build their capacity for human resources development.

While recognizing that the challenge of achieving the health, education and development goals set at the Millennium Summit remains considerable -- particularly in financing those goals -- the Secretary-General stresses that it is possible to achieve tremendous advances with political leadership and commitment, as demonstrated by some developing countries.

The Millennium Development Goals are indeed technically feasible and financially affordable at the global level, he continues, and therefore ministers, heads of delegations and political leaders must ensure that health and education policies are fully integrate into poverty reduction strategies. Furthermore, human resources and development strategies must be constantly adapted to meet changing needs in the context of globalization.

The Secretary-General stressed that domestic spending on human resources development, including in health and education must be increased by developing countries to provide basic health care and education to the poor free of charge. At the same time, international development assistance must be massively increased to provide adequate and sustained resources for the effective programmes that will strengthen the necessary delivery systems for health and education.

He urges the Council to maintain the focus on financing for human resources as part of its role in the follow-up to the Monterrey International Conference on Financing for Development. Building on the commitments made by some donors, the Council could reiterate the call for increased assistance for the Global Fund for HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, increased ODA, greater debt relief, and increasing resources generated through greater market access and trade.

He further suggests that the Council call for the strengthening of the United Nations system's catalytic, advisory and supportive role in promoting human resources development and universal access to quality health and education services.

To that end, the United Nations system should be encouraged to, among other things, support efforts at the national, regional and global levels to integrate human resources development programmes into poverty reduction strategies; build partnerships with stakeholders based on common goals and mutual responsibility; and help countries build policies, institution and local technical capacity to implement measures known to work in specific country contexts to improve sustainability and strengthen health and education systems.

The Council will also consider the Secretary-General's consolidated report on the work of ECOSOC'S functional commissions (document E/2002/73), which aims at assisting the Council in providing policy guidance to its commissions and in coordinating their work. It accordingly identifies linkages, common themes and coordination issues arising from the work of the commissions in 2002.

The first section of the report addresses the substantive aspects of the commissions' work. In an analysis of common themes and issues during 2002, the report focuses on aspects relating to sustainable development, poverty, ageing, health and education. The commissions have extensively addressed these issues, reflecting the themes of two major conferences in 2002 and the upcoming World Summit on Sustainable Development. As in previous years, the commissions have sought to contribute to the debate on the building of an enabling environment for development and spreading the benefits of globalization.

The report highlights the commissions' continued focus on poverty eradication throughout the year, particularly in the perspective of follow-up to the Millennium Declaration. The commissions have also addressed important policy issues concerning health, notably HIV/AIDS and education. Information and communications technologies (ICT) also remains a high priority on the agenda of most commissions. Likewise, gender equality continued to be a focus, revealing steady progress in mainstreaming gender considerations.

The second section of the report provides an overview of the procedural aspects of their work, including working methods and interaction among the commissions and the Council itself. It also contains an analysis of the commissions' practice in preparing draft resolutions, and in that regard, recommends that texts proposed for adoption by ECOSOC should identify areas and issues that have linkages and relevance to aspects of the work of other commissions.

The organizational documents before the Council include the session's annotated provisional agenda (document E/2002/100 and Add.1); status of documentation for the session (E/2002/L.8), the proposed programme of work for the substantive session (document E/2002/L.7) and the Secretary-General's letter on the themes for the high-level and coordination segments of the Council's 2003 session (document E/2002/49).

Those documents also include a list of requests from non-governmental organizations to be heard by the Council during the session (document E/2002/74). The Council also has before it a note from the Secretary-General on preparations for the high-level segment (document E/2002/CRP.2), which serves a background paper on the three round-table meetings and briefings held during the run-up to the session.

Another note on the dialogue on the outcome of the International Conference on Financing for Development and the meetings of the Development Committee and the International Monetary and Financing Committee (document E/2002/13) provides background on the Council's 2002 high-level segment with the Bretton Woods institutions and the World Trade Organization (WTO).

An extract from the report of the Committee on development policy on its fourth session -- on recommendations regarding the theme of the high-level segment of the Council's substantive session -- has not yet been released (document E/2002/L.9). That report highlights, among other things, the new challenges and threats to development facing Africa and the least developed countries posed by globalization and the ICT revolution. It also notes that because of those and other changes, human resources development has evolved into a much broader concept concerned with the development of relevant social capacities.

Several of the approaches and innovative actions suggested in the report include developing and capitalizing on synergies between health and education, securing universal access to integrated services, building innovative institutional frameworks, designing innovative financing schemes and forming global partnerships to deal with those challenges.

The Council also has before it a letter dates 21 November 2001 from the Secretary-General of the Intergovernmental Institution for the Use of Macro-alga Spirulina against malnutrition addressed to ECOSOC's President (document E/2002/3). The letter contains the agency's application for accreditation as an observer to the Council.


Opening Statements

IVAN SIMONOVIC, President of the Economic and Social Council, opened the meeting by saying that the present session was designed to make the Johannesburg Summit on Sustainable Development a success. The priority issues were the eradication of poverty, the achievement of Millennium Development Goals and avenues for increasing investments in human resources development. Also, the Council would consider how to meet the challenges of globalization and how to increase its participation in conflict prevention and post-conflict peace-building. Its coordinating role between its functional commissions and the United Nations system would be strengthened, as its own cooperation with the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Bretton Woods institutions and the World Trade Organization (WTO).

The present global economic and social situation was unsatisfactory, he continued. Commitments had been undertaken at the highest level, and precise time frames had been established but delivery was unreliable. Implementation must be regularly monitored. The Council was the forum for bringing together development partners to set norms and guidelines, to link policy with operations and to give political impetus to development efforts.

Strengthening human resources was essential for meeting the challenges of globalization, he said. Human resources development was the way to stay on track for sustainable development. It was the way to empower individuals and put the future into their own hands. It was also key for eliminating disparities in development and for eradicating the roots of conflict and terrorism.

During this session, he continued, the Council would hold debates with heads of financial and trade institutions as part of its follow-up to the Millennium Summit and other conferences. The consultations would give shape to a new phase of cooperation based on strategic partnership.

Summarizing steps being taken to strengthen the Council, he said the Council's activities in the areas of conflict prevention and post-conflict peace-building would increase. The breadth of the Council's mandate and the inclusiveness of its work methods made it well-placed to mobilize international support to address those tasks. The Council could spur coordinated action by the United Nations system, international financial institutions, donors, regional organizations and other partners. It could mobilize the needed attention and resources to be proactive in promoting efforts to address the economic, social and humanitarian dimensions of conflict prevention and peace-building. Cooperation between this Council and the Security Council had improved greatly. During the present session, this Council should consider ways of increasing cooperation between the Security Council and the General Assembly.

KOFI ANNAN, Secretary-General of the United Nations, said the United Nations had been put to new tests in the past year. In 2001 -- less than five years after the Asian crisis and only one year after the adoption of the Millennium Declaration -- the world economy had suffered its biggest setback in a decade in the terrorist attacks of 11 September. The immediate effects of those attacks were well known, but their long-term effects were more difficult to evaluate.

The poor economies were paying the highest price for the economic downturn, he said. The statistics did not adequately capture the human suffering and misery generated at the level of the individual and the family. Only limited improvement was foreseen in the developing world for the current year. And the world economic outlook as a whole was plagued by an unusual degree of uncertainty.

Yet, the globalizing world offered unparalleled opportunities to achieve greater equity through more sustained and balanced growth, he continued. It was vital to seize those opportunities, and in doing so, it was essential to maintain particular focus on the needs of Africa, through initiatives such as the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD).

Based on the Millennium Declaration goals, the challenge was to achieve not only economic and social development today, but to make it sustainable for the children and grandchildren of tomorrow, he continued. The World Summit on Sustainable Development, which would open in Johannesburg next month, would test the ability of the international community to respond to both sides of that challenge.

The Secretary-General said that health and education were the twin pillars on which one must build the well-being of individuals, and thus a more healthy, equitable and peaceful world. They were mutually reinforcing: a healthy individual had a better chance of achieving his or her potential; and educated individuals had a better chance of remaining healthy, and contributing to the health and development of their family, community, and country.

For the past year or two, the importance of health had drawn increasingly higher-level attention in the international community, he said. Education, a prerequisite for health and development, deserved the same attention. Yet, despite some shining exceptions, the international community had not given it the priority it needed.

Education was the key to social and economic development, to peace and stability, and to democracy. Countries committed to universal education had been far more successful in escaping poverty, he added. It was also known that there was no tool for development more effective than the education of girls -- no other single intervention had the same wide-ranging impact on the economic and social progress of a country. And yet, out of the 120 million children who must be in school but were not, the majority were girls.

He concluded by saying that the year ahead would put the United Nations to the test. There was no time to lose if the United Nations was to achieve what had been promised by 2015. The United Nations must pass the test ahead and ensure that the resources of every individual were developed to build a healthier, better-educated and more equitable world.

