Ref. :  000018563
Date :  2005-06-02
Language :  English
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The Doha Development Agenda

Summary of the EU’s revised services offer in the Doha negotiations


Brussels, 2 June 2005



Today the European Commission has transmitted to the WTO the EU’s revised services offer in the Doha Development Agenda (DDA) negotiations. The revised offer outlines how the EU is prepared to further open access to its services market in exchange for improved access to other WTO Members’ markets. While ambitious in scope, and responding in many ways to requests for access from developing countries the EU’s offer safeguards public services such as education, health and audio-visual services.

Services are critical for any economy. The services sector is already contributing more to economic growth and job creation worldwide than any other sector. In the EU services constitute the single most dynamic sector of the economy, accounting for at least two thirds of GDP and employment. No country can prosper today without an efficient service infrastructure.

An effective service sector is the prerequisite for economic performance. Producers and exporters of textiles, cars or computers will not be competitive without access to efficient banking, insurance, accountancy, telecom or transport system. It is a prerequisite for development: access to world class services helps exporters and producers in developing countries to capitalise on their economic strength. It leads to consumer savings, faster innovation and technology transfer and it contributes to long term investment - all crucial for sustainable economic growth.

The great majority of WTO members agree that genuine new market access opportunities in services as part of the Doha Round would be a key contribution to development. A substantive outcome for services is therefore critical for a balanced outcome of the current round.

Sectoral Commitments in the EU Services Offer

Professional services

The revised offer confirms, and extends to the new Member States, the market opening provided for in the initial offer in the sub-sectors for which developing countries have expressed a major interest: accounting and bookkeeping services, architectural services, engineering & integrated engineering services and urban planning & landscape architectural services. Subject to the fulfilment of the necessary qualifications required by EU law, foreign accountants will be allowed to compile financial statements and other accounting information for EU clients and foreign architects and engineers will be able to provide plans, designs, projects, specifications or cost estimates to their clients in the EU, without being discriminated against on the basis of their nationality.

In the sub-sector of legal services, the initial offer has been further improved by extending market opportunities not only to foreign lawyers practicing in law firms but also to self-employed lawyers. Foreign lawyers and law firms will be able to establish a commercial presence in any Member State and provide legal services, whether from abroad, through that commercial presence or through temporary entry into the EU, in respect of the law of any country in which the lawyers are qualified to practice. The practice of EC law and of the national law of Member States remains subject to admission to a Bar in the EC and the commitments do not cover notary services.

As regards the sub-sectors of auditing services, medical and dental services, veterinary services, and services provided by nurses, midwives, physiotherapists, paramedical personnel and pharmacists, the market access conditions remains unchanged.

Computer and related Services

In line with the “Lisbon strategy” goals and with a view to benefit from the best computer services at the lowest cost, the revised offer confirms, now for the 25 Member States, the initial offer of full market access for foreign services suppliers, including high skilled self employed computer experts. These new opportunities should particularly benefit services suppliers from developing countries.

Business Services

The revised offer confirms, now for 25 Member States, the market opening provided for in the initial offer in the sub-sectors for which developing countries have expressed a major interest: advertising, management consulting and related services, technical testing and analysis services, surveyors and geologists services, maintenance and repair of equipment services and translation and interpretation services. Subject to the fulfilment of the necessary qualifications required by EU law, foreign surveyors will for example be allowed to perform explorations activities within the EU territory. The translation of documents will no longer be determined by nationality but by possession of sufficient knowledge of the languages concerned.

In addition, following the trend set by the initial offer, the EU continues to improve its commitments and to eliminate market access and national treatment limitations such as nationality or residency requirements in other sub-sectors. As a result, foreign services suppliers will enjoy broad market access on a non-discriminatory basis to the EU territory to provide packaging services, printing and publishing services and research and development on social sciences and humanities.

It is important to note that foreign services suppliers already enjoy large market access opportunities under the current regime in many other sub-sectors such as real estate services, rental and leasing services, market research and opinion polling services, building cleaning or convention services.

