Ref. :  000025434
Date :  2006-12-12
Language :  English
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Tensions in Middle East ‘near the breaking point’, secretary-general tells security council

Presidential Statement Underlines Need to Intensify Efforts to Achieve Just, Lasting, Comprehensive Peace in Region

Author :  ONU / UN

Reporting to the Security Council today that tensions in the Middle East were “ near the breaking point ”, Secretary-General Kofi Annan said that a final settlement of the Arab-Israeli conflict had defied the best efforts of several generations of world leaders, and he also would leave office without an end to the prolonged agony.

Opening the debate, which culminated in the adoption of a presidential statement (document S/PRST/2006/51) reaffirming the Council’s profound attachment to the vision of two democratic States, Israel and Palestine, living side by side in peace and security, the Secretary-General said that, with prospects in the Middle East grim, the opportunity for negotiating a two-State solution would last for only so long.

Should we fail to seize it, the people who most directly bear the brunt of this calamity will be consigned to new depths of suffering and grief. Other conflicts and problems will become that much harder to resolve, and extremists the world over would enjoy a boost to their recruiting efforts, ” he said.

Warning that the region was in profound crisis, Mr. Annan said that mistrust between Israelis and Palestinians had reached new heights. The Gaza Strip had become a “ cauldron of deepening poverty and frustration”, and the overall situation was more complex, more fragile and more dangerous than it had been for a very long time. With that in mind, he had prepared a new report, which was now in the Council’s hands. His aim was “ to get us out of the preset morass and back to a viable peace process that will respond to the region’s yearning for peace ”.

Perhaps the greatest irony in that sad story was that there was no serious question about the broad outline of a final settlement, he said. The parties themselves, at various times and through various diplomatic channels, had come to bridging almost all the gaps between them. There was every reason for them to try again, with principled, concerted help from the international community. The road would be long, and much trust would have to be rebuilt along the way, but it should be remembered where that effort would lead, he said.

Among the “frank messages” he addressed to both sides, the Secretary-General said that Israel’s democracy could thrive only if the occupation over another people ended. He agreed with Israel that there was a difference between terrorists who deliberately targeted civilians and regular soldiers who killed or wounded civilians unintentionally in the course of military operations. However, the use of military force in densely populated civilian areas was a “blunt instrument”, which only produced more death and destruction, recrimination and revenge. “ We should all work with Israel to move beyond the unhappy status quo and teach a negotiated end to the occupation, ” he urged.

To the Palestinian side, he said that no resistance to occupation justified terrorism. Everyone should be united in their unequivocal rejection of terror as a political instrument. Palestinians would never truly be effective if they focused solely on Israel’s transgressions, without being willing to admit that Israel’s opponents had, themselves, committed appalling and inexcusable crimes. Also, those who wanted to be heard on Palestine should not deny the connection many Jews felt for their historic homeland. Rather, they should acknowledge Israel’s security concerns, and make clear that their criticism was rooted, not in hatred, but in a desire for justice, self-determination and peaceful coexistence.

The First Deputy Prime Minister of Qatar, Sheik Hamad Bin Jassim Bin Jabr Al-Thani, whose delegation holds the Council presidency for the month, said: “ We have more international resolutions, projects, plans and positions than we can possibly use. ” What was lacking was political will to achieve them. The Arab-Israeli conflict could no longer be resolved through partial or half solutions, which had failed to bring about a permanent settlement. A coordinated, integrated and consistent approach was needed, which was comprehensive, open to participation by all parties and protected fundamental rights and humanitarian principles. It should stamp out violence and attend to the social and psychological aspects of the conflict. “ We are all called upon to confront parties on both sides of the camp who refuse to work towards peace, ” he said.

Echoing the view that the elements of peace in the Middle East were clear, precise and already in place, Palestine’s Permanent Observer to the United Nations said that the main problem remained, not only a lack of political will, but also a lack of tangible measures and practical mechanisms, essential for effective implementation of the resolutions and initiatives. He welcomed European efforts aimed at breaking the impasse through the introduction of practical measures, as well as the useful recommendations in the Baker-Hamilton report. Some Israeli leaders had also indicated a willingness to consider the Arab Peace Initiative as an appropriate platform for peace talks. He called for an international conference that sought to resolve the Palestinian-Israeli question, as that was at the heart of resolving all crises in the region, he said.

Israel’s representative, however, felt that the analysis of the events in the Middle East heard in forums at the world body tended to be misleading. Symptoms were routinely mistaken for causes, and decisions were based on rhetoric rather than reality. The Israeli-Palestinian conflict was erroneously identified by some as the source of all instability in the region. Yet, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict was in actuality the consequence –- not the cause -– of extremism, radicalism, incitement, intolerance, hate and terrorism, all poisoning the region. The region and the world were challenged by warring ideologies. It was no surprise then that the road to peace ran directly through the battlefield of the moderates and extremists. Unless the international community was willing to stand up and confront the enemies of peace, progress would never be made.

The United States was firmly committed to the two-State vision of Israel and Palestine living in peace and security, based on the Road Map -– the only agreed international basis upon which to advance that goal -- said that country’s representative. Parallel efforts at the United Nations should bolster, and not inadvertently undermine, the pursuit of a lasting peace in the region. The United States was disappointed that the Security Council and the General Assembly had recently indulged in debate over an excessive number of politicized and biased resolutions. Everyone should ask themselves whether the goal of a two-State solution would be achieved through the sort of polarized debate that had characterized recent United Nations discussions of the conflict.

Statements were also made by the Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of the United Republic of Tanzania, the Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation and the State Secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Slovakia.

Also speaking today were the representatives of Argentina, United Kingdom, Congo, France, Denmark, Ghana, Greece, Japan, China and Peru.

The meeting was called to order at 10:56 a.m. and it adjourned at 1:41 p.m.

Presidential Statement

Following is the complete text of presidential statement S/PRST/2006/51:

The Security Council expresses its deep concern over the situation in the Middle East, with its serious ramifications for peace and security, and underlines the need to intensify efforts to achieve a just, lasting and comprehensive peace in the region.

“The Security Council stresses that there can be no military solution to the problems of the region and that negotiation is the only viable way to bring peace and prosperity to peoples throughout the Middle East.

“The Security Council stresses that the parties must respect their obligations under previous agreements, including by putting an end to violence and all aspects of terrorism.

“The Security Council expresses grave concern over the deteriorating humanitarian situation and calls for the provision of emergency assistance to the Palestinian people through the Temporary International Mechanism, international organizations and other official channels.

“The Security Council welcomes the agreement between Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert and Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas to establish a mutual ceasefire in Gaza.

“The Security Council welcomes the steps taken by both sides to maintain the ceasefire and expresses its hope that it will lead to a sustained period of calm. It calls on both sides, therefore, to avoid any actions that could jeopardize further progress. It reiterates its call for an end to all aspects of terrorism and violence, as set out in previous statements and resolutions.

“The Security Council is mindful of the need to encourage steps to increase confidence in the peace process.

“The Security Council reiterates its call for the Palestinian Authority Government to accept the three Quartet principles.

“The Security Council reaffirms its profound attachment to the vision of two democratic states, Israel and Palestine, living side by side in peace and security, as envisaged in the Road Map.

“The Security Council underlines that action by the international community cannot be a substitute for determined measures by the parties themselves.

“The Security Council encourages the parties to engage in direct negotiations.

“The Security Council reaffirms the vital role of the Quartet and looks forward to its continued active engagement.

“The Security Council reiterates the importance of, and the need to achieve, a just, comprehensive and lasting peace in the Middle East, based on all its relevant resolutions, including resolutions 242 (1967), 338 (1973) and 1515 (2003), the Madrid terms of reference and the principle of land for peace.


The Security Council met this morning to consider the situation in the Middle East, for which it had before it the latest report of the Secretary-General, dated 11 December (document S/2006/956).

Statement by Secretary-General

Reporting to the Council on that situation, Secretary-General KOFI ANNAN said that, as he had told members in September, the Arab-Israeli conflict was not just one regional conflict among many. No other conflict carried such a powerful symbolic and emotional charge even for people far away.

Yet, while the quest for peace had registered some important achievements over the years, a final settlement had defied the best efforts of several generations of world leaders, he said, adding that he, too, would leave office without an end to the prolonged agony.

He said that the Middle East today faced grim prospects. The region was in profound crisis. The situation was more complex, more fragile and more dangerous than it had been for a very long time. It was with that in mind that he had taken the initiative of preparing the report that was now in the Council’s hands. His aim was “ to get us out of the preset morass, and back to a viable peace process that will respond to the region’s yearning for peace”.

Mistrust between Israelis and Palestinians had reached new heights, he said. The Gaza Strip had become a “cauldron of deepening poverty and frustration”, despite the withdrawal of Israeli troops and settlements last year. In the West Bank, too, the situation was dire. Settlement activity and construction of the barrier continued. Israeli obstacles impeded Palestinian movement throughout the area. The Palestinian Authority, paralyzed by a debilitating political and financial crisis, was no longer able to provide security or basic services.

Israelis, for their part, continued to live in fear of terrorism, he continued. They were dismayed by the inadequacy of Palestinian efforts to halt rocket attacks into southern Israel, and they were alarmed by a Hamas-led, Government. At best, that Government was ambivalent about a two-State solution and, at worst, refused to renounce violence and rejected the basic tenets of the approach to the conflict consistently favoured by a majority of Palestinians and enshrined in the Oslo accords.

In Lebanon, the country’s political transformation was complete, and its leaders faced a campaign of intimidation and destabilization, he said. As last summer’s fighting between Israel and Hizbollah had shown, Lebanon remained hostage to its own difficult history and captive to forces, from within and from beyond its borders, that wished to exploit its vulnerability.

He said that casting a glance to other parts of the region, one saw the Syrian Golan Heights still under Israeli control and concerns about Syria’s relations with militant groups beyond its own borders. Iraq was mired in unrelenting violence. Iran’s nuclear activities and possible ambitions had emerged as a source of deep concern to many in the region, and beyond it as well. All of that fed, and was fed by, an alarming rise in extremism.

Each of those conflicts had their own dynamics and causes, he stated. Each would require its own specific solution and its own process to produce a solution that would endure. And, in each case, it was the parties involved who bore the primary responsibility for peace. No one could make peace for them, impose peace on them, or want peace more than they did.

At the same time, he said, the international community could not escape its responsibility to use its influence. The various conflicts and crises in the region had become ever more intertwined. Though deeply separate and distinct, the various arenas affected and shaped each other, making conflict resolution and crisis management much more difficult. The international community must develop a new understanding of the uncertainty engulfing the Middle East, and then shoulder its full responsibility in resolving it and stabilizing the region.

He, therefore, offered a few thoughts on what the parties themselves and outsiders, from the Quartet to the Security Council and other bodies, might do differently in the search for peace -- in particular, peace between Israelis and Palestinians, which, while no panacea, would go a long way towards defusing tensions throughout the region.

One of the most frustrating aspects of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict was the apparent inability of many people on both sides to understand the position of the other, and the unwillingness of some to even try, he said. As a true friend and supporter of both sides, he wished to address frank messages to each.

He said it was completely right and understandable that Israel and its supporters should seek to ensure its security by persuading Palestinians, as well as Arabs and Muslims more broadly, to alter their attitude and behaviour towards Israel. But, they were not likely to succeed, unless they themselves clearly grasped and acknowledged the fundamental Palestinian grievance -- namely, that the establishment of the State of Israel had involved the dispossession of hundreds of thousands of Palestinian families, and had been followed 19 years later by a military occupation that brought hundreds of thousands more Palestinian Arabs under Israeli rule.

Israel was justifiably proud of its democracy and its efforts to build a society on respect for the rule of law, he said. But, Israel’s democracy could thrive only if the occupation over another people ended. Former Prime Minister Ariel Sharon had acknowledged as much. Israel had undergone a major cultural shift since the days of Oslo: all of Israel’s major political parties now acknowledged that Israel needed to end the occupation, for its own sake and for the sake of its security.

Yet, he continued, hundreds of thousands of Israelis still lived in territories occupied since 1967 -- and more than 1,000 were added monthly. As Palestinians watched that activity, they also saw a barrier being built through their land in contravention of the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice, as well as more than 500 checkpoints to control their movement and the heavy presence of the Israel Defense Forces. Their despair at the occupation only grew, as did their determination to resist it. As a result, some tended to invest much of their trust in those who pursued the armed struggle rather than a peace process that did not seem to yield the coveted goal of an independent State.

He said he agreed with Israel and its supporters that there was a difference -- moral as well as legal -- between terrorists who deliberately targeted civilians and regular soldiers who, in the course of military operations, unintentionally killed or wounded civilians, despite efforts to avoid such casualties. But, the larger the number of civilians killed and wounded during those operations, and the more perfunctory the precautions taken to avoid such losses, the more that difference was diminished. The use of military force in densely populated civilian areas was a “blunt instrument”, which only produced more death, destruction, recrimination and revenge. As everyone had seen, it did little to achieve the desired goal of stopping terrorist attacks. Israelis might reply that they were merely protecting themselves from terrorists, which they had every right to do. But, that argument would carry less weight as long as the occupation in the West Bank became more burdensome and settlement expansion continued. Israel would receive more understanding if its actions were clearly designed to help end an occupation, rather than to entrench it.

We should all work with Israel to move beyond the unhappy status quo and teach a negotiated end to the occupation, based on the principle of land-for-peace, ” he urged.

He said it was completely right and understandable to support the Palestinian people, who had suffered so much. But, Palestinians and their supporters would never truly be effective if they focused solely on Israel’s transgressions, without conceding any justice or legitimacy to Israel’s own concerns, and without being willing to admit that Israel’s opponents had, themselves, committed appalling and inexcusable crimes. No resistance to occupation could justify terrorism. Everyone should be united in their unequivocal rejection of terror as a political instrument.

The actions of some United Nations bodies might themselves be counterproductive, he said. The Human Rights Council, for example, had already held three special sessions focused on the Arab-Israeli conflict. Hopefully, that body would take care to handle the issue in an impartial way, and not allow it to monopolize attention at the expense of other situations where there were no less grave violations, or even worse.

In the same vein, those who complained that the Security Council was guilty of a “double standard” -- applying sanctions to Arab and Muslim Governments, but not to Israel -- should take care that they themselves did not apply double standards in the other direction, by holding Israel to a standard of behaviour they were unwilling to apply to other States, to Israel’s adversaries, or indeed, to themselves.

He noted that some might feel satisfaction at repeatedly passing General Assembly resolutions or holding conferences that condemned Israel’s behaviour. But, one should also ask whether such steps brought any tangible relief or benefit to the Palestinians. There had been decades of resolutions. There had been a proliferation of special committees, sessions and Secretariat divisions and units. Had any of those had an effect on Israel’s policies, other than to strengthen the belief in Israel, and among many of its supporters, that this great Organization was too one-sided to be allowed a significant role in the Middle East peace process?

Even worse, he said, some of the rhetoric in connection with the issue implied a refusal to concede the very legitimacy of Israel’s existence, let alone the viability of its security concerns. It must never be forgotten that Jews had very good historical reasons for taking seriously any threat to Israel’s existence. What had been done to Jews and others by the Nazis remained an undeniable tragedy, unique in human history. Today, Israelis were often confronted with words and actions that seemed to confirm their fear that the goal of their adversaries was to extinguish their existence as a State and as a people.