PAUL H. O'NEILL, Treasury Secretary of the United States, said he had seen three investments in Africa that were vital to realizing human potential, and where a difference could be made today. They were: clean water, primary education, and fighting HIV/AIDS. One insight from his tour was that "we can help local and national efforts to bring clean water to many towns and villages fairly quickly." In West Africa for example, one organization had estimated that clean water and basic sanitation could be provided at a cost of about $17 per person, per year, over five years.

He said a prosperous future required that children enter school at an early age, and stay in school with well-trained teachers and adequate materials. He pointed out that it would cost only an estimated $18 million per year to buy one textbook for each of four core subjects for every primary student in Uganda. President Bush, he noted, was stepping up support to primary education in the continent and had committed to doubling funds for his African Education Initiative.

The need to invest in health care was nowhere "more urgent and more heartbreaking" than in the struggle against AIDS, he said. Prevention of the HIV contagion was the utmost priority. President Bush was putting resources into projects that were proven to achieve results. He had announced $500 million for the International Mother and Child HIV Prevention Initiative, among other pledges.

He said, "We are determined to focus our assistance where it would make a difference, and where it can, we have committed to do more." The United States would increase its core assistance to developing countries by 50 per cent over the next three years, resulting in a $5 billion increase by 2006.

He stressed the need to avoid creating the next generation of highly indebted poor countries. Essential investments in sectors such as health care and education should be funded by grants not loans. With the right combination of aid and accountability -- from both rich nations and poor -- "we can accelerate the spread of clean water, education and health care throughout Africa and the developing world."

Mr. Simonovic, the Council President, recalled that the purpose of the one-day policy dialogue was for the Council to exchange views with heads of financial and trade institutions concerning developments in the world economy and in international economic cooperation. Three themes would be considered today: the current situation, follow-up to the Monterrey conference on financing for development, and the role of human resources development in overall development, particularly in the areas of health and education.

Horst Köhler, Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), said the Financing for Development Conference in Monterrey had produced an unprecedented common understanding about what it would take to overcome world poverty. First, the basis for everything was self-responsibility. Economic development required good governance, respect for the rule of law, and policies and institutions that created a good investment climate and unlocked the creative energies of the people. Second, on that basis, developing countries could rightly expect faster and more comprehensive support from the international community.

What was crucial now was to transform the Monterrey Consensus into concrete action and measurable results, he said. To establish proper accountability, the respective responsibilities of poor countries and their development partners must be more clearly identified. Emerging markets and other developing countries should stay the course of sound fiscal and monetary policies and structural reform.

Trade was crucial for growth, he said. There was no example of a developing country experiencing rapid growth without becoming strongly integrated into the world trading system. Trade liberalization was also an important element in crisis avoidance. The experience of Latin America, where trade links had lagged behind capital market links, illustrated that vividly.

In Monterrey, he said, he had made it clear that the IMF would play an active part in the effort to achieve the Millennium Development Goals. In his talks with leaders, business persons, and civil society in low-income countries, he had been struck by the willingness to take responsibility for tackling the home-grown causes of poverty. It was particularly encouraging that African leaders had made good governance, sound policies, and increased trade and investment the cornerstones of the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD).

Debt relief was an essential element in a comprehensive strategy for fighting world poverty, he said. The IMF and World Bank were working hard to make the enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative (HIPC) a success. Today 26 countries were receiving debt relief under that initiative, with a total value of over $40 billion, and they were working hard to help other eligible countries qualify for HIPC assistance. To support countries that were trying to help themselves, official development assistance (ODA) must be increased, he added.

With a concerted effort, he said he was optimistic that goals could be achieved. The global economy was recovering, and the international financial system had demonstrated its resiliency. "Now we need to ensure that the defined concepts to facilitate sustained growth and reduce world poverty are implemented", he said.

RUBENS RICUPERO, Secretary-General of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) said the fantastic image of people demolishing the Berlin Wall with their bare hands had become a major symbol of the exhilarating promise of the 1990s. That event opened an era aimed at abolishing all obstacles -- barriers dividing people, barriers dividing economies, the apartheid system, and the ideological confrontation of the cold war.

But 12 years later, he continued, the barriers were returning, and statesmen had begun discussing how to erect legal and political walls against economic refugees and poor immigrants. Governments were making plans for fences against suicide terrorists, and rich countries were raising new barriers to steel, agricultural and other sensitive imports. Moreover, not all walls were alike. Some formed a prison or a cage -- as in Berlin -- while others provided necessary defence of protection. But whether justified or not, such walls were almost always an admission of failure to find lasting solutions to problems at hand.

He said that mental barriers against unpleasant realities and immovable problems were some of the most insidious types of walls built. In Monterrey last March, many had tried to draw attention to the despair and suffering of the millions of Argentines being punished by the misdeeds of their Governments. Many urged prompt action to avoid the contagion. But now, three months later, the disease had spread to Uruguay, Paraguay, Brazil -- his own country -- and many other Latin American nations. In Argentina, the sense of hopelessness and abandonment was fast evolving into dark chaotic agony. While there were no simple answers or miraculous cures, in the face of such man-made catastrophes, the first and most urgent action should be to relieve the suffering and contain the damage.

He said that even after several episodes of painful crises in emerging markets, the international community still lacked a realistic strategy for dealing with financial instability and the debt problem. Just "muddling through" had cost Latin America the entire decade of the 1980s, and a similar lack of procedures had exposed Argentina. Uncertainty continued to surround the modalities of official intervention in the financial crisis, adding to the overall volatility. It was time to end ad hoc approaches and get on with genuine reform of the international financial architecture.

He said only multilateral action could effectively deal with the debt problem. Only cooperation among the major economic powers could deliver the degree of currency stability needed by developing countries to ensure that trade and financial flows complemented their domestic efforts. Trade had always been one of the channels for transmitting recessions in the industrial countries to the developing countries. That had occurred only last year, as the economic slowdown in the United States provided the central reason for the sharpest contraction in worldwide trade performance since 1982. More than ever, the international community needed a strong multilateral trading system and the successful delivery of the Doha promises to inject as much growth and development potential as possible into the negotiations.

The international development community had been most distressed by the recent threats to those promises, apparently arising from a series of disturbing protectionist measures, he continued. All must work to resist protectionism, but it was only the major trading powers that could make a difference by exercising responsible leadership. Among the main victims of inadequate world trading schemes were the commodity-dependent least developed countries (LCDs). Those nations were caught in a poverty trap, but UNCTAD's recent LCD Report 2002 argued that the way forward was with national policies that were development-oriented and outward looking. Such policies should seek to promote integration into the world economy through trade and investment.

He said those policies need to be complemented by increased debt relief, more effective aid, a renewal and recasting of international commodity policy and greater South-South cooperation. Concerning three challenges -- financial crises in Argentina and Latin America, the negotiation of a more development friendly trading system, and achieving the Millennium Declaration goal of slashing extreme poverty in the developing countries -- the world community needed decisive and responsible leadership from those with the power to create a tolerant, pluralistic and generous multilateral agenda. It was much better to take that road than to put up more trade walls and financial fences.

MAMPHELA RAMPHELE, Managing Director of the World Bank, said the international processes stemming from the Millennium Declaration and more recently from the International Conference on Financing for Development had provided a substantial common ground for the international community, including the Bank, on which to begin building an edifice for effective development. This edifice was based on a series of fundamental building blocks for "staying engaged" in a forward-looking, implementation-oriented manner.

Dr. Ramphele identified three of those building blocks as first, the set of Millennium Development Goals; second, the emerging "global development compact"; and third, implementation of goals as the path to development effectiveness.

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), she said, provided an additional mandate for accelerating work in many areas related to the link between economic growth and human development. The "global development compact" was an evolving common understanding among national governments of industrialized and developing countries, exemplified in the Monterrey Consensus. Implementation implied country-owned development, coherence, accountability measured through solid analysis, effective monitoring and clear, attainable short-, medium- and long-term targets.

While the MDGs offered a profound organizing principle, she said, they meant nothing if they were not realistically implemented. "Goals cannot be imposed on countries. Countries must set their own goals and take responsibility for setting strategies to achieve them," she stated. Monitoring and public reporting on progress toward the goals was needed for both national policy purposes and for increasing international support for development cooperation. Many developing countries would need technical and financial support to improve their policies, enhance their implementation capacity and develop their systems for producing and analyzing statistical information for monitoring progress.

Dr. Ramphele further observed that donors would need to come up with additional support and improve their coordination of programmes, policies and procedures. She said the Bank's Development Committee, which was the intergovernmental body for consensus-building on development issues, had endorsed the new Action Plan to Accelerate Progress Towards Education for All (EFA) paper prepared by the Bank in consultation with countries and partners. The EFA paper outlined a new and comprehensive approach for addressing illiteracy by identifying data, policy, capacity and financing gaps.

In the broader context, the World Bank, in consultation with national and international stakeholders, would undertake additional activities which would result in a better understanding and more timely implementation of policies in the areas of communicable diseases within the framework of sustainable health-care systems. The linkage between economic growth and investments in human capital could set in motion a "virtuous circle" of improvements that reduced poverty and increased well-being, she went on. Social protection was essential to the development of critical population groups, especially the growing millions of orphans and disabled people.