Postal and Courier services

On postal and courier services, foreign operators access to markets which have already been opened to competition by the first postal directive of 1997 (EC 97/67)) - notably parcels, newspapers, express delivery, letters above 350 grams, is further reconfirmed and extended to the fast-growing market of the 10 new Member States. In addition, the EU is ready to internationally subscribe to basic pro-competitive principles (which already exist in the EU), provided that other Members are ready to do the same.

The universal service provisions existing within the EU are fully safeguarded.

Telecommunications Services

Non-EU operators will enjoy practically full access to the enlarged EU’s internal market for the supply of telecommunications services which are now largely defined in such a way as to allow adaptation to technological evolution. All services consisting of the transmission and reception of signals by any electromagnetic means excluding broadcasting will be committed, with practically no substantial limitations on markets access and on national treatment, and the pro-competitive principles applicable to telecommunications services are confirmed by the enlarged EU.

The EU’s right to define universal service obligations continues to be fully safeguarded.

Audiovisual Services

The revised offer leaves the current regime unchanged. The sector will continue to be uncommitted and the MFN (Most Favoured Nation) exemptions to cover cultural policies will be maintained. These MFN exemptions concern inter alia co-production agreements and privileged treatment for audio-visual works originating from the EU and other European countries.

Construction Sector

Following the trend of the initial offer, the revised offer reduces market access and national treatment limitations applying to the commercial presence and temporary movement of foreign services suppliers, who will enjoy a very broad access to most of the EU Member States.

Distribution Sector

The revised offer confirms, now for the 25 Member States, very comprehensive market access opportunities for foreign services suppliers, in particular as regards setting up commercial presences within the EU to provide commission agent’s services, wholesale and retailing activities and franchising. Commitments proposed by the EU confer on non-EU services suppliers the same treatment granted to EU services suppliers when applying for the opening of new department stores. Thus, licences for new department stores will be granted on the merits of each application regardless of the nationality.

Education Sector

The current regime remains unchanged. The EU is not proposing any new commitments and Member States fully retain the right to decide on the most appropriate organisation of their education system.

Environmental Services Sector

In environmental services, the revised offer grants broad access in most EU Member States to foreign providers in services such as waste water, solid waste, remediation of oil and water, noise and vibration abatement, protection of biodiversity and landscape. Moreover, foreign companies who have a contract to provide environmental services for a client in the EU will be able to send skilled personnel to the EU to provide these services (notably consulting or environmental impact assessments) for up to six months at a time.

A feature of the revised offer is the addition of a new commitment allowing foreign suppliers to provide consultancy services in all EU Member States on a cross-border basis without having to set up a commercial presence in their territories. This new commitments are intended to help the diffusion of know-how and could be of special benefit to developing countries.

Financial Services Sector

On financial services, the revised offer complements the already substantial access enjoyed by foreign financial institutions to the EU market. As a result, they can set up and develop their businesses in the EU without any discrimination, in all sectors (insurance, banking, investment services), subject to usual prudential requirements. For example, it offers the possibility for foreign financial institutions to provide, through a subsidiary or a branch, all banking and insurance services. Moreover, they can set up investment funds that benefit fully from the harmonisation achieved within the single market. Also, it guarantees their ability to provide directly from their home countries truly international services, such as reinsurance. The revised offer further expands market access for a large variety of financial services throughout the EU (including the new Member States).

Health-related and Social Services sector

The current regime remains unchanged. The EU is not proposing any new commitments and Member States fully retain the right to decide on the most appropriate organisation of their health and social system.

Tourism and Travel-related Services Sector

Non-EU services suppliers wishing to establish travel agencies in the territory of the European Union are granted the same treatment as EU services suppliers. The nationality of the companies or their managers will not be considered for the authorisation of new travel agencies. Some Member States offer to lift specific restrictions affecting hotels and restaurants, travel agencies and tour operators, tourist guides’ services and catering services.

