Ref. :  000031892
Date :  2009-06-29
Language :  English
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Dismantling of protectionist trade measures, fulfilment of aid pledges among issues, as debate continues at UN conference on world financial crisis

Hears from More Than 25 Speakers, Following Friday’s Adoption of Outcome Document

Author :  ONU / UN

Struggling to recover from steep declines in export earnings, tax revenues and overall economic growth, delegates from developing and middle-income countries alike today pressed rich nations to dismantle protectionist trade measures and fulfil pledges for official development assistance to avert a humanitarian catastrophe, as the plenary debate of the Conference on the World Financial and Economic Crisis and Its Impact on Development continued at United Nations Headquarters.

The Conference, which began on 24 June, has brought together world leaders to assess the worst global economic downturn since the Great Depression and identify emergency and long-term responses to mitigate its impacts. On 26 June, delegates adopted a sweeping outcome document that contained recommendations to fight the recession and establish safer and fairer financial practices. Among other measures, they called for more resources for social protection, food security and human development, and follow-through on commitments for increased development assistance.

Throughout today’s debate, representatives of Governments and observer missions stressed that many open, export-dependent economies were still suffering the impacts of sustained high food and fuel prices, and battling the severe impacts of climate change that included drought, flooding and soil erosion.

The representative of Belarus, one of 27 speakers today, told delegates that new protectionist measures brought particular harm to small, export-oriented countries. They had been used not only to protect domestic markets but to pressure other nations -– and that was unacceptable. He urged the United Nations and the World Trade Organization to ensure the early cancellation of protectionism measures, and United Nations agencies particularly to help affected countries deal with consequent losses.

The situation was especially severe in Tajikistan, whose delegate said that economic growth for the first four months of 2009 had reached only 2.9 per cent, versus an average of 8 per cent during the last eight years. Exports had declined by 41 per cent in the first quarter and imports by 11 per cent. While he appreciated policy responses taken by countries worldwide, he urged developed countries to ensure that their actions did not harm -- but helped -- countries in neighbouring and interconnected regions. He asked the United Nations to include in the agenda of future reforms the establishment of an initiative or fund to support landlocked countries.

Congo’s representative said that, while his Government had seen progress over the last ten years on various fronts, the global financial meltdown had forced it to review its growth targets. The forestry sector had contracted by 50 per cent, while Congo’s oil dependence, debt burden and high production costs were all major challenges that the Government sought to address.

Shedding light on the macroeconomic situation, the delegate of Cape Verde said forecasts expected a 1.7 per cent drop in global gross national product and a 2.1 per cent slowdown in income. Behind such figures lay a human tragedy that involved a loss of hope. The situation threatened countries’ ability to meet the Millennium Development Goals, particularly for women and children, and could worsen social tensions. It would be illusory to expect any country to face such challenges alone and Cape Verde -– a young, dynamic country -- risked losing its middle income economy status.

“We are at a critical juncture that requires rapid, decisive and coordinated action,” Afghanistan’s delegate said. The causes of the crisis had to be addressed and all had to work together to prevent a tenuous situation from becoming a social and human disaster. As a post-conflict, least developed and landlocked country, Afghanistan would be pressed to implement its national development strategy and achieve its Millennium Development Goals without intensified global support.

He saw the potential of North-South collaboration, as well as that between countries in the South, saying that Afghanistan could testify to the value of various types of partnerships. Cooperation could best be accomplished by improving international and regional institutions, supporting global and regional cooperation and increasing the effectiveness of such efforts in recipient countries.

Agreeing, the Secretary-General of the Inter-Parliamentary Union said the health of the world economy should not be measured simply in terms of stock market recovery, but in terms of its ability to provide jobs that valued the dignity of work. The debate over good governance of international financial institutions should involve making them more responsive to people’s real needs, and opening them to greater parliamentary scrutiny and support.

He insisted that the crisis was one that had been foretold. “We cannot claim to have been ignorant”, he said. At its most basic level, it concerned morals and ethics. At a very minimum, the response must be one in which “business as usual” was abandoned, and a better equilibrium between the voice of society, the role of the State and the dynamics of the market was found.

Also speaking in today’s debate were Bolivia, Swaziland, Tunisia, Ghana, Eritrea, Panama, Ethiopia, Moldova, Iceland, Albania, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Croatia, Montenegro, Jordan, Mauritania, Nepal, Malawi, and Trinidad and Tobago.

Representatives of the Permanent Observer Mission of Palestine and the Holy See also delivered remarks, as did a representative of the Common Fund for Commodities.

The Conference will conclude its debate tomorrow, Tuesday, 30 June. After, the General Assembly will take up the reports of the Fifth Committee (Administrative and Budgetary), and take action on a draft resolution on the situation in Honduras.


The General Assembly today met to continue the plenary debate of its Conference on the World Financial and Economic Crisis and Its Impact on Development, which aims to identify emergency and long-term responses to mitigate the impact of the crisis, especially on vulnerable populations, and initiate dialogue on the transformation of the international financial architecture.


RAYMOND SERGE BALE ( Congo) said the crisis provided an opportunity to review the entire global financial system and create a new vision of life based on solidarity. Recalling that the Group of 20 recently met in London to bring lasting solutions to the present situation, he said today’s Conference must establish a new starting point for nations, particularly developing nations. In that context, he welcomed measures taken in intergovernmental discussions on the outcome document. All parties, including people themselves, must be mobilized on the basis of coordinated solidarity, and he expressed hope that the trend would continue. “Reshaping the global financial system is everybody’s business,” he said.

He said Africa was experiencing the impacts of a crisis it did not create, just at a time when it was beginning to see progress on various issues. Export revenue was a major lever for nascent African economies. They were vulnerable because of the nature of trade with developed countries. In Congo, the forestry sector had contracted by 50 per cent. Its dependence on oil, its debt burden and high production costs were major challenges that the Government sought to address. Progress had been seen in the last ten years, but the crisis had forced Congo to review its growth targets. Also, protection of the Congo Basin was vital to sustainable development of the country and adequate funding was needed to preserve it. The United Nations must play a key role in coordinating international development.

PABLO SOLÓN-ROMERO ( Bolivia), first condemning the coup d’état in Honduras, said today’s Conference was a triumph of democratic participation. Indeed, the global financial crisis was structural and systemic, and it called for far-reaching measures. A few regulatory measures did not constitute a solution. For capitalism, there was no Mother Earth -- just raw materials. It generated luxury and waste for a few, while many died of hunger. Life itself had become a good and natural disaster a source of business. There was a choice at hand. Poor countries could not continue to pay for rich countries’ serious errors -- money was flowing out of them towards the rich nations. “This is unacceptable”, he said. Developed countries must pay the bill for promoting today’s disaster.

To compensate poor countries, he said developed nations must contribute an additional 1 per cent of gross domestic product to a fund for developing countries. They also needed to open multilateral trade immediately. The North must stop promoting Free Trade Agreements that only led to social upheaval. They must open their markets and immediately cancel the debt of poor nations. Developing countries must stop financing the North and use the reserves to leverage the crisis to attain sustainable development. Finally, it was essential to guarantee poor nations the space needed for commercial, trade and financial measures to attain their rights to food, water and all basic services. “We cannot confuse the protectionism of sharks with the protectionism of sardines,” he said. Also, there must be a full restructuring of the World Bank and International Monetary Fund. They could not reform themselves. The United Nations must play a determining role in their reform. In closing, he said the free will of the market could no longer be allowed to trigger instability. The world needed new institutions, based on solidarity, social justice and the rights of Mother Earth.

ABDUJABBOR SHIRINOV ( Tajikistan) said the country’s economy faced serious difficulties, as economic growth for the first four months of the year was 2.9 per cent, compared with an average of 8 per cent during the last eight years. In the first quarter of 2009, exports had declined by 41 per cent and imports by 11 per cent, while remittances were down by more than 30 per cent. The country had also experienced additional difficulties because of the global energy and food crises.

It would be very difficult for Tajikistan to deal with the current problems without assistance from the international community, the United Nations and other global and regional financial organizations and institutions. Tajikistan welcomed the recommendations of the Commission of Experts and, while it appreciated the policy responses taken by countries worldwide, he urged developed countries to ensure that their actions did not harm, but helped countries in the neighbouring and interconnected regions. For example, developed countries subsidized cotton producers, which harmed cotton producers from poor countries like his own. He called on developed countries to stop that practice.

He asked the United Nations to include in the agenda of future reforms the establishment of an initiative or fund to support landlocked countries and to see a rapid replenishment of the initiative or fund from the international donor community, he said. He supported the outcome document.

JOEL M. NHLEKO ( Swaziland) said small, open and vulnerable developing countries like his own, while not directly affected by the financial crisis due to their weak integration into world capital markets, had been impacted more directly by the contraction in advanced nations. Such secondary effects were as yet being unravelled, implying that the poorest countries had not seen the worst of the turmoil. They were now contending with falling exports, commodity prices, balance of payments shortfalls, sliding access to trade and diminished foreign direct investment. Most developing countries lacked the individual financial capacity to either affect the system or provide the necessary stimulus to jump start their economies.

While he appreciated recent efforts of the Group of 20, it was only fitting that the United Nations hold today’s Conference. The decisions taken would consolidate what was being done by other actors in other forums. In that pursuit, developed countries should steer the “global ship out of these perilous waters”, taking measures to boost global demand, stabilize financial markets and unlock credit markets. They should also fulfil official development commitments. Developing countries could not sit idly by -– they had to deepen economic and structural reforms, boost private savings and maintain political and macroeconomic stability. For its part, Swaziland’s poverty reduction strategy and action plan rested on two pillars: investing in infrastructure and enhancing health delivery and skills development. In closing, he said developed and developing countries alike must do whatever possible to boost economies and arrest the slippage into abject poverty for the most vulnerable.

JALEL SNOUSSI ( Tunisia) said the global financial crisis showed the failure of a certain model, and it was an unprecedented crisis that required an unprecedented response. It had taken place at a decisive stage in the process of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which had been left on the back burner since the financial crisis had begun. The international architecture needed to be revised. It needed to be reviewed to make it more open, transparent and inclusive and to make the international economy became more stable.