She said the World Bank would utilize its various participatory approaches to country dialogue and country priority processes to promote improved results through quality public expenditures for social services. That required long-term engagement with countries on budgetary issues and policies which related to the quality of social services.

The upcoming World Summit for Social Development in Johannesburg was as symbolic for Africa as it was substantive for the whole world. In line with the assessment of the international community, the World Bank recognized the need to increase the coherence and impact of its approach to the MDGs in Africa, she said.

She concluded by stressing that partnerships should be central to all activities undertaken by the development community because without it, "none of us can go it alone with this ambitious and critical agenda."

MIGUEL RODRIGUEZ MENDOZA, Deputy Director-General of the World Trade Organization (WTO), said that at Doha, ministers had agreed that the removal of trade barriers must move ahead, that their economies must continue to open up, and that international trade must be governed by multilaterally agreed rules. The challenges lying ahead were enormous, he said. On the positive side, there were some encouraging developments. First, machinery had been put in place for the negotiations. Second and even more importantly, WTO members were fully engaged in the negotiations. There was an unprecedented participation by all countries, developed and developing. In the negotiations on agriculture, for instance, more than 150 proposals and other written contributions had been presented so far. Third, as the Doha negotiations moved ahead, WTO was implementing an extensive mandate on technical assistance and capacity building, seeking to support developing country members.

Success in the negotiations would go a long way in stimulating economic growth and reducing poverty, in areas such as market access conditions for industrial goods or in agriculture, he said. Agriculture was the backbone of almost all developing economies, yet, massive agricultural support in the OECD countries undercut the developing countries' exporters and forced even the most efficient producers out of markets where they would otherwise be earning their living. A truly significant result from the Doha negotiations for developing countries was therefore reform of agricultural trade. However, developing countries must also be frank with each other about the significance of liberalizing trade amongst themselves, he said. South-South trade in the 1990s grew faster than world trade and now accounted for more than one third of developing country exports. Yet, many trade barriers remained in developing countries and the quicker those walls came down, the quicker would be the return to all developing countries. The Doha negotiations offered an appropriate framework to make this happen, he said.

There were also challenges, he stressed, including protectionist pressure groups that continued to exercise their influence in some of the world's leading economies. Protectionist measures were damaging and economically wasteful, and they further undermined the ability of governments everywhere to build support for market-oriented reforms.

There were also new, systemic challenges, he said. The Doha negotiations were conducted among more than 170 governments, with different sizes, levels of economic development, trade interests and negotiation capacities, he said. Some developing countries felt ill at ease with negotiating new obligations. There was regrettably significant scepticism regarding the ability of many of them to participate in negotiations and harvest the potential benefits. However, the WTO remained optimistic. "We know we urgently have to move forward, firmly resist protectionism and fulfil the Doha mandate." That contained the prescriptions of how to develop and strengthen the multilateral trading system to the benefit of the poor.

BRIGITA SCHMOGNEROVA, Executive Secretary of the Economic Commission for Europe (ECE), spoke also on behalf of the Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), and the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA). From the perspective of the regional commissions, she said all regions had experienced a slowdown in economic growth. The drop in the rate of growth had been lowest, however, in the CIS countries had suffered the least drop in growth. Their economies in transition had undergone reforms that were starting to pay off.


Exchange of Views

The representatives of Zimbabwe, Gambia, Finland, Russian Federation, Mexico and Pakistan took part in the first round of the dialogue. They asked questions about the persistence of poverty despite the many development initiatives undertaken. What was the point of the commitment made recently by the Group of Eight (G-8) in Canada when many countries didn't even pay their ODA commitments? Could a common international mechanism be developed to support international trade capacity? How could the Doha round promote development objectives? What could be done to implement the Doha promises, particularly regarding to the need for richer countries to be credible as preachers and promoters of free trade? Could a code of conduct be developed to address the conditions that donors imposed on aid recipients?

Further, money laundering had become an important component in the fight against terrorism. What role did the institutions play in countering financial crimes? Since health and economic growth were related, what initiatives could be taken on an international level to address the relationship between national Ministries of Health and those of Finance?

Mr. RICUPERO of UNCTAD said the best achievement of Monterrey had been to put the many development problems into a common agenda with the major institutions addressing them. In all situations of monetary and financial crises, the first step was to address urgent problems and then rebuild financial systems. All agencies worked together. The IMF had the jurisdiction and expertise to help countries. UNCTAD's role was to advise them. Financial volatility was a problem worldwide, and the political element made such situations dramatic. Two priorities were to prevent crises and also to manage them. For developing countries, the need was to find an orderly way of creating an exit from their debt burdens. The IMF had offered creative ideas on that matter, and they should be examined.

Concerning a code of conduct for donors, he said there should be a way of monitoring donor performance. Delays in delivering on commitments were exacerbating problems in some situations. In the United States right now, there was a Trade Promotion Authority bill in the House and Senate. It offered the minimum reduction possible in tariffs on foreign products. Many of the products on the list were agricultural. All were products of interest to third countries.

A mistake had been made in Doha, he said. There should have been a commitment made that once negotiations had begun, no country could add more restrictions than already existed. If that commitment had been made, there would be some grounds for not allowing new barriers. Countries were negotiating by new rules rather than what had been agreed in Doha. The WTO was servicing the negotiations. It had different considerations than UNCTAD, which tried to advance the cause of the poor countries, including advising them on matters such as how to deal with import restrictions in Europe.

In the health area, countries such as the United Sates were at the forefront in terms of people coming to use the services available. Some countries such as Jordan, however, were also important regional centres for health. The recent sickness of protectionist measures did not bode well for making advances, either in trade areas such as agriculture or in developing new standards in measures of protection. It was time to react. Poor countries needed multilateral trade agreements but they didn't have much power. Protectionism was bad for developing countries. It was also bad for industrial countries because it gave a minimum market for them in the developing countries.

HORST KÖHLER, Chairman of the Executive Board and Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund, said that the Fund was in a process of change and reform and it was his intention to carry out the work of the IMF Board in a spirit of cooperation, enabling countries to face their own responsibilities yet allowing all countries to be heard, based on consensus-building.

Responding to the representative of Argentina, he accounted for the meetings held in Argentina, which had been productive. Dialogue and discussion would continue in the areas of finalization of the fiscal framework, addressing the problems of the banking sector, effective monitoring, and in increasing the confidence of the Argentine people.

Concerning the statement made by the representative of Gambia, he said the Fund needed to stick to some focused conditionalities. However, the Fund was in a process of streamlining conditionalities and setting new priorities.

The representative of the Russian Federation had referred to money laundering, and Mr. Köhler said that the Fund was very active in the fight against money laundering and terrorism. Recently, an action plan had been set up in cooperation with the World Bank, and focusing on legal and institutional basic standards to prevent money laundering. The Fund could however, not get involved in law enforcement.

Dr. RAMPHELE of the World Bank said the Bank was concerned with creating the right climate for investments. That required the greatest cooperation between all actors, including the private sector. The Bank placed a priority on involving all players. For example, it was working with the World Health Organization (WHO) and with heads of pharmaceutical companies on projects in a number of countries. It also put a priority on combining short-term assistance with long-term development strategies, particularly in post-conflict situations. The Bank had a presence in countries with economies in transition. Its visibility in Africa was the highest, however, since that country's need was the greatest.

Mr. MENDOZA, Deputy Director-General of the World Trade Organization, said, regarding the comments of the representative of Finland, that technical cooperation and capacity-building were becoming part of WTO's core activities. Following the Doha Ministerial Conference and the commitments made there, the WTO was moving forward with those commitments and starting to implement them. They were being implemented in cooperation with international and regional organizations. There was a particular focus on helping developing countries to increase their participation in the Doha negotiations. Certainly, there was room
for improvement, and he believed that many of the ideas mentioned by the representative of Finland would find themselves in the negotiations.

Concerning the comments of the representative of Pakistan, Mr. Mendoza said there were still many important questions to be answered. The prospects for the negotiations were optimistic -- developing countries were playing an active role. He did not share the view that developing countries were marginalized in the negotiations, in fact, there was an increasing and active participation of developing countries in the discussion.

Concerning the link between trade and public health, as brought up by the representative of Mexico, he said that a joint study carried out recently by the secretariat of the WTO and WHO had reached conclusions which ran against the general perception on these issues. One conclusion had been that countries at the national level must ensure greater coherence between their trade officials and health officials.

Asking questions in round two of the dialogue were the representatives of Suriname, Guatemala, Malaysia, Nigeria, Ghana, Argentina and Bolivia. Did the Economic and Social Council intend to harmonize questions of development and financial resources? Since access to markets for many developing countries was one of the key elements in the lack of development, what did the WTO and UNCTAD think about regional free-trade zones? Could this mesh with the rules of the WTO? What impact could this approach have on the Doha negotiations?