Recreational, Cultural and Sporting Services Sector

In the sub-sector of news agency services, the initial offer to remove some foreign ownership limitations and nationality requirements is maintained. For entertainment services, libraries, archives, museums and other cultural events, and sporting and other recreational services, the current market access regime resulting from Uruguay Round commitments remains practically unchanged.

Transport Services Sector

In the revised offer, the 25 Member States subscribe to the principle of unlimited access to international maritime transport and provide non-discriminatory use of their ports. As regards the establishment of commercial presence for the supply of maritime transport services and maritime auxiliary services, the EU maintains its initial offer to re-introduce commitments offered in 1996 and then withdrawn at the end of the extended maritime negotiations, and enlarges that reintroduction to cover those new Member States that had submitted and then withdrawn an offer in those negotiations. As a result foreign services suppliers will, for example, be able to establish a commercial presence in the EU territory to provide a very wide range of activities ranging from cargo handling to maritime agency services on the same footing as EU services suppliers. Those innovative elements of the initial offer, such as the access guaranteed by some Member States to “feeder of international cargo” and to “movement of empty containers” are also maintained.

In the air transport sector, the new commitments proposed in the initial offer, such as the inclusion of market access for “groundhandling” and “ airport management”, are maintained and further specified. A large number of Member States are ready to for example guarantee to foreign services suppliers that the conditions that they have to fulfil in order to invest in airport management services in the EU will not be made more restrictive in the future.

For other transport services, access to the EU market by foreign services suppliers will continue to be governed by the current regime resulting from the Uruguay Round.

Beauty and Well-being services

In the revised offer, the EU is proposing to undertake commitments for the first time in this sector identified in the requests of several developing countries. Foreign services suppliers will have broad market access opportunities to set up a commercial presence with a view to provide hairdressing services, manicure and other beauty treatment services and relaxation services such as spas.

Energy Services Sector

The revised offer makes the establishment of foreign undertakings possible within the territory of the European Union in order to offer a number of technical services which are incidental to mining, such as drilling, well testing, rig installation. These activities are essential in order to achieve the highest efficiency, safety and reliability in the management of mining fields.

Horizontal Commitments in the EU Services Offerb

Mobility of natural persons (Mode 4)

“Mode 4” commitments allow people to travel to the EU to provide services for a short period of time. Mode 4 is not about access to local labour markets and should therefore be clearly distinguished from economic immigration. While the EU has important offensive interests in this area, developing countries have placed a particular emphasis on Mode 4. By furthering the improvements contained in the initial offer, which the EU had tabled in 2003, the revised EU offer provides additional opportunities as regards the movement of highly qualified natural persons.

In particular, it liberalises access conditions in a large number of sectors within a larger market. Following the 2004 enlargement of the EU, the revised offer will extend access conditions offered in the EU to the new Member States. The offer therefore contains a significant number of commitments on the part of the new Member States, which they take in order to match the degree of liberalisation already offered in the rest of the EU. This notably concerns the permitted length of stay, the number of sectors that are covered and the length of the underlying contract. In general no economic needs test can be applied within a numerical ceiling whose level will be determined in the course of the negotiations..

As a result, services companies will for example be able to transfer management trainees to their affiliated companies in the enlarged EU, so as to allow them to get up to one year of European work experience. Overseas companies with a contract to provide services in 21 important sectors will be able to send skilled employees to the EU to provide these services for up to six months at a time. Another improvement brought by the revised offer is to add legal services to those sectors where self-employed services suppliers based overseas will be able to enter the EU for up to six months at a time to provide services to clients based in any of the 25 EU Member States.

In all such cases, EU and national working conditions, minimum wage requirements and collective wage agreements will apply. EU Member States will also continue to be able to refuse entry to persons that pose a security threat or are considered to be at risk of abusing the terms of their entry.

Public utilities

Like in the initial offer, the current regime on public utilities remains unchanged. Services considered as public utilities, such as infrastructure environmental services or health services, may be subject to government monopolies or to exclusive rights granted to private operators.