In such an environment, it was crucial for States to coordinate their efforts in economic and political affairs, he said. The United Nations had the necessary legitimacy and should be able to play a governing role, and a more significant role, in the international financial world. The Economic and Social Council could serve as a central mechanism. It was necessary to extend control over the financial bodies that created risk. Further, more rigorous standards must be created for risk assessment and the use of complex financial products. Tunisia also supported the creation of a follow-up mechanism for the Conference

LESLIE KOJO CHRISTIAN ( Ghana) said the crisis presented significant challenges for developing countries, especially those in Africa. In fact, the crisis represented a serious setback for the African continent at a time when it was gradually, but steadily making progress in economic performance and management. One worrying, but likely consequence of the crisis for all developing countries was the reduction of internal and external finance, which posed difficulties for funding health, education, infrastructure and nutrition programmes. The key challenge facing Africa, therefore, was determining how to manage the current crisis, while ensuring development progress was not reversed.

He noted that among the policy responses to the crisis, African countries had taken steps to mitigate its impact, including through interest rate reductions, recapitalization of financial institutions, increasing liquidity to banks and firms, fiscal stimulus packages, trade policy changes and regulatory reforms. Some had set up task forces and committees to monitor the crisis. In Ghana restrictions had been imposed on travel budgets, official procurement and the creation of new posts. Nevertheless, financial constraints continued to limit responses and the international community needed to provide appropriate assistance to prevent a humanitarian catastrophe. Among other things, rich countries should make more efforts to meet existing aid and debt reduction commitments. Disbursements should be accelerated and access to existing finance facilities improved. The International Monetary Fund should put in place a new facility with relaxed conditions to support African economies during the crisis, and early capital to the African Development Bank should be increased. The International Monetary Fund’s (IMF) gold reserves should be sold to release additional resources.

ARAYA DESTA ( Eritrea) said his delegation agreed with the statement made by Bangladesh on behalf of the least developed countries. The cause of the financial crisis was rooted in human greed and had gone on without mercy to cause colossal damage around the world. The impact of the crisis compounded the recent crises in food and fuels and had severe ramifications for the poorest and most vulnerable populations. The crisis had rapidly spread to developing countries and emerging market economies, which had been impacted by lower export revenues, less tourism, increased unemployment, decreased capital flows and fiscal budgetary constraints.

It should be emphasized that the current crisis had triggered a slowdown in global economic growth, which showed itself in a demand–driven fall in international trade, falling commodity prices, declining remittances, shrinking foreign direct investment, and the potential decline of official development assistance. Those conditions were added onto the ongoing global food crisis, volatile energy prices and climate change challenges. The Conference should lead to immediate collective actions, which should include a strong follow-up mechanism and the reform of the international financial institutions, especially governance of the International Monetary Fund.

YAVEL FRANCIS LANUZA ( Panama) said the global economic and financial imbalances had directly affected developing countries. The call of today’s Conference reflected the urgency of in-depth discussion on the situation and, in that context, she recognized the legitimacy conferred on the United Nations. Indeed, the Conference was an important step on the right path and it should produce recommendations for countries and regions without creating a “single recipe”. She also expressed hope that it would strengthen discussions on the causes of the crisis. The time had come to stress the importance of strengthened financial systems.

She said diversified financial services played an important role in Panama, and the country had established solid regulatory institutions. The financial and trade interrelationship was increasingly complex, and made it necessary to use effective supervision mechanisms. Developing economies had been impacted by multiple and interlinked commercial transactions with trade partners, a drop in basic goods prices and contraction of financial credit. More than ever, all forms of cooperation were positive, not only in the North-South axis, but between developing economies. Without prejudice for the need to adopt an adjustment mechanism, she said nations must avoid implementing measures that would reverse progress in commercial and trade relations. The growth and well-being of citizens were the ultimate goals of country actions. In that context, she trusted that the United Nations’ role would continue to develop in a prominent way and complement that of other international organizations. In closing, she rejected the destabilization that had taken place yesterday in Honduras.

RETA ALEMU NEGA ( Ethiopia) said the global economic crisis had become a human development crisis and was pushing millions of people back into poverty and placing the survival of the poor and vulnerable groups at risk. The prospects of reaching the Millennium Development Goals had also been compromised and their achievement looked more distant than ever. The African continent was becoming the victim of the consequences of the crisis, which was testing the continent’s recent progress in various social and economic areas. The collective efforts of the international community to address those challenges had been stalled.

Ethiopia believed it was time for the international community to take concrete measures to address the global economic crisis, including committing to the provision of additional resources to poor countries. The delegation fully supported the creation of the Global Economic Coordinating Council, with adequate representation of developing countries’ practitioners and policy-makers. The United Nations should continue to play an important role in addressing this and possible future crises, and it was urgent to strengthen the coordination and coherence of its activities among its agencies and other international Organizations.

ANTONIO PEDRO MONTEIRO LIMA ( Cape Verde) said his country was suffering the effects of a crisis for which it was not responsible. Without sustained global efforts, it could find progress made in the last thirty years called into question. That was unacceptable and he urged the international community to understand the causes of the crisis, so as to avoid a repeat. He said market deregulation and liberalism were among the causes of the turmoil, which had led many countries to break with past practices. Countries must act to avoid an unprecedented humanitarian crisis. Without necessary measures -- notably on the substance of the problem -- more than 53 million people in 2009 could join the hundreds of millions who already lived below the poverty level. Forecasts showed an expected 1.7 per cent drop in global gross national product and a 2.1 per cent slowdown in income. Behind such figures lay a human tragedy that involved a loss of hope.

He said that situation would impact countries’ ability to meet the Millennium Development Goals, particularly for women and children, whose food needs were particularly threatened. It also could worsen social tensions, and leaders must act in a determined way to diffuse extremism. In addition, there should be more transparency in the United Nations and global financial institutions. Indeed, protectionism would condemn millions more into poverty. Cape Verde, an archipelago nation, was particularly vulnerable to soil erosion and desertification. It produced only 20 per cent of its food needs and could cultivate only 10 per cent of its land. Despite that, the nation was based on democratic governance, an economic system free from corruption and a good social system. Its dynamism was due to pragmatism and strict financial management. However, the crisis had reduced foreign direct investment and a drop in real estate, tourism and remittances. It would be illusory to expect any country to face such challenges alone. Cape Verde risked losing its middle income economy status. “We are a young State”, he said. After the current crisis, it would grow stronger and go further.

ALEXANDRU CUJBA ( Moldova) aligned himself with the statement made by the Czech Republic on behalf of the European Union, saying the scale of the crisis and extent of the meltdown were underestimated and the crisis went across all borders and impacted emerging markets. It had impacted the real sector of most States, had spread into all sectors and had a human face, impacting Wall Street and Main Street. The Millennium Development Goals had been sidetracked and it was necessary to achieve those goals. He welcomed the commitment of development assistance that had been made during the Conference.

The crisis should bring together the leaders of the major economies to stabilize and secure the global economy. The speakers in the hall had described the crisis as the most severe crisis since the Great Depression of the 1930s. Moldova had experienced growth and poverty reduction in recent years, and now its people were being pushed back into poverty and vulnerability. The recent surge in food and energy prices, and natural disasters, such as the 2007 drought and 2008 flood, had diverted resources from national programmes. Even with that, the country registered 7.2 per cent growth in gross domestic product (GDP) in 2008. But, during the first quarter of this year, its economic figures declined and tax revenue declined. The country’s gross domestic product dropped by 6.9 per cent during the first quarter of this year, compared with same period of 2008. Only through common efforts and the genuine contribution of all members of the “G-192” would the international community succeed, he said.

ANDREI DAPKIUNAS ( Belarus) objected to new protectionism measures that had been taken under the pretext of protecting consumers. Such behaviour brought particular harm to small, export-oriented countries and, ultimately, would lead to a dead end. Protectionist measures had been taken not only to protect domestic markets, but to pressure other nations -– and that was unacceptable. Given that, he urged the United Nations and the World Trade Organization to ensure the early cancellation of protectionism measures, while United Nations agencies especially should help affected countries to deal with losses stemming from protectionist measures. He called the Secretary-General to work with the World Trade Organization and the World Bank to implement decisions taken by the Chief Executives Board.

He said the crisis also provided a unique opportunity to move towards sustainable development. Vital to that was access to modern energy sources. Without such access, it would not be possible to achieve a high level of human development. Access to modern energy sources was needed to ensure high quality health and education services, and to deal with climate change. He called on the United Nations to develop an integrated energy agenda. With the World Bank, the Organization should support countries with measures to boost energy efficiency, energy savings and new and renewable sources of energy.

EMIL BREKI HREGGVIðSSON ( Iceland) said the experience of his country, which was one of the first to be caught in the world financial storm in 2008, underscored the need for the crisis to be resolved in a collective manner. Together, the international community should work constructively and resolutely to promote sustainable recovery, taking the human dimension into account at both the national and the international level. Iceland believed that the active participation of the United Nations and wider cooperation with the Bretton Woods institutions was essential to address the challenges facing the world. It supported reforms already under way within the international financial institutions, which aimed for more equitable representation and more flexible instruments for countries in need. Closer cooperation would also be needed on financial regulation and supervision to mitigate future crises, and must be complemented by greater political commitment to implement recommendations made by the international financial institutions. Iceland was also strongly committed to concluding the Doha Round of trade negotiations and called on all countries to observe pledges to avoid protectionism.

He further stressed that all efforts should be made to protect the poor and vulnerable and to keep the Millennium Development Goals on track. Accountability at all levels should be ensured, while aid effectiveness should be harmonized and aligned through the application of the Paris Declaration and the Accra Agenda for Action. With two thirds of the increase in world energy use over the next 25 years expected to come from developing countries, access to clean and cost-effective energy resources would be essential to poverty reduction, and the transfer and development technologies for such new energy sources should be accelerated. Promotion of gender equality and women’s empowerment must also continue during these trying times. Indeed, harnessing women’s energy and talent was essential to economic recovery.

ADRIAN NERITANI ( Albania), aligning himself with the European Union, said the financial meltdown threatened to reverse “hardly achieved” development goals. Its spillover effects were due to mismanaged globalization in an increasingly interdependent world. The formulation and enforcement of international standards might result in increased power for international institutions, which risked growing inflexible if they did not accommodate multiple rules of sovereign nations that competed in global markets. National response plans, in wide consultation with society and the private sector, were crucial to a collective global response.

He said the United Nations had the legitimacy to discuss important issues and effectively make decisions. It also had a comparative institutional advantage in the current architecture and its impacts could be far-reaching if countries pursued serious reforms. With that in mind, Albania had been implementing the “One UN” programme. It had blunted the initial impacts of the crisis, as its integrated financial markets and lower household and business indebtedness offered natural protection, and it continued to achieve positive economic growth. But, it was clear that such behaviour might not compensate for risks stemming from a less diversified growth, over-reliance on remittances and an insufficient culture of risk management in financial institutions. As such, the United Nations would remain indispensable in helping developing countries address multiple crises. He urged supporting the establishment of a global impact and vulnerability alert system.