Also, while conditionalities had to be imposed, to what extent would the agencies let the aid countries set up their own goals? What about conditionalities such as good governance and transparency when some developing countries' funds were tied up in developed countries? To what extent would the IMF and the World Bank encourage budget support and poverty eradication programmes to ensure timely results? Were the two agencies prepared to engage in assessments of both donors and recipients? How could the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) question the evaluation process in their countries? How could the HIPC issue be linked with the trade issues?

HORST KÖHLER, Chairman of the Executive Board and Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund, responded again to some of the questions raised and said, concerning social spending, that there could not be social spending everywhere, priorities needed to be set. The IMF was supporting social spending but in the context of sustainable macroeconomic development. The IMF had for some time underestimated the importance of targeted social safety nets; however, this situation was changing rapidly. In response to the query of the representative of Nigeria, he said there should be some kind of support for such situations. He added that the IMF Board of Directors was currently negotiating on new guidelines for conditionalities; however some kind of conditionality was needed, if only in terms of credibility.


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 flecheCiting ‘frightening lack of leadership’ on climate change, Secretary-General calls phenomenon an all-encompassing threat in address to nairobi talks
 flecheG-8 nations must lead efforts to combat global water and sanitation crisis: UN report
 flecheNew UN chief not to ignore Africa
 flecheUN health agency launches initiative to fight corruption in medicines procurement
 flechePanama emerges as compromise candidate to fill last vacant Security Council seat
 flecheDelegates voice concern over restrictions on movement of migrants
as Second Committee takes up globalization, interdependence

 flecheFlexible policies needed to address labour, social, economic worries
as globalization picks up pace, panellists tell second committee

 flecheUN Secretary-General’s Study on Violence against Children
 flecheSecurity Council proposes Republic of Korea Foreign Minister Ban as Secretary-General
 flecheExpertos de la ONU evaluarán daños medioambientales en Líbano
 flecheDéveloppement : le Brésil et l'Afrique du Sud dénoncent un ordre économique 'politiquement et moralement intenable'
 flecheCoup d'envoi officiel d'UNITAID, centrale d'achat de médicaments pour les pays pauvres
 flecheSecurity Council votes to set up UN peacekeeping force in Darfur
 flecheQana attack may illustrate pattern of violations in Middle East conflict: Annan
 flecheSecurity Council calls for greater effort to protect children in wartime
 flecheScientists and policy experts call for creation of international panel on biodiversity loss
 flecheExperts call for overhaul of UN’s internal justice system
 flecheSecurity Council should discuss possible stabilization force for Middle East – Annan
 flecheMoyen-Orient : l'espace ouvert aux initiatives diplomatiques est en train de se refermer rapidement, affirme Ibrahim Gambari
 flecheGestion de l'ONU : l'Assemblée générale adopte une première série de réformes
 flecheUN Council Members agree swift action needed after Korean missile launch
 flecheGlobalização aumenta diferença entre ricos e pobres, diz pesquisa
 flechePoverty is the most serious and widespread human rights abuse, UN official says
 flecheOfficials hail ‘historic’ inaugural session of UN Peacebuilding Commission
 flecheGlobalization and interdependence: international migration and development
 flecheAnnan calls for ‘a new coalition’ on UN reform to bridge north-south divide
 flecheInternational migration can benefit countries of origin and destination, says Secretary-General, presenting new report to General Assembly
 flecheAnnan calls for ‘decisive action’ to protect planet against ecological degradation
 flecheS'unir contre le terrorisme : recommandations
pour une stratégie antiterroriste mondiale

 flecheHigh Level Meeting on AIDS
 flecheUN Security Council authorizes European force in DR Congo
 flecheDarfur: UN Council imposes sanctions on four individuals, urges peace accord
 flecheSahara occidental : les négociations directes entre parties, seule solution à l'impasse actuelle, affirme Kofi Annan
 flecheUN Council warned of 'dangerous deterioration' in Israeli-Palestinian conflict
 flecheVirtually no country immune from human trafficking, UNODC report shows
 flecheFMI/Banque mondiale : allègement de la dette et énergie propre au centre des réunions de printemps
 flecheDarfur relief efforts near collapse due to fading international support: UN official
 flecheCrises humanitaires en Afrique: Des milliers de vies menacées
 flecheLe HCR ouvrira un bureau en Tchétchénie « dès que la sécurité le permettra »
 flecheGrippe aviaire : Kofi Annan plaide pour une aide supplémentaire aux pays pauvre
 flecheWorld Economic Situation and Prospects 2006
 flecheJan Eliasson présente une résolution créant un Conseil des droits de l'homme qui siègera tout au long de l'année
 flecheInternational Women’s Day: Looking Back
 flecheTsunami-affected countries need to do even more to protect rights of victims: UN
 flecheCompliance body set up for Kyoto Protocol on reducing greenhouse gases
 flecheSans une stratégie à long terme pour financer la lutte contre la pauvreté, les sources novatrices de financement ne permettront pas d'atteindre les Objectifs du Millénaire
 flecheSituation of detainees at Guantánamo Bay - UN Report
 flecheGrippe aviaire : Kofi Annan appelle les gouvernements à se préparer à une pandémie humaine
 flecheUN agency calls for international aid as millions battle for survival in West Africa
 flecheEl crecimiento de la población mundial y el medio ambiente
 flecheSommet Mondial de l’OMC : espoirs perdus pour l’Afrique à Hong Kong
 flecheUNESCO, INSTRAW sign agreement for increased cooperation to promote gender equality, women’s empowerment
 flecheTime Is Now To Act on Climate Change
 flecheFAO : Le commerce au service des pauvres ?
 flecheUN rights chief: total ban on torture under attack in ‘war on terror’
 flecheUN climate conference finalizes 'rule book' on reducing greenhouse gasses
 flecheCalls for protection of earth's climate heard at UN conference on global warming
 flecheUN refugee agency calls on Mediterranean countries to recognize refugee rights
 flecheInternet governance, funding of technology to be tackled at UN summit
 flecheBird flu: UN-sponsored conference draws up six-point action plan
 flecheUN officials detail priorities for combating potentially deadly bird flu pandemic
 flecheIn fight to feed 10 million in southern Africa, UN agency faces huge shortfall
 flecheIn fight to feed 10 million in southern Africa, UN agency faces huge shortfall
 flecheAs tensions between Ethiopia and Eritrea escalate, Annan urges restraint
 flecheJournée de l'alimentation : 800 millions de personnes souffrent de la faim dans le monde
 flecheEradication of poverty and other development issues: human resources development
 flecheSecurity Council calls on Rwandan rebel group to disarm, leave DR of Congo
 flechePoor States need trade more than aid to overcome poverty, speakers tell UN Assembly
 flecheLe débat général de la 60e Assemblée générale s'est terminé vendredi
 flecheIllicit trafficking in radioactive materials rose substantially from 2003-2004 – UN
 flecheJournée de la paix : le Secrétaire général appelle à observer un cessez-le-feu mondial de 24 heures
 flecheWorldwide overweight and obesity problem ‘staggering’ – UN health agency
 flecheHigh mortality and malnutrition affect Muslim children most says UN children's agency
 flecheEnding its 59th session, UN Assembly approves key draft for World Summit
 flechePetróleo por Alimentos: Annan destaca aspectos positivos del programa y subraya importancia de reformar sistema de la ONU
 flecheHCR : chute des demandes d'asile dans les pays industrialisés
 flecheUnited Nations steps up aid to US in wake of Hurricane Katrina
 flecheSteps must be taken to avoid resistance to latest malaria drug, UN agency warns
 flecheUN launches new guide on sustainable consumption and production
 flecheSommet mondial 2005 : nouvelle version du projet de document final
 flecheWild birds likely to spread potentially deadly bird flu far and wide - UN agency
 flecheKosovo: UN helps set up hotline for victims of gender violence and trafficking
 flecheUN seminar to examine social implications of migration
 flecheUnited Kingdom must not deport people to countries with risk of torture – UN rights expert
 flecheGovernments should urgently address rapid urbanization, growing slums – Annan
 flecheImplementation of the Outcome of the United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II) and strengthening of the United Nations Human Settlemets Programme (UN-Habitat)
 flecheRising poverty over past 10 years threatens stability, says UN report
 flecheUN agency declares TB an emergency in Africa; urges ‘extraordinary’ action
 flecheFAO Concerned about Spread of Bird Flu in Russia and Neighboring Asian Countries
 fleche¿Qué le falta a América Latina para reducir la
pobreza?

