Ref. :  000032002
Date :  2009-07-08
Language :  English
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Communiqué of the 2009 World Conference on Higher Education: The new dynamics of higher education and research for societal change and development

Author :  UNESCO


PREAMBLE
We, the participants of the 2009 World Conference on Higher Education, held from 5 to 8 July 2009 at UNESCO Headquarters in Paris, recognising the abiding relevance of the outcomes and Declaration of the 1998 World Conference on Higher Education and taking into account the outcomes and recommendations of the six regional conferences (Cartagena de Indias, Macau, Dakar, New Delhi, Bucharest and Cairo) as well as the debates and outcomes of this world conference, ‘The New Dynamics of Higher Education and Research for Societal Change and Development’, adopt the present communiqué.

As a public good and a strategic imperative for all levels of education and as the basis for research, innovation and creativity, higher education must be a matter of responsibility and economic support of all governments. As emphasised in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, ‘higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit’ (Article 26, paragraph 1).
The current economic downturn may widen the gap in access and quality between developed and developing countries as well as within countries, presenting additional challenges to countries where access is already restricted.
At no time in history has it been more important to invest in higher education as a major force in building an inclusive and diverse knowledge society and to advance research, innovation and creativity.
The past decade provides evidence that higher education and research contribute to the eradication of poverty, to sustainable development and to progress towards reaching the internationally agreed upon development goals, which include the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and Education for All (EFA). The global education agenda should reflect these realities.

SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY OF HIGHER EDUCATION

1. Higher Education as a public good is the responsibility of all stakeholders, especially governments.
2. Faced with the complexity of current and future global challenges, higher education has the social responsibility to advance our understanding of multifaceted issues, which involve social, economic, scientific and cultural dimensions and our ability to respond to them. It should lead society in generating global knowledge to address global challenges, inter alia food security, climate change, water management, intercultural dialogue, renewable energy and public health.
3. Higher education institutions, through their core functions (research, teaching and service to the community) carried out in the context of institutional autonomy and academic freedom, should increase their interdisciplinary focus and promote critical thinking and active citizenship. This would contribute to sustainable development, peace, wellbeing and the realization of human rights, including gender equity.
4. Higher education must not only give solid skills for the present and future world but must also contribute to the education of ethical citizens committed to the construction of peace, the defense of human rights and the values of democracy.
5. There is need for greater information, openness and transparency regarding the different missions and performance of individual institutions.
6. Autonomy is a necessary requirement for fulfilling institutional missions through quality, relevance, efficiency, transparency and social responsibility.

ACCESS, EQUITY AND QUALITY

7. In the past ten years, tremendous efforts have been made to improve access and ensure equity. This effort must continue. Access alone is, however, not enough. Much more needs to be done. Efforts must be made to ensure the success of learners.
8. Expanding access has become a priority in the majority of Member States and increasing participation rates in higher education are a major global trend. Nevertheless, great disparities persist, constituting a major source of inequality. Governments and institutions must encourage women’s access, participation and success at all levels of education.
9. In expanding access, higher education must pursue the goals of equity, relevance and quality simultaneously. Equity is not simply a matter of access – the objective must be successful participation and completion while at the same time assuring student welfare. This must include appropriate financial and educational support to those from poor and marginalized communities.
10. The knowledge society needs diversity in higher education systems, with a range of institutions having a variety of mandates and addressing different types of learners. In addition to public institutions, private higher education pursuing public objectives has an important role to play.
11. Our ability to realize the goals of EFA is dependent upon our ability to address the worldwide shortage of teachers. Higher education must scale up teacher education, both pre-service and in-service, with curricula that equip teachers to provide individuals with the knowledge and skills they need in the twenty-first century. This will require new approaches, including open and distance learning (ODL) and information and communications technologies (ICTs).
12. Preparing education planners and conducting research to improve pedagogical approaches also contributes to EFA goals.
13. ODL approaches and ICTs present opportunities to widen access to quality education, particularly when Open Educational Resources are readily shared by many countries and higher education institutions.
14. The application of ICTs to teaching and learning has great potential to increase access, quality and success. In order to ensure that the introduction of ICTs adds value, institutions and governments should work together to pool experience, develop policies and strengthen infrastructure, especially bandwidth.
15. Higher education institutions must invest in the training of faculty and staff to fulfil new functions in evolving teaching and learning systems.
16. Greater emphasis on the areas of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics as well as Social and Human Sciences is vital for all our societies.
17. The results of scientific research should be made more available through ICTs in addition to open access to scientific literature.
18. The training offered by institutions of higher education should both respond to and anticipate societal needs. This includes promoting research for the development and use of new technologies and ensuring the provision of technical and vocational training, entrepreneurship education and programmes for lifelong learning.
19. Expanding access poses challenges to the quality of higher education. Quality assurance is a vital function in contemporary higher education and must involve all stakeholders. Quality requires both establishing quality assurance systems and patterns of evaluation as well as promoting a quality culture within institutions.
20. Regulatory and quality assurance mechanisms that promote access and create conditions for the completion of studies should be put in place for the entire higher education sector.
21. Quality criteria must reflect the overall objectives of higher education, notably the aim of cultivating in students critical and independent thought and the capacity of learning throughout life. They should encourage innovation and diversity. Assuring quality in higher education requires recognition of the importance of attracting and retaining qualified, talented and committed teaching and research staff.
22. Policies and investments must support a broad diversity of tertiary/post-secondary education and research – including but not limited to universities – and must respond to the rapidly changing needs of new and diverse learners.
23. The knowledge society requires a growing differentiation of roles within higher education systems and institutions, with poles and networks of research excellence, innovations in teaching/learning and new approaches to community service.