ENAYETULLAH MADANI ( Afghanistan), delivering a statement by ZAHIR TANIN, said the global financial crisis had exacerbated other problems of energy, environment and food that particularly affected developing countries. Afghans had felt such stress first-hand, as rising wheat prices had threatened a deadly food shortage this past winter. Post-conflict countries, least developed countries and landlocked least developed countries faced unique challenges. As one of them, Afghanistan would find it difficult to implement its national development strategy and achieve its Millennium Development Goals without intensified global support. Insecurity caused by the Taliban in parts of the country, coupled with several recent natural disasters, had increased the need for resources, notably humanitarian assistance. As a result of the crisis, Afghanistan’s exports and imports, and reconstruction of infrastructure, transportation and health sectors had been severely weakened.

“We are at a critical juncture that requires rapid, decisive and coordinated action,” he said. The causes of the crisis had to be addressed and all had to work together to prevent a tenuous situation from becoming a social and human disaster. The United Nations had an important role in coordinating international cooperation and he encouraged countries to ensure that United Nations development agencies were fully resourced, particularly so they could increase technical and financial assistance to landlocked developing countries. He saw the potential of North-South collaboration, as well as that between countries in the South. Afghanistan could testify to the value of various types of partnerships. Cooperation could best be accomplished by improving international and regional institutions, supporting global and regional cooperation and increasing the effectiveness of such efforts in recipient countries. Urging donor countries to meet commitments made at the recent Group of 20 meeting, he also called on them to reduce official development assistance allocations outside the Government system, and rather channel funds through the core budget and trust funds. A lack of donor coordination, incomplete reporting and unpredictable aid were challenges to be addressed. He concluded by reiterating the call for an early and successful conclusion to the Doha Round of World Trade Organization trade negotiations.

SIN SON HO (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea) said the global economic and financial crisis was negatively impacting the political, economic, cultural and other areas of many countries, regardless of their level of economic development. The developing countries had suffered the most, which was the inevitable result of the capitalist economies. The implementation of the internationally agreed targets for development, such as the Millennium Development Goals, had been gravely challenged. His delegation valued the fact that the United Nations, the most comprehensive forum encompassing 192 Member States, considered such important issues as analyzing the causes of the current crisis and the reform of the international financial architecture.

The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea supported the outcome document, but was of the view that the document was not the complete and adequate solution to the current crisis. It constituted the initial stage in enabling the Assembly to proceed with an innovative negotiation process to boldly reform the international financial structure and promote world economic growth in a sustainable way. The only way to move out of today’s global economic and financial crisis was to replace the outdated system with a new international economic order that ensured equal sovereignty and the interest of all countries, he said. It was imperative to restructure the old international financial system that relied heavily on the United States dollar.

Archbishop CELESTINO MIGLIORE (Holy See) said it must not be forgotten that poor people in both the developed and developing world, who were suffering most, were also the least able to defend themselves against the crisis. This disparity threatened to undermine any long-term resolution to the crisis. Given the vulnerability of so many of the world’s poor, he endorsed the measures designed to help them in the short-term, as well as those longer-term mechanisms that sought, among other things, to stabilize capital flows in order to prevent a recurrence of the crisis. Since such long-term measures may require a stronger political consensus to enact them, they should focus on sustainability.

Continuing, he welcomed the commitments expressed by the G-20 in April to take steps to end the crisis, but said it was regrettable that so little of that aid targeted the world’s poorest. Further, that assistance should be offered with as few conditionalities as possible. The elimination of agricultural export subsidies could provide significant help to poor countries. Practicable and enforceable mechanisms aimed at transparency were also needed. Too often, in the past, economics had sought to remove values from its discussions, instead of aiming to create a more just financial system. In view of the fact that the marginalization of peoples could lead to, and worsen, conflicts, the poorest countries should be given priority in the crisis. An ethical approach should also be undertaken and should include the participation of civil society.

RANKO VILOVIC (Croatia) aligned himself with the statement made by the Czech Republic on behalf of the European Union and said it was unequivocally clear that the gravity of the financial and economic crisis commanded nothing less than globally coordinated efforts. Croatia welcomed the convening of the Conference as a timely forum to hear, for the first time, from the whole United Nations membership, especially developing countries. The Croatian Central Bank had taken several precautionary measures to maintain the orderly functioning of markets, avert destabilizing pressures on the national currency, and address the fallout of the crisis on the country’s financial system.

Given the urgency of the crisis, the United Nations had a central role to play in tackling the impact of the crisis on the world‘s most vulnerable people and had well established and achievable benchmarks set by the international community already in place. But, in order to provide meaningful development on the ground, the United Nations needed to streamline its operations and better coordinate and reshape funds, programmes and agencies. Croatia believed that the Conference should build on earlier comprehensive responses launched by the Group of 20 and others in their efforts to mitigate an extended global recession and promote global recovery, he said. This Conference reaffirmed for Croatia the important role that international financial institutions had to play alongside the United Nations, in responding to the systematic issues of the crisis. It also underscored the need to strengthen and reform them, to improve their effectiveness and enhance their capacity as a platform for international cooperation.

NEBOJŠA KALUDJEROVIĆ (Montenegro), aligning himself with the European Union, said the convening of the Conference was timely, as the financial, food and energy crises, the flu pandemic and climate change were negatively influencing economic systems and social equilibrium. Negative spillover effects could create volatile environments, and increase social, religious and cultural tensions that carried paramount political and security repercussions. Hard-earned progress on the Millennium Development Goals, and other internationally agreed development goals, risked being halted and even reversed, while the burden carried by the world’s most vulnerable populations was only increasing.

Thus, it was imperative to achieve international solidarity in addressing the needs of the world’s poor, placing development issues at the top of the global agenda, he explained. Echoing calls for comprehensive and coordinated efforts to support poor nations, he urged donors to fulfil their official development assistance commitments. The United Nations, as the only universal body, had the power to influence change. Montenegro recognized that better coordination among various agencies, funds and programmes was needed to achieve solid results. He welcomed the recent Group of 20 agreement, notably the $1 trillion package designed to mitigate the impacts of the crisis on developing countries. He urged using public-private partnerships to find innovative financing for development, and ensuring that policy measures promoted a green recovery. In that context, he reiterated the importance of reaching a post-2012 climate change agreement.

Turning to his country, he said Montenegro had experienced 9 per cent growth, but was heavily dependent on foreign direct investment and tourism. It had not been immune to the impacts of the financial crisis and, as such, had adopted an anti-crisis package that included a provision to intervene in the economy with guarantees for credit support. Other crucial elements included a reduction of personal income tax rates and the elimination of electricity market distortions. The goal of such measures was to safeguard the most vulnerable sectors of the economy. In closing, he said that only in coming together in coordinated action would the world be able to effectively address the impacts of the global financial crisis.

KHALID ABDULLAH KARAYYEM SHAWABKAH (Jordan) said the world economy was facing an acute crisis, the most severe since the 1930s, and that was a threat to development and sustainable growth and the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. A multilateral response to the problem was crucial, because of the challenge in trying to limit its scope and duration and its economic, social and environmental impact. The crisis went beyond the capabilities of a single State, and it required a collective, multilateral response. The economies of the developing countries were not the cause of the crisis, but its victims, and those developing economies were less capable of adapting to the crisis. They had less capacity to inject liquidity into their financial systems or to create employment. They were more vulnerable to fluctuations in the market.

International financial institutions were suffering from distortions, he continued. The reform of those institutions was of the essence, to ensure the viability of the international economy in the future, he said. The international system needed bold reforms to create an economic system that ensured development for the weakest economies.

Jordan was concerned that the crisis put the developing States in a more vulnerable position and threatened to annul the development achieved so far, he said. The crisis might limit official development assistance (ODA) and prevent investments and financial transfers and affect certain sectors, such as tourism. As a country with a small economy, Jordan was more susceptible to economic fluctuations. Jordan would do what it could, within national and international frameworks, and hoped that the international solutions would restore confidence in the world economy.

ABDERRAHIM OULD HADRAMI ( Mauritania) said that, of all the challenges facing the United Nations and the international community, all 192 countries were unanimous on the financial crisis. That crisis exacerbated the situation of developing States, which were already weakened by the food crisis, and imperilled the lives of millions of people. The number of people who were chronically malnourished was forecast to rise to over 1 billion, while 55 to 90 million people would be plunged into poverty. Rising poverty and unemployment, coupled with rising prices and growing debt, would be crushing for developing countries, especially in Africa. The ability of those countries to access foreign investment and aid would become increasingly difficult. In that regard, the Millennium Development Goals would be undermined.

He said Mauritania faced severe threats from increasing drought and other effects of climate change. The Government was, with development partners, undertaking an action plan to empower women and promote microfinance and rural and urban development, among other things. But, the crisis had proven that the non-inclusiveness of the international financial system and insufficiency of its instruments could not provide the responses needed today. That outdated system had to be rebuilt on solid ground and should account more fully for the needs of developing countries. Further, any response should be in line with the Doha Agreement, particularly the commitments regarding development aid by developed countries. He hoped that the Conference’s final outcome document would galvanize the conscience of the world community, orienting it towards the realization of the goals of the United Nations, international cooperation and development, and the well-being and prosperity of all the world’s peoples.

MADHU RAMAN ACHARYA ( Nepal) said the crisis had impacted the least developed countries severely and disproportionately. The situation in landlocked developing countries had been exacerbated by their remoteness and bottlenecks in transit transport systems. The crisis had decelerated growth, reduced investment and seriously undermined development efforts. Most importantly, it had revealed ripple effects in social and human development. The world had failed to anticipate and appreciate its full scope, having depended on the “invisible hand” of the market-driven economy.

The global response had thus far been piecemeal, and efforts had not matched the scale of the problem -– it would be anyone’s guess how much of the $18 trillion collective stimulus packages was going to help the most vulnerable countries. He welcomed the S1.1 trillion G-20 package, but said only a limited share -- $50 billion -- of that amount was targeted to low-income nations and there was no explicit reference to the most vulnerable countries. There was no clear strategy for making the increased Strategic Drawing Rights of the International Monetary Fund available to the most vulnerable countries in a transparent way. The crisis offered an opportunity to start a greener economy and begin comprehensive reform of the global trade and financial architecture. The response should be clear: good policy; good vigilance; and more resources. For its part, the United Nations should take a proactive role, through a more inclusive and development-oriented economic and financial policy. It should address multiple challenges, including the food and energy crises. In closing, he urged the creation of a global stimulus package to restore growth, confidence, credit and jobs.