 flecheEl Banco Mundial y su relación con los países en desarrollo
 flecheAngola pede fim da "Divisão Digital"
 flecheWHO says Millennium development goals cannot be reached without strengthening health systems
 flecheUnited Nations peacekeeping operations
 flecheViolences contre les femmes: un rapport de l'ONU préconise de renforcer la protection des travailleuses migrantes
 flecheGreenhouse effect could melt nearly all world's glaciers, says UN-backed report
 flecheRéforme du Conseil de sécurité : le Japon espère un soutien de l'Union africaine
 flecheRéforme du Conseil de sécurité : le groupe "Unis pour le consensus" propose une voie «plus démocratique»
 flecheUN’s HIV/AIDS Africa envoy questions G8 Summit results, calls for advocacy
 flecheTerrorisme: le Conseil de sécurité demande la coopération de tous les Etats
 flecheAssemblée générale : présentation d'un nouveau projet de déclaration du sommet de septembre vendredi
 flecheLe projet africain de réforme du Conseil de sécurité en débat à l'Assemblée générale
 flecheAnnan meets foreign ministers of countries aspiring to permanent Security Council membership
 flecheRencontre entre les ministres des affaires étrangères du G-4 et le président de l'Assemblée générale dimanche à New York
 flecheInternaly displaced peoples - worldwide
 flecheAfrica: Countries facing humanitarian emergencies
 flechePredicted freshwater stress abd scarcity in africa and Middle East
 flecheUNOCI mission in Côte d'Ivoire
 flecheUNMOGIP mission in Kashmir
 flecheUNFICYP mission in Cyprus
 flecheONUB mission in Burundi
 flecheUNOMIG mission in Georgia
 flecheMINUSTAH mission in Haiti
 flecheMINURSO mission in West Sahara
 flecheUN mission in Kosovo
 flecheUnited Nations political and peace-building missions
 flecheRéforme du Conseil de sécurité : le G-4 contré par l'Union africaine et le groupe «Unis pour le consensus»
 flecheUNTSO - Middle East deployment as of July 1997
 flecheA Londres, le Secrétaire général appelle à une mobilisation historique en faveur des Objectifs du Millénaire
 flecheL'Assemblée générale débat de l'élargissement du Conseil de sécurité
 flecheBombazos en Londres son un ataque a la humanidad, dice Annan
 flecheUNICEF celebra reunión de niños C-8 sobre pobreza y enfermedades infantiles
 flecheCodex comienza reunión sobre inocuidad y calidad de alimentos
 flecheUNAIDS will implement recommendations on streamlining national programmes
 flecheNew UN-sponsored project seeks to rescue Amazon from deforestation
 flecheONU celebra LX Aniversario de Carta de las Naciones Unidas
 flecheAnnan exhorta a respaldar reconstrucción y estabilización de Iraq
 flecheSecretario General encomia apoyo de Unión Europea y OTAN a Unión Africana en Darfur
 flecheFinancement du développement : les ministres français et britanniques estiment qu'il faut passer à la vitesse supérieure
 flecheJamais la possibilité de réaliser les objectifs de la Charte des Nations Unies n'a été aussi proche, estime Kofi Annan
 flecheOn UN's 60th anniversary, Annan sees moment for change
 flecheUnited Nations General Assembly resolution on multilingualism
 flecheL'Assemblée générale exige une parité absolue dans les six langues sur le site Internet de l'ONU
 flecheLula assina convenção da ONU contra corrupção
 flecheKofi Annan déplore que l'ONU soit confrontée, une nouvelle fois, à une menace du Congrès Américain
 fleche«A part le Japon, nous ne citerons pas de noms», déclarent les Etats-Unis sur l'élargissement du Conseil de sécurité
 flecheU.S. supports Japan for UN Security Council - Press conference
 flecheAnnan welcomes US report on UN reform
 flecheDiretor fala sobre crime, drogas e corrupção
 flecheThe Millennium Development Goals - Report 2005

 flecheA Paris, Kofi Annan exhorte le monde des affaires à s'engager dans la lutte contre la pauvreté
 flecheObjectifs du Millénaire : progrès sans précédent et retards inacceptables, selon un nouveau bilan des Nations Unies
 flecheRemarks at the launch of the Millenium Development Goals - Report 2005
 flecheUN report on Darfur
 flecheLe Secrétaire général continue de plaider pour l'élargissement du Conseil de sécurité
 flecheIl est difficile d'imaginer le monde sans l'ONU estime le sénateur américain Patrick Leahy
 flecheProgress made in the implementation of the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS
 flecheA Addis-Abeba, Kofi Annan appelle à soutenir la Mission de l'Union africaine au Darfour
 flecheVIH/sida : les pays en développement nettement plus affectés
 flecheNumber of asylum seekers arriving in industrialized countries continues to fall
 flecheUN Afghanistan envoy calls for punishment of all coalition forces involved in prison abuses
 flecheSix million West Africans face famine because of locusts and drought, UN says
 flecheNobel laureate appeals to UN forum for help with conservation of Congo Basin forest
 flecheUN envoy Clinton meets with UK relief agencies on ways to boost aid for tsunami recovery
 flecheEspaña preside Asamblea Mundial de la Salud
 flecheBackground paper on Global and Regional Mechanisms of Disaster Risk Reduction and Relief: Review, Evaluation, Future Directions of Integration
 flecheStudy on Regional Cooperation and the Provision of Regional and Global Public Goods
 flecheBonn talks to promote progress on climate change & kyoto protocol to be held 16 - 267 May
 flecheCentral Asian countries launch AIDS project with help from UN, World Bank
 flecheIraq emerging as transit country for drugs, UN monitoring board says
 flecheNuclear non-proliferation conference at UN agrees on agenda
 flecheLes conditions de vie des Iraquiens se sont gravement détériorées, selon une nouvelle étude du PNUD
 flecheMillennium Indicators Database