Legal entities

The number of limitations is further reduced and those Member States which prohibited that foreign services suppliers set up direct branches in their territory will now allow this type of commercial presence in a number of services sectors.

Investment and exchange regime

The attractiveness and openness of the EU as an investment location is further confirmed through the elimination of the most important market access and national treatment limitations that remained, such as discriminatory authorisations or economic needs tests.

Real estate

Several of the limitations on the acquisition of real estate by foreign services suppliers have been eliminated in the initial offer. Those not removed at that time, which essentially relate to authorisation procedures, are maintained in the revised offer.

Subsidies

Like in the initial offer, the ability of the EU to provide subsidies in services sectors in pursuance of legitimate objectives is maintained. This allows the EU and its Member States to develop their regional and research policies and to preserve the sustainability of the public sector.

MFN exemptions

The revised offer proposes to eliminate one exemption that expired on 01/01/2005 and one exemption in Transport, which is not relevant anymore, as its beneficiaries are now Member States of the EU. The revised offer also proposes to merge two exemptions in the audiovisual sector.


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 flecheEU-US Summit: signature of new agreement to boost cooperation in higher education and vocational training
 flecheWhite paper on a European Communication Policy
 flecheWine: Profound reform will balance market, increase competitiveness, preserve rural areas and simplify rules for producers and consumers
 flecheCommission proposes to upgrade EU’s relations with South Africa to a Strategic Partnership
 flecheTrade and competitiveness
 flecheCommission promotes 'decent work in the world' to fight poverty and promote fair globalisation
 flecheEuropean Charter for Film Online endorsed by major industry players
 flecheEvasion of anti-dumping duties under scrutiny
 flecheCommission: Bulgaria’s and Romania’s accession possible in 2007, if preparation efforts are intensified
 flecheCommission spring economic forecasts 2006-2007: growth rebounds
 flecheEnlargement, two years on: all win as new Member States get richer
 flecheCommission actions since the Chernobyl Disaster
 flecheEuropean Commissioner for External Relations and European Neighbourhood Policy
Islam in Europe – from dialogue to action

 flecheCommissioner Michel sends a warning signal on shortage of doctors and nurses in Africa
 flecheEurope, Latin America and the Caribbean – working together for greater social solidarity
 fleche"Dialogue of Cultures – clash of civilizations or clash of ignorance?"
 fleche«La dimension sociale de la Mondialisation dans la politique de développement»
 flecheThe European Commission proposes that 2008 be "European Year of Intercultural Dialogue"