Those who wanted to be heard on Palestine, therefore, should not deny or minimize that history, or the connection many Jews felt for their historic homeland, he said. Rather, they should acknowledge Israel’s security concerns, and make clear that their criticism was rooted, not in hatred or intolerance, but in a desire for justice, self-determination and peaceful coexistence.

He said that perhaps the greatest irony in that sad story was that there was no serious question about the broad outline of a final settlement. The parties themselves, at various times and through various diplomatic channels, had come to bridging almost all the gaps between them. There was every reason for the parties to try again, with principled, concerted help from the international community. A new and urgent push for peace was needed.

The road would be long, and much trust would have to be rebuilt along the way, he said. But, it should be remembered where that effort would lead. Two States, Israel and Palestine, within secure, recognized and negotiated boundaries, based on those of 4 June 1967; a broader peace encompassing Israel’s own neighbours, namely Lebanon and Syria; normal diplomatic and economic relations; arrangements that would allow both Israel and Palestine to establish their internationally recognized capitals in Jerusalem, and to ensure access for people of all faiths to their holy places; and a solution that respected the rights of Palestinian refugees and was consistent with the two-State solution and the character of States in the region.

He said that reaching that destination was not as impossible as some might imagine. Most Israelis genuinely believed in peace with the Palestinians -- perhaps not quite as the Palestinians envisioned it, but genuine, nevertheless. Most Palestinians did not seek the destruction of Israel, only the end of occupation and the establishment of their own State -- perhaps in a slightly larger territory than Israelis would wish to concede, but a limited territory, nevertheless.

The challenge was to convince people on each side that those majorities existed on the other, while showing that the spoilers and rejectionists were a distinct minority, he said. He believed that the fundamental aspirations of both peoples could be reconciled. He believed in the right of Israel to exist, and to exist in full and permanent security -- free from terrorism, free from attack, free even from the threat of attack. He believed in the right of the Palestinians to exercise their self-determination. They had been miserably abused and exploited, by Israel, by the Arab world, sometimes by their own leaders and perhaps even, at times, by the international community. They deserved to see fulfilled their simple aspiration to live in freedom and dignity.

He said that the “Road Map”, endorsed by the Council in its resolution 1515 (2003), was still the reference point around which any effort to reenergize a political effort should be centred. Its sponsor, the Quartet, retained its validity because of its singular combination of legitimacy, political strength and financial and economic clout. But, the Quartet should do more to restore faith, not only in its own seriousness and effectiveness, but also in the Road Map’s practicability, and to create the conditions for resuming a viable peace process. It needed to find a way to institutionalize its consultations with the relevant regional partners. It needed to engage the parties directly in its deliberations. The time had come for the Quartet to be clearer at the outset on the parameters of an end-game deal, and it would have to be open to new ideas and initiatives.

Tensions in the region were “near the breaking point”, he said. Extremism and populism were leaving less political space for moderates, including those States that had reached peace agreements with Israel. Welcome moves towards democracy, such as elections, had simultaneously posed a quandary in bringing to power parties, individuals and movements that opposed the basis of current peacemaking approaches. The opportunity for negotiating a two-State solution would last for only so long. “ Should we fail to seize it, the people who most directly bear the brunt of this calamity will be consigned to new depths of suffering and grief. Other conflicts and problems will become that much harder to resolve, and extremists the world over would enjoy a boost to their recruiting efforts, ” he said.

The period ahead could well prove crucial, he added. Every day brought defeats in the struggle for peace, and reasons to give up. “ But we must not succumb to frustration,” he said. The principles on which peace must be based were known to all. Even the contours of what a solution would look like on the ground were well mapped out. He believed it was possible to break the current stalemate and make new strides towards peace.

He said that the United Nations and the Middle East were closely intertwined. The region had shaped that Organization like no other. The situation, the people, the thirst for peace, were all very close to his heart. “ I know they are close to yours as well, ” he said, adding that, as a matter of urgency, “ let us match that concern with concerted action ”.


SHEIK HAMAD BIN JASSIM BIN JABR AL-THANI, First Deputy Prime Minister of Qatar, which holds the Council presidency in December, said the United Nations had been seized by the dilemma of the Middle East conflict since its establishment. Its engagement in the crisis in all its aspects was manifested by efforts that were effective at times, but stagnant at others depending on the intensity of the moment and the degree of concern shown by the international community. It was no secret that the crisis entailed grave and negative consequences for the region and the world. Its repercussions would continue to be felt so long as it eluded a peaceful, just and comprehensive solution that guaranteed the rights and spelled out the obligations of all concerned parties.

He recalled that, when the international community had decided to assume responsibility for the establishment of a just, permanent and comprehensive peace in the Middle East after the Madrid Conference, the people of the region had felt that had augured well for their future. A sense of optimism had prevailed as a long sought objective was finally within reach. Fifteen years after the Madrid Conference, optimism was dissipating; hopes for peace were shattered; and a feeling of frustration and despair prevailed. Destruction was rampant. Many innocent Arabs and Israelis continued to fall victim to rampant acts of violence and counter-violence. Added to that list were acts of terror whose effects were felt way beyond the region and constituted a serious challenge to the international community. “ This is the result of our failure to arrive at a just and comprehensive peace, ” he said.

As the Council embarked on a discussion of the fundamental issue of international peace and security, it must consider some basic points, he said. The conflict had lasted for over half a century. Failure to arrive at acceptable solutions to the question over the years had led to catastrophic consequences that affected the overall situation in the region. While the reasons for failure were well known, just and equitable solutions need not remain elusive. All it took was good faith and commitment to the tenets of international legitimacy.

Israel was not the only side that was legitimately entitled to live in peace and security in the region, he said. Palestinians and Arabs had the exact same right. Generally speaking, the Arab side had for quite some time been consistently confirming, both through its positions and actions, that it robustly desired, wanted and sought the achievement of a just and comprehensive peace. Facing up to the political, security and development problems of the region could not be achieved without an honourable and peaceful solution to the question. History had demonstrated that a military solution to the problem was impossible. It had also demonstrated that the civilized and humanitarian course of action dictated that the international community must renounce extremism and avoid rigid positions and unilateral solutions that sought to guarantee the rights of one side and stamp out those of others.

We have more international resolutions, projects, plans and positions than we can possibly use, ” he said. What was lacking was political will to achieve the common objectives that would serve the interests of all parties to live in peace, security and stability, and promote coexistence and good cooperation. At the current stage, the Arab-Israeli conflict could no longer be resolved through partial or half solutions, which had not only proven futile, but also failed to bring about a permanent settlement to the question. A coordinated, integrated and consistent approach was needed to resolve the conflict, build peace and achieve reconciliation. That approach must be comprehensive, be open to participation by all parties and protect fundamental rights and humanitarian principles. It should stamp out violence and attend to the social and psychological aspects of the conflict. “ We are all called upon to confront parties on both sides of the camp who refuse to work towards peace, ” he said.

In that regard, he said that, while Israel had never ceased to say that it was in need of a Palestinian partner in the peace process, it was necessary to ask who would decide the credentials of a partner that was acceptable. Qatar’s efforts to realize sustainable peace in the Middle East were not simply a theme under discussion in the Council. The protraction of the conflict would continue to entail dire consequences for peace and stability. As part of the region, Qatar both influenced and was influenced by developments in it.

The United Nations was responsible for the realization of sustainable peace in the Middle East, since the Organization’s first purpose was the maintenance of international peace and security, he added. It was regrettable that the Council dealt with issues of lesser gravity and importance with unwavering seriousness and resolve, but failed to accord the Middle East question the same degree of significance.

All were aware of the critical and alarming circumstances in the region, he said. The Council should, therefore, accord more attention to the question and play an active role with a view to arriving at a comprehensive, just and permanent solution to the Palestinian question and the Arab-Israeli conflict. The dividends of peace would not only benefit the parties concerned and their immediate region, but would also extend to the world at large, particularly to influential actors to whom he appealed today, to earnestly strive for peace.

RIYAD MANSOUR, Permanent Observer of Palestine, said that the elements of peace in the Middle East were clear, precise and reflected in relevant Security Council resolutions, the 2002 Arab Initiative, the principle of land-for-peace, as well as the Road Map set forth by the Quartet and endorsed by the Security Council. Yet, the main problem remained a lack of political will in the international community and a lack of serious and tangible measures and practical mechanisms, essential for effective implementation of those resolutions and initiatives. The paralysis in the peace process, which had persisted for some time, was the reason why the Arab ministers had come to the Security Council last September in an attempt to “break the ice” and breathe new life into the peace process, in the wake of the war in Gaza and Lebanon last summer and following the worsening of the situation in more than one region in the Middle East.

He welcomed European efforts aimed at breaking that impasse and relaunching the peace process through the introduction of practical measures. He also wished to underscore the promising signs in the Baker-Hamilton report, which contained recommendations that could be used as a prelude to resuming the political peace process. He also underscored some statements made by Israeli leaders, who had shown their readiness to consider the Arab Peace Initiative as an appropriate platform for negotiations between the Palestinians and Israelis on the one hand, and the Arab parties on the other; the latter whose territories had been under Israeli occupation since 1967. A non-settlement to the Palestinian question and the persistence of the occupation of Arab territories had continued to fuel conflict and paved the way for all forms of violence and terrorism, regional conflict and international crises.

Noting that the Executive Committee of the Palestine Liberation Organization had met last Saturday, 9 December, under President Mahmoud Abbas, he said that the meeting had welcomed all international efforts aimed at resuming the peace process, particularly on the Palestinian-Israeli question, as that was the cornerstone to solving any crisis in the region. There was also a need for an international conference. Meanwhile, Israel should refrain from pretext and false excuses for not meeting deadlines and it should acknowledge the difficulties as they arise, especially those that had undermined serious peace talks in the past. The occupying force had continued its unbridled campaign, including in East Jerusalem, to confiscate Palestinian land and build the separation wall, which was illegal. It also continued to pursue its policy of extrajudicial killings, arbitrary arrests, destruction of Palestinian property and goods, closures, checkpoints and barricades -– all of which had dismembered and isolated East Jerusalem and “broken down” the Palestinian people.

He stressed that Israel must honour its commitment to international humanitarian law, particularly the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949. The imperative for peace in the Middle East required the occupying force to renounce its tactical manoeuvres. It claimed to desire peace, yet it carried out practices that shook the very foundation of the peace process and destroyed opportunities for peace. There were several opportunities for achieving peace in the Middle Eat through serious negotiations and the adoption of mechanisms aimed at creating an appropriate climate for the resumption of talks.

DANIEL CAMERON ( Israel) thanked the Secretary-General for his many years of dedication to the Organization and to the nations of the world. His remarks, unbiased and referring to both sides of the issue, were not the traditional narrative heard at the United Nations, as the Secretary-General himself had stated. He offered the Secretary-General his deepest appreciation.

The analysis of the events in the Middle East heard in statements delivered at the world body tended to be misleading. Symptoms were routinely mistaken for causes and decisions were based on rhetoric rather than reality. The Israeli-Palestinian conflict was erroneously identified by some as the source of all instability in the region. Yet, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict was in actuality the consequence –- not the cause -– of extremism, radicalism, incitement, intolerance, hate and terrorism, all poisoning the region.

The region and the world were challenged by warring ideologies, he said. It was no surprise then that the road to peace ran directly through the battlefield of the moderates and extremists, he said. Unless the international community was willing to stand up and confront the enemies of peace, progress would never be made. The extremist-moderate divide could be heard from the different voices in the region. The vast differences between those voices was precisely the reason why Israel must insist on the international community’s three conditions -- for Hamas to recognize Israel, renounce violence and abide by previous agreements. Without meeting those conditions, the Palestinian Authority would continue to support violence and terror, not peace and prosperity.

The vast difference between those voices was also the reason why the international community must insist on the full implementation of resolutions 1559 (2004) and 1701 (2006), he said. Without fully ensuring the end of Hizbollah’s “State within a State”, the region would remain in danger of extremist influence. The vast difference between the voices was the same reason why the international community could not tolerate a nuclear Iran. It was with particular indignation that, as the Council met, in Iran, a country whose President had threatened to wipe another Member State off the map, a conference was under way with its own “experts and scholars” concluding that the Holocaust had never happened. Iran’s denial of the Holocaust, its pursuit of nuclear weaponry and its strategic backing of Hamas and Hizbollah threatened peace and security. Iran could not and would not rewrite history. Yet, it remained the international community’s duty to make sure that the extremists did not write the world’s future.

The formula for peace had already been prescribed, he said. It was found in the Road Map and in the international community’s various forums. At its very heart was the principle of two States, Israel and Palestine, living side by side in peace and security. That vision had been consistently reaffirmed over the years, particularly in the past few months, by Israel’s leadership. Sadly, however, that vision remained unmatched on the Palestinian side. Israel had embarked on the painful course of disengagement from the Gaza Strip last year -– to show the Palestinians its commitment to peace. In return for disengagement, Israel had received terror. Over the last year, more than 1,000 Qassam rockets and mortar shells had been fired by Palestinian terrorists at southern Israeli communities and towns. Weapons had also been continuously smuggled into Gaza. Corporal Gilad Shallit had been kidnapped by Palestinian terrorists and was still being deprived of his freedom. Those were not the overtures of peace and moderation, but of terror and extremism.

The ceasefire two weeks ago had once again been a sign of Israel’s willingness to try its hand at peace, he said. Israel wished to maintain the ceasefire as a means to end the violence and enable progress in political negotiations. For that reason, Israel was exercising restraint and maintaining the ceasefire, despite repeated violations by Palestinian terrorists. Israel’s commitment to peace was also the reason why resolution 1701 remained a test for the Council. While it could bring stability to the region, for that to happen, kidnapped soldiers Udi Goldwasser and Eldad Regev must be released, immediately and unconditionally. An active and efficient United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) was also needed, as was the full deployment of the Lebanese army over all its territory. The arms embargo must be enforced and the border with Syria monitored for trafficking.

Secretary-General Kofi Annan had made it a personal campaign to support resolution 1701’s full implementation, and he trusted the incoming Secretary-General would continue such efforts.

Direct negotiations with partners willing to make concessions was the only way to move forward, he continued. He hoped that moderates in the region understood what needed to be done in order for peace to be realized, and where the real threat to the region lay. There had been far too many victims from both sides, neither of which had a monopoly on that status or human suffering. Israelis, Lebanese and Palestinians all deserved better. Recent developments showed what would happen if the international community refused to engage the moderates and allowed the extremists to cast their dark shadows of influence. The international community must join hands in fighting extremism and radicalism, incitement and intolerance, terrorism and hate.

SEIF IDDI, Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of the United Republic of Tanzania, said he was keenly aware that the Council had for many years supported the search for peace in the Middle East. Regrettably, despite so many efforts, a lasting solution to the Palestine question remained elusive; there had been more talk than action. That state of affairs needed to be reversed and agreements needed to be translated into concrete action. It was up to the Palestinians and Israelis to realize that no peace agreement would be viable, unless both of them accepted and acted in line with common aspirations for a two-State solution. They both needed to comply with the Road Map obligations and the Quartet’s requirements. For its part, the international community must assist in every possible way, so that the peace accords were implemented.