INTERNATIONALISATION, REGIONALISATION AND GLOBALISATION

24. International cooperation in higher education should be based on solidarity and mutual respect and the promotion of humanistic values and intercultural dialogue. As such, it should be encouraged despite the economic downturn.
25. Institutions of higher education worldwide have a social responsibility to help bridge the development gap by increasing the transfer of knowledge across borders, especially towards developing countries, and working to find common solutions to foster brain circulation and alleviate the negative impact of brain drain.
26. International university networks and partnerships are a part of this solution and help to enhance mutual understanding and a culture of peace.
27. Partnerships for research and staff and student exchanges promote international cooperation. The encouragement of more broadly based and balanced academic mobility should be integrated into mechanisms that guarantee genuine multilateral and multicultural collaboration.
28. Partnerships should nurture the creation of national knowledge capabilities in all involved countries, thus ensuring more diversified sources of high quality research peers and knowledge production, on regional and global scales.
29. For globalisation of higher education to benefit all, it is critical to ensure equity in access and success, to promote quality and to respect cultural diversity as well as national sovereignty.
30. Globalisation has highlighted the need for the establishment of national accreditation and quality assurance systems along with promotion of networking among them.
31. Cross-border provision of higher education can make a significant contribution to higher education provided it offers quality education, promotes academic values, maintains relevance and respects the basic principles of dialogue and cooperation, mutual recognition and respect for human rights, diversity and national sovereignty.
32. Cross-border higher education can also create opportunities for fraudulent and low-quality providers of higher education that need to be counteracted. Spurious providers (‘degree mills’) are a serious problem. Combating ‘degree mills’ requires multi-pronged efforts at national and international levels.
33. New dynamics are transforming the landscape of higher education and research. They call for partnerships and concerted action at national, regional and international levels to assure the quality and sustainability of higher education systems worldwide – particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa, Small Island Developing States (SIDs) and other Least Developed Countries (LDCs). This should also include South-South and North-South-South cooperation.
34. Greater regional cooperation is desirable in areas such as the recognition of qualifications, quality assurance, governance, and research and innovation. Higher education should reflect the international, regional and national dimensions in both teaching and research.

LEARNING RESEARCH AND INNOVATION

35. Given the need for increased funding for research and development in many countries, institutions should seek new ways of increasing research and innovation through multi-stakeholder public-private partnerships that include small and medium enterprises.
36. It is increasingly difficult to maintain a healthy balance between basic and applied research due to the high levels of investment needed for basic research as well as the challenge of linking global knowledge to local problems. Research systems should be organised more flexibly to promote science and interdisciplinarity in the service of society.
37. For the quality and integrity of higher education, it is important that academic staff has opportunities for research and scholarship. Academic freedom is a fundamental value that must be protected in today’s evolving and volatile global environment.
38. Higher education institutions should seek out areas of research and teaching that can address issues related to the well-being of the population and establish a strong foundation for locally-relevant science and technology.
39. Indigenous knowledge systems can expand our understanding of emerging challenges; higher education should create mutually beneficial partnerships with communities and civil societies to facilitate the sharing and transmission of appropriate knowledge.
40. In the face of increasingly scarce resources, stakeholders are encouraged to explore and intensify the use of electronic library resources and tools to support teaching, learning and research.

HIGHER EDUCATION IN AFRICA

41. The 2009 World Conference on Higher Education gave special focus to the challenges and opportunities for the revitalization of higher education in Africa – an important tool for the development of the continent. The issues raised for African higher education are integrated throughout this communiqué.
42. Participants welcomed the recommendations of the Dakar Regional Preparatory Conference of November 2008 and noted the progress recorded since the 1998 World Conference on Higher Education – especially increased enrolments in higher education. Participants underscored the critical need to confront emerging challenges relating to gender and racial inequality, academic freedom, brain drain and the lack of graduates’ preparedness for the labour market. They underlined the urgency for the adoption of new dynamics in African higher education that work towards a comprehensive transformation to sharply enhance its relevance and responsiveness to the political, social and economic realities of African countries. This new momentum can provide a trajectory in the fight against under-development and poverty in Africa. This will demand greater attention to higher education and research in Africa than has been given for the last eleven years. Higher education in Africa should foster good governance based on robust accountability and sound financial principles.
43. The evolution of a quality African higher education and research area will be stimulated through institutional, national, regional and international collaboration. There is, therefore, the need for a strategic orientation towards the establishment/strengthening of such collaboration. African countries with well-developed higher education systems should share with those that have less-developed systems. We must commit to making African higher education an instrument for regional integration.
44. The development of the higher education area in Africa will also be catalysed by the establishment of a quality assurance mechanism at the regional level. In this connection, we urge the fast-tracking of the initiative of the African Association of Universities (AAU), with support from UNESCO, to stimulate the setting up of national, sub-regional and regional quality assurance systems. Equally, staff and student mobility within an African higher education area will be fostered through the active implementation of the Arusha Convention on the mutual recognition of diplomas, certificates and degrees. The indispensability of the Pan African University in fostering African integration should be stressed.
45. Access: To meet the rapidly increasing demand for higher education and research in Africa, there is an urgent need for differentiated institution – ranging from research universities to polytechnics and technical colleges, with diversified programmes within each institution – to cater to different types of learners as well as the needs of the country. The increasing demand for higher education will hardly be met by traditional face-to-face delivery alone. Other approaches, such as ODL and online learning, will have to be utilized, especially for areas such as continuing adult education and teacher training.
46. Curriculum relevance: A number of areas of expertise are crucial for the diversification of African economies, yet are not receiving the required attention. These include agriculture, natural resource extraction, the environment, indigenous knowledge systems and energy. A focus on these areas in higher education can contribute to ensuring the competitiveness of African economies.
47. Funding: Education remains a public good, but private financing should be encouraged. While every effort must be made to increase public funding of higher education, it must be recognised that public funds are limited and may not be sufficient for such a rapidly developing sector. Other formulae and sources of funding, especially those drawing on the public-private partnership model, should be found.
48. Students should be given a voice in governance of higher education at all levels.
49. Participants expressed deep appreciation for the ongoing support to the development of African higher education by several countries and organizations. They also welcomed the new pledges made by several new partners, notably China, India and the Republic of Korea. They also applauded the concrete proposals from the African Development Bank, the African Union and associations of universities – notably the African Association of Universities (AAU), the Agence Universitaire de la Francophonie (AUF) and the Association of Commonwealth Universities (ACU) – on the issues of governance and higher education delivery models.
50. The participants appreciated the priority that UNESCO accorded to Africa at this conference.