STEVE D. MATENJE ( Malawi) said that, in developing countries, particularly the least developed of them, the crisis was aggravating hunger and malnutrition for poor families, women, children and people with disabilities and increasing unemployment, reducing revenues and fuelling civil unrest. It was wiping out the prospects for eradicating extreme poverty, hunger and malnutrition, and would likely have serious repercussions for the achievement of the internationally-agreed development goals. Combined with the devastating effects of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria, it was bound to quickly become a humanitarian crisis of unprecedented proportions, thereby wiping out the development gains made over the last few years. Although Malawi had enjoyed a robust growth rate of 9.7 per cent of its gross domestic product in 2008, it now faced a real danger of seeing that growth reversed unless urgent action was taken.

He said the United Nations should serve as a common forum to deliberate and find innovative solutions to address the crisis. It was hoped the outcome of the Conference would address the issues most important to the economic prosperity of developing countries. For Malawi, those included promoting economic growth as a means of reducing abject poverty and ensuring food and nutritional security at the household and national levels, which was key to the successful implementation of the internationally agreed development goals. Its agricultural polices had demonstrated that, if properly managed, agricultural input subsidies for poor farmers could contribute dramatically to increases in food production. Malawi wished to request that its bilateral and multilateral development partners increase agricultural investment and reconsider their policies on agricultural subsidies for least developed countries. The United Nations should also remain actively engaged in recognizing and addressing the special needs of the least developed countries and the landlocked developing countries.

MARINA ANNETTE VALERE (Trinidad and Tobago), identifying with the statement made on behalf of the Caribbean Community, said that while early indications suggested there was a slowing of the crisis, the timing of a recovery remained unknown. A fall in demand had led to lower energy prices, meaning that for countries like hers, many large planned industrial projects had been postponed. Fortunately, her country would still see a rise in economic growth, owing to its low debt ratios and high levels of reserves. But, like the wider Caribbean regions, it had already experienced large declines in its main export products. Among other things, that posed a serious challenge not just to attaining the Millennium Development Goals, but to gains already made, making the extension by Governments of social safety nets imperative.

She said considerable fiscal deterioration was already visible and would likely, despite any recovery, remain diminished after the crisis was over. Moreover, the room for discretionary fiscal action over prolonged periods of time was limited even in countries that started with a strong fiscal position. The outlook for many countries in the Caribbean remained sombre and, in that regard, the United Nations must embrace the recommendations derived from the Conference, which had, among other things, highlighted the urgent need for a reform of the international financial architecture. That reform should reorient that system towards the needs of developing countries and towards the shared goal of improved economic growth.

Noting the role of world trade in that system, she emphasized that protectionism would be widely detrimental. While the International Monetary Fund clearly needed reform, it was important to remember that countries with strong economic policies had been extended needed support. Trinidad and Tobago was also encouraged by changes at the World Bank, which seemed to recognize the particular needs of developing countries. Regional and subregional groups must also be utilized to address the needs of this and future generations.

MANSOUR, Permanent Observer of Palestine said he supported the final document adopted by consensus last week. There was widespread consensus that the current crisis was the most difficult since the Great Depression and had hit the most vulnerable people the hardest. The United Nations had to undertake its rightful role in producing measures that promoted development and helped fulfil the Millennium Development Goals. The United Nations should ensure the coherence of the international financial systems, so as to lay the basis for a global economy.

The reform of the financial architecture was necessary to help ensure accountable Governments, he said. The Palestine economy had been severely impacted by the crisis, as economic contributions from Palestinian expatriates declined. In addition, the restrictions deliberately inflicted by Israel, and in violation of humanitarian and human rights and laws, had damaged the Palestinian social structure and its ability to achieve the Millennium Development Goals.

The latest report by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) showed that Israel’s incursion into Gaza in December 2008 and January 2009 had caused great economic damage. Israel also had imposed restrictions on cash into the Gaza and that had created a continued liquidity shortage. He called on the international community to exert its influence to bring an end to the illegal Israeli policies that hindered the Palestinian economy. He urged the fulfilment of donor pledges to bolster the institutions of the future Palestinian State. He called attention to the most vulnerable, who were suffering and were looking to the United Nations to find the way forward.

ALI MCHUMO, Common Fund for Commodities, said many delegates had mentioned the role of commodities in the economic prospects of many developing countries and the commodity sector’s role in the present financial and economic crisis was underlined in the Report of the Commission of Experts. Chapter 4 highlighted the detrimental effects of commodity price volatility as a key source of instability in the global economic system, and called on the international community to explore ways to mitigate the risks from commodity fluctuation. The Report of the Secretary-General also highlighted commodity price fluctuation as playing an important role in the origin and cause of the crisis.

The Common Fund believed it was necessary to agree on a global framework to address the commodity problem in a comprehensive and holistic manner, so long-lasting solutions were reached. The Common Fund partnered with the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and the Agricultural Commodities Programme and launched a Global Initiative on Commodities that brought together stakeholders from across the world to underline the importance of commodities for the development process, he said. The Initiative identified four aspects of commodity issues that needed to be addressed in a sustained way: the supply capacity limitations under which commodity producers operate; the lack of diversification of their production export base; effective participation in the value chain; and the need for an international enabling environment, including an equitable, predictable and rule-based international trade system.

The Initiative identified some key areas that would provide growth and reduce poverty in the commodity-dependent developing countries, he said. Those included significant improvements in international development assistance that reversed the trend of declining aid for agricultural development and the need to design policies that effectively mobilized capital to enhance commodity producers’ access to financial services. Placing commodities in the framework of discussions that addressed the current crisis would give a new impetus to a long-lasting solution to commodity problems, he said.

ANDERS B. JOHNSSON, Secretary-General of the Inter-Parliamentary Union, said the immediate response to the crisis in many severely impacted countries involved the disbursement of significant amounts of remedial funding and he urged countries to ensure greater transparency and accountability in that process. Parliaments could do much to achieve that purpose, and a few had set up special oversight procedures. The crisis highlighted that, once again, States needed to live up to their development assistance commitments. Without external support, many poor countries would not be able to meet the Millennium Development Goals. More and better governance was needed, and the State must assume a more assertive role in that process. Parliaments had played a major role in ensuring that tighter control be applied to the financial system.

He said employment was also central to the debate, as the health of the world economy should not be measured simply in terms of stock market recovery, but in terms of its ability to provide jobs that valued the dignity of work. States must also recognize that the crisis impacted women and men differently, and solutions must thus build on women’s potential, recognize their contributions and promote gender equality. Finally, he said parliamentarians wished to contribute to the design of an improved system better attuned to citizens’ aspirations. Closer interaction should be ensured with international financial institutions. The debate over good governance of international financial institutions should involve making them more responsive to people’s real needs and opening them to greater parliamentary scrutiny and support. In closing, he said he insisted that the crisis was one that was foretold. “We cannot claim to have been ignorant,” he said. At its most basic level, it concerned morals and ethics. At a very minimum, the response must be one in which “business as usual” was abandoned, and a better equilibrium between the voice of society, the role of the State and the dynamics of the market was found.

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 flecheThe fifty-first session of the Commission on the Status of Women will take place from 26 February to 9 March 2007
 flecheUN acting quickly to implement counter-terrorism strategy – Ban Ki-moon
 flecheEvidence is now ‘unequivocal’ that humans are causing global warming
 flecheLe réchauffement climatique sape nos efforts pour lutter contre la pauvreté, affirme Ban Ki-mooon
 flecheWorld tourism marks another record year with 842 million arrivals, UN agency reports
 flecheMillennium Development Goals Report 2006
 flecheIn remarks to security council, Secretary-General pledges to play role of harmonizer, bridge-builder
 flecheSecretary-General Ban stresses Darfur, Middle East and conflict prevention as key issues
 flecheBan Ki-moon, United Nations secretary-general
 flecheSpecial representative in Somalia, briefing security council, says crisis ‘escalated dangerously’, fighting expanded across 400-kilometre front
 flecheFormer General Assembly president chosen as UN envoy on Darfur crisis
 flecheNext Secretary-General vows to restore trust in United Nations - Video
 flecheNext Secretary-General vows to restore trust in United Nations
 flecheOIM anuncia fundo para ajudar migrantes em zonas de conflito
 flecheTemperatura média global aumenta 0,4ºC, segundo estudo
 flecheUN remains best device for achieving key goals of international relations – Annan
 flecheTensions in Middle East ‘near the breaking point’, secretary-general tells security council
 flecheAnnan refutes notion of 'clash of civilizations,' points to youth as key to end mistrust
 flecheAlliance of Civilizations - Report of the High-level Group
 flecheNepal: Annan pledges quick assistance following peace accord with Maoist rebels
 flecheSecretary-General, in Security Council debate, stresses need to maintain
political momentum in protecting children affected by armed conflict

 flecheMoyen-Orient : l'envoyé de l'ONU espère qu'un futur gouvernement palestinien d'union nationale fera cesser les attaques à la roquette
 flecheCiting ‘frightening lack of leadership’ on climate change, Secretary-General calls phenomenon an all-encompassing threat in address to nairobi talks
 flecheG-8 nations must lead efforts to combat global water and sanitation crisis: UN report
 flecheNew UN chief not to ignore Africa
 flecheUN health agency launches initiative to fight corruption in medicines procurement
 flechePanama emerges as compromise candidate to fill last vacant Security Council seat
 flecheDelegates voice concern over restrictions on movement of migrants
as Second Committee takes up globalization, interdependence

 flecheFlexible policies needed to address labour, social, economic worries
as globalization picks up pace, panellists tell second committee