 flecheEuro-Mediterranean Policy / Preparation of APEM
 flecheEuropean Neighbourhood Policy
 fleche«A regional strategy for peace, security and development for the Horn of Africa»
 flecheThe Commission welcomes the CARIM first annual Report on Mediterranean Migration
 flecheEuropean Institute of Technology: the Commission proposes a new flagship for excellence
 flecheCommission proposes up to €500 million per year for a new European Globalisation adjustment Fund to support workers
 flecheTrade in services
 flecheEuropean Commission steps up efforts to put Europe’s memory on the Web via a “European Digital Library”
 flecheEU and the Caribbean: Commission proposes a new partnership for growth, stability and development
 flecheNew Regional aid Guidelines 2007-2013 - European Union / Provisional text
 flecheInauguration of the EAS: The European Administrative School (EAS), the first inter-institutional training centre celebrates its official inauguration on 10 February 2006
 flecheAu service des régions: politique régionale de l'UE
 flecheCouncil decision on the conclusion of the UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions
 flecheState aid: Commission adopts new regional aid guidelines for 2007-2013
 flecheAfrica’s “silent tsunamis”: Commission adopts humanitarian aid decisions worth €165.7 million
 flecheEuropean Union adopts new ‘tariff-only’ import regime for bananas from 1 January 2006
 flecheEU radically reforms its sugar sector to give producers long-term competitive future
 flecheRising international economic integration: opportunities and challenges
 flecheCommissioner Mariann Fischer Boel urges Council to adopt bold and responsible sugar reform
 flecheProposing the launch of a european transparency initiative
 flecheEU should implement democratic safeguards in stalled Constitution now without waiting for ratification, says CoR President
 flecheCommission welcomes the support by the EU Council and the Parliament to offer a complete untying of aid
 flecheEU and Morocco reach agreement on Galileo
 flecheBird Flu - European Commission earmarks €30 million for Asia
 flechePublic procurement: EU and China strengthen cooperation
 flecheEuropean scientists develop H7N1 avian flu vaccine
 flecheEuropean values in the globalised world
 flecheAdoption of a Unesco Convention on Cultural Diversity
 flecheEuropean Commission launches PLAN D for Democracy, Dialogue and Debate
 flecheEuropean Commission adopts “European Union Strategy for Africa”
 flecheLatest report underlines progress in the EU-Russia Energy Dialogue
 flecheThe European Union opens accession negotiations with Croatia
 flecheEuro area economy gains momentum despite clouds on the horizon
 flecheEconomic Partnership Agreements: EU and Caribbean Region launch third phase of negotiations
 flecheDon’t stop learning ! The European Commission promotes adult education with increased funding
 flecheClimate change: Commission proposes strategy to curb greenhouse gas emissions from air travel
 flecheEuropean Day of Languages: half of the EU’s population can speak a language other than their mother tongue
 flecheDéclaration, au nom de l'Union européenne, sur la reprise unilatérale par l'Iran des activités de conversion de l'uranium dans l'usine d'Ispahan
 flecheEuropean Commission welcomes Israeli disengagement from Gaza and prepares further measures to support the peace process
 flecheAvian Influenza: Commission asks Member States to step up surveillance
 flecheEuropean Commission actions in the field of aviation safety
 flecheEuropean Commission mobilizes extra €58 M to the Global Fund to accelerate the fight against HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria in developing countries
 flecheEuropean Commission launches a four-year Campaign to raise public awareness on sustainable energy
 flecheCounterfeiting and piracy: the Commission proposes European criminal-law provisions to combat infringements of intellectual property rights
 flecheA European Union Agency to protect and promote fundamental rights
 flecheFunding for European cinema: significant increase in new Member States’ applications for EU support
 flecheEuropean Documentation Centres
 flecheEuropean documentation centres in the European Union
 flecheDecision of the european parlement and of the concil establishing for the period 2007-2013 the programme "Citizens for Europe"to promote active European citizenship
 fleche La BEI et la Banque Mondiale intensifient leur coopération sur les Pays Partenaires Méditerranéens
 flecheConférence de presse pré Conseil européen de M. José Manuel BARROSO, Président de la Commission européenne
 flecheCultural diversity : a major step towards the adoption of a UNESCO Convention
 flecheAnother successful year for Erasmus : student and teacher mobility rose by almost 10% in 2003/2004
 flecheEU Trade Commissioner urges African Trade Ministers: make Doha the “Round for Africa”
 flecheCommission paves the way for renewal of EU Sustainable Development Strategy
 flecheCommission presents a set of proposals for enlarging the Schengen area to the new member states

 flecheAddressing the concerns of young people in Europe: the Commission adopts a communication on youth policies
 fleche Environment: Green Week 2005 gets to grips with climate change
 flecheCommission White Paper on market access for developing countries: opening the door to development

 flecheCommission tables first elements for a genuine European Space Policy
 flecheThird progress report on economic and social cohesion
 flecheThe EU and the US: a bilateral partnership for global solutions
 flecheChinese textiles imports investigation: use of the urgency procedure
 flecheEU proposes WTO consultations with China on two textile product categories
 fleche Partenariat Union européenne/États-Unis: la Commission propose de renforcer les relations économiques et politiques
 fleche President Barroso meets Afghan President Hamid Karzai – and announces details of Afghan reconstruction programmes for 2005/2006
 flecheNouveau site Web et budget de 6 millions d’euros pour l’établissement de relations en vue de la recherche de partenaires commerciaux appropriés dans l’Union européenne élargie
 fleche Mr Olli Rehn, Member of the European Commission, responsible for Enlargement
"Prioritisation: where should Turkey focus its energies"
Forum Istanbul - Istanbul, 5 May 2005