CALL FOR ACTION: MEMBER STATES

51. Member States, working in collaboration with all stakeholders, should develop policies and strategies at system and institutional levels to:
a) Maintain, and if possible, increase investment in higher education in order to sustain quality and equity at all times and foster diversification in both the provision of higher education and the means of funding;
b) Ensure adequate investments in higher education and research to reflect growing expectations and societal needs;
c) Put in place and strengthen appropriate quality assurance systems and regulatory frameworks with the involvement of all stakeholders;
d) Scale up pre-service and in-service teacher training with curricula that equip them to prepare students as responsible citizens;
e) Encourage women’s access, participation and success in higher education;
f) Guarantee equal access to underrepresented groups such as workers, the poor, minorities, the differently abled, migrants, refugees and other vulnerable populations;
g) Develop mechanisms to counteract the negative impact of brain drain while encouraging academic, staff and student mobility;
h) Support greater regional cooperation in higher education conducive to the establishment and strengthening of regional higher education and research areas;
i) Empower Least Developed Countries and Small Island Developing States to benefit from the opportunities offered by globalisation and foster collaboration between them;
j) Pursue the goals of equity, quality and success by developing more flexible entry pathways and assuring better recognition of prior learning and work experience;
k) Enhance the attractiveness of academic careers by ensuring respect for the rights and adequate working conditions of academic staff in accordance with the 1997 Recommendation Concerning the Status of Higher Education Teaching Personnel;
l) Ensure active student participation in academic life, with freedom of expression and the right of organisation, and provide adequate student services;
m) Combat degree mills through multi-pronged action at national and international levels;
n) Develop more flexible and organised research systems which promote science excellence, interdisciplinarity and serve society;
o) Support the fuller integration of ICTs and promote ODL to meet increasing demands for higher education.

CALL FOR ACTION: UNESCO

52. In the context of significant progress towards achieving Universal Primary Education, UNESCO should reaffirm the priority of higher education in its future Programmes and Budgets. In pursuing this priority UNESCO, within its five functions as laboratory of ideas, catalyst for international cooperation, standard-setter, capacity-builder and clearing house, should:
a) Assist with the formulation of long term, sustainable strategies for higher education and research in tune with internationally agreed development goals and national/regional needs;
b) Provide platforms for dialogue and the sharing of experience and information on higher education and research and assist in building capacity in the formulation of higher education and research policies;
c) Help governments and institutions address international issues in higher education by:
- Continuing to implement its standard-setting instruments, in particular the new generation of regional conventions for the recognition of qualifications; and the 1997 Recommendation Concerning the Status of Higher Education Teaching Personnel;
- Pursuing its work in capacity building for quality assurance in higher education in developing countries;
- Fostering international collaboration in teacher education in all regions, especially in Africa through TTISSA (Teacher Training in Sub-Saharan Africa);
- Encouraging the transfer of knowledge through UNITWIN Networks and UNESCO Chairs, in collaboration with other agencies, to further capacity development in support of internationally agreed goals such as Education for All (EFA), the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the United Nations Decades.
d) Encourage international mobility and exchanges of students and staff, while developing strategies to counteract the negative impact of brain drain.
e) Enhance student participation in UNESCO forums and support global student dialogue.
f) Ensure follow-up to the 2009 World Conference on Higher Education through: the identification of the most important issues and priorities for immediate action; the monitoring of trends, reforms and new developments; and the promotion of regional integration and academic cooperation by supporting the creation and development of regional areas of higher education and research and strengthening the regional UNESCO units in coordination with the existing networks.
g) Reinforce and extend the UNESCO-ADEA Task Force for Higher Education in Africa, which includes major partners and donors, to ensure effective follow-up to the 2009 World Conference on Higher Education to move from talk to action.