 flecheUN Secretary-General’s Study on Violence against Children
 flecheSecurity Council proposes Republic of Korea Foreign Minister Ban as Secretary-General
 flecheExpertos de la ONU evaluarán daños medioambientales en Líbano
 flecheDéveloppement : le Brésil et l'Afrique du Sud dénoncent un ordre économique 'politiquement et moralement intenable'
 flecheCoup d'envoi officiel d'UNITAID, centrale d'achat de médicaments pour les pays pauvres
 flecheSecurity Council votes to set up UN peacekeeping force in Darfur
 flecheQana attack may illustrate pattern of violations in Middle East conflict: Annan
 flecheSecurity Council calls for greater effort to protect children in wartime
 flecheScientists and policy experts call for creation of international panel on biodiversity loss
 flecheExperts call for overhaul of UN’s internal justice system
 flecheSecurity Council should discuss possible stabilization force for Middle East – Annan
 flecheMoyen-Orient : l'espace ouvert aux initiatives diplomatiques est en train de se refermer rapidement, affirme Ibrahim Gambari
 flecheGestion de l'ONU : l'Assemblée générale adopte une première série de réformes
 flecheUN Council Members agree swift action needed after Korean missile launch
 flecheGlobalização aumenta diferença entre ricos e pobres, diz pesquisa
 flechePoverty is the most serious and widespread human rights abuse, UN official says
 flecheOfficials hail ‘historic’ inaugural session of UN Peacebuilding Commission
 flecheGlobalization and interdependence: international migration and development
 flecheAnnan calls for ‘a new coalition’ on UN reform to bridge north-south divide
 flecheInternational migration can benefit countries of origin and destination, says Secretary-General, presenting new report to General Assembly
 flecheAnnan calls for ‘decisive action’ to protect planet against ecological degradation
 flecheS'unir contre le terrorisme : recommandations
pour une stratégie antiterroriste mondiale

 flecheHigh Level Meeting on AIDS
 flecheUN Security Council authorizes European force in DR Congo
 flecheDarfur: UN Council imposes sanctions on four individuals, urges peace accord
 flecheSahara occidental : les négociations directes entre parties, seule solution à l'impasse actuelle, affirme Kofi Annan
 flecheUN Council warned of 'dangerous deterioration' in Israeli-Palestinian conflict
 flecheVirtually no country immune from human trafficking, UNODC report shows
 flecheFMI/Banque mondiale : allègement de la dette et énergie propre au centre des réunions de printemps
 flecheDarfur relief efforts near collapse due to fading international support: UN official
 flecheCrises humanitaires en Afrique: Des milliers de vies menacées
 flecheLe HCR ouvrira un bureau en Tchétchénie « dès que la sécurité le permettra »
 flecheGrippe aviaire : Kofi Annan plaide pour une aide supplémentaire aux pays pauvre
 flecheWorld Economic Situation and Prospects 2006
 flecheJan Eliasson présente une résolution créant un Conseil des droits de l'homme qui siègera tout au long de l'année
 flecheInternational Women’s Day: Looking Back
 flecheTsunami-affected countries need to do even more to protect rights of victims: UN
 flecheCompliance body set up for Kyoto Protocol on reducing greenhouse gases
 flecheSans une stratégie à long terme pour financer la lutte contre la pauvreté, les sources novatrices de financement ne permettront pas d'atteindre les Objectifs du Millénaire
 flecheSituation of detainees at Guantánamo Bay - UN Report
 flecheGrippe aviaire : Kofi Annan appelle les gouvernements à se préparer à une pandémie humaine
 flecheUN agency calls for international aid as millions battle for survival in West Africa
 flecheEl crecimiento de la población mundial y el medio ambiente
 flecheSommet Mondial de l’OMC : espoirs perdus pour l’Afrique à Hong Kong
 flecheUNESCO, INSTRAW sign agreement for increased cooperation to promote gender equality, women’s empowerment
 flecheTime Is Now To Act on Climate Change
 flecheFAO : Le commerce au service des pauvres ?
 flecheUN rights chief: total ban on torture under attack in ‘war on terror’
 flecheUN climate conference finalizes 'rule book' on reducing greenhouse gasses
 flecheCalls for protection of earth's climate heard at UN conference on global warming
 flecheUN refugee agency calls on Mediterranean countries to recognize refugee rights
 flecheInternet governance, funding of technology to be tackled at UN summit
 flecheBird flu: UN-sponsored conference draws up six-point action plan
 flecheUN officials detail priorities for combating potentially deadly bird flu pandemic
 flecheIn fight to feed 10 million in southern Africa, UN agency faces huge shortfall
 flecheIn fight to feed 10 million in southern Africa, UN agency faces huge shortfall
 flecheAs tensions between Ethiopia and Eritrea escalate, Annan urges restraint
 flecheJournée de l'alimentation : 800 millions de personnes souffrent de la faim dans le monde
 flecheEradication of poverty and other development issues: human resources development
 flecheSecurity Council calls on Rwandan rebel group to disarm, leave DR of Congo
 flechePoor States need trade more than aid to overcome poverty, speakers tell UN Assembly
 flecheLe débat général de la 60e Assemblée générale s'est terminé vendredi
 flecheIllicit trafficking in radioactive materials rose substantially from 2003-2004 – UN
 flecheJournée de la paix : le Secrétaire général appelle à observer un cessez-le-feu mondial de 24 heures
 flecheWorldwide overweight and obesity problem ‘staggering’ – UN health agency
 flecheHigh mortality and malnutrition affect Muslim children most says UN children's agency
 flecheEnding its 59th session, UN Assembly approves key draft for World Summit
 flechePetróleo por Alimentos: Annan destaca aspectos positivos del programa y subraya importancia de reformar sistema de la ONU
 flecheHCR : chute des demandes d'asile dans les pays industrialisés
 flecheUnited Nations steps up aid to US in wake of Hurricane Katrina
 flecheSteps must be taken to avoid resistance to latest malaria drug, UN agency warns
 flecheUN launches new guide on sustainable consumption and production
 flecheSommet mondial 2005 : nouvelle version du projet de document final
 flecheWild birds likely to spread potentially deadly bird flu far and wide - UN agency
 flecheKosovo: UN helps set up hotline for victims of gender violence and trafficking
 flecheUN seminar to examine social implications of migration
 flecheUnited Kingdom must not deport people to countries with risk of torture – UN rights expert
 flecheGovernments should urgently address rapid urbanization, growing slums – Annan
 flecheImplementation of the Outcome of the United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II) and strengthening of the United Nations Human Settlemets Programme (UN-Habitat)
 flecheRising poverty over past 10 years threatens stability, says UN report
 flecheUN agency declares TB an emergency in Africa; urges ‘extraordinary’ action
 flecheFAO Concerned about Spread of Bird Flu in Russia and Neighboring Asian Countries
 fleche¿Qué le falta a América Latina para reducir la

 flecheEl Banco Mundial y su relación con los países en desarrollo
 flecheAngola pede fim da "Divisão Digital"
 flecheWHO says Millennium development goals cannot be reached without strengthening health systems
 flecheUnited Nations peacekeeping operations
 flecheViolences contre les femmes: un rapport de l'ONU préconise de renforcer la protection des travailleuses migrantes
 flecheGreenhouse effect could melt nearly all world's glaciers, says UN-backed report
 flecheRéforme du Conseil de sécurité : le Japon espère un soutien de l'Union africaine
 flecheRéforme du Conseil de sécurité : le groupe "Unis pour le consensus" propose une voie «plus démocratique»
 flecheUN’s HIV/AIDS Africa envoy questions G8 Summit results, calls for advocacy
 flecheTerrorisme: le Conseil de sécurité demande la coopération de tous les Etats
 flecheAssemblée générale : présentation d'un nouveau projet de déclaration du sommet de septembre vendredi
 flecheLe projet africain de réforme du Conseil de sécurité en débat à l'Assemblée générale
 flecheAnnan meets foreign ministers of countries aspiring to permanent Security Council membership
 flecheRencontre entre les ministres des affaires étrangères du G-4 et le président de l'Assemblée générale dimanche à New York
 flecheInternaly displaced peoples - worldwide
 flecheAfrica: Countries facing humanitarian emergencies
 flechePredicted freshwater stress abd scarcity in africa and Middle East
 flecheUNOCI mission in Côte d'Ivoire
 flecheUNMOGIP mission in Kashmir
 flecheUNFICYP mission in Cyprus
 flecheONUB mission in Burundi
 flecheUNOMIG mission in Georgia
 flecheMINUSTAH mission in Haiti
 flecheMINURSO mission in West Sahara
 flecheUN mission in Kosovo
 flecheUnited Nations political and peace-building missions
 flecheRéforme du Conseil de sécurité : le G-4 contré par l'Union africaine et le groupe «Unis pour le consensus»
 flecheUNTSO - Middle East deployment as of July 1997
 flecheA Londres, le Secrétaire général appelle à une mobilisation historique en faveur des Objectifs du Millénaire
 flecheL'Assemblée générale débat de l'élargissement du Conseil de sécurité
 flecheBombazos en Londres son un ataque a la humanidad, dice Annan
 flecheUNICEF celebra reunión de niños C-8 sobre pobreza y enfermedades infantiles
 flecheCodex comienza reunión sobre inocuidad y calidad de alimentos
 flecheUNAIDS will implement recommendations on streamlining national programmes
 flecheNew UN-sponsored project seeks to rescue Amazon from deforestation
 flecheONU celebra LX Aniversario de Carta de las Naciones Unidas
 flecheAnnan exhorta a respaldar reconstrucción y estabilización de Iraq
 flecheSecretario General encomia apoyo de Unión Europea y OTAN a Unión Africana en Darfur
 flecheFinancement du développement : les ministres français et britanniques estiment qu'il faut passer à la vitesse supérieure
 flecheJamais la possibilité de réaliser les objectifs de la Charte des Nations Unies n'a été aussi proche, estime Kofi Annan
 flecheOn UN's 60th anniversary, Annan sees moment for change
 flecheUnited Nations General Assembly resolution on multilingualism
 flecheL'Assemblée générale exige une parité absolue dans les six langues sur le site Internet de l'ONU
 flecheLula assina convenção da ONU contra corrupção
 flecheKofi Annan déplore que l'ONU soit confrontée, une nouvelle fois, à une menace du Congrès Américain
 fleche«A part le Japon, nous ne citerons pas de noms», déclarent les Etats-Unis sur l'élargissement du Conseil de sécurité
 flecheU.S. supports Japan for UN Security Council - Press conference
 flecheAnnan welcomes US report on UN reform
 flecheDiretor fala sobre crime, drogas e corrupção
 flecheThe Millennium Development Goals - Report 2005