 flecheThe new Europe Direct information network: Europe on your doorstep
 flecheImproving and extending the use of ICT to make the most of Europe’s cultural and audiovisual heritage
 flecheThe European Union on your doorstep: new generation of information relays launched
 flecheEuropean Commission welcomes breakthrough in WTO agriculture talks
 flecheNew tools for knowledge and growth: EU scientists propose priorities for research infrastructures
 flecheClimate change: Commission hails entry into force of the Kyoto Protocol
 flecheWomen and the elderly are crossing the digital divide, but the poor still lag behind, says new EU report
 flecheTsunami: Commission takes further action to help rebuild fisheries and aquaculture sector in tsunami-hit areas
 flecheErasmus Mundus: 69 universités supplémentaires participent au programme
 flecheTranslating the Monterrey Consensus into Practice: the Contribution by the European Union
 fleche European Commission launches public debate on economic migration
 flecheCommission pledges €140 million to help eliminate the threat of anti-personnel land mines
 flecheEuropean handbook on integration
 flecheFirst European handbook on integration of immigrants presented by European Commission
 flecheEU-India Summit: towards a strategic partnership
 flecheQuestions for the general public concerning the future European Fundamental Rights Agency
 flecheDiscours de M. António Vitorino à la Conférence des Présidents des commissions compétentes en matière d'immigration des parlements de l'UE
 flecheEU-WTO: In WTO review of trade policy EU will stress its support for the multilateral trade system
 flecheWhat Europeans think of the EU’s farm policy
 flecheDeveloping countries: the Commission proposes system of trade preferences for 2006-2008
 flecheCommission appeals against WTO sugar ruling
 flecheEnlargement - Turkey's progress towards accession
 flecheLa Commission approuve un rapport sur la gouvernance européenne (2003-2004)
 flecheCommission launches new portal giving all citizens of the enlarged EU access to better information on their rights
 flecheCommission grants Euro 93 million to upgrade European Research and Education Internet (GÉANT)
 flecheStrengthening economic governance and improving the Stability and Growth Pact
 flecheCountdown 2015 - Sexual & Reproductive Health & Rights for all : London, 31 August - 2 September 2004
 flecheGeneral information concerning in-service training (stages) with the European Commission
 flechePortail sur les possibilités d'éducation et de formation dans l'ensemble de l'espace européen
 flechePresident-designate Barroso unveils his team
 flecheImmigration & asylum : current state of play
 flecheBarroso, José Manuel
 flecheWith oil prices surging, Loyola de Palacio recalls the necessity of having a concerted European approach to the issue of security of energy supplies
 flecheEuropean Commission approves 5.75 million euros for crises in Asia

 flecheThe role of broadband networks in securing knowledge-based regions
 flecheThe humanitarian crisis in Greater Darfur, Sudan- response of the European Commission - UPDATE EU by far the biggest donor

