Ref. :  000013627
Date :  2004-07-30
Language :  English
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Security Council demands Sudan Disarm Militias in Darfur, adopting resolution 1556 (2004) by vote of 13-0-2

Requests Report in 30 Days on Progress, with Intention to Take Further Action in Event of Non-Compliance

Author :  ONU / UN


Keywords : 

Security Council

5015th Meeting (AM)


The Security Council today, acting under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, demanded that the Government of the Sudan disarm the Janjaweed militias, apprehend and bring to justice its leaders and their associates who had incited and carried out violations of human rights and international humanitarian law, as well as other atrocities in the country’s Darfur region.

Adopting resolution 1556 (2004) by 13 votes in favour to none against, with 2 abstentions (China, Pakistan), the Council further requested the Secretary-General to report in 30 days, and monthly thereafter, on the Government’s progress or otherwise on that matter and expressed its intention to consider further actions, including measures under Article 41 of the United Nations Charter, in the event of non-compliance.

[According to Article 41, the Security Council may decide what measures not involving the use of armed force are to be employed to give effect to its decisions, including complete or partial interruption of economic relations and of rail, sea, air, postal, telegraphic, radio, and other means of communication, and the severance of diplomatic relations.]

It called on the Government to fulfil immediately all the commitments made in the joint communiqué issued by itself and the Secretary-General on 3 July 2004, particularly by facilitating international relief for the humanitarian disaster by means of a moratorium on all restrictions that might hinder the provision of assistance and access to the affected populations. The Government would also advance the independent investigation, in cooperation with the United Nations, of human rights violations and international humanitarian law; establish credible security conditions for the protection of the civilian population and humanitarian actors; and resume political talks with dissident groups from Darfur, specifically the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Movement and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLM/A).

The Council decided that all States would take the necessary measures to prevent the sale or supply to all non-governmental entities and individuals, including the Janjaweed, operating in North, South and West Darfur by their nationals or from their territories or using their flag vessels or aircraft and related materials of all types, including weapons and ammunition, military vehicles and equipment, paramilitary equipment and spare parts, whether or not originating in their territories.

However, the Council decided, those measures would not apply to supplies and related technical training and assistance to monitoring, verification or peace support operations; supplies of non-lethal military equipment intended solely for humanitarian and human rights monitoring or protective use; and protective clothing, including flak jackets and military helmets, for the personal use of United Nations personnel, human rights monitors, media representatives, as well as development workers and associated personnel.

Endorsing the deployment of international monitors, under the leadership of the African Union, to Darfur, the Council urged the international community to support those efforts. It welcomed the progress made in deploying monitors, and stressed the need for the Government of Sudan and all involved parties to facilitate their work in accordance with the N’Djamena Ceasefire Agreement of 8 April 2004, and with the Addis Ababa agreement of 28 May 2004 on the modalities of establishing an observer mission to monitor the ceasefire.

The Council urged Member States to reinforce the international monitoring team by providing personnel and other assistance, including financing, supplies, transport, vehicles, command support, communications and headquarters support. It welcomed the contributions already made by the European Union and the United States to support the African Union-led operation.

Urging the parties to the N’Djamena Ceasefire Agreement to conclude a political agreement without delay, the Council noted with regret the failure of senior rebel leaders to participate in the 15 July talks in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, describing it as unhelpful to the process. It called for renewed talks under the leadership of the African Union and its chief mediator, Hamid Algabid, to reach a political solution to the tensions in Darfur. In addition, the Council strongly urged rebel groups to respect the ceasefire, end the violence immediately and act in a positive and constructive manner to end the conflict.

Reiterating its support for the Naivasha Agreement signed by the Government of the Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement, the Council looked forwards to its effective implementation and a peaceful, unified Sudan working in harmony with all other States for development.

Statements were made by the representatives of China, United States, United Kingdom, Algeria (also on behalf of Angola and Benin), Russian Federation, Germany, Spain, Brazil, France, Pakistan, Chile, Philippines and Romania.

In response to the text’s adoption, the representative of the Sudan said that as of yesterday, 4,812 police officers had been deployed in Darfur and 200 members of the Janjaweed militias had been arrested. Some of them had been sentenced to death. The Government had dispatched a high-level delegation to negotiate without preconditions, but the talks had collapsed, because the rebels had insisted on preconditions. When the Government had signed the joint communiqué, it had not thought that it would be used to punish the Sudan, regardless of whether it had implemented its commitments. The Government was fully aware that some activists in the United States administration had worked to foster the rebellion.

He said that the consultations on the resolution had shown a division in the Council between those members that wished to allow adequate time for the African Union’s efforts and those insisting on adopting the resolution irrespective of the decision taken by African leaders. To the latter group, the resolution had become an end in itself. It had been determined in the United States Congress, before it had been discussed in the Council. That Congress had decided that genocide and ethnic cleansing were taking place in Darfur, contrary to the judgement of the African Union Summit.

The meeting convened at 11:13 a.m. and adjourned at 12:40 p.m.