 flecheReport of the Secretary-General of the United Nations for the Conference on the Millenium Objectives to be held in September 2005
 flecheMultilateralism and donor aid for poorer states vital in fighting terrorism
 flecheUnited Nations Peacekeeping Prepations
 flecheWorld Survey on the Role of Women in Development 2004
 flecheEffect of AIDS on population and development - Focus of UN commission's annual session
 flecheLack of reform in Arab states could lead to chaotic social upheaval – UN report
 flecheReformed UN could be even more effective in preventing global threats – Fréchette
 flecheAide to UN envoy for tsunami relief leaves today for devastated region
 flecheL'OMS crée une Commission pour s'attaquer aux causes sociales de la mauvaise santé
 flecheAnnan to present on Monday new report on building better and safer world
 flecheAnnan calls for deal by world leaders on poverty, security and human rights
 flecheWoman continue to face host of persistent obstacles to advancement, commission told, as high-level debate continues
 flecheAnnan and Security Council to discuss the situation in Sudan's war-torn Darfur region
 flecheUN women's rights text adopted after US withdraws proposed amendment on abortion
 flecheWomen increasingly migrate for economic reasons; trafficking also rising
 flecheSustainable tourism must respect local cultures, UN agency says
 flecheBrecha digital se reduce lentamente pero sigue siendo extensa
 flecheWorld population to reach 9.1 billion in 2050, UN projects
 flecheOMS : Entrée en vigueur de la convention contre le tabac
 flecheGender equality and development goals inextricably linked, UN agency says
 flecheAfghanistan's progress is notable but perilously fragile, UN report warns
 flecheUN’s Kyoto treaty against global warming comes into force
 flecheBanco Mundial recomienda invertir en campo para reducir pobreza en América Latina
 flecheSecretario General pide coordinación entre Europa y EEUU para seguridad global
 flecheAdapter l'ONU pour réformer l'ordre mondial, propose Kofi Annan à Londres
 flecheAide au développement : colère et espoir de l'Envoyé de l'ONU pour le sida en Afrique
 flecheDarfour : le Secrétaire général appelle l'OTAN et l'UE à l'aide
 flechePerez de Cuellar, Javier
 flecheFAO insta a intensificar medidas para combatir gripe aviar
 flecheRenforcer les liens entre l'Union africaine et les Nations Unies, propose le Secrétaire général à Abuja
 flecheL'ONU met en garde contre le déploiement de nouvelles opérations de maintien de la paix en 2005
 flecheAssurer l'éducation primaire pour tous
 flecheMettre en place un partenariat mondial pour le développement
 flecheCombattre le VIH/sida, le paludisme et d'autres maladies
 flecheAidez les 300 millions d'enfants victimes de la faim, exhorte le PAM
 flecheUN conference adopts 10-year plan to tackle natural hazards
 flecheMalloch-Brown, Mark
 flecheNew report to Annan proposes solutions to problems of world poverty
 flecheSecurity Council plans trip to Haiti by end of May
 flecheTsunami donor session opens with UN call to pay up and not forget other crises
 flecheUN agencies zero in on specific tsunami relief from mental health to blankets
 flecheAnnan hails signing of Sudan peace accord but warns of 'daunting challenges' ahead
 flecheUN urges continued vigilance of locust threat to western Africa
 flecheR.D. du Congo : maintenir le cap pour le bénéfice de l'Afrique
 flecheIn Jakarta, Annan launches nearly $1 billion appeal for aid to tsunami victims
 flecheUN envoy urges halt to fighting in Darfur as Sudan readies for polio vaccination scheme
 flecheAssemblée générale : un bilan de la 59ème session en prélude à la réforme attendue
 flecheL'ONU devra aider l'Afrique à renforcer ses capacités de maintien de la paix
 flecheNaming new chief of staff, Annan stresses resolve to push for UN reforms
 flecheSouth Asia
 flecheTsunami : une réponse sans précédent pour une catastrophe sans précédent, exhorte Kofi Annan
 flecheL'alerte rapide sur les catastrophes au centre des conférences de Maurice et de Kobe
 flecheAsie du Sud : les secours sous la coordination de l'ONU
 flecheUN official hails sharp increase in aid to the world's poorest nations
 flecheGeneral Assembly votes for funds to strengthen world body's security
 flecheAssemblée générale : cap sur le développement durable des pays du «Sud»
 flecheMigranten leisten einen wichtigen Beitrag zum wirtschaftlichen, gesellschaftlichen und kulturellen Fortschritt
 flecheCooperation among poor States is vital for reaching development goals, Annan says
 flecheTens of thousands of civilians flee clashes, attacks in eastern DR of Congo
 flecheR. D. du Congo : la MONUC met en garde les troupes insurgées et leur «appui extérieur»
 flecheUN climate conference hears call to action to avoid plagues of global warming
 flecheIn Washington DC, Annan says UN is best placed to tackle global ills
 flecheInternational migration may empower women by providing new roles, UN says
 flecheHuman Rights Day
 flecheGeneral Assembly gives Annan what its president calls vote of confidence
 flecheUS endorses Annan's work and refutes push for his resignation
 flecheSecurity Council committee urges greater effort on weapons of mass destruction
 fleche2005 critical to reforming UN to face HIV/AIDS, genocide, terrorism – Annan
 flecheAnnan calls for end to negative stereotypes of believers in Islam
 flecheWorld summit for Social Development - speech by Minister Jan Pronk
 flecheLa sociedad civil y la gobernanza mundial
 flecheÉprouvés par les ouragans et la mondialisation: les petits pays insulaires souhaitent obtenir un appui international plus marqué lors de la conférence de Maurice
 flecheUN marks Day of Disabled Persons with call for their full inclusion in society
 flecheNational sustainable development strategies: global map
 flecheGlobal approach to deal with migration issues needed
 flecheA more secure world : Our shared responsibility - Executive Summary
 flechePanel to release plan to address 21st century threats, make the world more secure and strengthen the United Nations
 flecheAnnan endorses panel's recommendations for a more secure world, strengthened UN
 flecheSome nations still not cooperating with UN war crimes tribunals, Security Council told
 flecheFresh from pushing for peace in Sudan, Annan focuses on Africa's Great Lakes
 flecheForte baisse des demandeurs d'asile en 2004, signale le HCR
 flecheAt rare Security Council session in Africa, Annan seeks an end to Sudan's wars
 flecheAnnan, Kofi
 flecheDéclaration à la presse du Président du Conseil de Sécurité concernant la région des Grands Lacs
 flecheLe Conseil s'informe des préparatifs de la conférence internationale sur la région des Grands Lacs qui réunira les dirigeants des 11 pays concernés les 19 et 20 novembre à Dar es-Salam
 flecheLa diversité culturelle et la coopération entre l’organisation des Nations Unies (ONU) et l’Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF)
 flecheL'ONU devrait regagner ses avantages comparatifs sur les institutions de Bretton Woods en renforçant la cohérence de ses interventions
 flecheUnited Nations establishes Working Group on Internet Governance
 flecheClashes in Côte d'Ivoire could trigger violence across West Africa, UN envoy warns
 flecheUN seeks $1.7 billion to help people caught in world's "forgotten crises" in 2005
 flecheWorld must act now to forestall staggering threat from global warming
 flecheConflict flares in Côte d'Ivoire prompting Security Council call for end to fighting
 flecheCommission sociale: la montée du racisme, favorisée par la surdétermination de la lutte contre le terrorisme, met en danger la démocratie.
 flecheUN finances improved but still 'delicate'
 flecheNoting high growth rate, Annan calls for increased investment in Africa
 flecheRenforcer la coordination entre l’ECOSOC et l’ONU
 flecheHuman rights of migrants deteriorating, warns UN expert
 flecheGeneral Assembly president's United Nations day message stresses need to strengthen organization through reform
 flecheKosovo: Annan hails elections, praises Kosovo Serbs who voted despite pressure
 flecheGeneral Assembly legal committee resumes debate on anti-cloning text
 flecheGender balance in UN peacekeeping has improved, Annan says
 flechePublic information critical element of UN's success
 flecheAid for Africa?s farms drops as developed States maintain subsidies ? UN official
 flecheMaintaining biodiversity is key to ending world hunger
 flecheAnnan appeals to European countries to provide more UN peacekeeping troops
 flecheWorld leaders reaffirm support for key 1994 population and development plan
 flecheSecurity Council acts unanimously to adopt resolution strongly condemning terrorism as one of most serious threats to peace
 flecheCall of peace bell "has remained constant, clear and true", says Secretary-General at annual Headquarters ceremony
 flecheLíderes mundiales se reúnen en sede de la ONU para analizar la globalización
 flecheCent-dix pays souscrivent aux mécanismes innovants de financement
 flecheRencontres au Darfour : mieux protéger les civils, renforcer la présence de l'Union Africaine
 flecheA l'ONU aujourd'hui, la question sociale affirmée comme priorité de la mondialisation
 flecheUN's review of population policy says lack of funding is retarding progress
 flechePetits Etats Insulaires-L'information pour la prise de décisions
 fleche'World Culture Open' holds inaugural conference at United Nations
 flecheUN finds progress on world anti-poverty goals, but crisis areas remain
 flecheAnnan sees major challenges to reaching goals set at 2000 'Millennium' summit
 flecheLebanon: Close Security Council vote backs free elections, urges foreign troop pullout
 flecheAl-Qaeda-related terrorism still poses as great a threat as ever
 flecheSudan: UN appeals for urgent funding to fill huge overall aid shortfall
 flecheUN culture agency observes International Day on Slave Trade and Abolition
 flecheUnited Nations
 flecheJohannesburg : World Summit on Sustainable Development (2002)
 flecheUN Headquarters Internship Programme
 flecheMillenium Development Goals : Civil society takes action
 flecheLa conférence « Objectifs du Millénaire : la société civile agit » relayée sur le Web
 flecheUN ongoing peacekeeping missions
 flecheUN Secretary-General, Security Council urge probe of massacre at Burundi refugee camp
 flecheWorld's youth need education and training to prepare for future - Kofi Annan

 flecheInternational Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples
 flecheAction needed now to end abuse of world?s indigenous peoples
 flecheWFP and Arab League sign historic agreement for cooperation
 flecheSecurity Council demands Sudan Disarm Militias in Darfur, adopting resolution 1556 (2004) by vote of 13-0-2
 flecheSoudan : accès humanitaire désormais totalement libre, indique l'Envoyé de l'ONU
 flecheForty-ninth session of the Commission on the Status of Women (28 February to 11 March 2005)
 flecheColombo, Sri Lanka, 26 July 2004 - Secretary-General's message to the Asia-Pacific Institute for Broadcasting Development General Conference
 flecheGlobal Compact Centre in Barcelona to promote corporate citizenship - UN
 flecheSudan's Government must protect civilians in Darfur, Annan and Powell say
 flecheEconomic and Social Council adopts more than 50 texts on broad range of human rights issues
 flecheLe monde ne sera plus jamais le même après le sida, selon le directeur d'ONUSIDA
 flecheAfrica must accelerate links between national economies; aim for economic union, states new report by United NationsEconomic Commission for Africa
 flecheOn World Population Day, UN calls for greater commitment to women's rights
 flecheConseil économique et social : Session de fond de 2004 (en cours)
 flecheSecond phase of world summit on information society formally launchedtoday with first preparatory meeting
 flecheSecurity Council approves 5,600-strong peacekeeping operation in Burundi
 flecheUN finds Sudan has carried out massive human rights violations in Darfur
 flecheInternational agenda must include sustainable development, Annan says
 flecheAnnan Names Independent Panel to Probe ‘Oil-for-Food’ Allegations
 flecheSrebrenica massacre was genocide, UN tribunal for former Yugoslavia confirms
 flecheSmall island States to hold talks on their difficulties at UN development forum
 flecheAu Conseil de sécurité, les leaders du Kosovo appelés à s'attaquer aux causes des récentes violences ethniques
 flecheMarking 10 years since Rwanda genocide, UN officials voice regret and resolve
 flecheSecurity Council backs corruption probe of UN's Oil-for-Food programme
 flecheAnnan submits final settlement plan for Cyprus referenda
 flecheAnnan informs key players of UN's intention to send team back to Iraq
 flecheSecretary-General's remarks on International Women's Day
 flecheSecretary-General's opening remarks at meeting with Nato Parliamentarians
 flecheSecurity Council authorizes full peacekeeping operation in Côte d'Ivoire
 flecheSecurity Council authorizes Deployment of multinational force to Haiti for 3 months, unanimously adopting Resolution 1529 (2004)
 flecheReprise d'une croissance économique modulée en Occident cependant menacée par le déficit américain