 flecheEndangered wildlife: Commission wants tighter rules to protect wild animals and plants from unsustainable international trade
 flecheGeneral overview of active WTO dispute settlement cases involving the EC as complainant or defendant
 flecheEU’s Position on the Middle East Conflict
 flecheEU-Latin American and Caribbean Summit
 flecheLamy, Pascal
 flecheCox, Pat
 flecheProdi, Romano
 flecheEuropean Commission Statement on the European Parliament elections
 flecheCommission proposes action to secure the social dimension of globalisation
 flecheEU-Latin American and Caribbean Summit: moving the strategic partnership forward
 flecheEU takes action to foster international sustainable fishing
 flecheWTO-DDA: EU ready to go the extra mile in three key areas of the talks
 flecheStatement of President Prodi on enlargement
 flecheCommission takes further steps to ensure access to medicines for poor countries
 flecheCroatia: Commission recommends opening of accession negotiations
 flecheCommission prepares the necessary steps to welcome a united Cyprus into the European Union on 1 May 2004
 flecheWTO India - GSP: WTO confirms differentiation among developing countries is possible
 flecheCommission adopts new safe harbour for licensing of patents, know-how and software copyright
 flecheAir pollution: Commission takes legal action against 10 Member States
 flecheCommission Spring Economic Forecasts 2004 -2005 for the euro area, the European Union and the Acceding and Candidate countries
 flecheCommission recommends concrete action to promote growth and employment in the enlarged Union
 flecheEurope needs more scientists: EU blueprint for action
 flecheThe European Commission and Philip Morris International confirm discussions
 flecheNew EU Centre for Disease Prevention and Control adopted
 flechePresidency Conclusions Brussels European Council 25/26 march 2004
 flecheCommission concludes on Microsoft investigation, imposes conduct remedies and a fine
 flecheKey data on health 2002 Health in the EU under the microscope
 flecheEU acts to increase transparency, efficiency and predictability in the use of trade defence
 flecheEU-Canada: Commission agrees design of future EU-Canada Trade and Investment Enhancement Agreement
 flecheBiodiversity: Commission sounds alarm on need to reduce global biodiversity loss
 flecheDeveloping countries: Commission adopts action plan to help developing countries fight agricultural commodity dependency and support the development of the cotton sector in Africa
 flecheEuropean Union signs landmark tourism accord with China today in Beijing
 flecheLa Commission appelle à un renforcement des relations entre l'UE et la Russie
 flecheTrade implications of EU enlargement: Facts and Figures
 flecheThe future of WTO
 flecheWestern Balkans proceed with economic transition
 flecheRomano Prodi President of the European Commission. 2004 Spring Report. Conference of Presidents of the European Parliament.
 flecheCommission reports on progress towards meeting 'Johannesburg' commitments
 flecheEuropean Research Network extended to the Balkans with EU Support
 flecheCommission calls on Member States to keep up the momentum in tackling poverty and social exclusion
 flecheEuropean Commission stands behind the Kyoto Protocol
 flecheUS Steel: EU welcomes termination of US steel safeguard measure
 flecheCommission launches preparations for Balkan participation in Community programmes
 flecheWTO and agriculture: Fischler's five tests to kick-start stalled talks
 flechePresident Prodi statement World Aids Day
 flecheEC action against HIV/AIDS
 fleche2003 review of the EU economy: On the verge of new patterns of economic growth?
 flecheEU- WTO: European Commission proposes to put Doha Round of trade talks back on track
 flecheCommission discusses amendments to EU Constitution
 flecheEU-India Summit: An opportunity to strengthen relations
 flecheCommission adopts five new humanitarian aid decisions worth over EUR 11.5 million
 flecheCommission and United Nations join forces to launch humanitarian appeals for 2004
 flecheCommission proceeds with excessive deficit procedure for Germany
 flecheEU-Mercosur: Ministerial meeting to roadmap free trade negotiations
 flecheState of play on GMO authorisations under EU law
 flecheComenius Week
Highlighting the European dimension at school