 flecheA Paris, Kofi Annan exhorte le monde des affaires à s'engager dans la lutte contre la pauvreté
 flecheObjectifs du Millénaire : progrès sans précédent et retards inacceptables, selon un nouveau bilan des Nations Unies
 flecheRemarks at the launch of the Millenium Development Goals - Report 2005
 flecheUN report on Darfur
 flecheLe Secrétaire général continue de plaider pour l'élargissement du Conseil de sécurité
 flecheIl est difficile d'imaginer le monde sans l'ONU estime le sénateur américain Patrick Leahy
 flecheProgress made in the implementation of the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS
 flecheA Addis-Abeba, Kofi Annan appelle à soutenir la Mission de l'Union africaine au Darfour
 flecheVIH/sida : les pays en développement nettement plus affectés
 flecheNumber of asylum seekers arriving in industrialized countries continues to fall
 flecheUN Afghanistan envoy calls for punishment of all coalition forces involved in prison abuses
 flecheSix million West Africans face famine because of locusts and drought, UN says
 flecheNobel laureate appeals to UN forum for help with conservation of Congo Basin forest
 flecheUN envoy Clinton meets with UK relief agencies on ways to boost aid for tsunami recovery
 flecheEspaña preside Asamblea Mundial de la Salud
 flecheBackground paper on Global and Regional Mechanisms of Disaster Risk Reduction and Relief: Review, Evaluation, Future Directions of Integration
 flecheStudy on Regional Cooperation and the Provision of Regional and Global Public Goods
 flecheBonn talks to promote progress on climate change & kyoto protocol to be held 16 - 267 May
 flecheCentral Asian countries launch AIDS project with help from UN, World Bank
 flecheIraq emerging as transit country for drugs, UN monitoring board says
 flecheNuclear non-proliferation conference at UN agrees on agenda
 flecheLes conditions de vie des Iraquiens se sont gravement détériorées, selon une nouvelle étude du PNUD
 flecheMillennium Indicators Database

 flecheReport of the Secretary-General of the United Nations for the Conference on the Millenium Objectives to be held in September 2005
 flecheMultilateralism and donor aid for poorer states vital in fighting terrorism
 flecheUnited Nations Peacekeeping Prepations
 flecheWorld Survey on the Role of Women in Development 2004
 flecheEffect of AIDS on population and development - Focus of UN commission's annual session
 flecheLack of reform in Arab states could lead to chaotic social upheaval – UN report
 flecheReformed UN could be even more effective in preventing global threats – Fréchette
 flecheAide to UN envoy for tsunami relief leaves today for devastated region
 flecheL'OMS crée une Commission pour s'attaquer aux causes sociales de la mauvaise santé
 flecheAnnan to present on Monday new report on building better and safer world
 flecheAnnan calls for deal by world leaders on poverty, security and human rights
 flecheWoman continue to face host of persistent obstacles to advancement, commission told, as high-level debate continues
 flecheAnnan and Security Council to discuss the situation in Sudan's war-torn Darfur region
 flecheUN women's rights text adopted after US withdraws proposed amendment on abortion
 flecheWomen increasingly migrate for economic reasons; trafficking also rising
 flecheSustainable tourism must respect local cultures, UN agency says
 flecheBrecha digital se reduce lentamente pero sigue siendo extensa
 flecheWorld population to reach 9.1 billion in 2050, UN projects
 flecheOMS : Entrée en vigueur de la convention contre le tabac
 flecheGender equality and development goals inextricably linked, UN agency says
 flecheAfghanistan's progress is notable but perilously fragile, UN report warns
 flecheUN’s Kyoto treaty against global warming comes into force
 flecheBanco Mundial recomienda invertir en campo para reducir pobreza en América Latina
 flecheSecretario General pide coordinación entre Europa y EEUU para seguridad global
 flecheAdapter l'ONU pour réformer l'ordre mondial, propose Kofi Annan à Londres
 flecheAide au développement : colère et espoir de l'Envoyé de l'ONU pour le sida en Afrique
 flecheDarfour : le Secrétaire général appelle l'OTAN et l'UE à l'aide
 flechePerez de Cuellar, Javier
 flecheFAO insta a intensificar medidas para combatir gripe aviar
 flecheRenforcer les liens entre l'Union africaine et les Nations Unies, propose le Secrétaire général à Abuja
 flecheL'ONU met en garde contre le déploiement de nouvelles opérations de maintien de la paix en 2005
 flecheAssurer l'éducation primaire pour tous
 flecheMettre en place un partenariat mondial pour le développement
 flecheCombattre le VIH/sida, le paludisme et d'autres maladies
 flecheAidez les 300 millions d'enfants victimes de la faim, exhorte le PAM
 flecheUN conference adopts 10-year plan to tackle natural hazards
 flecheMalloch-Brown, Mark
 flecheNew report to Annan proposes solutions to problems of world poverty
 flecheSecurity Council plans trip to Haiti by end of May
 flecheTsunami donor session opens with UN call to pay up and not forget other crises
 flecheUN agencies zero in on specific tsunami relief from mental health to blankets
 flecheAnnan hails signing of Sudan peace accord but warns of 'daunting challenges' ahead
 flecheUN urges continued vigilance of locust threat to western Africa
 flecheR.D. du Congo : maintenir le cap pour le bénéfice de l'Afrique
 flecheIn Jakarta, Annan launches nearly $1 billion appeal for aid to tsunami victims
 flecheUN envoy urges halt to fighting in Darfur as Sudan readies for polio vaccination scheme
 flecheAssemblée générale : un bilan de la 59ème session en prélude à la réforme attendue
 flecheL'ONU devra aider l'Afrique à renforcer ses capacités de maintien de la paix
 flecheNaming new chief of staff, Annan stresses resolve to push for UN reforms
 flecheSouth Asia
 flecheTsunami : une réponse sans précédent pour une catastrophe sans précédent, exhorte Kofi Annan
 flecheL'alerte rapide sur les catastrophes au centre des conférences de Maurice et de Kobe
 flecheAsie du Sud : les secours sous la coordination de l'ONU
 flecheUN official hails sharp increase in aid to the world's poorest nations
 flecheGeneral Assembly votes for funds to strengthen world body's security
 flecheAssemblée générale : cap sur le développement durable des pays du «Sud»
 flecheMigranten leisten einen wichtigen Beitrag zum wirtschaftlichen, gesellschaftlichen und kulturellen Fortschritt
 flecheCooperation among poor States is vital for reaching development goals, Annan says
 flecheTens of thousands of civilians flee clashes, attacks in eastern DR of Congo
 flecheR. D. du Congo : la MONUC met en garde les troupes insurgées et leur «appui extérieur»
 flecheUN climate conference hears call to action to avoid plagues of global warming
 flecheIn Washington DC, Annan says UN is best placed to tackle global ills
 flecheInternational migration may empower women by providing new roles, UN says
 flecheHuman Rights Day
 flecheGeneral Assembly gives Annan what its president calls vote of confidence
 flecheUS endorses Annan's work and refutes push for his resignation
 flecheSecurity Council committee urges greater effort on weapons of mass destruction
 fleche2005 critical to reforming UN to face HIV/AIDS, genocide, terrorism – Annan
 flecheAnnan calls for end to negative stereotypes of believers in Islam
 flecheWorld summit for Social Development - speech by Minister Jan Pronk
 flecheLa sociedad civil y la gobernanza mundial
 flecheÉprouvés par les ouragans et la mondialisation: les petits pays insulaires souhaitent obtenir un appui international plus marqué lors de la conférence de Maurice
 flecheUN marks Day of Disabled Persons with call for their full inclusion in society
 flecheNational sustainable development strategies: global map
 flecheGlobal approach to deal with migration issues needed
 flecheA more secure world : Our shared responsibility - Executive Summary
 flechePanel to release plan to address 21st century threats, make the world more secure and strengthen the United Nations
 flecheAnnan endorses panel's recommendations for a more secure world, strengthened UN
 flecheSome nations still not cooperating with UN war crimes tribunals, Security Council told
 flecheFresh from pushing for peace in Sudan, Annan focuses on Africa's Great Lakes
 flecheForte baisse des demandeurs d'asile en 2004, signale le HCR
 flecheAt rare Security Council session in Africa, Annan seeks an end to Sudan's wars
 flecheAnnan, Kofi
 flecheDéclaration à la presse du Président du Conseil de Sécurité concernant la région des Grands Lacs
 flecheLe Conseil s'informe des préparatifs de la conférence internationale sur la région des Grands Lacs qui réunira les dirigeants des 11 pays concernés les 19 et 20 novembre à Dar es-Salam
 flecheLa diversité culturelle et la coopération entre l’organisation des Nations Unies (ONU) et l’Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF)
 flecheL'ONU devrait regagner ses avantages comparatifs sur les institutions de Bretton Woods en renforçant la cohérence de ses interventions
 flecheUnited Nations establishes Working Group on Internet Governance
 flecheClashes in Côte d'Ivoire could trigger violence across West Africa, UN envoy warns
 flecheUN seeks $1.7 billion to help people caught in world's "forgotten crises" in 2005
 flecheWorld must act now to forestall staggering threat from global warming
 flecheConflict flares in Côte d'Ivoire prompting Security Council call for end to fighting
 flecheCommission sociale: la montée du racisme, favorisée par la surdétermination de la lutte contre le terrorisme, met en danger la démocratie.
 flecheUN finances improved but still 'delicate'
 flecheNoting high growth rate, Annan calls for increased investment in Africa
 flecheRenforcer la coordination entre l’ECOSOC et l’ONU
 flecheHuman rights of migrants deteriorating, warns UN expert
 flecheGeneral Assembly president's United Nations day message stresses need to strengthen organization through reform
 flecheKosovo: Annan hails elections, praises Kosovo Serbs who voted despite pressure
 flecheGeneral Assembly legal committee resumes debate on anti-cloning text
 flecheGender balance in UN peacekeeping has improved, Annan says
 flechePublic information critical element of UN's success
 flecheAid for Africa?s farms drops as developed States maintain subsidies ? UN official
 flecheMaintaining biodiversity is key to ending world hunger
 flecheAnnan appeals to European countries to provide more UN peacekeeping troops
 flecheWorld leaders reaffirm support for key 1994 population and development plan
 flecheSecurity Council acts unanimously to adopt resolution strongly condemning terrorism as one of most serious threats to peace
 flecheCall of peace bell "has remained constant, clear and true", says Secretary-General at annual Headquarters ceremony
 flecheLíderes mundiales se reúnen en sede de la ONU para analizar la globalización
 flecheCent-dix pays souscrivent aux mécanismes innovants de financement
 flecheRencontres au Darfour : mieux protéger les civils, renforcer la présence de l'Union Africaine
 flecheA l'ONU aujourd'hui, la question sociale affirmée comme priorité de la mondialisation
 flecheUN's review of population policy says lack of funding is retarding progress
 flechePetits Etats Insulaires-L'information pour la prise de décisions
 fleche'World Culture Open' holds inaugural conference at United Nations
 flecheUN finds progress on world anti-poverty goals, but crisis areas remain
 flecheAnnan sees major challenges to reaching goals set at 2000 'Millennium' summit
 flecheLebanon: Close Security Council vote backs free elections, urges foreign troop pullout
 flecheAl-Qaeda-related terrorism still poses as great a threat as ever
 flecheSudan: UN appeals for urgent funding to fill huge overall aid shortfall
 flecheUN culture agency observes International Day on Slave Trade and Abolition
 flecheUnited Nations
 flecheJohannesburg : World Summit on Sustainable Development (2002)
 flecheUN Headquarters Internship Programme
 flecheMillenium Development Goals : Civil society takes action
 flecheLa conférence « Objectifs du Millénaire : la société civile agit » relayée sur le Web
 flecheUN ongoing peacekeeping missions
 flecheUN Secretary-General, Security Council urge probe of massacre at Burundi refugee camp
 flecheWorld's youth need education and training to prepare for future - Kofi Annan