 flecheLe dialogue direct entre dirigeants chypriotes turc et grec a repris aujourd'hui
 flechePress briefing on peacekeeping in Africa
 flecheSecurity Council members urge measures to stabilize situation in DR Congo
 flecheUN Secretary-General and US President hold 'constructive' talks on Iraq
 flecheWest Africans seek UNESCO biosphere reserves for sustainable development
 flecheSecretary-General's address to the Stockholm International Forum
 flecheWith adequate coalition security, UN will send elections team to Iraq – Annan
 fleche5 years after launching Global Compact, Annan urges leaders in Davos to boost support
 flecheUN official calls on G-77 to make great efforts to help world's poorest nations
 flecheGlobal warmth up, ozone hole at record, Arctic ice down for 2003 - UN findings
 flecheChypre: le Secrétaire général souhaite que la partie turque fasse le nécessaire pour accéder à l'Union européenne le 1er mai
 flecheDéclaration sur les normes bioéthiques : premières consultations de l'UNESCO
 flecheClimate change causing thousands of deaths, says UN report
 flecheUN meeting will examine how indigenous communities protect biodiversity
 flecheUS world leadership is better accepted in multilateral framework, Annan says
 flecheAl-Qaida's influence continues to spread, Security Council panel says
 flecheOn World AIDS Day, Annan urges harder work as goals fall behind schedule
 flecheIraq : le Programme alimentaire de l'ONU prêt pour le transfert des activités Pétrole contre nourriture
 flecheUnequal Benefits of Globalization, Need to Implement Development
 flecheIsraeli policies hurting Palestinian children, UN expert on right to food says
 flecheGeneva Accord on Middle East consistent with Road Map to peace - Annan
 flecheUN agency mission finds serious humanitarian needs in east of DR of the Congo
 flecheParticipants in Second Committee Panel Discussion Agree Trade Best Tool for Helping Countries Reach Global Anti-Poverty Goals
 flecheGeneral Assembly approves international treaty against corruption
 flecheUN envoy warns Security Council that Kosovo still faces serious problems
 flecheFive new non-permanent members elected to Security Council
 flecheCameroon, Spain, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and United States of America: draft resolution
 flecheAnnan says no ‘major shift’ in new Iraq resolution, welcomes some changes
 flecheSecurity Council approves expanding international force to outside Afghan capital
 flecheKosovo provisional President to represent Pristina in UN-backed Vienna talks
 flecheIraq: Security Council starts discussing new US resolution
 flecheUN launches peace mission in Liberia to bring country back from 'hellish limbo'
 flecheEconomic Report on Africa 2003: 'African economic growth falters'
 flecheInsecurity, tardiness deal blow to phasing out of UN food programme in Iraq
 flecheCartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity
 flecheAIDS battle has fallen behind schedule and drastic action is needed - Annan
 flecheLancement à Addis-Abeba de la Commission du VIH et de la gouvernance en Afrique
 flecheSecurity Council authorizes multinational force for Liberia
 flecheLes Etats sont appelés devant le Conseil à faire plus d’efforts dans la lutte contre le terrorisme
 flecheLe rôle des médias à l’ère d’internet fait l’objet d’un débat dans le cadre du Forum mondial des médias électroniques à Genève
 flecheLa sous-commission des droits de l'homme se réunit à Genève du 20 juillet au 15 août
 flecheLa Journée mondiale de l'alimentation prônera une alliance transfrontalière contre la faim
 flechePrise de fonctions du nouveau directeur de l'OMS qui annonce ses objectifs
 flecheLa conférence sur le nouvel ordre numérique mondial se tiendra les 18 et 19 Juin à New-York
 flecheLe traité sur le commerce des OGM deviendra très prochainement une loi
 flecheLes émissions de gaz à effets de serre par les pays industrialisés repartiraient à la hausse
 flecheLa Feuille de route, peut-être la dernière chance pour la paix, selon l'Envoyé de l'ONU au Moyen-Orient
 flecheQuelque 500 groupes autochtones au Forum de l'ONU qui débute aujourd'hui
 flecheLe Forum de l'ONU sur le développement durable trouve une dynamique de mise en oeuvre des objectifs de Johannesburg
 flecheLa commission du developpement durable ouvre sa onzième session pour definir une feuille de route propice à la réalisation progressive des objectifs de Johannesburg
 flecheLa Commission Du Developpement Durable axera les travaux de sa onzieme session sur la mise en oeuvre des mesures adoptees au sommet de Johannesburg
 flecheLuis Moreno Ocampo élu Procureur de la Cour pénale internationale
 flecheSecurity Council ends Iraq debate, hears overwhelming appeal for aid to civilians
 flecheSecurity Council begins first debate on Iraq since outbreak of military action
 flecheSecretary-General's press conference (unofficial transcript)
 flecheAt request of non-aligned countries, Security Council hears views of larger UN membership on disarmament of Iraq
 flecheUnited Nation Weapons Inspectors Report to Security Council on Progress in Disarmement of Iraq

 flecheLes inégalités entre les sexes au coeur de la pandémie du VIH/sida
 flecheHans Blix: la décision iraquienne de détruire les missiles interdits, "un très important élément d'un vrai désarmement"
 flecheLancement au siège des Nations Unies de la décennie internationale pour l'alphabétisation 2003-2012
 flecheMultilatéralisme, «mondialisation de la solidarité», lutte contre le terrorisme et consolidation de la paix
 fleche2002, le Conseil de sécurité défend son rôle de garant de la paix et de la sécurité dans le monde
 flecheConférence de presse du Président du Conseil de sécurité, M. Jean Marc de La Sablière (France)
 flecheMondialisation, terrorisme, universalité des droits de l'homme sont des réalités qu'il faut savoir gérer entre les Etats et les peuples
 flecheLes délégations estiment que la réussite des objectifs d’Action 21 est tributaire de ressources financieres mondiales
 flecheDes délégations dénoncent le protectionnisme des pays du nord et “l’hypocrisie” des politiques commerciales actuelles


 flecheMarrakech accueille du 11 au 13 decembre prochains la Reunion ministerielle sur la modernisation des gouvernements
 flecheUn Population Report Says Good Reproductive Health For Women Essential To Ending Poverty
 flecheA l'occasion de la journée des droits de l'homme, Kofi Annan appelle à une vision d'un nouvel équilibre dans les relations internationales
 flecheEn termes économiques, sociaux et culturels, les avantages des migrations sont supérieurs à leurs problèmes potentiels, déclare M. Kofi Annan
 flecheLa Commission adopte quatre projets de résolution dont l’un appuie la création d’un fonds mondial de solidarité contre la pauvreté
 flecheFace aux conflits et à la pauvreté, la coopération entre l'ONU et les organisations régionales est nécessaire et doit être renforcée
 flecheDeuxième commission: les délégations estiment que les objectifs de lutte contre la pauvreté ne seront pas atteints en 2015
 flechePour les pays en développement, la gouvernance internationale devrait évoluer au même rythme que la mondialisation de l’économie
 flecheLe nombre de migrants dans le monde atteint 175 millions
 flecheLa journée internationale pour l'élimination de la pauvreté sera marquée le 17 octobre au siège
 flecheLe dialogue de haut niveau sur le renforcement de la coopération pour le développement doit faciliter la mise en œ;uvre du Consensus de Monterrey
 flecheAppels en troisième commission pour des mésures internationales pour aider les États à mener une lutte efficace contre le trafic de drogues