He said he had followed with keen interest renewed signals towards the revival of the peace process. He urged Palestinians to forge a Government of national unity and to work with Israel towards peace and security for all in the region. He welcomed the agreement between Prime Minister Ehud Olmert and President Mahmoud Abbas to establish a ceasefire in Gaza. Hopefully, it would hold, and contribute to an atmosphere supportive of the peace process. Also welcome was the proposal for an international peace conference on the Middle East and he saw the current climate as conducive for launching a serious peace process. He expressed his appreciation to the regional efforts of Arab States in the search for peace and stability in the region, including helping to avert the humanitarian crisis confronting the Palestinian people.

Turning to the situation in Lebanon, he said that recent events, including the killing of a leading politician, cabinet resignations and anti-Government rallies, had contributed to increased tensions. The deterioration of the security situation was putting the country’s democratic system in danger and threatening national independence. He called for maximum self-restraint and for the kind of wisdom required to bring about a unified and peaceful Lebanon. The people of Lebanon deserved nothing less, he said.

ALEXANDER SALTANOV, Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation noted that it was the second time in the past few months that the Council was meeting at a high level to discuss the Middle East question, testifying to the international community’s mounting concern regarding the deteriorating situation there. The situation throughout the area was dangerously unbalanced, and some hotspots of tension had arisen that were interlinked with each other. “ That is the Middle East, ” he said, stressing the need to take that reality into account.

The search for a solution to the Middle East problem required an integrated approach and the multilateral efforts and direct participation of the States of the region, he said. Unilateral steps and the use of force could only further aggravate the conflict. Fresh impetus must be given to a negotiated settlement of the oldest and newest conflict in history, namely the Arab-Israeli conflict. Reference points for a mutually acceptable solution existed in the Security Council’s resolutions and in the Road Map. The Arab Peace Initiative had positive potential for the full normalization of the countries of the region. Recently, efforts had been taken to restore the political process. An important step was the agreement on the Gaza ceasefire, which must also be extended to the West Bank. The international community must also support the readiness for direct dialogue. With no breakthrough thus far, it was necessary to remove the remaining problems, including the release of the Israeli soldier and a resolution to the issue of the Palestinian detainees.

The situation in the Palestinian territories, particularly in Gaza, remained serious, he said. Severe restrictions and closures affected ordinary people, creating a sense of pessimism among the Palestinian people. That state of affairs could no longer be tolerated. It was important not to lose sight of the strategic goal of achieving a just settlement of the question. The Road Map was the main tool for that. The events of this year, the crisis in Lebanon and Israeli operations in Gaza, had affirmed that peace in the Middle East could not but be comprehensive, covering all negotiation tracks. The Russian Federation favoured a speedy resumption of collective efforts for a move towards such a peace through halting the occupation and ensuring normal conditions of security and development for the States of the region, including Israel. The time had come to cast a fresh look at the proposal to convene an international conference on the Middle East. Such a major event must be well organized and receive the approval of all the relevant parties.

DIANA STROFAVA, State Secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Slovakia, said that peace capable of promoting and delivering stability, security and prosperity to the entire region was today, more than ever, vital. As the tragic developments on the ground, notably in Gaza last month, had once again proved, there was no military solution to the many challenges of the region, with the Israeli-Palestinian dispute at the core. She remained convinced that a settlement could and should be achieved only through peaceful negotiations and full implementation of all relevant Security Council resolutions and the principles defined by the Quartet and the Road Map.

She said she welcomed the mutual ceasefire in Gaza established last week, as that was a crucial confidence-building measure and a vital step and prerequisite towards a much-needed sustained period of calm. She hoped and expected both parties to exercise utmost restraint and do everything possible not to jeopardize further possible progress and promising prospects for peace. In that connection, she was deeply concerned about statements and efforts aimed at questioning or denying the Holocaust, as well as the right of Israel to exist. Such acts of clear incitement to hatred only contributed to further destabilization of the entire region and undermined peace efforts.

She reaffirmed her country’s support for a just, comprehensive and lasting settlement to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict based on negotiations, and remained convinced that the Quartet remained the most appropriate mechanism for advancing the peace process. Deeply concerned at the economic and humanitarian situation in the West Bank and Gaza, she urged Israel to resume transfers of withheld Palestinian tax and customs revenues and called for the full implementation of the Movement and Access accord.

Regarding Lebanon, Slovakia was very concerned about the current developments, she said. It had repeatedly reaffirmed its firm support to the legitimately elected Lebanese Government, and it supported all steps undertaken by Lebanese authorities to regain control over its whole territory and to re-establish stability and security throughout the country. Only a stable Lebanon could be reconstructed and further developed. All disputes should be solved at the negotiating table and not on the streets, where there was the risk of provocation and an escalation of dangerous conflict. The international community should not allow the further destabilization of Lebanon and the whole region. The country’s sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity must be respected by all, including all actors inside and beyond Lebanon and its neighbours, as well as countries like Iran. The national dialogue must reach consensus on several important issues, including the disarmament of all militia in the country.

ALEX D. WOLFF (United States) said there could be no denying that today’s debate focused on a goal shared by all –- sustainable peace in the Middle East. The United States remained firmly committed to the vision of two States, Israel and Palestine, living side by side in peace and security, as well as to the Road Map and the principles contained therein, as the Road Map was the only agreed international basis upon which to advance that goal. To help make that goal a reality, President George Bush had repeatedly stressed that the United States would pursue diplomatic efforts to engage moderate regional leaders, help the Palestinians strengthen and reform their security sector and support the parties in their efforts to come together to resolve their differences. The United States was the single largest donor to the Palestinian people, having provided $468 million in direct assistance in 2006.

He said that, while his country worked closely with its Quartet partners and friends in the region to create an environment that would facilitate progress towards the realization of the two-State vision, it must make certain that parallel efforts at the United Nations bolstered, and did not inadvertently undermine, the pursuit of a lasting peace in the region. In that regard, the United States was disappointed that, in recent weeks, the Security Council and the General Assembly had indulged in debate over an excessive number of politicized and biased resolutions that did not contribute constructively to that effort or enable any progress towards the two-State solution.

Calls for a high-level debate and a greater Council role in encouraging peace efforts ignored the fundamental fact that the ultimate responsibility for progress rested with the parties and with their fulfilment of the parallel obligations to which they had agreed, he said. The role of the international community, therefore, including of the Council, must be to help create the environment that would enable the parties to come together to resolve their differences. Everyone should ask themselves whether that goal would be achieved through the sort of polarized oratory and debate that had characterized recent Council and Assembly discussions of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

In the region, President Abbas and Prime Minister Olmert had reached agreement on an important ceasefire, and Prime Minister Olmert had delivered an address making clear his interest in working towards peace with the Palestinians. President Abbas had deployed security forces to northern Gaza to try to enforce the fragile ceasefire, and Israel had demonstrated remarkable restraint in not responding to recent rocket attacks into Israel. In order to build on that progress, the United States was actively involved in efforts to reform the Palestinian security sector. It was engaged in that important effort because it recognized that, ultimately, the only way real progress would be made was if Palestinian security forces were able to bring stability to Gaza and prevent attacks against Israel.

With Israel, he said his country had pressed for concrete progress related to Palestinian access and movement within and between the West Bank and Gaza. It was pleased with success so far, on which it hoped to build, and remained committed to working on that issue actively with both parties, in order to make real, concrete progress and improve the lives of millions of Palestinians living in the West Bank and Gaza.

Implementation of the Road Map necessitated partnership, and he said his country had worked with the international community to support the efforts of President Abbas to establish a Palestinian Government that accepted the Quartet principles of renunciation of violence, recognition of Israel, and acceptance of previous agreements. He commended President Abbas for his efforts to break the current impasse caused by a Hamas-led Palestinian Authority Government that failed to govern responsibly, but he deeply regretted that Hamas had walked away from a proposal for a technocratic Government that would have allowed for early engagement. He was also dismayed by Palestinian Authority Government Prime Minister Ismail Haniya’s 8 December statement in Tehran that the Palestinians would never recognize Israel. That type of rhetoric demonstrated that the Hamas-led Palestinian Authority Government was not interested in becoming a partner for peace and continued to fail in its duty to the Palestinian people to govern responsibly.

In that context, he said the United States strongly condemned the Iranian-sponsored conference on the Holocaust that called into question the magnitude of the horrors of the Holocaust. His country rejected, in the strongest possible terms, all efforts that sought to refute the historical fact of the Holocaust.

He said it was clear that any discussing of fostering greater peace in the region must include Lebanon. The conflict launched by Hizbollah in July had caused enormous suffering and destruction in both Lebanon and Israel, highlighting the risks of acquiescing to a status quo in Lebanon that permitted militias to remain armed and unchecked. The United States supported the efforts of the democratically elected Government of Lebanon as it expanded its sovereignty over all its territory, and continued to call for implementation of relevant Council resolutions, particularly the provisions regarding the disbanding and disarming of the militias. He, once again, called for the immediate, safe and unconditional release of the Israeli soldiers Eldad Regev and Ehud Goldwasser kidnapped on 12 July.

The current demonstrations in Lebanon were an attempt by Hizbollah and its allies, with support from Syria and Iran, to overthrow Lebanese Prime Minister Fouad Siniora’s democratically elected pro-reform, pro-sovereignty Government, in a clear bid to re-establish Syrian control over Lebanon, he said. The recent assassination of Lebanese Industry Minister Pierre Gemayel was especially shocking in that light, and underscored the threat to the physical safety of Lebanon’s remaining cabinet members.

CESAR MAYORAL ( Argentina) thanked the Secretary-General for his presentation of an excellent report on the evolution of the situation in the Middle East during his 10-year tenure. In spite of the sombre panorama of the Middle East peace process, he was more convinced than ever that the international community should not allow the legitimate aspirations of all the peoples of the region to recognition, security and well-being to be buried under a cover of mutual denial, violence and resentment. The primary responsibility for the current regrettable state of affairs lay with the parties directly involved in the crisis. The international community, however, particularly the Security Council, shared part of the responsibility. The Council’s inability to respond to the deepening crisis in the Middle East had been increasingly evident, in particular in recent years.

At the heart of the Middle East peace process was the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, he said. In spite of efforts since 2002, the objective of two States living side by side in peace and security had proven elusive. That failure did not mean that the Quartet or the Road Map had lost their usefulness and should be abandoned. It was abundantly clear, however, that, if the Quartet did not reform its working methods and engage more actively in the monitoring of the Road Map’s implementation, it would become a dispensable mechanism. In that regard, he called on the Quartet members, the main regional players and the Council to undertake a profound process of reflection.

In recent years, neither Israel nor the Palestinian Authority had fulfilled their minimum obligations, and the exchange of mutual accusations had not fostered a climate of trust and cooperation, he said. Some of the Israeli practices, such as the expansion of settlements, the construction of the separation barrier and the excessive use of force, did not contribute to fostering a sense of optimism among the Palestinian population, but rather fed extremism. The humanitarian crisis in Gaza further exacerbated the already dire situation of the Palestinian population. On the other hand, the Palestinian inability or unwillingness to maintain peace and order in Gaza, to release Israeli solider Gilad Shalit and reform its institutions did not generate confidence in Israel about the existence of a Palestinian counterpart with which to negotiate.

He added that, in spite of that disheartening panorama, there had been some positive developments, including the Gaza ceasefire, which should be extended to the West Bank and accompanied by a series of additional measures, such as the deployment of international observers and the possible establishment of a mechanism for the protection of civilians. In that regard, he supported the proposal to convene an international conference with the same format as the 1991 Madrid conference. On the Israeli-Lebanese and Israeli-Syrian tracks, he reiterated Argentina’s commitment to the full implementation of resolution 1701. A fundamental ingredient for comprehensive peace was the end of the Israeli occupation of the Golan Heights and the return of that territory to Syria.

EMYR JONES PARRY ( United Kingdom) said that key issues remained for ending the prevailing frustration and instability through a comprehensive and just solution. His colleagues had already sketched out a prescription for that solution. Progress in Israel and Palestine was of the utmost importance towards achieving that goal, and it was essential to advance towards a comprehensive peace and a two-State solution. At the same time, he recognized the need for a regional approach, which encompassed all relevant issues. The United Kingdom remained fully committed to that purpose. He welcomed the ceasefire in Gaza and hoped that it would be a first step towards further progress. The Road Map was the best way to achieve the two-State solution, and he called on both parties to implement their commitments in full. The United Kingdom continued to call for the release of Israeli Corporal Gilad Shalit, and for Israel to charge or release the Palestinian parliamentary members it held.

He said his country would continue to support the Palestinians through the temporary support mechanism, to which it had already contributed more than €186 million, including payment to key workers in the public sectors, such as health care, schools and some of the most vulnerable Palestinian sectors. That had allowed basic services to continue running and it had provided livelihoods for the poorest Palestinian families. He welcomed the efforts of President Abbas to form a Government of national unity, and supported the Quartet’s call for a Government based on the renunciation of violence, recognition of Israel and acceptance of all agreements and obligations, including the Road Map.

The United Kingdom and the entire European Union had underlined the importance of preserving and strengthening Palestinian institutional capacity, he noted. The Union had expressed its readiness to provide enhanced support to a Palestinian Government with which it could engage. Recent events had highlighted the need to move forward. He regretted the incident in Beit Hanoun on 8 November; Israel should do all it could to avoid civilian casualties, and the firing of Qassam rockets into Israel must stop. Israel and the Palestinian Authority must intensify efforts to bring all violence to an immediate end. Civilians on both sides had the right to live in peace and security. He called on Israel to freeze all settlement activity, including their natural growth, and to dismantle all outposts built since 2001, in line with the Road Map. The Palestinian Authority should make every effort to prevent terrorism, also as required under the Road Map. All must build on the fragile progress in Gaza towards a just peace.

BASILE IKOUEBE ( Congo) stressed that the critical situation in the Middle East made the status quo intolerable. It was the right time for the Council to give fresh impetus to the Middle East question. The Council’s message today must be its clearly expressed will for an immediate and unconditional resumption of negotiations, which would to a comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the Middle East. The Council must support the idea of organizing an international conference to put back on track the measures advocated in the agreed comprehensive settlement. Such a conference should, however, be prepared most carefully.

Reaffirming the key role of the Quartet in the resumption of the process, he also reaffirmed the validity of all international documents and instruments, such as the relevant United Nations resolutions, the Oslo Accord and the terms of reference of Madrid. The principle of land for peace remained fundamental. Such an initiative must break new ground by heavily involving all regional actors. It must recognize the interconnection between the various crises engulfing the Middle East. There was, therefore, the need for a comprehensive approach to a solution that would include all States. Such an approach must also take into account the positive role of the League of Arab States.

All were well aware that there was no military solution to the 60-year old conflict, whose ramifications were likely to ignite a highly unstable region, he said. An international conference would breathe fresh life into the process. Congo expected the main protagonists to display the greatest restraint and refrain from violence and unilateral actions. Ultimately, it was for the parties to make the final decision.