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 flecheLaunching of the database and Community of Practice on Water and Cultural Diversity
 flecheIrina Gueorguieva Bokova chosen by UNESCO Executive Board as candidate to the post of Director-General
 flecheUNESCO organizes First Forum on Cultural Industries in Monza (Italy)
 flecheNouvelle Chaire UNESCO d’esthétique et de sociologie de la différence et de la diversité culturelle en Argentine
 flecheInternational Conference on « Globalization through Localization: Cultural dialogue through Harry Potter Translations » (Septembre, 8th 2009, Paris)
 flecheCase Studies on Climate Change and World Heritage
 flecheUNESCO organizes first international conference on Broadcast Media and Climate Change (on September 4-5th 2009 in Paris)
 flecheUNESCO Audiovisual E-Platform renewed
 flecheInternational day of the world’s indigenous people: 9 August 2009 - Message from Mr Koïchiro Matsuura, Director-General of UNESCO
 flecheUNESCO organizes Forum on “Gender and Climate Change” at World Climate Conference-3 (31 August - 4 September 2009, Geneva - Switzerland)
 flecheThe state of higher education in the world today - World Conference on Higher Education
 flecheUNESCO World Conference on Higher Education will stress its role in meeting global challenges (5-8 July 2009, Paris - France)
 flecheDiversity, a synonym for culture
 flecheResolutions of the 2nd ordinary session of the Conference of Parties to the Convention on the protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions (June 15-16, 2009 - Paris)
 flecheThe G-20 summits and the UN system: prospects and challenges (UNESCO Future Lecture on June 18th 2009)
 flecheTechnology alone will not bridge knowledge divides
 flecheLa corruption dans le domaine de l’éducation : un problème mondial selon un nouveau rapport de l’UNESCO
 flecheConvention on the protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions: 2nd ordinary session of the Conference of Parties (15-19 June 2009, Paris)
 flecheOpen Training Platform to become a hub for Cyber Network for Learning Languages
 fleche2009 World Cultural Diversity Festival (11-22 May 2009)
 flecheNollywood rivals Bollywood in film/video production
 flecheUNESCO seeks new ways of engaging world leaders in constructive dialogue
 flecheNicolas Bailly: "Everyone must be able to protect diversity in their own special way"
 flecheSharp drop in aid to basic education jeopardizes school chances for millions
 flecheUNESCO, U.S. Library of Congress and partners launch World Digital Library
 flecheUNESCO reaffirms its commitment to fight racism at the Durban Review Conference, Geneva, 20-24 April 2009
 flecheAfter the G20: UN chiefs point the way to recovery
 flecheUNESCO and Italy organize the first UNESCO Forum of Cultural Industries

 flecheUNESCO, Library of Congress and partners launch World Digital Library
 flecheLe Directeur général ouvre la deuxième session extraordinaire du Comité intergouvernemental pour la protection et la promotion de la diversité des expressions culturelles
 flecheUNESCO world conference on education for sustainable development (31 march - 2 april 2009, Bonn - Germany)
 flecheNew report highlights crucial role of water in development
 flecheGlobal crisis hits most vulnerable
 flecheArgentina will be the venue of the XVI Forum of Ministers of Culture and Officials in Charge of Cultural Policies of Latin America and the Caribbean
 flecheUNESCO Director-General calls for increased investment in global public goods at World Economic Forum in Davos
 flecheNew edition of UNESCO’s Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger
 flecheInternational Mother Language Day, February 21
 flecheLaunch of UNESCO International Year of Astronomy
 flecheEthiopian filmmakers address the development challenge
 flecheNew dynamics in Higher Education
 flecheDiversity of cultural expressions: cooperation and sustainable development on agenda of UNESCO intergovernmental meeting (8-12th December 2008)
 flecheMeeting-debate "Culture, Economy, Regional Integration: Culture, a lever for African Development" (16th December 2008, UNESCO, Paris - France)