 flecheUn nouveau multilatéralisme devrait régir la mise en œuvre des engagements internationaux en faveur du développement
 flecheLe débat sur le désarmement et la sécurité internationale s’ouvre ce matin sur des appels au multilatéralisme
 flecheLa deuxième commission entend un exposé du professeur Stiglitz, Prix Nobel d’Economie, sur les incidences négatives de la mondialisation
 flecheLes doléances des pays en développement enclaves en matière d'accès aux transports au centre du debat general
 flecheDes pays mettent en cause la mondialisation dans les disparités économiques entre le nord et le sud
 flecheJournée internationale de la paix, célébrée le 21 septembre
 flecheDes délégations appellent l’ONU à faire appliquer plus fermement les résolutions du Conseil de Sécurité en Matière de Conflits
 flecheL'agenda pour la lutte contre le terrorisme ne doit pas reléguer au second plan l'éradication de la pauvreté abjec qui menace la vie des populations des pays du sud, estiment des délégations
 flecheLa communauté internationale appelée à faire face à ses contradictions et à honorer de façon urgente ses promesses pour éviter de nouvelles crises
 flecheLa cérémonie de signature des traités relatifs au développement durable s'est achevée au siège des Nations Unies
 flecheLes petits pays insulaires en développement dénoncent les disparités de la mondialisation
 flecheLes Nations Unies comptent désormais 190 Etats membres avec l'admission de la Suisse
 flecheDraft political declaration submitted by the President of the Summit
 flecheWorld summit on sustainable development plan of implementation
 flecheL'Education doit être considerée comme un domaine prioritaire d'action dans le processus de développement durable
 flecheLa Mondialisation économique appelle une Mondialisation de la Solidarité au service du dévéloppement durable
 flecheWorld Summit on Sustainable Development - Plenary Session
 flechePremières annonces pour les partenariats en faveur du développement durable
 flecheLes approches régionales dans la mise en œuvre des recommandations de Johannesburg
 flecheLes institutions de l’ONU et les autres entités non étatiques appellent le sommet de Johannesburg à passer à l’action
 flecheLe sommet de Johannesburg entend des appels en faveur d'un accroissement de 15% d'ici à 2015 de la part des énergies renouvelables dans la consommation énergétique mondiale
 flecheLe Sommet de Johannesburg examine les problèmes agricoles
 flecheLe sommet de Johannesburg plaide pour une répartition équitable des bénéfices de la biodiversité, base du développement durable
 flecheConférence de presse des ONG et leur contribution aux débats sur le développement durable
 flecheLes îlots actuels de richesses qu'entoure une mer de pauvreté sont insupportables, a dit Thabo Mbeki, a l'ouverture du Sommet mondial pour le développement durable
 flecheJohannesburg Summit Opens With Calls for Credible Action
 flecheMettre la croissance économique au service du développement social et de la protection de l'environnement : le défi de Johannesburg
 flecheLe Secrétaire General engage les dirigeants fu G-8 à agir pour soutenir l'Afrique
 flecheUn nouveau rapport met en garde contre les conditions actuelles de développement, qui menacent à long terme la sécurité de la terre et de ses habitants
 flecheVingt organisations non gouvernementales s’expriment sur des questions liées aux droits économiques, sociaux et culturels
 flecheUne nouvelle étude scientifique révèle l’ampleur des impacts d’un énorme nuage de pollution sur l’environnement à l’échelle régionale et mondiale
 flecheLes experts du Cedaw s'inquiètent de la situation des femmes mexicaines appartenant à des minorités
 flecheNew UN Publication Underlines Vital Role of Ecosystems in Reducing Poverty
 flecheL’Ecosoc clot les travaux de la première partie de sa session 2002 à la croisée des réunions de Monterrey et de Johannesburg
 flecheLa première session du forum social se tiendra à Genève du 25 au 26 juillet 2002
 flecheLes Nations Unies présentées comme un partenaire incontournable pour fédérer les synergies de promotion des TIC au service du développement
 flechePauvreté, modes de production et de consommation et environnement constituent les principaux défis, selon le ministre indonésien de l'environnement
 flecheL’extrême pauvreté va s'aggraver dans les pays les moins avancés si les tendances actuelles se poursuivent
 flecheLa participation des grands groupes à la mise en oeuvre d'Action 21 perçue comme une condition sine qua non de la réalisation des objectifs du développement durable
 fleche"Le rôle de l’Etat à l’ère de la mondialisation "
 flecheUn comité d'experts indépendant conseille à l'ONU de soutenir l'initiative de développement mise au point par l'Afrique elle-même
 flecheWorld Food Summit: Five Years Later
 flecheLe droit au développement et le droit de vivre dans un environnement sain sont soulignés
 flecheSommet mondial de l'alimentation: cinq ans aprés -- le secrétaire général déplore la lenteur des progrés en matière de lutte contre la faim
 flecheAprès deux semaines de négociations intenses, Bali contraint de confier à Johannesburg la finalisation du "Plan d'application 21"
 flecheLe président du comité préparatoire se déclare optimiste quant a la finalisation d'un document avant le rendez-vous de Johannesburg
 flecheDifficiles negociations sur les questions du commerce et de financement et progres sur l'eau, l'energie et les oceans
 flecheAction Plans for Water, Sanitation, Energy, Poverty Eradication Among Key Issues Under Negotiation in Bali
 flecheDéclaration de Rio sur l'environnement et le développement
 flecheA la veille du sommet sur le developpement durable, Kofi Annan appelle a l'integration du concept de diversité biologique dans les strategies commerciales et economiques.
 flechePermanent Forum Reviews Impact of un System Activities on Indigenous Peoples
 flecheLes populations autochtones font entendre leur voix aux Nations Unies
 flechePermanent Forum is milestone in struggle for rights of indigenous peoples, says deputy secretary - General
 flecheLe monde a-t-il tenu les engagements faits aux enfants?
 flecheLes dirigenats du monde s'engagent à améliorer la condition de l'enfant
 flecheCountries call for greater efforts to spur development and close gap between rich and poor nations
 flecheConférence de Monterrey: Des initiatives visant le financement du développement ont été avancées ce matin
 flecheUN labour agency convenes expert panel on reducing globalization's inequities
 flecheLa Conférence de Monterrey est le début d'un long processus qui permettra aux pays du nord et du sud de dépasser les antagonismes et d'assurer le financement du développement
 flecheConférence de Monterrey: Un nouveau partenariat pour résoudre les problèmes du financement du développement
 flecheLa féminisation de la pauvreté dénoncée devant la Commission de la condition de la femme
 flecheLa raison a-t-elle encore une place face à la mondialisation ?

 flecheL’Intégration à la mondialisation et le développement durable passent par une éducation renforcée, continue, professionnelle plus ouverte aux femmes

 flecheReport of the Secretary-General on sustainable development
 flecheLes politiques macro-économiques ne seront durables que si elles sont justes pour tous, souligne la présidente de la commission du développement social
 flecheLa mondialisation et le financement des politiques économiques doivent se faire dans la perspective de la promotion du développement durable
 flecheJohannesburg devra réaffirmer l'engagement des Etats vis-à-vis du développement durable
 flecheEthics, Human Rights and Globalisation
 flecheAddressing Security Council, Secretary-General calls on Counter-terrorism Committee to develop long-term strategy to defeat terror
 flecheDans un rapport destiné au sommet mondial pour le développement durable, le secrétaire général présente les grandes lignes d'un plan de construction d'un avenir sûr.
 flecheL'assemblée générale souscrit à la participation des entreprises et de la société civile aux partenariats visant à promouvoir le développement
 flecheL'Assemblee Générale adopte onze résolutions relatives à la coopération entre l'ONU et les organisations régionales
 fleche'Intolerance is taught and can be untaught', secretary-general says in message to Institute for International Education
 flecheL'Assemblée générale souligne l'urgence de progresser dans le domaine du désarmement afin de contribuer à l'action mondiale contre le terrorisme
 flecheThird committee approves, without vote, 10 draft resolution on human rights, women, cultural diversity, refugees
 flecheCommittee on economic, social and cultural rights discusses draft statement on intellectual property and human rights
 flecheIl ne suffit pas d'éliminer les obstacles au commerce, les pays en développement doivent pouvoir exploiter leurs débouchés commerciaux.
 flecheUN panel to look at how globalization, new technology have changed drug trade
 flecheLa pertinence de certaines publications du département de l'information est mise en question par des délégations
 flecheWorld trade meeting should focus on development, UNDP chief says
 flecheLa mondialisation est-elle une menace pour l'Etat-nation? La question est posée devant la deuxième commission
 flecheLe secrétaire général défends le rôle privilégié de l'ONU dans la coallition universelle contre le terrorisme
 flecheDeputy Secretary-General urges 'globalization of values'
 flecheGlobalization presents rural women with new obstacles, challenges: UN report
 flecheGlobalization must be more inclusive, top UN development official says
 flecheContinues Debate on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
 flecheIndictment for crimes against humanity and violations of the laws or customs of war
 flecheTransnational crime threatens global stability
 flecheL'habilitation des autorités locales et des femmes, la bonne gouvernance, la mobilisation de fonds, vecteur de réalisation des objectifs de l'accès a tous au logement
 flecheMessage of Mary Robinson, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and Seceretary-General, World Conference against Racism, Xenophobia and related Intolerance
 flecheLe processus de décolonisation dois être mené a bien, déclare le secrétaire général a l'ouverture du séminaire régional des Caraïbes
 flecheProductive and inclusive cities - Towardes cities for all
 flecheLe secrétaire général exhorte les dirigeants d'entreprises américaines à se joindre à la lutte mondiale contre le sida
 flecheLe renforcement de la coopération technique entre pays en développement est essentiel face aux défis de la mondialisation
 flecheUn groupe d'experts examinera la situacion des femmes en milieu rural dans le contexte de la mondialisation
 flecheDisques et productions musicales offrent de nouvelles perspectives commerciales aux PMA
 flecheL'intégration à la mondialisation et l'accès au marché dépendent de transports efficaces
 flecheLa troisième conférence de l'ONU sur les PMA s'attaquera a la pauvreté des 49 pays les plus démunis de la planète
 flecheL'Université de l'ONU préconise une réforme de l'Organisation.

 flecheLa commission des droits de l'homme adopte des résolutions sur l'extrême pauvreté, le sida, la mondialisation et les produits toxiques
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