Background


The Security Council met this morning to consider the situation in the Darfur, Sudan, region.

On 12 May, in presidential statement S/PRST/2004/18, the Council expressed its deep concern at the continuing reports of large-scale violations of human rights and international humanitarian law in Darfur, including indiscriminate attacks on civilians, sexual violence, forced displacement and acts of violence, especially those with an ethnic dimension, and demanded that those responsible be held accountable.

The Council, while welcoming the ceasefire agreement of 8 April, emphasized the urgent need for all parties to observe it and to take immediate steps to end the violence. It called on the Government of the Sudan to respect its commitments to ensure that the Janjaweed militias were neutralized and disarmed. (See Press Release SC/8104 of 25 May.)

On 11 June, the Council adopted resolution 1547 (2004) by which the Council welcomed Secretary-General Kofi Annan’s proposal to establish, for an initial period of three months and under the authority of a Special Representative, an advance team in the Sudan to prepare for a future United Nations peace-support operation following the signing of a comprehensive peace agreement.

Unanimously adopting resolution 1547 (2004), the Council declared its readiness to consider establishing such an operation to aid implementation of a peace agreement, and requested the Secretary-General to submit to the Council recommendations for the size, structure, and mandate of that operation, as soon as possible after the signing of the agreement.

In addition, the Council called on the parties to use their influence to bring an immediate halt to the fighting in the Darfur region, in the Upper Nile and elsewhere. It urged the parties to the Ndjamena Ceasefire Agreement of 8 April to conclude a political agreement without delay, welcomed African Union efforts to that end, and called on the international community to be prepared for constant engagement, including extensive funding, in support of peace in the Sudan. (See Press Release SC/8120 of 11 June, also for a summary of the Secretary-General’s report on the Sudan, document S/2004/453.)


Draft Resolution

It also had before it a draft resolution (document S/2004/611) sponsored by Chile, France, Germany, Romania, Spain, United Kingdom and the United States, which reads as follows:


“The Security Council,

“Recalling its Presidential Statement of 25 May 2004 (S/PRST/2004/16) and its resolution 1547 (2004) of 11 June 2004 and its resolution 1502 (2003) of 26 August 2003 on the access of humanitarian workers to populations in need,

“Welcoming the leadership role and the engagement of the African Union to address the situation in Darfur and expressing its readiness to support fully these efforts,

“Further welcoming the communiqué of the African Union Peace and Security Council issued 27 July 2004 (S/2004/603),

“Reaffirming its commitment to the sovereignty, unity, territorial integrity, and independence of Sudan as consistent with the Machakos Protocol of 20 July 2002 and subsequent agreements based on this protocol as agreed to by the Government of Sudan,

“Welcoming the Joint Communiqué issued by the Government of Sudan and the Secretary-General of the United Nations on 3 July 2004, including the creation of the Joint Implementation Mechanism, and acknowledging steps taken towards improved humanitarian access,

“Taking note of the Report of the Secretary-General on Sudan issued 3 June 2004 and welcoming the Secretary-General’s appointment of a Special Representative for Sudan and his efforts to date,

“Reiterating its grave concern at the ongoing humanitarian crisis and widespread human rights violations, including continued attacks on civilians that are placing the lives of hundreds of thousands at risk,

“Condemning all acts of violence and violations of human rights and international humanitarian law by all parties to the crisis, in particular by the Janjaweed, including indiscriminate attacks on civilians, rapes, forced displacements, and acts of violence especially those with an ethnic dimension, and expressing its utmost concern at the consequences of the conflict in Darfur on the civilian population, including women, children, internally displaced persons, and refugees,

“Recalling in this regard that the Government of Sudan bears the primary responsibility to respect human rights while maintaining law and order and protecting its population within its territory and that all parties are obliged to respect international humanitarian law,

“Urging all the parties to take the necessary steps to prevent and put an end to violations of human rights and international humanitarian law and underlining that there will be no impunity for violators,

“Welcoming the commitment by the Government of Sudan to investigate the atrocities and prosecute those responsible,

“Emphasizing the commitment of the Government of Sudan to mobilize the armed forces of Sudan immediately to disarm the Janjaweed militias,

“Recalling also in this regard its resolutions 1325 (2000) of 31 October 2000 on women, peace and security, 1379 (2001) of 20 November 2001, 1460 (2003) of 30 January 2003, and 1539 (2004) of 22 April 2004 on children in armed conflict, and 1265 (1999) of 17 September 1999 and 1296 (2000) of 19 April 2000 on the protection of civilians in armed conflict,

“Expressing concern at reports of violations of the Ceasefire Agreement signed in N’Djamena on 8 April 2004, and reiterating that all parties to the ceasefire must comply with all of the terms contained therein,

“Welcoming the donor consultation held in Geneva in June 2004, as well as subsequent briefings highlighting urgent humanitarian needs in Sudan and Chad, and reminding donors of the need to fulfil commitments that have been made,