JEAN-MARC DE LA SABLIÈRE ( France) welcomed the recent ceasefire and the expressed commitments of President Abbas and Prime Minister Olmert, which were positive and promising signs after several months of violence that had cost the lives of several hundred civilians. All must respect the commitments and extend the ceasefire rapidly to the West Bank. That positive decision must be followed by other confidence-building measures, including the unconditional and immediate release of Corporal Shalit and Palestinian officials and politicians imprisoned in Israel. He also called for implementation of the Sharm el-Sheikh agreement and the Access and Movement accord to restore confidence and promote recovery of the Palestinian economy. The return by Israel of tax revenues due to the Palestinian Authority since the beginning of the year would also likely help to bring rapid relief to the disastrous humanitarian situation in the Occupied Palestinian Territory.

He said that cessation of the violence, in order to be durable, must also be accompanied by a real political plan, for which both parties were responsible. Palestinians must not deviate from the path marked for more than 15 years in the context of the peace process. France supported President Abbas’ efforts in favour of national unity, and the recent Palestinian clashes were particularly disturbing. He invited all Palestinian factions, particularly Hamas, to cooperate with the Palestinian President in the formation of a new Government whose political platform reflected the Quartet’s principles. Such a Government would be a legitimate partner of the international community and would receive the necessary support for its reforms.

Israel had a duty to refrain from any unilateral action that would undermine efforts to create an economically and geographically viable Palestinian State, and it must, according to the International Court of Justice, put an end to the construction of the wall in the West Bank, he said. France would continue to work with determination towards a comprehensive, just and lasting solution based on council resolutions, the Madrid Conference, land-for-peace and the Arab Peace Initiative. A carefully prepared international conference, in coordination with all the parties, should be organized in the near future, and the Quartet was the most appropriate forum for negotiating and establishing the conditions for such a conference. A meeting of the Quartet at the level of the principles should be held swiftly towards that goal, he said.

ELLEN MARGRETHE LØJ ( Denmark) said the meeting was an opportunity to thank the Secretary-General for his work in keeping the international community focused on the goal of brining lasting peace to the Middle East. Two States, Israel and Palestine, living side by side in peace with internationally recognized borders was the goal. As the Secretary-General had indicated, the longer it took to reach that goal, the harder it was to reassure people that there was reason for hope and that there was a better future ahead. It was essential, therefore, that the parties, the regional players and the international community, rededicated themselves to the goal. The key to success, however, rested with the parties. While the international community could help -- the Quartet played a pivotal role in that effort -- success could only come when the parties were committed and ready.

In that regard, she noted encouraging developments, including the ceasefire in Gaza. While it might only be a first step, it provided residents a moment of breathing space from the violence and terrorism. Reaching the agreement had not been easy, and both parties had been under tremendous political pressure. Prime Minster Olmert’s 27 November speech was welcome and indicated Israel’s willingness, among other things, to release prisoners when the captured Israeli solider was freed. The challenge was to convert the current opportunity into sustainable change for the better. Both parties must take urgent steps to boost confidence and solve problems that could undermine peace efforts.

She added that Israel needed to ease humanitarian conditions for civilians in Gaza and the West Bank. One such step was to release the Palestinian tax and customs revenues it was withholding. The Agreement on Access and Movement must also be implemented. It was also essential that Israel halt new settlements and outposts, which were in contradiction to Security Council resolutions and the Road Map. While Denmark continued to recognize Israel’s right to defend itself, it must be ensured that measures to protect Israeli civilians were in accordance with international law. Disproportionate use of force could hamper the achievement of a lasting solution to the conflict.

The Palestinians must also build confidence and become a partner with whom it was possible to build lasting peace, she said. The captured Israeli solider must be released immediately. Denmark supported President Abbas’ efforts to create a national unity Government that reflected Quartet principles. In-fighting among factions was only going to weaken the prospects for real progress. It was also essential that all Palestinian factions did their utmost to keep and consolidate the ceasefire. While it was not a solution, it provided a much-wanted opportunity. At a time when the outlook seemed as grim as ever, the parties had succeeded in creating yet another opportunity. The parties, neighbours and the international community must play a part if the moment was to be seized. Progress was critical, mainly for the principal parties involved, but equally for the greater region.

NANA EFFAH-APENTENG ( Ghana) said that the situations in Iraq and Lebanon, coupled with the Iranian nuclear programme, were of major international concern. He also shared the Secretary-General’s view that failure to achieve a just and comprehensive solution to the “long-festering” Arab-Israeli conflict was the major underlying source of frustration and instability in the region. On Lebanon, the progress made in implementing resolution 1701 (2006) made him cautiously optimistic that the cessation of hostilities would hold; however, he was also mindful of the need for Israel and Lebanon to commit further to implementing a permanent ceasefire based on the full acceptance of the relevant provisions of the Taif Accords and of resolution 1559 (2004) and 1680 (2006).

He said that the mutual ceasefire between Israel and the Palestinians had brought relief to those genuinely interested in Middle East peace. He expected that the two sides would eschew the terrorism and violence of the past and seek to maintain the ceasefire and ensure a sustained period of calm, which the peoples of both sides deserved. Israel must now exhibit flexibility and show magnanimity by taking steps to reverse the financial ban on the Palestinian Authority, in order to bring succour to the Palestinian people. The Secretary-General’s recommendation for the Quartet and the Council to explore the feasibility of consolidating the ceasefire within an international framework deserved serious consideration. Meanwhile, he remained concerned that the tireless efforts by Palestinians at forming a national unity Government had failed to materialize. He again urged the Palestinian Authority and Hamas to cooperate to achieve that goal.

The notion that only a regional approach would resolve the various crises and conflicts in the Middle East was attractive, not least because progress in each area was largely dependent on progress in other areas, he said. Power without legitimacy only bred disaffection, chaos and resistance, and military supremacy alone could not offer the desired security. A sober and objective analysis of the Secretary-General’s report could only lead to the conclusion that any attempt to continue with “half-baked” or temporary solutions was not feasible. Only a peace agreement whose parameters were well known and enjoyed widespread international support could bring peace and security between Israel and the Arab and Muslim world, and make possible a regional system of security.

ADAMANTIOS TH. VASSILAKIS ( Greece) said he shared the Secretary-General’s assessment of the reasons behind the lack of progress in the Road Map’s implementation. Both sides had failed to live up to their obligations under phase one of the Road Map. The Arab-Israeli conflict -- of which the Palestinian issue was at the core -- and attempts to find a solution to it, should not oversee the wider regional picture and dynamics in the conflict. The countries of the region had the responsibility to create the necessary climate for progress. The behaviour and rhetoric of one country had a direct impact on the behaviour and rhetoric of another. The United Nations had a permanent responsibility towards the question of Palestine until it was resolved in all its aspects, and that responsibility applied equally vis-à-vis the Palestinians and the Arab populations, as well as to the Israeli people and the State of Israel.

Reaffirming Greece’s commitment to the realization of the vision of two democratic States, Israel and Palestine, living side by side in peace and within secure and internationally recognized borders, he said the Secretary-General’s proposals constituted a sober and informed insight as to how progress in that direction might be advanced. The parties to the conflict, the countries of the region and the Council should explore all of the possibilities open to them. The peoples of the region and the international community could ill afford to allow time to elapse without making significant and substantial progress towards peace.

KENZO OSHIMA ( Japan), expressing deep concern over the continued violence and the high number of casualties on both sides, said that the international community could not serve as a substitute for the parties to the conflict. That, by no means, however, diminished the importance of the international community’s creating an environment conducive for the parties to solve the conflict. The crisis in Lebanon last summer had reminded all once again that nothing was more essential than concerted and dedicated efforts and a strong will for peace among the parties, in order to overcome the difficulties confronting the region. He welcomed the recent ceasefire agreement, and reiterated his call on both the Israeli and Palestinian sides to exercise maximum restraint now. Direct talks at the highest level between the parties were the only way to open a window to a solution and, hopefully, the summit of the leaders would break the current stalemate.

He said that the political deadlock in Palestine remained another matter of deep concern. Emphasizing the critical importance of demonstrating strong political will, backed by determined efforts on the part of the concerned parties, he expressed his strong hope for the formation of new Palestinian Authority Government. Once established, it should make clear its determination to pursue peaceful coexistence and mutual prosperity with Israel. When that happened, the international community should respond positively with all the support such a welcome development would deserve. Also, he was particularly concerned over the deteriorating humanitarian plight of the Palestinian people and said Israel needed to take immediate action to transfer the tax and customs revenues to the Palestinian Authority and restore freedom of movement for the Palestinian people.

Japan had been a major donor for the Palestinians for many years, and it reaffirmed its determination to continue to extend its assistance, he said. With respect to Lebanon, the recent political upheavals notwithstanding, he welcomed the maintenance of the cessation of hostilities and the improvement of the overall security situation following the adoption of resolution 1701 (2006), particularly through the extension of State authority in the south of the country. Reaffirming his commitment to that text’s implementation, he said there remained, however, many challenges to be addressed, foremost among them, the full implementation of that resolution and lasting stabilization of the situation in Lebanon. No actions that contributed to destabilizing that situation could be tolerated and, in order to achieve a permanent ceasefire and a long-term solution, the international community must address the disarmament and disbanding of all remaining militias and the delineation of the border.

WANG GUANGYA ( China) said the turbulence in the Middle East with no solution in sight did not bode well for the prospect of peace and development in the region. The current situation was particularly worrying with the continuation of conflicts between Palestine and Israel, the impasse in the implementation of the Road Map and the lack of progress in both Lebanese-Israeli and Syrian-Israeli talks. The future direction of development in the Middle East was a question of serious concern. For decades, the Middle East question had mainly found expression in conflicts between Israel and the Arab countries. At present, however, various hot-spot issues such as the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, Lebanese-Israeli conflict, the instability in Iraq and other tension in the region shared the stage. The Middle East was undergoing the most profound changes in recent years, resulting in an even more complicated situation.

While a settlement of the Middle East question could not be achieved without the international community’s support, the key to the settlement still rested in the hands of the parties concerned, he said. Decades of confrontation and conflict had left an excessive accumulation of grievances between Israel and Arab countries. He hoped the parties could break out of the futile mode of “violence for violence” and show good will. In that regard, he supported efforts by Palestine to form a Government of national unity, welcomed Israel’s willingness to engage in peace talks and expressed hope that the two parties would work together for an early return to the “right track of negotiations”.

The Middle East question was the oldest item on the Council’s agenda, he noted. Failure to find a solution to the Middle East question for so long had negatively affected the Council’s role and authority. For many years, the Council had been in a passive “fire-fighting” mode. After the breakout of the Lebanese-Israeli conflict, it had taken the Council 34 days to adopt a resolution requesting the two sides to cease hostilities. When United Nations peacekeepers had lost their lives, the Council had only expressed regret in a presidential statement. The Council should transform itself from “fire fighter” to “problem shooter” and work in the spirit of seeking overall common ground. After decades of turmoil, the people in the Middle East were tired of conflict. In the twenty-first century, their desire to achieve peace had become more urgent than ever.

JORGE VOTO-BERNALES ( Peru) said the lack of a solution to the Arab-Israeli conflict continued to be a source of frustration and instability, and for which a comprehensive approach was needed. The parties must take constructive steps to eliminate tension and generate an environment that was conducive to peace. Political will was needed to move the process forward. The main objective should be ending the occupation and establishing two States living side by side. The weakening of political institutions and the lack of cohesion in the Palestinian Government had seriously jeopardized the peace process. Extremists groups had taken advantage of the situation by launching terrorist acts against Israel. While Israel had the right to respond to those acts, it must exercise that right responsibly.

The recent ceasefire in the Gaza Strip, which he hoped would be extended to the West Bank, had led to new hope that the path to negotiation might replace the path of violence, he said. Regarding Lebanon, he said resolution 1701 provided a new opportunity to resolve a number of pending problems among the Lebanese. The question of the occupation of the Syrian Golan was another pending issue. The doors for negotiation must also be opened. This summer’s events had only reaffirmed the close connection between the various hotbeds of tension in the Middle East. Political negotiation was the only way to solve those problems. As there could be no lasting unilateral solution, the Road Map must serve as the point of reference for any initiative to solve the Middle East question.