 flecheInternational Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples
 flecheAction needed now to end abuse of world?s indigenous peoples
 flecheWFP and Arab League sign historic agreement for cooperation
 flecheSecurity Council demands Sudan Disarm Militias in Darfur, adopting resolution 1556 (2004) by vote of 13-0-2
 flecheSoudan : accès humanitaire désormais totalement libre, indique l'Envoyé de l'ONU
 flecheForty-ninth session of the Commission on the Status of Women (28 February to 11 March 2005)
 flecheColombo, Sri Lanka, 26 July 2004 - Secretary-General's message to the Asia-Pacific Institute for Broadcasting Development General Conference
 flecheGlobal Compact Centre in Barcelona to promote corporate citizenship - UN
 flecheSudan's Government must protect civilians in Darfur, Annan and Powell say
 flecheEconomic and Social Council adopts more than 50 texts on broad range of human rights issues
 flecheLe monde ne sera plus jamais le même après le sida, selon le directeur d'ONUSIDA
 flecheAfrica must accelerate links between national economies; aim for economic union, states new report by United NationsEconomic Commission for Africa
 flecheOn World Population Day, UN calls for greater commitment to women's rights
 flecheConseil économique et social : Session de fond de 2004 (en cours)
 flecheSecond phase of world summit on information society formally launchedtoday with first preparatory meeting
 flecheSecurity Council approves 5,600-strong peacekeeping operation in Burundi
 flecheUN finds Sudan has carried out massive human rights violations in Darfur
 flecheInternational agenda must include sustainable development, Annan says
 flecheAnnan Names Independent Panel to Probe ‘Oil-for-Food’ Allegations
 flecheSrebrenica massacre was genocide, UN tribunal for former Yugoslavia confirms
 flecheSmall island States to hold talks on their difficulties at UN development forum
 flecheAu Conseil de sécurité, les leaders du Kosovo appelés à s'attaquer aux causes des récentes violences ethniques
 flecheMarking 10 years since Rwanda genocide, UN officials voice regret and resolve
 flecheSecurity Council backs corruption probe of UN's Oil-for-Food programme
 flecheAnnan submits final settlement plan for Cyprus referenda
 flecheAnnan informs key players of UN's intention to send team back to Iraq
 flecheSecretary-General's remarks on International Women's Day
 flecheSecretary-General's opening remarks at meeting with Nato Parliamentarians
 flecheSecurity Council authorizes full peacekeeping operation in Côte d'Ivoire
 flecheSecurity Council authorizes Deployment of multinational force to Haiti for 3 months, unanimously adopting Resolution 1529 (2004)
 flecheReprise d'une croissance économique modulée en Occident cependant menacée par le déficit américain

 flecheLe dialogue direct entre dirigeants chypriotes turc et grec a repris aujourd'hui
 flechePress briefing on peacekeeping in Africa
 flecheSecurity Council members urge measures to stabilize situation in DR Congo
 flecheUN Secretary-General and US President hold 'constructive' talks on Iraq
 flecheWest Africans seek UNESCO biosphere reserves for sustainable development
 flecheSecretary-General's address to the Stockholm International Forum
 flecheWith adequate coalition security, UN will send elections team to Iraq – Annan
 fleche5 years after launching Global Compact, Annan urges leaders in Davos to boost support
 flecheUN official calls on G-77 to make great efforts to help world's poorest nations
 flecheGlobal warmth up, ozone hole at record, Arctic ice down for 2003 - UN findings
 flecheChypre: le Secrétaire général souhaite que la partie turque fasse le nécessaire pour accéder à l'Union européenne le 1er mai
 flecheDéclaration sur les normes bioéthiques : premières consultations de l'UNESCO
 flecheClimate change causing thousands of deaths, says UN report
 flecheUN meeting will examine how indigenous communities protect biodiversity
 flecheUS world leadership is better accepted in multilateral framework, Annan says
 flecheAl-Qaida's influence continues to spread, Security Council panel says
 flecheOn World AIDS Day, Annan urges harder work as goals fall behind schedule
 flecheIraq : le Programme alimentaire de l'ONU prêt pour le transfert des activités Pétrole contre nourriture
 flecheUnequal Benefits of Globalization, Need to Implement Development
 flecheIsraeli policies hurting Palestinian children, UN expert on right to food says
 flecheGeneva Accord on Middle East consistent with Road Map to peace - Annan
 flecheUN agency mission finds serious humanitarian needs in east of DR of the Congo
 flecheParticipants in Second Committee Panel Discussion Agree Trade Best Tool for Helping Countries Reach Global Anti-Poverty Goals
 flecheGeneral Assembly approves international treaty against corruption
 flecheUN envoy warns Security Council that Kosovo still faces serious problems
 flecheFive new non-permanent members elected to Security Council
 flecheCameroon, Spain, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and United States of America: draft resolution
 flecheAnnan says no ‘major shift’ in new Iraq resolution, welcomes some changes
 flecheSecurity Council approves expanding international force to outside Afghan capital
 flecheKosovo provisional President to represent Pristina in UN-backed Vienna talks
 flecheIraq: Security Council starts discussing new US resolution
 flecheUN launches peace mission in Liberia to bring country back from 'hellish limbo'
 flecheEconomic Report on Africa 2003: 'African economic growth falters'
 flecheInsecurity, tardiness deal blow to phasing out of UN food programme in Iraq
 flecheCartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity
 flecheAIDS battle has fallen behind schedule and drastic action is needed - Annan
 flecheLancement à Addis-Abeba de la Commission du VIH et de la gouvernance en Afrique
 flecheSecurity Council authorizes multinational force for Liberia
 flecheLes Etats sont appelés devant le Conseil à faire plus d’efforts dans la lutte contre le terrorisme
 flecheLe rôle des médias à l’ère d’internet fait l’objet d’un débat dans le cadre du Forum mondial des médias électroniques à Genève
 flecheLa sous-commission des droits de l'homme se réunit à Genève du 20 juillet au 15 août
 flecheLa Journée mondiale de l'alimentation prônera une alliance transfrontalière contre la faim
 flechePrise de fonctions du nouveau directeur de l'OMS qui annonce ses objectifs
 flecheLa conférence sur le nouvel ordre numérique mondial se tiendra les 18 et 19 Juin à New-York
 flecheLe traité sur le commerce des OGM deviendra très prochainement une loi
 flecheLes émissions de gaz à effets de serre par les pays industrialisés repartiraient à la hausse
 flecheLa Feuille de route, peut-être la dernière chance pour la paix, selon l'Envoyé de l'ONU au Moyen-Orient
 flecheQuelque 500 groupes autochtones au Forum de l'ONU qui débute aujourd'hui
 flecheLe Forum de l'ONU sur le développement durable trouve une dynamique de mise en oeuvre des objectifs de Johannesburg
 flecheLa commission du developpement durable ouvre sa onzième session pour definir une feuille de route propice à la réalisation progressive des objectifs de Johannesburg
 flecheLa Commission Du Developpement Durable axera les travaux de sa onzieme session sur la mise en oeuvre des mesures adoptees au sommet de Johannesburg
 flecheLuis Moreno Ocampo élu Procureur de la Cour pénale internationale
 flecheSecurity Council ends Iraq debate, hears overwhelming appeal for aid to civilians
 flecheSecurity Council begins first debate on Iraq since outbreak of military action
 flecheSecretary-General's press conference (unofficial transcript)
 flecheAt request of non-aligned countries, Security Council hears views of larger UN membership on disarmament of Iraq
 flecheUnited Nation Weapons Inspectors Report to Security Council on Progress in Disarmement of Iraq

 flecheLes inégalités entre les sexes au coeur de la pandémie du VIH/sida
 flecheHans Blix: la décision iraquienne de détruire les missiles interdits, "un très important élément d'un vrai désarmement"
 flecheLancement au siège des Nations Unies de la décennie internationale pour l'alphabétisation 2003-2012
 flecheMultilatéralisme, «mondialisation de la solidarité», lutte contre le terrorisme et consolidation de la paix
 fleche2002, le Conseil de sécurité défend son rôle de garant de la paix et de la sécurité dans le monde
 flecheConférence de presse du Président du Conseil de sécurité, M. Jean Marc de La Sablière (France)
 flecheMondialisation, terrorisme, universalité des droits de l'homme sont des réalités qu'il faut savoir gérer entre les Etats et les peuples
 flecheLes délégations estiment que la réussite des objectifs d’Action 21 est tributaire de ressources financieres mondiales
 flecheDes délégations dénoncent le protectionnisme des pays du nord et “l’hypocrisie” des politiques commerciales actuelles

 flecheMarrakech accueille du 11 au 13 decembre prochains la Reunion ministerielle sur la modernisation des gouvernements
 flecheUn Population Report Says Good Reproductive Health For Women Essential To Ending Poverty
 flecheA l'occasion de la journée des droits de l'homme, Kofi Annan appelle à une vision d'un nouvel équilibre dans les relations internationales
 flecheEn termes économiques, sociaux et culturels, les avantages des migrations sont supérieurs à leurs problèmes potentiels, déclare M. Kofi Annan
 flecheLa Commission adopte quatre projets de résolution dont l’un appuie la création d’un fonds mondial de solidarité contre la pauvreté
 flecheFace aux conflits et à la pauvreté, la coopération entre l'ONU et les organisations régionales est nécessaire et doit être renforcée
 flecheDeuxième commission: les délégations estiment que les objectifs de lutte contre la pauvreté ne seront pas atteints en 2015
 flechePour les pays en développement, la gouvernance internationale devrait évoluer au même rythme que la mondialisation de l’économie
 flecheLe nombre de migrants dans le monde atteint 175 millions
 flecheLa journée internationale pour l'élimination de la pauvreté sera marquée le 17 octobre au siège
 flecheLe dialogue de haut niveau sur le renforcement de la coopération pour le développement doit faciliter la mise en œ;uvre du Consensus de Monterrey
 flecheAppels en troisième commission pour des mésures internationales pour aider les États à mener une lutte efficace contre le trafic de drogues