 flecheInequality undermining education opportunities for millions of children
 flecheRepresentative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity comes into being in Istanbul
 flecheMessage from Mr Koïchiro Matsuura, Director-General of UNESCO on the occasion of the World Day for Audiovisual Heritage: "Audiovisual Heritage as a witness of Cultural Identity"
 flecheUNESCO publishes first world map of underground transboundary aquifers
 flecheSecond ordinary session of the Intergovernmental Committee for the Convention on the protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions (8-12 December 2008, UNESCO, Paris)
 flecheDanish conference spotlights education for intercultural dialogue
 flecheAuroville’s 40th anniversary commemorated at UNESCO
 flecheConvention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage will enter into force in January 2009
 flecheUNESCO’s International Bioethics Committee resumes debate on human cloning
 flecheDraft summary records of the 1st Extraordinary Session of the Intergovernmental Committee for the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions (June 2008, Paris)
 flecheInternational efforts to meet literacy challenge insufficient, concludes UNESCO report
 fleche"Why Languages Matter"
 flecheWorld Teachers’ Day 2008: 18 million more teachers needed
 flecheInternational conference set foundations for linguistic diversity in cyberspace
 flecheLena Resolution on linguistic and cultural diversity in cyberspace
 flecheUNESCO-Hewlett-Packard and CNRS project to reduce brain drain in Africa bears first fruit
 flecheTo mark the International Literacy Day 2008, the Unesco Institute for Statistics releases a new report on the underlying concepts, methodology and trends in literacy statistics
 fleche"In the Middle East, water is too important to fight over."
 flecheTwenty-seven new sites inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage this year
 flecheEight new sites, from the Straits of Malacca, to Papua New Guinea and San Marino, added to UNESCO’s World Heritage List
 flecheDecisions of the 1st extraordinary session of the Intergovernmental Committee for the protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions
 flecheLyon appointed first «City of Media Arts» of UNESCO’s Creative Cities’ Network
 flecheExtraordinary session of the Intergovernmental Committee for the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions
 flecheSouth-East European Heads of State pledge to use regional waterways to foster understanding
 flecheSecond session of the General Assembly of States Parties to the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage (16-19 June 2008, Paris)
 flecheUNESCO survey finds under-privileged children also disadvantaged in the classroom
 flecheFirst Extraordinary Session of the Intergovernmental Committee for the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions (24-27 June 2008, Paris)
 flecheMessage from Mr Koïchiro Matsuura, Director-General of UNESCO, on the occasion of World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development
 flecheWorld Day for Cultural Diversity: May, 21st
 flecheMore power to the people through freedom of information - World Press Freedom Day 2008
 flecheWorld Book and Copyright Day - 23 April
 flecheAid to basic education stagnating, says UNESCO’s EFA Global Monitoring Report
 flecheEducation For All Global Action Week 2008 (21-27 April)
 flecheModern agricultural practices must change, concludes report to be presented at UNESCO
 flecheManage the unavoidable to avoid the unmanageable – that’s where we are at according to Italian climatologist Filippo Giorgi
 flecheDraft summary records of the of the First Ordinary Session of the Intergovernmental Committee for the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions
 flecheMessage from Mr Koïchiro Matsuura, Director-General of UNESCO, on the occasion of World Water Day: Sanitation
 flecheProgramme of the Symposium "Intercultural Dialogue and Cultural Diversity: a Renewed Debate" - launch of the 2008 European Year of Intercultural Dialogue in France (13-14 March 2008, Unesco-Paris)
 flecheConvention on the protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions - Culture in sustainable development : insights for the future implementation of Art. 13
 flecheAgenda of the launching of the International Year of Languages in the framework of the International Mother Language Day (February 21, 2008, Unesco - Paris)
 flecheNigeria hosts the 15th and last national seminar of UNESCO’s project on the challenges of regional integration in West Africa (26-28 February 2008, Lagos - Nigeria)
 flecheLanguages matter (The Unesco Courier 2008, n°1)
 flecheThird World Congress of Biosphere Reserves presents action guidelines for next six years of UNESCO’s MAB programme
 flecheLaunching of the International Year of Languages in the framework of the International Mother Language Day (21 February 2008, Paris)
 flecheThird World Congress of Biosphere Reserves (4-9 February 2008, Madrid)
 flecheUNESCO to launch new indicators for mapping and comparing national research systems
 flecheUNESCO Director-General to attend first Forum of the Alliance of Civilizations in Madrid
 flecheInternational Year of Planet Earth

 flecheCall for action at close of Ottowa session of Intergovernmental Committee for the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions
 fleche 'Culture or Commerce? A Comparative Assessment of International Interactions and Developing Countries at UNESCO, WTO, and Beyond', by J. P. Singh
 fleche'A study on creativity index', by Desmond Hui
 fleche‘Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions: Possible Statistical Implications?’ by Mirja Liikkanen
 flecheEducation for All Global Monitoring Report 2008
 flecheEducation for All on the right track finds Global Monitoring Report 2008 launched by UNESCO
 flecheFirst session of the Intergovernmental Committee for the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions (10-13 December 2007, Ottawa - Canada)
 flecheMusic as a means of intercultural dialogue
 flecheMessage from Mr Koïchiro Matsuura, Director-General of UNESCO, on the celebration of “2008, International Year of Languages” “Languages matter!”
 flecheStudents, teachers, schools face deliberate attacks in conflict areas – UNESCO
 flecheWorld Philosophy Day 2007, 15 November 2007
 flecheGeneral Conference defines UNESCO’s strategy for the coming six years
 flecheNew publication on private higher education in Europe
 flecheThe rising role and relevance of private higher education in Europe (Study)
 flecheNine new members elected to World Heritage Committee
 flecheExhibit "Planet earth : from space to place" (16th oct. - 3rd nov. 2007)
 flecheUNESCO and Library of Congress sign agreement for World Digital Library
 flecheBulgarian President highlights UNESCO’s contribution to understanding among peoples at General Conference opening
 flecheEducation and development to take centre stage at 34th session of UNESCO’s General Conference (16 October – 3 November)
 flecheGlobal Education Digest 2007
 flecheGlobal spending on education concentrated in just a handful of countries
 flecheEducation and development to take centre stage at 34th session of UNESCO’s General Conference (16 October – 3 November)
 flecheWorld Teachers’ Day 2007
 flecheSelection of new UNESCO biosphere reserves
 flecheChild deaths fall below 10 million for first time
 flecheInterview with Alexander Marc: “Education of the Roma: we have no reasons to be so pessimistic.”
 flecheExpert meeting on the statistical measurement of the diversity of cultural expressions
 flecheFirst inscriptions on UNESCO’s intangible cultural heritage lists to take place in September 2009
 flecheNew global survey on cinema
 flecheCountries of East Asia, South-East Asia and the Pacific pledge support for Literacy
 flecheUnequal Chances to Participate in Adult Learning: International Perspectives / Richard Desjardins, Kjell Rubenson and Marcella Milana