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 flecheInternational Human Solidarity Day
 flecheFirst Chinese rover begins Moon exploration
 flecheHuman Rights Day: UN pays tribute to activists, landmark Vienna Declaration
 flecheUN chief pays tribute to life and legacy of South Africa’s Nelson Mandela
 flecheInternational Volunteer Day
 flecheONU : “le système des droits de l’homme aux Nations Unies est beaucoup plus solide qu’il y a deux décennies”, déclare Navi Pillay
 flecheUN officials urge concerted action to eradicate modern forms of slavery
 flecheWorld Toilet Day: UN urges breaking taboos, making sanitation for all a global reality
 flecheUN and partners highlight essential actions to reduce child deaths from pneumonia
 fleche24 October - United Nations Day
 flecheUN health agency urges Governments to end production, use of lead paint
 flecheInternational Day for the Eradication of Poverty
 flecheJournée internationale de la paix : l'ONU veut faire de l'éducation le pilier de sociétés tolérantes
 flecheWorld Happiness Report 2013
 flecheUrging political solution on Syria crisis, Ban warns of ‘tragic consequences’ of military action
 flecheDespite overwhelming opposition, millions of girls at risk of genital mutilation – UNICEF
 flecheHuman Rights Indicators: A Guide to Measurement and Implementation
 flecheLong-term impact of youth employment crisis could be felt for decades, warns UN report
 flecheFORESTS: UN forum endorses measures to improve sustainable forest management
 flecheUN General Assembly approves global arms trade treaty
 flecheEuro zone’s debt crisis and austerity policies continue to tamp down growth – UN report
 flecheChildren account for almost a third of all people trafficked globally – new UN report
 flecheHuman Rights Day, 10 December
 flecheInternational Youth Day, 12 August 2012
 flechePresident of Uruguay Mujica intervention in Rio +20
 flecheThe future we want
 flecheConference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20) ( 22 - 22 June 2012, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
 flecheAlmost 21 million people worldwide are victims of forced labour, UN finds
 flecheOn International Day, UN warns about link between racism and conflict
 flecheConcerted global efforts have led to great strides against extreme poverty – Ban
 flecheUN report on sexual violence during conflict singles out worst offenders
 flecheL'ONU appelle à un traité sur le commerce des armes qui protège les civils
 flecheThe United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (1992)
 flecheFor World Cancer Day, UN stresses early diagnosis to reduce mounting deaths
 flecheWomen’s education ‘smartest global investment,’ Ban tells World Economic Forum
 flecheUN chief outlines five-year action plan to build ‘the future we want’
 flecheUN Year in Review: Looking back at major events of 2011
 flecheONU : le multilinguisme peut contribuer à la réalisation des Objectifs du millénaire
 flecheUN officials call for building on momentum to promote human rights everywhere
 flecheUN invites young people to create its HIV/AIDS strategy through social media
 flecheUN-backed report spotlights links between global warming and extreme weather
 flecheArab Spring highlights rejection of corruption, says UN anti-crime chief
 flecheBan calls for harnessing potential of world’s poorest nations
 flecheUN officials call for more action to ‘stem the tide’ of racism and intolerance
 flecheWorking together, UN and French-speaking States can advance Arab Spring – Ban
 flecheUN: Economic troubles make delivery on anti-poverty commitments even more urgent
 flecheEfforts of UN-led global anti-malaria partnership save a million lives in a decade
 flecheUN chief stresses need to ‘connect the dots’ on sustainable development
 flecheInternational Day against Nuclear Tests, 29 August 2011
 flecheWorld Humanitarian Day - 19 August
 flecheUN high-level forum spotlights young people’s potential as agents of change
 flecheMajor progress towards Millennium Development Goals, but the most vulnerable are left behind, UN report says
 flecheEmpowering women helps fight poverty and other social ills, UN official stresses
 flecheUN rights body hits out against violence based on sexual orientation
 flecheUN Human Rights Council endorses principles to ensure businesses respect human rights
 flecheWorld’s largest economies generally avoiding protectionism – UN report
 flecheHomophobic hate crimes on the rise, UN human rights chief warns
 flecheBan urges poor nations' leaders to create conditions for economic development
 flecheGeneral Assembly designates friendship day and grants EU higher participation status
 flechePress freedom more relevant than ever in digital era, UN stresses
 flecheGlobal population to pass 10 billion by 2100, UN projections indicate
 flecheBan urges world to recall terrorism’s victims in wake of Osama bin Laden’s death
 flecheÉducation: L’ECOSOC relève une « crise de l'apprentissage » et une inadéquation entre systèmes éducatifs et marché du travail
 flecheUN political chief urges ‘bold and decisive’ steps to revive Middle East peace talks
 flecheUN envoy stresses need to prevent conflict-related sexual violence before it begins
 flecheAprès Fukushima, l'AIEA plaide pour un renforcement de la sûreté nucléaire
 flecheUN marks day against racial discrimination with focus on people of African descent
 flecheUN climate change chief urges governments to quickly implement Cancún accords
 flecheUN calls for ‘new era of social justice’ for all with basic services and decent jobs
 flecheSecurity Council discusses poverty and under-development as root of conflict
 flecheGeneral Assembly stresses need to invest in disaster mitigation measures
 flecheUrgent steps needed to curb rising food and other commodity prices, UN warns
 flecheNew UN Women’s body plans to reinforce presence at country level
 flecheFrom fighting poverty to building a safer world, UN chief outlines priorities for 2011
 flecheArab forum ends with call for action to protect children’s rights – UN
 flecheOn Human Rights Day, UN shines spotlight on role of rights defenders
 flecheClimate change effects on South America depicted graphically in UN report
 flecheGlobal economy unlikely to improve significantly next year – UN
 flecheAhead of climate talks, UN-led report outlines greenhouse gas emissions gap
 flecheInvesting in development will boost economic recovery, Ban tells G20 leaders
 flecheMassive challenges highlight key role of global governance, says Ban
 flecheFighting global hunger tops agenda at high-level UN talks in Rome
 flecheMore than 10 million new teachers needed to fill education goals, UN warns
 flecheSecurity Council stresses need for collective action to combat terrorism
 flecheBan urges world to pull together through UN to reach ‘great goals’ of our time
 flecheUN officials urge countries to remove criminal sanctions based on sexual orientation
 flecheBan issues call to world leaders to boost cooperation on development
 flecheUN-backed anti-corruption academy inaugurated in Austria
 flecheDenouncing "slavery in the modern age," UN launches plan against human trafficking
 flecheGlobal health the focus as annual UN event for civil society kicks off
 flecheSecurity council debates legal options for pursuing pirates off Somali coast
 flecheLa Conférence mondiale de la jeunesse s'ouvre au Mexique
 flecheEntretien avec Irina Bokova, Chef de l’Organisation des Nations Unies pour l’Education, les Sciences et la Culture
 flecheLaunching International Year of Youth, UN urges dialogue, respect across generations
 flecheGeneral assembly adopts resolution recognizing access to clean Water, sanitation as human right, by recorded vote of 122 in favour, none against, 41 abstentions.
 flechePress conference on establishment of new gender entity, "UN Women"
 flecheSale of people is one of top illegal businesses in Europe, UN report says
 flecheAfter years of debate, ICC Member States agree on definition of aggression
 flecheAt ICC review conference, Ban declares end to 'era of impunity'
 flecheUN the only forum for solving global problems – General Assembly President
 flecheUN body urges support for treaty regulating private military, security companies
 flecheUN human rights expert welcomes British law to stop predatory financial funds
 flecheLa hausse de demandeurs d'asile dans les pays riches est un mythe, selon le HCR
 flecheWorld Water Day 2010 on March, 22- Frequently asked questions on water quality
 flecheUN to review progress on the Millennium Development Goals at High-level meeting in September 2010
 flecheUN launches peacebuilding review group for quicker response in the field
 flecheAs electronic waste mountains soar, UN urges smart technologies to protect health
 flecheBan commits UN to harnessing support for African development needs
 flecheUN report paints grim picture of conditions of world’s indigenous peoples
 flecheL'Assemblée générale adopte le plan de rénovation du siège de l'ONU
 flecheUN sanctions against Al-Qaida amended with appointment of delisting official
 flecheUN crisis relief fund raises record $424 million in pledges as humanitarian needs mount
 flecheSwiss minaret ban discriminates against Muslims, says UN expert
 flecheUN officials urge intensified efforts to eliminate violence against women
 flecheMillions of poor across Africa set to suffer deepening food crisis, warns UN report
 flecheEra of increased mobility requires better protection of migrants’ rights, says Ban
 flecheBoom in international trade fails workers in developing world
 flecheUN launches online training course to fight terrorism
 flecheHead of UN rights probe into Gaza conflict urges accountability for war crimes
 flecheBan issues call for unity to world leaders as UN’s annual debate begins
 flecheSommet sur les changements climatiques - Foire aux questions
 flecheWorld falling short on pledges to lift people out of poverty – UN report
 flecheTackling impunity and discrimination among top priorities for UN rights chief
 flecheUN report proposes new Marshall Plan to promote development and save the planet
 flecheBan emphasizes key role of UN in tackling today’s challenges
 flecheLatest round of UN climate change talks kick off
 flecheBan Ki-moon calls on countries to introduce practical steps to adapt to climate change
 flecheAsamblea General celebra diálogo sobre responsabilidad de proteger
 flecheProposed climate change measures insufficient, Ban Ki-moon tells major economies
 flecheDismantling of protectionist trade measures, fulfilment of aid pledges among issues, as debate continues at UN conference on world financial crisis
 flecheUnited Nations Conference on the world financial and economic crisis and its impact on development (24 - 26 June 2009, New York, United States)
 flecheInternational Day spotlights need for more women in UN peacekeeping
 flecheToday’s challenges require global leadership, new multilateralism – Ban
 flecheUN announces launch of world’s first tuition-free, online university
 flecheNew UN plan to boost HIV services targets gay men and transgender people
 flecheScience can shield Africa from economic crisis, spur growth, UN official says
 flecheBan, in Princeton, urges a 'new multilateralism'
 flecheBan lauds efforts of UN forum for inter-cultural understanding in troubling times
 flecheExperts hail Australia’s backing of UN declaration of indigenous peoples’ rights
 flecheInternational Energy Conference 2009 (22-24 June 2009; Vienna, Austria)
 flecheUN spotlights five key areas to spur sustainable economic recovery
 flecheLa conférence mondiale sur l'eau s'ouvre à Istanbul
 flecheRevised UN estimates put world population at over 9 billion by 2050
 flecheCivil strife, peacemaking often tied to natural resources, UN report says
 flecheBan urges global pursuit of social justice, dignity for all
 flecheLa commission du développement social examine au cours d’une table ronde les incidences des crises mondiales sur le développement social
 flecheUN agency applauds US President's decision to resume funding
 flecheDeveloped countries hit hard by downturn in foreign investment, UN reports
 flecheAfrican festival will embody link between culture, peace, prosperity – UN official
 flecheUN human rights body to send fact-finding mission to Gaza
 flecheSecurity Council calls on Israel, Palestinians to end violence immediately
 flecheUN agency urges nations to fund ‘human rescue’ package needed to feed millions
 flecheSecretary-General calls for ‘Green New Deal’ at UN climate change talks
 flecheFinancial crisis could drive more people into slave-like conditions, Ban warns
 flecheQatar and UN pave way for paper-free global conferences
 flecheReligion can never justify terrorism or killing of innocents, General Assembly declares
 flecheBan appelle le G20 à empêcher que la crise financière ne devienne une tragédie humaine
 flecheConvention on the law of the non-navigational uses of international watercourses
 flecheBan calls for urgent measures to end DR Congo crisis at Nairobi summit
 flecheMassive growth in city populations could deepen poverty, warns Ban
 flecheBan highlights benefits of global migration in address to Philippine forum
 flecheLeadership and partnership more important than ever, Ban says on UN Day
 flecheMortgage crisis shows markets alone cannot ensure housing for all – UN expert
 flecheBan joins colleagues in compelling States to act against poverty
 flecheMarine fishing industry losing $50 billion annually, UN study finds
 flecheGandhi’s legacy of non-violent struggle vital in today’s world – UN officials
 flechePresident urges end to ‘business as usual’ as UN Assembly debate wraps up
 flecheTime to inject new energy into global partnership for development – Ban
 flecheLe président de l'Assemblée générale réclame plus de démocratie à l'ONU
 flecheWorld leaders tackle Africa’s development needs at General Assembly event
 flecheLes plus pauvres sont davantage exposés aux catastrophes naturelles, selon l'ISDR
 flecheDelivering on the Global Partnership for Achieving the Millennium Development Goals - MDG Gap Task Force Report 2008
 flecheUN climate change talks kick off in Ghana
 flecheGlobal postal industry looks towards future after UN meeting
 flecheAIEA: renouveau du nucléaire face à la pénurie d'énergies fossiles
 flecheBan joins General Assembly’s call for Olympic truce during Beijing Games
 flecheKaradžic arrest ‘decisive step’ toward ending impunity, says Ban
 flecheProposed EU policy on illegal immigrants alarms UN rights experts
 flecheFood crisis, climate change and MDGs top Ban's G-8 agenda
 flecheBan calls for rich nations to lead the way in fight against global crises
 flecheBan calls for ‘redoubled’ efforts on causes and consequences of forced displacement
 flecheOfficials from UN war crimes tribunals urge enhanced global support
 flecheCrise alimentaire : Réunion spéciale du Conseil économique et social
 flecheThousands gather for meeting on UN-backed treaty on biosafety
 flechePaludisme : le Secrétaire général veut une couverture universelle d'ici 2010
 flecheThousands gather as annual indigenous forum kicks off at UN Headquarters
 flecheProchaine Semaine mondiale d'action de l'UNESCO en faveur de l'éducation pour tous
 flecheBan, Ki-moon
 flecheBangkok climate change talks good start, but ‘huge’ task lays ahead – UN official
 flecheConsejo de Derechos Humanos inicia mecanismo de revisión periódica de países
 flecheUN report cites major gains in treating women and children with AIDS
 flecheBan Ki-moon outlines steps to bolster collaboration with regional organizations
 flecheClimate change threatens development efforts of world’s poor – UN official
 flecheUN unveils latest list of ‘10 Stories the World Should Know More About’
 flecheUN-backed potato conference will help shape tomorrow’s tuber
 flecheUrgent action crucial for Africa to meet its development targets – Ban Ki-moon
 flecheGlobalization must benefit ‘bottom billion’ of poor – Ban Ki-moon
 flecheThousands of languages face extinction, UN warns at start of International Year
 flecheBan Ki-moon urges early funding for $3.8 billion UN humanitarian appeal
 flecheMajor corporations to invest in UN-backed fight against AIDS, TB, malaria
 flecheConflict in Central African Republic uproots 300,000, UN reports
 flecheNo agreement reached on Kosovo’s future status in Security Council
 flecheUpdated UN strategy to monitor climate change with dozens of satellites
 flecheSecretary-General lays out challenging UN agenda for 2008
 flecheBan Ki-moon warns of critical gaps as joint UN-AU force takes over in Darfur
 flecheACNUR advierte sobre entendimiento erróneo de expansión de zona Schengen
 flecheBan Ki-moon stresses role of science and technology in Africa’s development
 flecheWhen women are empowered, all of society benefits – Migiro
 flecheUN forum tackles balance between property rights and Internet freedom
 flecheGeneral Assembly president urges framework to address Security Council reform
 flecheJean Ziegler qualifie le recours aux biocarburants de 'crime contre l'humanité'
 flecheFIDA : les travailleurs migrants ont renvoyé chez eux plus de 300 milliards de dollars en 2006
 flecheParts of Asia-Pacific region lag behind Africa in reaching antipoverty goals
 flecheUN Human Rights Council calls on Myanmar to release detainees, political prisoners
 flecheInternational Day of Non-Violence: 2 October 2007
 flecheDarfour, Somalie, Kosovo et Myanmar : les crises politiques évoquées à l'Assemblée générale
 flecheSecurity Council urges free and timely election of new Lebanese president
 flecheSecurity Council approves UN presence in Central African Republic, Chad
 fleche“Peace is the United Nations’ highest calling” : International Day of peace, 21 septembre
 flecheNew General Assembly president calls for focus on priority issues
 flecheThe Future in our Hands: Addressing the Leadership Challenge of Climate Change (UN Headquarters, New York, 24 September 2007)
 flecheUnited Nations adopts Declaration on Rights of Indigenous Peoples
 flecheBan Ki-moon convenes ‘unprecedented’ meeting to boost African development
 flecheSecurity Council extends UN mission in southern Lebanon by a year
 flecheGlobal land temperatures for January and April likely warmest ever recorded
 flecheClimat : Ban Ki-moon souhaite un nouvel accord pour succéder Kyoto d'ici à 2009
 flecheUN-backed meeting aims to foster ways to eradicate female genital mutilation
 flecheOIM lança programa de ajuda a crianças sem documento na Europa
 flecheShea butter initiative empowers Ghanaian women
 flecheMiddle East: UN envoy voices optimism on recent political developments
 flecheUN best-placed to tackle global problems in today's world – Ban Ki-moon
 flecheConferência internacional sobre Aids quer mais recursos para pesquisa
 fleche$ 2.5 Billion Global Shortfall in Aid for 2007 Humanitarian Appeal
 flecheONUDC : 800.000 à 1 million de personnes toujours concernées par la traite des êtres humains
 flecheBusiness leaders at UN summit adopt declaration on responsible practices
 flecheCities in Africa and Asia to double in size by 2030: UN Population Fund
 flecheMultilinguisme : l'Assemblée générale appelle les Etats membres à aider à la conservation de toutes les langues
 flecheLes populations autochtones, premières victimes des changements climatiques
 flecheInternational Criminal Court issues warrants for first Darfur war crimes suspects
 flecheUN marks World Water Day with calls for integrated management of vital resource
 flecheManejo responsable de peces no nativos
 flecheRemessas à América Latina baterão US$ 100 bilhões em 2010, diz BID
 flecheDiversidade Cultural - Bem protegido
 flecheNew UN estimates predict 2.5 billion increase in world population by 2050
 flecheUN World Court acquits Serbia of genocide in Bosnia; finds it guilty of inaction
 flecheThe fifty-first session of the Commission on the Status of Women will take place from 26 February to 9 March 2007
 flecheUN acting quickly to implement counter-terrorism strategy – Ban Ki-moon
 flecheEvidence is now ‘unequivocal’ that humans are causing global warming
 flecheLe réchauffement climatique sape nos efforts pour lutter contre la pauvreté, affirme Ban Ki-mooon
 flecheWorld tourism marks another record year with 842 million arrivals, UN agency reports
 flecheMillennium Development Goals Report 2006
 flecheIn remarks to security council, Secretary-General pledges to play role of harmonizer, bridge-builder
 flecheSecretary-General Ban stresses Darfur, Middle East and conflict prevention as key issues
 flecheBan Ki-moon, United Nations secretary-general
 flecheSpecial representative in Somalia, briefing security council, says crisis ‘escalated dangerously’, fighting expanded across 400-kilometre front
 flecheFormer General Assembly president chosen as UN envoy on Darfur crisis
 flecheNext Secretary-General vows to restore trust in United Nations - Video
 flecheNext Secretary-General vows to restore trust in United Nations
 flecheOIM anuncia fundo para ajudar migrantes em zonas de conflito
 flecheTemperatura média global aumenta 0,4ºC, segundo estudo
 flecheUN remains best device for achieving key goals of international relations – Annan
 flecheAnnan refutes notion of 'clash of civilizations,' points to youth as key to end mistrust
 flecheAlliance of Civilizations - Report of the High-level Group
 flecheNepal: Annan pledges quick assistance following peace accord with Maoist rebels
 flecheSecretary-General, in Security Council debate, stresses need to maintain
political momentum in protecting children affected by armed conflict