 flecheUn nouveau multilatéralisme devrait régir la mise en œuvre des engagements internationaux en faveur du développement
 flecheLe débat sur le désarmement et la sécurité internationale s’ouvre ce matin sur des appels au multilatéralisme
 flecheLa deuxième commission entend un exposé du professeur Stiglitz, Prix Nobel d’Economie, sur les incidences négatives de la mondialisation
 flecheLes doléances des pays en développement enclaves en matière d'accès aux transports au centre du debat general
 flecheDes pays mettent en cause la mondialisation dans les disparités économiques entre le nord et le sud
 flecheJournée internationale de la paix, célébrée le 21 septembre
 flecheDes délégations appellent l’ONU à faire appliquer plus fermement les résolutions du Conseil de Sécurité en Matière de Conflits
 flecheL'agenda pour la lutte contre le terrorisme ne doit pas reléguer au second plan l'éradication de la pauvreté abjec qui menace la vie des populations des pays du sud, estiment des délégations
 flecheLa communauté internationale appelée à faire face à ses contradictions et à honorer de façon urgente ses promesses pour éviter de nouvelles crises
 flecheLa cérémonie de signature des traités relatifs au développement durable s'est achevée au siège des Nations Unies
 flecheLes petits pays insulaires en développement dénoncent les disparités de la mondialisation
 flecheLes Nations Unies comptent désormais 190 Etats membres avec l'admission de la Suisse
 flecheDraft political declaration submitted by the President of the Summit
 flecheWorld summit on sustainable development plan of implementation
 flecheL'Education doit être considerée comme un domaine prioritaire d'action dans le processus de développement durable
 flecheLa Mondialisation économique appelle une Mondialisation de la Solidarité au service du dévéloppement durable
 flecheWorld Summit on Sustainable Development - Plenary Session
 flechePremières annonces pour les partenariats en faveur du développement durable
 flecheLes approches régionales dans la mise en œuvre des recommandations de Johannesburg
 flecheLes institutions de l’ONU et les autres entités non étatiques appellent le sommet de Johannesburg à passer à l’action
 flecheLe sommet de Johannesburg entend des appels en faveur d'un accroissement de 15% d'ici à 2015 de la part des énergies renouvelables dans la consommation énergétique mondiale
 flecheLe Sommet de Johannesburg examine les problèmes agricoles
 flecheLe sommet de Johannesburg plaide pour une répartition équitable des bénéfices de la biodiversité, base du développement durable
 flecheConférence de presse des ONG et leur contribution aux débats sur le développement durable
 flecheLes îlots actuels de richesses qu'entoure une mer de pauvreté sont insupportables, a dit Thabo Mbeki, a l'ouverture du Sommet mondial pour le développement durable
 flecheJohannesburg Summit Opens With Calls for Credible Action
 flecheMettre la croissance économique au service du développement social et de la protection de l'environnement : le défi de Johannesburg
 flecheLe Secrétaire General engage les dirigeants fu G-8 à agir pour soutenir l'Afrique
 flecheUn nouveau rapport met en garde contre les conditions actuelles de développement, qui menacent à long terme la sécurité de la terre et de ses habitants
 flecheVingt organisations non gouvernementales s’expriment sur des questions liées aux droits économiques, sociaux et culturels
 flecheUne nouvelle étude scientifique révèle l’ampleur des impacts d’un énorme nuage de pollution sur l’environnement à l’échelle régionale et mondiale
 flecheLes experts du Cedaw s'inquiètent de la situation des femmes mexicaines appartenant à des minorités
 flecheNew UN Publication Underlines Vital Role of Ecosystems in Reducing Poverty
 flecheL’Ecosoc clot les travaux de la première partie de sa session 2002 à la croisée des réunions de Monterrey et de Johannesburg
 flecheLa première session du forum social se tiendra à Genève du 25 au 26 juillet 2002
 flecheSecretary-General calls for greater equity, sustainability in development, as economic and social council begins high-level meeting
 flecheLes Nations Unies présentées comme un partenaire incontournable pour fédérer les synergies de promotion des TIC au service du développement
 flechePauvreté, modes de production et de consommation et environnement constituent les principaux défis, selon le ministre indonésien de l'environnement
 flecheL’extrême pauvreté va s'aggraver dans les pays les moins avancés si les tendances actuelles se poursuivent
 flecheLa participation des grands groupes à la mise en oeuvre d'Action 21 perçue comme une condition sine qua non de la réalisation des objectifs du développement durable
 fleche"Le rôle de l’Etat à l’ère de la mondialisation "
 flecheUn comité d'experts indépendant conseille à l'ONU de soutenir l'initiative de développement mise au point par l'Afrique elle-même
 flecheWorld Food Summit: Five Years Later
 flecheLe droit au développement et le droit de vivre dans un environnement sain sont soulignés
 flecheSommet mondial de l'alimentation: cinq ans aprés -- le secrétaire général déplore la lenteur des progrés en matière de lutte contre la faim
 flecheAprès deux semaines de négociations intenses, Bali contraint de confier à Johannesburg la finalisation du "Plan d'application 21"
 flecheLe président du comité préparatoire se déclare optimiste quant a la finalisation d'un document avant le rendez-vous de Johannesburg
 flecheDifficiles negociations sur les questions du commerce et de financement et progres sur l'eau, l'energie et les oceans
 flecheAction Plans for Water, Sanitation, Energy, Poverty Eradication Among Key Issues Under Negotiation in Bali
 flecheDéclaration de Rio sur l'environnement et le développement
 flecheA la veille du sommet sur le developpement durable, Kofi Annan appelle a l'integration du concept de diversité biologique dans les strategies commerciales et economiques.
 flechePermanent Forum Reviews Impact of un System Activities on Indigenous Peoples
 flecheLes populations autochtones font entendre leur voix aux Nations Unies
 flechePermanent Forum is milestone in struggle for rights of indigenous peoples, says deputy secretary - General
 flecheLe monde a-t-il tenu les engagements faits aux enfants?
 flecheLes dirigenats du monde s'engagent à améliorer la condition de l'enfant
 flecheCountries call for greater efforts to spur development and close gap between rich and poor nations
 flecheConférence de Monterrey: Des initiatives visant le financement du développement ont été avancées ce matin
 flecheUN labour agency convenes expert panel on reducing globalization's inequities
 flecheLa Conférence de Monterrey est le début d'un long processus qui permettra aux pays du nord et du sud de dépasser les antagonismes et d'assurer le financement du développement
 flecheConférence de Monterrey: Un nouveau partenariat pour résoudre les problèmes du financement du développement
 flecheLa féminisation de la pauvreté dénoncée devant la Commission de la condition de la femme
 flecheLa raison a-t-elle encore une place face à la mondialisation ?

 flecheL’Intégration à la mondialisation et le développement durable passent par une éducation renforcée, continue, professionnelle plus ouverte aux femmes

 flecheReport of the Secretary-General on sustainable development
 flecheLes politiques macro-économiques ne seront durables que si elles sont justes pour tous, souligne la présidente de la commission du développement social
 flecheLa mondialisation et le financement des politiques économiques doivent se faire dans la perspective de la promotion du développement durable
 flecheJohannesburg devra réaffirmer l'engagement des Etats vis-à-vis du développement durable
 flecheEthics, Human Rights and Globalisation
 flecheAddressing Security Council, Secretary-General calls on Counter-terrorism Committee to develop long-term strategy to defeat terror
 flecheDans un rapport destiné au sommet mondial pour le développement durable, le secrétaire général présente les grandes lignes d'un plan de construction d'un avenir sûr.
 flecheL'assemblée générale souscrit à la participation des entreprises et de la société civile aux partenariats visant à promouvoir le développement
 flecheL'Assemblee Générale adopte onze résolutions relatives à la coopération entre l'ONU et les organisations régionales
 fleche'Intolerance is taught and can be untaught', secretary-general says in message to Institute for International Education
 flecheL'Assemblée générale souligne l'urgence de progresser dans le domaine du désarmement afin de contribuer à l'action mondiale contre le terrorisme
 flecheThird committee approves, without vote, 10 draft resolution on human rights, women, cultural diversity, refugees
 flecheCommittee on economic, social and cultural rights discusses draft statement on intellectual property and human rights
 flecheIl ne suffit pas d'éliminer les obstacles au commerce, les pays en développement doivent pouvoir exploiter leurs débouchés commerciaux.
 flecheUN panel to look at how globalization, new technology have changed drug trade
 flecheLa pertinence de certaines publications du département de l'information est mise en question par des délégations
 flecheWorld trade meeting should focus on development, UNDP chief says
 flecheLa mondialisation est-elle une menace pour l'Etat-nation? La question est posée devant la deuxième commission
 flecheLe secrétaire général défends le rôle privilégié de l'ONU dans la coallition universelle contre le terrorisme
 flecheDeputy Secretary-General urges 'globalization of values'
 flecheGlobalization presents rural women with new obstacles, challenges: UN report
 flecheGlobalization must be more inclusive, top UN development official says
 flecheContinues Debate on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
 flecheIndictment for crimes against humanity and violations of the laws or customs of war
 flecheTransnational crime threatens global stability
 flecheL'habilitation des autorités locales et des femmes, la bonne gouvernance, la mobilisation de fonds, vecteur de réalisation des objectifs de l'accès a tous au logement
 flecheMessage of Mary Robinson, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and Seceretary-General, World Conference against Racism, Xenophobia and related Intolerance
 flecheLe processus de décolonisation dois être mené a bien, déclare le secrétaire général a l'ouverture du séminaire régional des Caraïbes
 flecheProductive and inclusive cities - Towardes cities for all
 flecheLe secrétaire général exhorte les dirigeants d'entreprises américaines à se joindre à la lutte mondiale contre le sida
 flecheLe renforcement de la coopération technique entre pays en développement est essentiel face aux défis de la mondialisation
 flecheUn groupe d'experts examinera la situacion des femmes en milieu rural dans le contexte de la mondialisation
 flecheDisques et productions musicales offrent de nouvelles perspectives commerciales aux PMA
 flecheL'intégration à la mondialisation et l'accès au marché dépendent de transports efficaces
 flecheLa troisième conférence de l'ONU sur les PMA s'attaquera a la pauvreté des 49 pays les plus démunis de la planète
 flecheL'Université de l'ONU préconise une réforme de l'Organisation.

 flecheLa commission des droits de l'homme adopte des résolutions sur l'extrême pauvreté, le sida, la mondialisation et les produits toxiques
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