 flecheInterview with Mark Richmond: “While clear progress has been made, a serious gender gap persists”
 flecheFighting illiteracy in East Asia, South-East Asia and the Pacific
 flecheBeirut named “World Book Capital 2009”
 fleche2007 UNESCO Literacy Prize winners announced
 flecheTask force on languages and multilingualism: compendium on ongoing activities concerning languages and multilingualism (2006-2007)
 flecheThe World Heritage international safeguarding campaigns
 flecheFirst session of the Conference of Parties to the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions closes at UNESCO
 flecheJean Musitelli: "The Convention’s success depends on the will of States"
 flecheFirst session at UNESCO of the Conference of Parties to the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions
 flecheCorruption in education a worldwide problem says new UNESCO report
 fleche15th Forum of Ministers of Culture and Officials in-Charge of Cultural Policies in Latin America and the Caribbean
 flecheBoundless Media Award: call for candidates
 flecheOfficial Launch of the World Centre for Language Documentation
 flecheProgramme of the Expert Meeting on "Mainstreaming principles of cultural diversity and intercultural dialogue in policies for sustainable development" (Unesco, Paris, 21 - 23 May 2007)
 flecheWorld Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development
 flecheInternational conference "Migration: putting concerns to rest" (Paris, 10 May)
 flecheUNESCO observes World Press Freedom Day 2007 in Medellin, Colombia, focusing on safety of journalists
 flecheConference : UNESCO Conventions in the field of cultural and national legislation of the Commonwealth of Independent States (04-26-07)
 flecheReport: "Case Studies on Climate Change and World Heritage"
 flecheClimate change threatens UNESCO World Heritage sites
 flecheThe Protection and Promotion of Musical Diversity
 flecheExhibition “Living Heritage: Exploring the Intangible” (from 12 April to 30 November 2007)
 flecheProceedings of the International Symposium on Culture Statistics (Montréal, 21-23 October 2002)
 flecheUniversal Forum of Cultures - Monterrey 2007 (20 sept.- 11 nov. 2007, Monterrey, Mexico)
 flecheUNESCO brings together ministers from Latin America and the Caribbean to examine quality of education
 flecheUNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions enters into force
 flecheConference : Cultural Diversity - Europe's Wealth. Bringing the UNESCO Convention to Life
 flecheInternational Mother Language Day
 flecheActes du colloque "Diversité culturelle et valeurs transversales : un dialogue est-ouest sur la dynamique entre le spirituel et le temporel"
 fleche21st World Congress on Dance Research : "Dancers without frontiers"
 flechePost-conflict: Reconstructing for tomorrow
 flecheConvention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions will enter into force on 18 March 2007
 flecheWorld Philosophy Day and International Day for Tolerance celebrated worldwide on 16 November
 flecheMore than 15 States ratify the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions
 flecheEarly childhood care and education, the forgotten link claims new report published by UNESCO
 flecheConvention on the protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions
 flecheInternational Day of the World’s Indigenous People, 9 August 2006
 flecheUNESCO Director-General speaks of education’s financial gap at G8 summit in St Petersburg
 flecheFirst meeting of States Parties to the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage
 flecheScientists meeting in Tunis propose measures to help curb desertification
 flecheThe Future of Drylands Conference
 flecheMessage from the Director-General of UNESCO on the occasion of World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development (21 May 2006)
 flecheUNESCO contributing to peace and human development in an era of globalization through education, the sciences, culture and communication
 fleche31st ITI World Congress and Theatre Olympics of the Nations
 flecheMessage from the Director-General of UNESCO on the occasion of World Book and Copyright Day, 23 April 2006
 flecheSmall islands, big issues
 flecheWater: a crisis of governance says second UN World Water Development Report
 flecheTowards Knowledge Societies – the first UNESCO World Report
 flecheEducation for All Global Monitoring Report 2006 : “Literacy for Life”
 flecheWomen’s Literacy for Sustainable Development
 flecheWanted! Teachers
 flecheBuilding the next generation of teachers in Africa
 flecheOpening of the Sixth E-9 Ministerial Review Meeting in Monterrey, Mexico
 flecheChina challenges dominance of USA, Europe and Japan in scientific research according to UNESCO Science Report 2005
 flecheThe UNESCO Science Report 2005 / UNESCO
 fleche22 March - World Water Day 2006: Water and Culture
 flecheUsers are choosers
 flecheLanguage Vitality and Endangerment
 flecheInternational Mother Language Day - 21 February 2006
 flecheExpert Meeting for Policy Leaders and Decision Makers in the Broadcasting and Audio-visual Industry in Asia
 flecheSubregional Seminar on "Cultural Indicators in Central America"
 fleche3rd Global Conference on Oceans, Coasts, and Islands warns progress towards international targets on oceans too slow
 flecheThe future of marine ecosystems to be examined by Global Conference on Oceans, Coasts, and Islands
 flecheConvention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage to Enter into Force on 20 April
 flecheLe Canada devient le premier Etat à ratifier la Convention sur la protection et la promotion de la diversité des expressions culturelles
 flecheLaunch of UNESCO’s Literacy Portal
 flecheBhaktapur: Open-Air Museum
 flecheRadio Ada, the Voice of Those Without a Voice
 flecheBridging the North South Divide
 flecheThe Rush for Water
 flecheCultural Diversity can neither be decreed nor improvised
 flecheA Burst of Creativity
 flecheTaking the Pulse of the Planet
 flecheThe Cells of Discord
 flecheParaguay and the Pirate’s Song
 flecheSeeking the Right Balance
 flecheEFA Global Monitoring Report 2005

 flecheMonitoring the Oceans
 flecheClimate Change / by Guy Jacques and Hervé Le Treut