 flecheMoyen-Orient : l'envoyé de l'ONU espère qu'un futur gouvernement palestinien d'union nationale fera cesser les attaques à la roquette
 flecheCiting ‘frightening lack of leadership’ on climate change, Secretary-General calls phenomenon an all-encompassing threat in address to nairobi talks
 flecheG-8 nations must lead efforts to combat global water and sanitation crisis: UN report
 flecheNew UN chief not to ignore Africa
 flecheUN health agency launches initiative to fight corruption in medicines procurement
 flechePanama emerges as compromise candidate to fill last vacant Security Council seat
 flecheDelegates voice concern over restrictions on movement of migrants
as Second Committee takes up globalization, interdependence

 flecheFlexible policies needed to address labour, social, economic worries
as globalization picks up pace, panellists tell second committee

 flecheUN Secretary-General’s Study on Violence against Children
 flecheSecurity Council proposes Republic of Korea Foreign Minister Ban as Secretary-General
 flecheExpertos de la ONU evaluarán daños medioambientales en Líbano
 flecheDéveloppement : le Brésil et l'Afrique du Sud dénoncent un ordre économique 'politiquement et moralement intenable'
 flecheCoup d'envoi officiel d'UNITAID, centrale d'achat de médicaments pour les pays pauvres
 flecheSecurity Council votes to set up UN peacekeeping force in Darfur
 flecheQana attack may illustrate pattern of violations in Middle East conflict: Annan
 flecheSecurity Council calls for greater effort to protect children in wartime
 flecheScientists and policy experts call for creation of international panel on biodiversity loss
 flecheExperts call for overhaul of UN’s internal justice system
 flecheSecurity Council should discuss possible stabilization force for Middle East – Annan
 flecheMoyen-Orient : l'espace ouvert aux initiatives diplomatiques est en train de se refermer rapidement, affirme Ibrahim Gambari
 flecheGestion de l'ONU : l'Assemblée générale adopte une première série de réformes
 flecheUN Council Members agree swift action needed after Korean missile launch
 flecheGlobalização aumenta diferença entre ricos e pobres, diz pesquisa
 flechePoverty is the most serious and widespread human rights abuse, UN official says
 flecheOfficials hail ‘historic’ inaugural session of UN Peacebuilding Commission
 flecheGlobalization and interdependence: international migration and development
 flecheAnnan calls for ‘a new coalition’ on UN reform to bridge north-south divide
 flecheInternational migration can benefit countries of origin and destination, says Secretary-General, presenting new report to General Assembly
 flecheAnnan calls for ‘decisive action’ to protect planet against ecological degradation
 flecheS'unir contre le terrorisme : recommandations
pour une stratégie antiterroriste mondiale

 flecheHigh Level Meeting on AIDS
 flecheUN Security Council authorizes European force in DR Congo
 flecheDarfur: UN Council imposes sanctions on four individuals, urges peace accord
 flecheSahara occidental : les négociations directes entre parties, seule solution à l'impasse actuelle, affirme Kofi Annan
 flecheUN Council warned of 'dangerous deterioration' in Israeli-Palestinian conflict
 flecheVirtually no country immune from human trafficking, UNODC report shows
 flecheFMI/Banque mondiale : allègement de la dette et énergie propre au centre des réunions de printemps
 flecheDarfur relief efforts near collapse due to fading international support: UN official
 flecheCrises humanitaires en Afrique: Des milliers de vies menacées
 flecheLe HCR ouvrira un bureau en Tchétchénie « dès que la sécurité le permettra »
 flecheGrippe aviaire : Kofi Annan plaide pour une aide supplémentaire aux pays pauvre
 flecheWorld Economic Situation and Prospects 2006
 flecheJan Eliasson présente une résolution créant un Conseil des droits de l'homme qui siègera tout au long de l'année
 flecheInternational Women’s Day: Looking Back
 flecheTsunami-affected countries need to do even more to protect rights of victims: UN
 flecheCompliance body set up for Kyoto Protocol on reducing greenhouse gases
 flecheSans une stratégie à long terme pour financer la lutte contre la pauvreté, les sources novatrices de financement ne permettront pas d'atteindre les Objectifs du Millénaire
 flecheSituation of detainees at Guantánamo Bay - UN Report
 flecheGrippe aviaire : Kofi Annan appelle les gouvernements à se préparer à une pandémie humaine
 flecheUN agency calls for international aid as millions battle for survival in West Africa
 flecheEl crecimiento de la población mundial y el medio ambiente
 flecheSommet Mondial de l’OMC : espoirs perdus pour l’Afrique à Hong Kong
 flecheUNESCO, INSTRAW sign agreement for increased cooperation to promote gender equality, women’s empowerment
 flecheTime Is Now To Act on Climate Change
 flecheFAO : Le commerce au service des pauvres ?
 flecheUN rights chief: total ban on torture under attack in ‘war on terror’
 flecheUN climate conference finalizes 'rule book' on reducing greenhouse gasses
 flecheCalls for protection of earth's climate heard at UN conference on global warming
 flecheUN refugee agency calls on Mediterranean countries to recognize refugee rights
 flecheInternet governance, funding of technology to be tackled at UN summit
 flecheBird flu: UN-sponsored conference draws up six-point action plan
 flecheUN officials detail priorities for combating potentially deadly bird flu pandemic
 flecheIn fight to feed 10 million in southern Africa, UN agency faces huge shortfall
 flecheIn fight to feed 10 million in southern Africa, UN agency faces huge shortfall
 flecheAs tensions between Ethiopia and Eritrea escalate, Annan urges restraint
 flecheJournée de l'alimentation : 800 millions de personnes souffrent de la faim dans le monde
 flecheEradication of poverty and other development issues: human resources development
 flecheSecurity Council calls on Rwandan rebel group to disarm, leave DR of Congo
 flechePoor States need trade more than aid to overcome poverty, speakers tell UN Assembly
 flecheLe débat général de la 60e Assemblée générale s'est terminé vendredi
 flecheIllicit trafficking in radioactive materials rose substantially from 2003-2004 – UN
 flecheJournée de la paix : le Secrétaire général appelle à observer un cessez-le-feu mondial de 24 heures
 flecheWorldwide overweight and obesity problem ‘staggering’ – UN health agency
 flecheHigh mortality and malnutrition affect Muslim children most says UN children's agency
 flecheEnding its 59th session, UN Assembly approves key draft for World Summit
 flechePetróleo por Alimentos: Annan destaca aspectos positivos del programa y subraya importancia de reformar sistema de la ONU
 flecheHCR : chute des demandes d'asile dans les pays industrialisés
 flecheUnited Nations steps up aid to US in wake of Hurricane Katrina
 flecheSteps must be taken to avoid resistance to latest malaria drug, UN agency warns
 flecheUN launches new guide on sustainable consumption and production
 flecheSommet mondial 2005 : nouvelle version du projet de document final
 flecheWild birds likely to spread potentially deadly bird flu far and wide - UN agency
 flecheKosovo: UN helps set up hotline for victims of gender violence and trafficking
 flecheUN seminar to examine social implications of migration
 flecheUnited Kingdom must not deport people to countries with risk of torture – UN rights expert
 flecheGovernments should urgently address rapid urbanization, growing slums – Annan
 flecheImplementation of the Outcome of the United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II) and strengthening of the United Nations Human Settlemets Programme (UN-Habitat)
 flecheRising poverty over past 10 years threatens stability, says UN report
 flecheUN agency declares TB an emergency in Africa; urges ‘extraordinary’ action
 flecheFAO Concerned about Spread of Bird Flu in Russia and Neighboring Asian Countries
 fleche¿Qué le falta a América Latina para reducir la

 flecheEl Banco Mundial y su relación con los países en desarrollo
 flecheAngola pede fim da "Divisão Digital"
 flecheWHO says Millennium development goals cannot be reached without strengthening health systems
 flecheUnited Nations peacekeeping operations
 flecheViolences contre les femmes: un rapport de l'ONU préconise de renforcer la protection des travailleuses migrantes
 flecheGreenhouse effect could melt nearly all world's glaciers, says UN-backed report
 flecheRéforme du Conseil de sécurité : le Japon espère un soutien de l'Union africaine
 flecheRéforme du Conseil de sécurité : le groupe "Unis pour le consensus" propose une voie «plus démocratique»
 flecheUN’s HIV/AIDS Africa envoy questions G8 Summit results, calls for advocacy
 flecheTerrorisme: le Conseil de sécurité demande la coopération de tous les Etats
 flecheAssemblée générale : présentation d'un nouveau projet de déclaration du sommet de septembre vendredi
 flecheLe projet africain de réforme du Conseil de sécurité en débat à l'Assemblée générale
 flecheAnnan meets foreign ministers of countries aspiring to permanent Security Council membership
 flecheRencontre entre les ministres des affaires étrangères du G-4 et le président de l'Assemblée générale dimanche à New York
 flecheInternaly displaced peoples - worldwide
 flecheAfrica: Countries facing humanitarian emergencies
 flechePredicted freshwater stress abd scarcity in africa and Middle East
 flecheUNOCI mission in Côte d'Ivoire
 flecheUNMOGIP mission in Kashmir
 flecheUNFICYP mission in Cyprus
 flecheONUB mission in Burundi
 flecheUNOMIG mission in Georgia
 flecheMINUSTAH mission in Haiti
 flecheMINURSO mission in West Sahara
 flecheUN mission in Kosovo
 flecheUnited Nations political and peace-building missions
 flecheRéforme du Conseil de sécurité : le G-4 contré par l'Union africaine et le groupe «Unis pour le consensus»
 flecheUNTSO - Middle East deployment as of July 1997
 flecheA Londres, le Secrétaire général appelle à une mobilisation historique en faveur des Objectifs du Millénaire
 flecheL'Assemblée générale débat de l'élargissement du Conseil de sécurité
 flecheBombazos en Londres son un ataque a la humanidad, dice Annan
 flecheUNICEF celebra reunión de niños C-8 sobre pobreza y enfermedades infantiles
 flecheCodex comienza reunión sobre inocuidad y calidad de alimentos
 flecheUNAIDS will implement recommendations on streamlining national programmes
 flecheNew UN-sponsored project seeks to rescue Amazon from deforestation
 flecheONU celebra LX Aniversario de Carta de las Naciones Unidas
 flecheAnnan exhorta a respaldar reconstrucción y estabilización de Iraq
 flecheSecretario General encomia apoyo de Unión Europea y OTAN a Unión Africana en Darfur
 flecheFinancement du développement : les ministres français et britanniques estiment qu'il faut passer à la vitesse supérieure
 flecheJamais la possibilité de réaliser les objectifs de la Charte des Nations Unies n'a été aussi proche, estime Kofi Annan
 flecheOn UN's 60th anniversary, Annan sees moment for change
 flecheUnited Nations General Assembly resolution on multilingualism
 flecheL'Assemblée générale exige une parité absolue dans les six langues sur le site Internet de l'ONU
 flecheLula assina convenção da ONU contra corrupção
 flecheKofi Annan déplore que l'ONU soit confrontée, une nouvelle fois, à une menace du Congrès Américain
 fleche«A part le Japon, nous ne citerons pas de noms», déclarent les Etats-Unis sur l'élargissement du Conseil de sécurité
 flecheU.S. supports Japan for UN Security Council - Press conference
 flecheAnnan welcomes US report on UN reform
 flecheDiretor fala sobre crime, drogas e corrupção
 flecheThe Millennium Development Goals - Report 2005

 flecheA Paris, Kofi Annan exhorte le monde des affaires à s'engager dans la lutte contre la pauvreté
 flecheObjectifs du Millénaire : progrès sans précédent et retards inacceptables, selon un nouveau bilan des Nations Unies
 flecheRemarks at the launch of the Millenium Development Goals - Report 2005
 flecheUN report on Darfur
 flecheLe Secrétaire général continue de plaider pour l'élargissement du Conseil de sécurité
 flecheIl est difficile d'imaginer le monde sans l'ONU estime le sénateur américain Patrick Leahy
 flecheProgress made in the implementation of the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS
 flecheA Addis-Abeba, Kofi Annan appelle à soutenir la Mission de l'Union africaine au Darfour
 flecheVIH/sida : les pays en développement nettement plus affectés
 flecheNumber of asylum seekers arriving in industrialized countries continues to fall
 flecheUN Afghanistan envoy calls for punishment of all coalition forces involved in prison abuses
 flecheSix million West Africans face famine because of locusts and drought, UN says
 flecheNobel laureate appeals to UN forum for help with conservation of Congo Basin forest
 flecheUN envoy Clinton meets with UK relief agencies on ways to boost aid for tsunami recovery
 flecheEspaña preside Asamblea Mundial de la Salud
 flecheBackground paper on Global and Regional Mechanisms of Disaster Risk Reduction and Relief: Review, Evaluation, Future Directions of Integration
 flecheStudy on Regional Cooperation and the Provision of Regional and Global Public Goods
 flecheBonn talks to promote progress on climate change & kyoto protocol to be held 16 - 267 May
 flecheCentral Asian countries launch AIDS project with help from UN, World Bank
 flecheIraq emerging as transit country for drugs, UN monitoring board says
 flecheNuclear non-proliferation conference at UN agrees on agenda
 flecheLes conditions de vie des Iraquiens se sont gravement détériorées, selon une nouvelle étude du PNUD
 flecheMillennium Indicators Database