 flecheBulgaria, Romania and Turkey make significant progress towards accession criteria
 flecheAcceding countries expected to be ready for accession, urged to tackle remaining issues
 flecheForeign Sales Corporations (FSC): Commission prepares for the imposition of countermeasures on US products
 flecheEU/Russia Summit, Rome, 6 November
 flecheRemoving obstacles to development: Commission proposes EUR 250 million to support African-led peace keeping operations in Africa
 flecheAccelerating the fight against HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria: Commission commits further EUR 170 million to the Global Fund
 flecheAfghanistan: Commission Proposes EUR 79.5 million for Fourth Reconstruction programme
 flecheEnvironmental democracy: Commission promotes citizens' involvement in environmental matters
 flecheEU Cohesion Policy: Commissioner Barnier visits Cyprus
 flecheSingle-hull oil tankers banned from European ports from 21 October 2003
 flecheHIV/AIDS: European Research provides clear proof that HIV virus cannot pass through condoms
 flecheA european knowledge society in a global community
 flecheCommission provides support to OLAF and Belgian authorities on investigation into fraud in grain trade prices
 flecheEU complies with WTO ruling on Hormone beef and calls on USA and Canada to lift trade sanctions
 flecheEU-Andean Community: Second Round of Negotiations for new Political Dialogue and Co-operation Agreement
 flecheEurobarometer : latest survey shows growing support for key EU policies in acceding countries
 flecheCommission acts to boost efficiency and flexibility of EU development assistance to benefit the poor
 flecheCommission proceeds with excessive deficit procedure for France assesses
 flecheCinedays 2003: long live European cinema!
 flecheEuropean industry leaders and EU policymakers meet to plan for security research
 flecheEuro area economy demonstrates initial signs of recovery
 flecheEuropean Commission, eight acceding countries and US sign Bilateral Investment Understanding
 flecheTrade in Cotton: constructive proposals to solve African problem
 flecheCommission adopts opinion on the European Constitution
 fleche"State of play of Agriculture Negotiations"
 flecheWorld cotton day: EU sympathises with concerns of African countries
 flecheKey areas for decision in Cancun
 flecheEverything you wanted to know about Cancun
 flecheJoin EU Trade Commissioner Pascal Lamy in an on-line chat September 4 2003
 flecheEuropean Commission regrets the request for a WTO panel on GMOs
 flecheEC and US propose a framework for a joint approach on agricultural questions in WTO
 flecheTrade in agricultural goods and fishery products. EU – US Joint Text on Agriculture

 flecheWTO Farm Talks/Cancun: EU’s Fischler calls for renewed effort to bridge differences
 flecheEU-US Summit - Washington
 flecheThessaloniki European Council - Presidency Conclusions
 flecheAccess to medicines: EU clears plan to ensure delivery of cheap medicines to developing countries
 flecheLe Conseil Éducation adopte les critères de référence européens
 flecheOMC SERVICES - L'UE propose d'améliorer les échanges commerciaux - au bénéfice des pays en développement
 flecheLa Commission propose de créer un Fonds européen pour l'eau doté d'un budget d'1 milliard d'euros
 flecheEU survey results: Europe goes on-line for health information, but still prefers more traditional sources
 flecheLa lutte contre les maladies transmissibles dans les pays en développement: la Commission resserre son programme d'action
 flecheMultilingualism in the European Commission: A long-standing tradition and an asset to the European Union
 flecheSustainable agriculture for developing countries: the options offered by life sciences and biotechnology
 fleche'Your Voice in Europe': new Commission portal aims to give citizens a bigger role in policy making
 flecheAgriculture: plus grande ouverture du marché et réduction du soutien faussant les échanges
 flecheCombating digital illiteracy, promoting virtual campuses and virtual twinning of schools: the e-learning programme's aims (2004-2006)
 flecheLa Commission place la politique industrielle au premier plan de ses préoccupations
 flechePascal Lamy salue l'achèvement des négociations sur l'adhésion de l'Arménie à l'OMC
 flecheForum européen du tourisme: promotion du développement durable dans le tourisme
 flecheLibéralisation des services : l'Union européenne lance un consultation publique sur les demandes pour l'accès au marché européen
 flecheEU - Russia economic and trade relations: an overview
 flecheL'Union européenne va négocier des accords de partenariat avec des Etats d'Afrique, des Caraïbes et du Pacifique
 flecheL’UE poursuit sa bataille pour étendre l’accès aux médicaments pour les pays en développement
 flecheL'Europe lance un partenariat avec les pays en voie de développement pour lutter contre le sida, la malaria et la tuberculose
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