 flecheAchieve gender parity by 2005, gender equality by 2015
 flecheDeveloping countries losing out in cultural trade
 flecheThe Rabat Commitment
 flecheThe Samba of Roda and the Ramlila proclaimed Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity
 flecheThird Proclamation of Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity
 flecheTraditional Music
 flecheTo promote presence of African languages in cyberspace UNESCO continues support for N’ko project
 flecheGeneral Conference adopts Convention on the protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions
 flecheKultur versus Freihandel
 flecheProjet de Convention internationale sur la diversité culturelle - texte en projet résultant des négociations intergouvernementales
 flecheHeads of State of Tajikistan and Bosnia and Herzegovina advocate dialogue and cultural diversity at UNESCO’s General Conference
 flecheNatural Disaster Reduction
 flecheInternational Day for the Eradication of Poverty - 18-19 October 2004, UNESCO House, Paris
 flecheCultural diversity, doping and bioethics on the agenda of UNESCO’s General Conference
 flecheTwenty-one States have ratified the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage
 flecheThe World Forum on Cultural Diversity
 flecheUNESCO prepares to launch new ICT teacher training project
 flecheInternational Day of the World’s Indigenous People, 9 August 2005
 flecheWorld heritage in young hands
 flecheLest we forget: the triumph over slavery
 flecheSouvenirs d'humanité
 flecheExposition photographique: Mémoires de l’Humanité
 flecheMusiques africaines
 flecheAction in favour of Indigenous Peoples
 flecheArtistic practices and techniques from Europe and North America favouring social cohesion and peace
 flechePresident Lula da Silva to inaugurate “UNESCO and Brazil” exhibition

 flecheIndian Ocean tsunami alert system to be launched at IOC Assembly in June
 flecheTwenty-nine new documentary collections inscribed on the Memory of the World Register
 flecheSommet Mondial sur la Société de l’Information (SMSI)
 flecheEducation for All in Africa: Paving the Way for Action

 flecheDialogue among Cultures and Civilizations : International Conference in Rabat
 flechePrimeras Jornadas del MERCOSUR
sobre Políticas Culturales para la Diversidad Cultural

 flechePropuesta de Plan Cultural de las Tres Fronteras
 flecheSecond meeting of Ministers of Culture of Asia and Europe (ASEM)
 flecheThe precautionary principle
 flecheMultilingualism in cyberspace conference concluded in Bamako
 flecheDiscours de M. Koïchiro Matsuura sur l’avant-projet de convention concernant la protection de la diversité des contenus culturels et des expressions artistiques
 flecheUNESCO e NASA firmam parceria
 flecheWorld Heritage and contemporary architecture : Towards new conservation standards
 flecheRencontres sahariennes
 flecheCultural Diversity and Globalization: The Arab-Japanese Experience, a Cross-Regional Dialogue
 flecheGlobal education digest shows rapid growth in secondary education worldwide
 fleche171e Conseil exécutif de l’UNESCO : La troisième session de la Réunion intergouvernementale d’experts sur le projet de Convention se tiendra du 25 mai au 4 juin 2005 à Paris
 flecheDiogenes 209: "Approaching Utopia"
 flecheRapport du Directeur général sur l'état d'avancement du projet de convention sur la protection de la diversité des contenus culturels et des expressions artistiques
 flecheInformation Meeting with Permanent Delegations on the Strategic Review and Implementation Plans of UNESCO’s Post-Dakar Role in Education for All (EFA)
 flecheParticipation of the European Community in the intergovernmental meeting of experts (Category II) on the preliminary draft convention on the protection of the diversity of cultural contents and artistic expressions
 flecheExperts warn ecosystem changes threaten development
 flecheCha, In-Suk
 flecheCelebration of International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination
 fleche22 March: World Water Day initiates the International Decade for action 'Water for Life'
 flechePartie II - Résultats des travaux du groupe de travail informel
 flechePartie I - Résultats des travaux du comité de rédaction
 flecheRapport préliminaire du Directeur Général contenant deux avant-projets de Convention sur la protection de la diversité des contenus culturels et des expressions artistiques
 flecheLes inventaires du patrimoine culturel immatériel

 flecheDiversité culturelle et pluralisme
 flecheRapport préliminaire du Directeur Général contenant deux avant-projets de Convention sur la protection de la diversité des contenus culturels et des expressions artistiques
 flecheMessage from Mr Koïchiro Matsuura, Director-General of UNESCO, on the occasion of International Women’s Day, 8 March 2005
 flecheUNESCO treaty on protecting oral traditions could come into force next year
 flecheInternational Cultural Forum Beijing 2004 - UNESCO Office Beijing
 flecheEleven States Ratify Intangible Cultural Heritage Convention
 flecheFirst edition of the Global Alliance Newsletter
 flecheSixth meeting of the Intersectoral Task Force on UNESCO’s contribution to the World Summit on the Information Society
 flecheSecond session of the intergovernmental meeting of experts on the Preliminary Draft Convention on the Protection of the Diversity of Cultural Contents and Artistic Expressions (31 January – 12 February 2005)

 flecheFirst meeting of experts on the cultural heritage of the Old City of Jerusalem
 flecheInternational Conference on Biodiversity: Science and Governance
 flecheUNESCO to announce global strategy for establishment of a tsunami early warning system
 flecheFirst anniversary of the earthquake at World Heritage city of Bam (Iran)
 flecheUNESCO offers tsunami assistance to countries in South Asia
 flecheFirst meeting of the Drafting Committee for the Preliminary Draft Convention on the protection of the diversity of cultural contents and artistic expressions