 flecheReport of the Secretary-General of the United Nations for the Conference on the Millenium Objectives to be held in September 2005
 flecheMultilateralism and donor aid for poorer states vital in fighting terrorism
 flecheUnited Nations Peacekeeping Prepations
 flecheWorld Survey on the Role of Women in Development 2004
 flecheEffect of AIDS on population and development - Focus of UN commission's annual session
 flecheLack of reform in Arab states could lead to chaotic social upheaval – UN report
 flecheReformed UN could be even more effective in preventing global threats – Fréchette
 flecheAide to UN envoy for tsunami relief leaves today for devastated region
 flecheL'OMS crée une Commission pour s'attaquer aux causes sociales de la mauvaise santé
 flecheAnnan to present on Monday new report on building better and safer world
 flecheAnnan calls for deal by world leaders on poverty, security and human rights
 flecheWoman continue to face host of persistent obstacles to advancement, commission told, as high-level debate continues
 flecheAnnan and Security Council to discuss the situation in Sudan's war-torn Darfur region
 flecheUN women's rights text adopted after US withdraws proposed amendment on abortion
 flecheWomen increasingly migrate for economic reasons; trafficking also rising
 flecheSustainable tourism must respect local cultures, UN agency says
 flecheBrecha digital se reduce lentamente pero sigue siendo extensa
 flecheWorld population to reach 9.1 billion in 2050, UN projects
 flecheOMS : Entrée en vigueur de la convention contre le tabac
 flecheGender equality and development goals inextricably linked, UN agency says
 flecheAfghanistan's progress is notable but perilously fragile, UN report warns
 flecheUN’s Kyoto treaty against global warming comes into force
 flecheBanco Mundial recomienda invertir en campo para reducir pobreza en América Latina
 flecheSecretario General pide coordinación entre Europa y EEUU para seguridad global
 flecheAdapter l'ONU pour réformer l'ordre mondial, propose Kofi Annan à Londres
 flecheAide au développement : colère et espoir de l'Envoyé de l'ONU pour le sida en Afrique
 flecheDarfour : le Secrétaire général appelle l'OTAN et l'UE à l'aide
 flechePerez de Cuellar, Javier
 flecheFAO insta a intensificar medidas para combatir gripe aviar
 flecheRenforcer les liens entre l'Union africaine et les Nations Unies, propose le Secrétaire général à Abuja
 flecheL'ONU met en garde contre le déploiement de nouvelles opérations de maintien de la paix en 2005
 flecheAssurer l'éducation primaire pour tous
 flecheMettre en place un partenariat mondial pour le développement
 flecheCombattre le VIH/sida, le paludisme et d'autres maladies
 flecheAidez les 300 millions d'enfants victimes de la faim, exhorte le PAM
 flecheUN conference adopts 10-year plan to tackle natural hazards
 flecheMalloch-Brown, Mark
 flecheNew report to Annan proposes solutions to problems of world poverty
 flecheSecurity Council plans trip to Haiti by end of May
 flecheTsunami donor session opens with UN call to pay up and not forget other crises
 flecheUN agencies zero in on specific tsunami relief from mental health to blankets
 flecheAnnan hails signing of Sudan peace accord but warns of 'daunting challenges' ahead
 flecheUN urges continued vigilance of locust threat to western Africa
 flecheR.D. du Congo : maintenir le cap pour le bénéfice de l'Afrique
 flecheIn Jakarta, Annan launches nearly $1 billion appeal for aid to tsunami victims
 flecheUN envoy urges halt to fighting in Darfur as Sudan readies for polio vaccination scheme
 flecheAssemblée générale : un bilan de la 59ème session en prélude à la réforme attendue
 flecheL'ONU devra aider l'Afrique à renforcer ses capacités de maintien de la paix
 flecheNaming new chief of staff, Annan stresses resolve to push for UN reforms
 flecheSouth Asia
 flecheTsunami : une réponse sans précédent pour une catastrophe sans précédent, exhorte Kofi Annan
 flecheL'alerte rapide sur les catastrophes au centre des conférences de Maurice et de Kobe
 flecheAsie du Sud : les secours sous la coordination de l'ONU
 flecheUN official hails sharp increase in aid to the world's poorest nations
 flecheGeneral Assembly votes for funds to strengthen world body's security
 flecheAssemblée générale : cap sur le développement durable des pays du «Sud»
 flecheMigranten leisten einen wichtigen Beitrag zum wirtschaftlichen, gesellschaftlichen und kulturellen Fortschritt
 flecheCooperation among poor States is vital for reaching development goals, Annan says
 flecheTens of thousands of civilians flee clashes, attacks in eastern DR of Congo
 flecheR. D. du Congo : la MONUC met en garde les troupes insurgées et leur «appui extérieur»
 flecheUN climate conference hears call to action to avoid plagues of global warming
 flecheIn Washington DC, Annan says UN is best placed to tackle global ills
 flecheInternational migration may empower women by providing new roles, UN says
 flecheHuman Rights Day
 flecheGeneral Assembly gives Annan what its president calls vote of confidence
 flecheUS endorses Annan's work and refutes push for his resignation
 flecheSecurity Council committee urges greater effort on weapons of mass destruction
 fleche2005 critical to reforming UN to face HIV/AIDS, genocide, terrorism – Annan
 flecheAnnan calls for end to negative stereotypes of believers in Islam
 flecheWorld summit for Social Development - speech by Minister Jan Pronk
 flecheLa sociedad civil y la gobernanza mundial
 flecheÉprouvés par les ouragans et la mondialisation: les petits pays insulaires souhaitent obtenir un appui international plus marqué lors de la conférence de Maurice
 flecheUN marks Day of Disabled Persons with call for their full inclusion in society
 flecheNational sustainable development strategies: global map
 flecheGlobal approach to deal with migration issues needed
 flecheA more secure world : Our shared responsibility - Executive Summary
 flechePanel to release plan to address 21st century threats, make the world more secure and strengthen the United Nations
 flecheAnnan endorses panel's recommendations for a more secure world, strengthened UN
 flecheSome nations still not cooperating with UN war crimes tribunals, Security Council told
 flecheFresh from pushing for peace in Sudan, Annan focuses on Africa's Great Lakes
 flecheForte baisse des demandeurs d'asile en 2004, signale le HCR
 flecheAt rare Security Council session in Africa, Annan seeks an end to Sudan's wars
 flecheAnnan, Kofi
 flecheDéclaration à la presse du Président du Conseil de Sécurité concernant la région des Grands Lacs
 flecheLe Conseil s'informe des préparatifs de la conférence internationale sur la région des Grands Lacs qui réunira les dirigeants des 11 pays concernés les 19 et 20 novembre à Dar es-Salam
 flecheLa diversité culturelle et la coopération entre l’organisation des Nations Unies (ONU) et l’Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF)
 flecheL'ONU devrait regagner ses avantages comparatifs sur les institutions de Bretton Woods en renforçant la cohérence de ses interventions
 flecheUnited Nations establishes Working Group on Internet Governance
 flecheClashes in Côte d'Ivoire could trigger violence across West Africa, UN envoy warns
 flecheUN seeks $1.7 billion to help people caught in world's "forgotten crises" in 2005
 flecheWorld must act now to forestall staggering threat from global warming
 flecheConflict flares in Côte d'Ivoire prompting Security Council call for end to fighting
 flecheCommission sociale: la montée du racisme, favorisée par la surdétermination de la lutte contre le terrorisme, met en danger la démocratie.
 flecheUN finances improved but still 'delicate'
 flecheNoting high growth rate, Annan calls for increased investment in Africa
 flecheRenforcer la coordination entre l’ECOSOC et l’ONU
 flecheHuman rights of migrants deteriorating, warns UN expert
 flecheGeneral Assembly president's United Nations day message stresses need to strengthen organization through reform
 flecheKosovo: Annan hails elections, praises Kosovo Serbs who voted despite pressure
 flecheGeneral Assembly legal committee resumes debate on anti-cloning text
 flecheGender balance in UN peacekeeping has improved, Annan says
 flechePublic information critical element of UN's success
 flecheAid for Africa?s farms drops as developed States maintain subsidies ? UN official
 flecheMaintaining biodiversity is key to ending world hunger
 flecheAnnan appeals to European countries to provide more UN peacekeeping troops
 flecheWorld leaders reaffirm support for key 1994 population and development plan
 flecheSecurity Council acts unanimously to adopt resolution strongly condemning terrorism as one of most serious threats to peace
 flecheCall of peace bell "has remained constant, clear and true", says Secretary-General at annual Headquarters ceremony
 flecheLíderes mundiales se reúnen en sede de la ONU para analizar la globalización
 flecheCent-dix pays souscrivent aux mécanismes innovants de financement
 flecheRencontres au Darfour : mieux protéger les civils, renforcer la présence de l'Union Africaine
 flecheA l'ONU aujourd'hui, la question sociale affirmée comme priorité de la mondialisation
 flecheUN's review of population policy says lack of funding is retarding progress
 flechePetits Etats Insulaires-L'information pour la prise de décisions
 fleche'World Culture Open' holds inaugural conference at United Nations
 flecheUN finds progress on world anti-poverty goals, but crisis areas remain
 flecheAnnan sees major challenges to reaching goals set at 2000 'Millennium' summit
 flecheLebanon: Close Security Council vote backs free elections, urges foreign troop pullout
 flecheAl-Qaeda-related terrorism still poses as great a threat as ever
 flecheSudan: UN appeals for urgent funding to fill huge overall aid shortfall
 flecheUN culture agency observes International Day on Slave Trade and Abolition
 flecheUnited Nations
 flecheJohannesburg : World Summit on Sustainable Development (2002)
 flecheUN Headquarters Internship Programme
 flecheMillenium Development Goals : Civil society takes action
 flecheLa conférence « Objectifs du Millénaire : la société civile agit » relayée sur le Web
 flecheUN ongoing peacekeeping missions
 flecheUN Secretary-General, Security Council urge probe of massacre at Burundi refugee camp
 flecheWorld's youth need education and training to prepare for future - Kofi Annan

 flecheInternational Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples
 flecheAction needed now to end abuse of world?s indigenous peoples
 flecheWFP and Arab League sign historic agreement for cooperation
 flecheSecurity Council demands Sudan Disarm Militias in Darfur, adopting resolution 1556 (2004) by vote of 13-0-2
 flecheSoudan : accès humanitaire désormais totalement libre, indique l'Envoyé de l'ONU
 flecheForty-ninth session of the Commission on the Status of Women (28 February to 11 March 2005)
 flecheColombo, Sri Lanka, 26 July 2004 - Secretary-General's message to the Asia-Pacific Institute for Broadcasting Development General Conference
 flecheGlobal Compact Centre in Barcelona to promote corporate citizenship - UN
 flecheSudan's Government must protect civilians in Darfur, Annan and Powell say
 flecheEconomic and Social Council adopts more than 50 texts on broad range of human rights issues
 flecheLe monde ne sera plus jamais le même après le sida, selon le directeur d'ONUSIDA
 flecheAfrica must accelerate links between national economies; aim for economic union, states new report by United NationsEconomic Commission for Africa
 flecheOn World Population Day, UN calls for greater commitment to women's rights
 flecheConseil économique et social : Session de fond de 2004 (en cours)
 flecheSecond phase of world summit on information society formally launchedtoday with first preparatory meeting
 flecheSecurity Council approves 5,600-strong peacekeeping operation in Burundi
 flecheUN finds Sudan has carried out massive human rights violations in Darfur
 flecheInternational agenda must include sustainable development, Annan says
 flecheAnnan Names Independent Panel to Probe ‘Oil-for-Food’ Allegations
 flecheSrebrenica massacre was genocide, UN tribunal for former Yugoslavia confirms
 flecheSmall island States to hold talks on their difficulties at UN development forum
 flecheAu Conseil de sécurité, les leaders du Kosovo appelés à s'attaquer aux causes des récentes violences ethniques
 flecheMarking 10 years since Rwanda genocide, UN officials voice regret and resolve
 flecheSecurity Council backs corruption probe of UN's Oil-for-Food programme
 flecheAnnan submits final settlement plan for Cyprus referenda
 flecheAnnan informs key players of UN's intention to send team back to Iraq
 flecheSecretary-General's remarks on International Women's Day
 flecheSecretary-General's opening remarks at meeting with Nato Parliamentarians
 flecheSecurity Council authorizes full peacekeeping operation in Côte d'Ivoire
 flecheSecurity Council authorizes Deployment of multinational force to Haiti for 3 months, unanimously adopting Resolution 1529 (2004)
 flecheReprise d'une croissance économique modulée en Occident cependant menacée par le déficit américain

 flecheLe dialogue direct entre dirigeants chypriotes turc et grec a repris aujourd'hui
 flechePress briefing on peacekeeping in Africa
 flecheSecurity Council members urge measures to stabilize situation in DR Congo
 flecheUN Secretary-General and US President hold 'constructive' talks on Iraq
 flecheWest Africans seek UNESCO biosphere reserves for sustainable development
 flecheSecretary-General's address to the Stockholm International Forum
 flecheWith adequate coalition security, UN will send elections team to Iraq – Annan
 fleche5 years after launching Global Compact, Annan urges leaders in Davos to boost support
 flecheUN official calls on G-77 to make great efforts to help world's poorest nations
 flecheGlobal warmth up, ozone hole at record, Arctic ice down for 2003 - UN findings
 flecheChypre: le Secrétaire général souhaite que la partie turque fasse le nécessaire pour accéder à l'Union européenne le 1er mai
 flecheDéclaration sur les normes bioéthiques : premières consultations de l'UNESCO
 flecheClimate change causing thousands of deaths, says UN report
 flecheUN meeting will examine how indigenous communities protect biodiversity
 flecheUS world leadership is better accepted in multilateral framework, Annan says
 flecheAl-Qaida's influence continues to spread, Security Council panel says
 flecheOn World AIDS Day, Annan urges harder work as goals fall behind schedule
 flecheIraq : le Programme alimentaire de l'ONU prêt pour le transfert des activités Pétrole contre nourriture
 flecheUnequal Benefits of Globalization, Need to Implement Development
 flecheIsraeli policies hurting Palestinian children, UN expert on right to food says
 flecheGeneva Accord on Middle East consistent with Road Map to peace - Annan
 flecheUN agency mission finds serious humanitarian needs in east of DR of the Congo
 flecheParticipants in Second Committee Panel Discussion Agree Trade Best Tool for Helping Countries Reach Global Anti-Poverty Goals
 flecheGeneral Assembly approves international treaty against corruption
 flecheUN envoy warns Security Council that Kosovo still faces serious problems
 flecheFive new non-permanent members elected to Security Council
 flecheCameroon, Spain, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and United States of America: draft resolution
 flecheAnnan says no ‘major shift’ in new Iraq resolution, welcomes some changes
 flecheSecurity Council approves expanding international force to outside Afghan capital
 flecheKosovo provisional President to represent Pristina in UN-backed Vienna talks
 flecheIraq: Security Council starts discussing new US resolution
 flecheUN launches peace mission in Liberia to bring country back from 'hellish limbo'
 flecheEconomic Report on Africa 2003: 'African economic growth falters'
 flecheInsecurity, tardiness deal blow to phasing out of UN food programme in Iraq
 flecheCartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity
 flecheAIDS battle has fallen behind schedule and drastic action is needed - Annan
 flecheLancement à Addis-Abeba de la Commission du VIH et de la gouvernance en Afrique
 flecheSecurity Council authorizes multinational force for Liberia
 flecheLes Etats sont appelés devant le Conseil à faire plus d’efforts dans la lutte contre le terrorisme
 flecheLe rôle des médias à l’ère d’internet fait l’objet d’un débat dans le cadre du Forum mondial des médias électroniques à Genève
 flecheLa sous-commission des droits de l'homme se réunit à Genève du 20 juillet au 15 août
 flecheLa Journée mondiale de l'alimentation prônera une alliance transfrontalière contre la faim
 flechePrise de fonctions du nouveau directeur de l'OMS qui annonce ses objectifs
 flecheLa conférence sur le nouvel ordre numérique mondial se tiendra les 18 et 19 Juin à New-York
 flecheLe traité sur le commerce des OGM deviendra très prochainement une loi
 flecheLes émissions de gaz à effets de serre par les pays industrialisés repartiraient à la hausse
 flecheLa Feuille de route, peut-être la dernière chance pour la paix, selon l'Envoyé de l'ONU au Moyen-Orient
 flecheQuelque 500 groupes autochtones au Forum de l'ONU qui débute aujourd'hui
 flecheLe Forum de l'ONU sur le développement durable trouve une dynamique de mise en oeuvre des objectifs de Johannesburg
 flecheLa commission du developpement durable ouvre sa onzième session pour definir une feuille de route propice à la réalisation progressive des objectifs de Johannesburg
 flecheLa Commission Du Developpement Durable axera les travaux de sa onzieme session sur la mise en oeuvre des mesures adoptees au sommet de Johannesburg
 flecheLuis Moreno Ocampo élu Procureur de la Cour pénale internationale
 flecheSecurity Council ends Iraq debate, hears overwhelming appeal for aid to civilians
 flecheSecurity Council begins first debate on Iraq since outbreak of military action
 flecheSecretary-General's press conference (unofficial transcript)
 flecheAt request of non-aligned countries, Security Council hears views of larger UN membership on disarmament of Iraq
 flecheUnited Nation Weapons Inspectors Report to Security Council on Progress in Disarmement of Iraq

 flecheLes inégalités entre les sexes au coeur de la pandémie du VIH/sida
 flecheHans Blix: la décision iraquienne de détruire les missiles interdits, "un très important élément d'un vrai désarmement"
 flecheLancement au siège des Nations Unies de la décennie internationale pour l'alphabétisation 2003-2012
 flecheMultilatéralisme, «mondialisation de la solidarité», lutte contre le terrorisme et consolidation de la paix
 fleche2002, le Conseil de sécurité défend son rôle de garant de la paix et de la sécurité dans le monde
 flecheConférence de presse du Président du Conseil de sécurité, M. Jean Marc de La Sablière (France)
 flecheMondialisation, terrorisme, universalité des droits de l'homme sont des réalités qu'il faut savoir gérer entre les Etats et les peuples
 flecheLes délégations estiment que la réussite des objectifs d’Action 21 est tributaire de ressources financieres mondiales
 flecheDes délégations dénoncent le protectionnisme des pays du nord et “l’hypocrisie” des politiques commerciales actuelles

 flecheMarrakech accueille du 11 au 13 decembre prochains la Reunion ministerielle sur la modernisation des gouvernements
 flecheUn Population Report Says Good Reproductive Health For Women Essential To Ending Poverty
 flecheA l'occasion de la journée des droits de l'homme, Kofi Annan appelle à une vision d'un nouvel équilibre dans les relations internationales
 flecheEn termes économiques, sociaux et culturels, les avantages des migrations sont supérieurs à leurs problèmes potentiels, déclare M. Kofi Annan
 flecheLa Commission adopte quatre projets de résolution dont l’un appuie la création d’un fonds mondial de solidarité contre la pauvreté
 flecheFace aux conflits et à la pauvreté, la coopération entre l'ONU et les organisations régionales est nécessaire et doit être renforcée
 flecheDeuxième commission: les délégations estiment que les objectifs de lutte contre la pauvreté ne seront pas atteints en 2015
 flechePour les pays en développement, la gouvernance internationale devrait évoluer au même rythme que la mondialisation de l’économie
 flecheLe nombre de migrants dans le monde atteint 175 millions
 flecheLa journée internationale pour l'élimination de la pauvreté sera marquée le 17 octobre au siège
 flecheLe dialogue de haut niveau sur le renforcement de la coopération pour le développement doit faciliter la mise en œ;uvre du Consensus de Monterrey
 flecheAppels en troisième commission pour des mésures internationales pour aider les États à mener une lutte efficace contre le trafic de drogues

 flecheUn nouveau multilatéralisme devrait régir la mise en œuvre des engagements internationaux en faveur du développement
 flecheLe débat sur le désarmement et la sécurité internationale s’ouvre ce matin sur des appels au multilatéralisme
 flecheLa deuxième commission entend un exposé du professeur Stiglitz, Prix Nobel d’Economie, sur les incidences négatives de la mondialisation
 flecheLes doléances des pays en développement enclaves en matière d'accès aux transports au centre du debat general
 flecheDes pays mettent en cause la mondialisation dans les disparités économiques entre le nord et le sud
 flecheJournée internationale de la paix, célébrée le 21 septembre
 flecheDes délégations appellent l’ONU à faire appliquer plus fermement les résolutions du Conseil de Sécurité en Matière de Conflits
 flecheL'agenda pour la lutte contre le terrorisme ne doit pas reléguer au second plan l'éradication de la pauvreté abjec qui menace la vie des populations des pays du sud, estiment des délégations
 flecheLa communauté internationale appelée à faire face à ses contradictions et à honorer de façon urgente ses promesses pour éviter de nouvelles crises
 flecheLa cérémonie de signature des traités relatifs au développement durable s'est achevée au siège des Nations Unies
 flecheLes petits pays insulaires en développement dénoncent les disparités de la mondialisation
 flecheLes Nations Unies comptent désormais 190 Etats membres avec l'admission de la Suisse
 flecheDraft political declaration submitted by the President of the Summit
 flecheWorld summit on sustainable development plan of implementation
 flecheL'Education doit être considerée comme un domaine prioritaire d'action dans le processus de développement durable
 flecheLa Mondialisation économique appelle une Mondialisation de la Solidarité au service du dévéloppement durable
 flecheWorld Summit on Sustainable Development - Plenary Session
 flechePremières annonces pour les partenariats en faveur du développement durable
 flecheLes approches régionales dans la mise en œuvre des recommandations de Johannesburg
 flecheLes institutions de l’ONU et les autres entités non étatiques appellent le sommet de Johannesburg à passer à l’action
 flecheLe sommet de Johannesburg entend des appels en faveur d'un accroissement de 15% d'ici à 2015 de la part des énergies renouvelables dans la consommation énergétique mondiale
 flecheLe Sommet de Johannesburg examine les problèmes agricoles
 flecheLe sommet de Johannesburg plaide pour une répartition équitable des bénéfices de la biodiversité, base du développement durable
 flecheConférence de presse des ONG et leur contribution aux débats sur le développement durable
 flecheLes îlots actuels de richesses qu'entoure une mer de pauvreté sont insupportables, a dit Thabo Mbeki, a l'ouverture du Sommet mondial pour le développement durable
 flecheJohannesburg Summit Opens With Calls for Credible Action
 flecheMettre la croissance économique au service du développement social et de la protection de l'environnement : le défi de Johannesburg
 flecheLe Secrétaire General engage les dirigeants fu G-8 à agir pour soutenir l'Afrique
 flecheUn nouveau rapport met en garde contre les conditions actuelles de développement, qui menacent à long terme la sécurité de la terre et de ses habitants
 flecheVingt organisations non gouvernementales s’expriment sur des questions liées aux droits économiques, sociaux et culturels
 flecheUne nouvelle étude scientifique révèle l’ampleur des impacts d’un énorme nuage de pollution sur l’environnement à l’échelle régionale et mondiale
 flecheLes experts du Cedaw s'inquiètent de la situation des femmes mexicaines appartenant à des minorités
 flecheNew UN Publication Underlines Vital Role of Ecosystems in Reducing Poverty
 flecheL’Ecosoc clot les travaux de la première partie de sa session 2002 à la croisée des réunions de Monterrey et de Johannesburg
 flecheLa première session du forum social se tiendra à Genève du 25 au 26 juillet 2002
 flecheSecretary-General calls for greater equity, sustainability in development, as economic and social council begins high-level meeting
 flecheLes Nations Unies présentées comme un partenaire incontournable pour fédérer les synergies de promotion des TIC au service du développement
 flechePauvreté, modes de production et de consommation et environnement constituent les principaux défis, selon le ministre indonésien de l'environnement
 flecheL’extrême pauvreté va s'aggraver dans les pays les moins avancés si les tendances actuelles se poursuivent
 flecheLa participation des grands groupes à la mise en oeuvre d'Action 21 perçue comme une condition sine qua non de la réalisation des objectifs du développement durable
 fleche"Le rôle de l’Etat à l’ère de la mondialisation "
 flecheUn comité d'experts indépendant conseille à l'ONU de soutenir l'initiative de développement mise au point par l'Afrique elle-même
 flecheWorld Food Summit: Five Years Later
 flecheLe droit au développement et le droit de vivre dans un environnement sain sont soulignés
 flecheSommet mondial de l'alimentation: cinq ans aprés -- le secrétaire général déplore la lenteur des progrés en matière de lutte contre la faim
 flecheAprès deux semaines de négociations intenses, Bali contraint de confier à Johannesburg la finalisation du "Plan d'application 21"
 flecheLe président du comité préparatoire se déclare optimiste quant a la finalisation d'un document avant le rendez-vous de Johannesburg
 flecheDifficiles negociations sur les questions du commerce et de financement et progres sur l'eau, l'energie et les oceans
 flecheAction Plans for Water, Sanitation, Energy, Poverty Eradication Among Key Issues Under Negotiation in Bali
 flecheDéclaration de Rio sur l'environnement et le développement
 flecheA la veille du sommet sur le developpement durable, Kofi Annan appelle a l'integration du concept de diversité biologique dans les strategies commerciales et economiques.
 flechePermanent Forum Reviews Impact of un System Activities on Indigenous Peoples
 flecheLes populations autochtones font entendre leur voix aux Nations Unies
 flechePermanent Forum is milestone in struggle for rights of indigenous peoples, says deputy secretary - General
 flecheLe monde a-t-il tenu les engagements faits aux enfants?
 flecheLes dirigenats du monde s'engagent à améliorer la condition de l'enfant
 flecheCountries call for greater efforts to spur development and close gap between rich and poor nations
 flecheConférence de Monterrey: Des initiatives visant le financement du développement ont été avancées ce matin
 flecheUN labour agency convenes expert panel on reducing globalization's inequities
 flecheLa Conférence de Monterrey est le début d'un long processus qui permettra aux pays du nord et du sud de dépasser les antagonismes et d'assurer le financement du développement
 flecheConférence de Monterrey: Un nouveau partenariat pour résoudre les problèmes du financement du développement
 flecheLa féminisation de la pauvreté dénoncée devant la Commission de la condition de la femme
 flecheLa raison a-t-elle encore une place face à la mondialisation ?

 flecheL’Intégration à la mondialisation et le développement durable passent par une éducation renforcée, continue, professionnelle plus ouverte aux femmes

 flecheReport of the Secretary-General on sustainable development
 flecheLes politiques macro-économiques ne seront durables que si elles sont justes pour tous, souligne la présidente de la commission du développement social
 flecheLa mondialisation et le financement des politiques économiques doivent se faire dans la perspective de la promotion du développement durable
 flecheJohannesburg devra réaffirmer l'engagement des Etats vis-à-vis du développement durable
 flecheEthics, Human Rights and Globalisation
 flecheAddressing Security Council, Secretary-General calls on Counter-terrorism Committee to develop long-term strategy to defeat terror
 flecheDans un rapport destiné au sommet mondial pour le développement durable, le secrétaire général présente les grandes lignes d'un plan de construction d'un avenir sûr.
 flecheL'assemblée générale souscrit à la participation des entreprises et de la société civile aux partenariats visant à promouvoir le développement
 flecheL'Assemblee Générale adopte onze résolutions relatives à la coopération entre l'ONU et les organisations régionales
 fleche'Intolerance is taught and can be untaught', secretary-general says in message to Institute for International Education
 flecheL'Assemblée générale souligne l'urgence de progresser dans le domaine du désarmement afin de contribuer à l'action mondiale contre le terrorisme
 flecheThird committee approves, without vote, 10 draft resolution on human rights, women, cultural diversity, refugees
 flecheCommittee on economic, social and cultural rights discusses draft statement on intellectual property and human rights
 flecheIl ne suffit pas d'éliminer les obstacles au commerce, les pays en développement doivent pouvoir exploiter leurs débouchés commerciaux.
 flecheUN panel to look at how globalization, new technology have changed drug trade
 flecheLa pertinence de certaines publications du département de l'information est mise en question par des délégations
 flecheWorld trade meeting should focus on development, UNDP chief says
 flecheLa mondialisation est-elle une menace pour l'Etat-nation? La question est posée devant la deuxième commission
 flecheLe secrétaire général défends le rôle privilégié de l'ONU dans la coallition universelle contre le terrorisme
 flecheDeputy Secretary-General urges 'globalization of values'
 flecheGlobalization presents rural women with new obstacles, challenges: UN report
 flecheGlobalization must be more inclusive, top UN development official says
 flecheContinues Debate on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
 flecheIndictment for crimes against humanity and violations of the laws or customs of war
 flecheTransnational crime threatens global stability
 flecheL'habilitation des autorités locales et des femmes, la bonne gouvernance, la mobilisation de fonds, vecteur de réalisation des objectifs de l'accès a tous au logement
 flecheMessage of Mary Robinson, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and Seceretary-General, World Conference against Racism, Xenophobia and related Intolerance
 flecheLe processus de décolonisation dois être mené a bien, déclare le secrétaire général a l'ouverture du séminaire régional des Caraïbes
 flecheProductive and inclusive cities - Towardes cities for all
 flecheLe secrétaire général exhorte les dirigeants d'entreprises américaines à se joindre à la lutte mondiale contre le sida
 flecheLe renforcement de la coopération technique entre pays en développement est essentiel face aux défis de la mondialisation
 flecheUn groupe d'experts examinera la situacion des femmes en milieu rural dans le contexte de la mondialisation
 flecheDisques et productions musicales offrent de nouvelles perspectives commerciales aux PMA
 flecheL'intégration à la mondialisation et l'accès au marché dépendent de transports efficaces
 flecheLa troisième conférence de l'ONU sur les PMA s'attaquera a la pauvreté des 49 pays les plus démunis de la planète
 flecheL'Université de l'ONU préconise une réforme de l'Organisation.

 flecheLa commission des droits de l'homme adopte des résolutions sur l'extrême pauvreté, le sida, la mondialisation et les produits toxiques
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