 flecheMatsuura, Koïchiro
 flecheDie unterschiedlichen Begriffe von "Kultureller Vielfalt" (von Bernard Wicht)
 flecheAvant-projet de convention sur la protection de la diversité des contenus culturels et des expressions artistiques
 flecheUNESCO and Microsoft sign cooperation agreement to help bridge the digital divide
 flecheYamato Declaration on Integrated Approaches for Safeguarding Tangible and Intangible Cultural Heritage
 flecheQuality of Education insufficient to achieve Education For All by 2015
 fleche2005 Education for All Global Monitoring Report
 flecheSafeguarding of Tangible and Intangible Cultural Heritage: Toward an Integrated Approach
 flecheFirst Intergovernmental Meeting on the preliminary draft International Convention on the Protection of the Diversity of Cultural Contents and Artistic Expressions
 flecheDémocratie et gouvernance mondiale
 flecheInternational Day for the Eradication of Poverty (18-19 October 2004, UNESCO House, Paris)
 flecheCall for a European Coalition of Cities Against Racism
 flecheInternational Conference on education : "Quality education for all young people: Challenges, trends and priorities"

 flecheInternational Literacy Day
 flecheUNESCO celebrates International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition
 fleche 2000 Illiteracy rates - World Regions by gender
 flecheSchool life expectancy
 flecheThe future of values / Jérôme Bindé (dir.)
 flecheUNESCO’s 21st Century Dialogue on Building Knowledge Societies Today in Seoul
 flecheNew sites to be added to World Heritage List
 flecheZum Stand einer internationalen Konventionen zum Schutz der kulturellen Vielfalt
 fleche21 May 2004 - World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development
 flecheSymposium international "Diversité culturelle et mondialisation : l'expérience arabo-japonaise, un dialogue inter-régional"
 fleche"Diversité culturelle : synthèse des travaux préliminaires et des réunions d'experts de catégorie VI et perspectives"
 flecheSession d'information avec les délégations permanentes des États membres de l'UNESCO sur le processus d'élaboration d'un avant-projet de Convention sur la protection de la diversité des contenus culturels et des expressions artistiques
 flecheL'eau et la gouvernance : quelques exemples de bonnes pratiques
 flecheUnesco Lança Índice de Desenvolvimento Juvenil Inédito no Mundo
 flecheA new international instrument to enhance the protection of cultural property in times of war
 flecheDialogue assumes equality
 flechePremière réunion du groupe d'experts sur l'avant-projet de Convention internationale concernant la protection de la diversité des contenus culturels et des expressions artistiques
 flecheUNESCO High-Level Symposium on Knowledge Societies at WSIS concluded
 flecheConférence Internationale des ONG de 2003

 flecheGlobal alliance for cultural diversity presents its first results
 flecheCommission Sociale: l'éducation et la lutte contre la pauvreté sont les priorités en matière de promotion des Droits de l'Homme
 flecheGirls continue to face sharp discrimination in access to school
 flecheNew Technologies: Mirage or Miracle?
 flecheUNESCO Project Elaborates Methodology To Asses ICT Impact On Poverty Eradication
 flecheWorld Cities join to protect their biological and cultural diversity
 fleche2003 International Year of Freshwater: Water, A flood of promises, a trickle of progress
 flecheConvention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage
 flecheUNESCO adopts international declaration on human genetic data
 flecheWorld Heritage Convention: 14th General Assembly
 flecheThe 32nd session of UNESCO's General Conference approves unanimously the elaboration by 2005 of an international convention regarding the protection of the diversity of cultural contents and artistic expressions
 flecheIntangible Heritage, Cultural Diversity and Preventing Intentional Destruction of Heritage: Key Cultural Issues at UNESCO’s General Conference
 flecheCommunique of the ministerial round table on quality education
 flecheTthe President of Kyrgyzstan emphasizes education and new information and communication technology in an address to UNESCO’s General Conference
 flecheUNESCO’s General Conference to debate preparation of an international convention against doping in sport
 flecheThe First Lady of the United States of America marks the U.S. Return to UNESCO with an Address to the General Conference
 flecheHundred of ministers and five heads of State expected at UNESCO's General Conference
 flecheEGOVOS 3: Open Standards and Libre Software in Government
 flecheUniversidades do Rio de Janeiro debatem a globalização
 flechePolitical inertia exacerbates water crisis, says World Water Development Report First UN system-wide evaluation of global water resources
 flechePress conference by UNESCO Director-General Koïchiro Matsuura on UNESCO-NEPAD seminar
 flecheCivilizations: How we see others, how others see us
 flecheMessage du Directeur général de l'UNESCO à l'occasion de la Journée des droits de l'homme
 flechePhilosophy day at UNESCO
 flecheInauguration de la Bibliotheca Alexandrina : du papyrus au numérique
 flechePatrimoine immatériel : Adoption de la Déclaration d'Istanbul
 flecheL'UNESCO se réjouit du retour des Etats-Unis d'Amérique
 flecheQuatre-vingt ministres de la culture travaillent sur le thème : le patrimoine immatériel, miroir de la diversité culturelle
 flecheLa diversité culturelle, un facteur essentiel du développement durable
 flecheUNESCO Promotes Cultural Diversity and Education at World Summit on Sustainable Development
 flecheDeputy Director-General to inaugurate Youth Tennis Tournament on July 8
 flecheForo UNESCO sobre la crisis argentina
 flecheDossier d'information sur l' Education pour tous - Le rôle de la societé civile
 flecheWhat is UNESCO
 flecheGeneral Conference adopts universal declaration on Cultural Diversity
 flecheONGs, Gobernancia y Desarollo en America Latina
 flecheMemória - Forum UNESCO-MERCOSUR
24-25 mayo 2001 - Asunción

 flecheLa Diversidad Cultural ante la Mundialización Económica
 flecheRe-shaping cultural policies
 fleche"Democracy and World Governance in the 21st Century"
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