“Recalling that over 1 million persons are in need of urgent humanitarian assistance, that with the onset of the rainy season the provision of assistance has become increasingly difficult, and that without urgent action to address the security, access, logistics, capacity and funding requirements the lives of hundreds of thousands of persons will be at risk,

“Expressing its determination to do everything possible to halt a humanitarian catastrophe, including by taking further action if required,

“Welcoming the ongoing international diplomatic efforts to address the situation in Darfur,

“Stressing that any return of refugees and displaced persons to their homes must take place voluntarily with adequate assistance and with sufficient security,

“Noting with grave concern that up to 200,000 refugees have fled to the neighbouring State of Chad, which constitutes a serious burden upon that country, and expressing grave concern at reported cross-border incursions by Janjaweed militias of the Darfur region of Sudan into Chad, and also taking note of the agreement between the Government of Sudan and Chad to establish a joint mechanism to secure the borders,

“Determining that the situation in Sudan constitutes a threat to international peace and security and to stability in the region,

“Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,

“1. Calls on the Government of Sudan to fulfil immediately all of the commitments it made in the 3 July 2004 Communiqué, including particularly by facilitating international relief for the humanitarian disaster by means of a moratorium on all restrictions that might hinder the provision of humanitarian assistance and access to the affected populations, by advancing independent investigation in cooperation with the United Nations of violations of human rights and international humanitarian law, by the establishment of credible security conditions for the protection of the civilian population and humanitarian actors, and by the resumption of political talks with dissident groups from the Darfur region, specifically the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Movement and Sudan Liberation Army (SLM/A) on Darfur;

“2. Endorses the deployment of international monitors, including the protection force envisioned by the African Union, to the Darfur region of Sudan under the leadership of the African Union and urges the international community to continue to support these efforts, welcomes the progress made in deploying monitors, including the offers to provide forces by members of the African Union, and stresses the need for the Government of Sudan and all involved parties to facilitate the work of the monitors in accordance with the N’Djamena ceasefire agreement and with the Addis Ababa agreement of 28 May 2004 on the modalities of establishing an observer mission to monitor the ceasefire;

“3. Urges Member States to reinforce the international monitoring team, led by the African Union, including the protection force, by providing personnel and other assistance including financing, supplies, transport, vehicles, command support, communications and headquarters support as needed for the monitoring operation, and welcomes the contributions already made by the European Union and the United States to support the African Union led operation;

“4. Welcomes the work done by the High Commissioner for Human Rights to send human rights observers to Sudan and calls upon the Government of Sudan to cooperate with the High Commissioner in the deployment of those observers;

“5. Urges the parties to the N’Djamena Ceasefire Agreement of 8 April 2004 to conclude a political agreement without delay, notes with regret the failure of senior rebel leaders to participate in the 15 July talks in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, as unhelpful to the process and calls for renewed talks under the sponsorship of the African Union, and its chief mediator Hamid Algabid, to reach a political solution to the tensions in Darfur and strongly urges rebel groups to respect the ceasefire, end the violence immediately, engage in peace talks without preconditions, and act in a positive and constructive manner to resolve the conflict;

“6. Demands that the Government of Sudan fulfil its commitments to disarm the Janjaweed militias and apprehend and bring to justice Janjaweed leaders and their associates who have incited and carried out human rights and international humanitarian law violations and other atrocities, and further requests the Secretary-General to report in 30 days, and monthly thereafter, to the Council on the progress or lack thereof by the Government of Sudan on this matter and expresses its intention to consider further actions, including measures as provided for in Article 41 of the Charter of the United Nations on the Government of Sudan, in the event of non-compliance;

“7. Decides that all States shall take the necessary measures to prevent the sale or supply, to all non-governmental entities and individuals, including the Janjaweed, operating in the states of North Darfur, South Darfur and West Darfur, by their nationals or from their territories or using their flag vessels or aircraft, of arms and related materiel of all types, including weapons and ammunition, military vehicles and equipment, paramilitary equipment, and spare parts for the aforementioned, whether or not originating in their territories;

“8. Decides that all Sates shall take the necessary measures to prevent any provision to the non-governmental entities and individuals identified in paragraph 7 operating in the states of North Darfur, South Darfur and West Darfur by their nationals or from their territories of technical training or assistance related to the provision, manufacture, maintenance or use of the items listed in paragraph 7 above;

“9. Decides that the measures imposed by paragraphs 7 and 8 above shall not apply to:

-- supplies and related technical training and assistance to monitoring, verification or peace support operations, including such operations led by regional organizations, that are authorized by the United Nations or are operating with the consent of the relevant parties;

-- supplies of non-lethal military equipment intended solely for humanitarian, human rights monitoring or protective use, and related technical training and assistance; and

-- supplies of protective clothing, including flak jackets and military helmets, for the personal use of United Nations personnel, human rights monitors, representatives of the media and humanitarian and development workers and associated personnel;

“10. Expresses its intention to consider the modification or termination of the measures imposed under paragraphs 7 and 8 when it determines that the Government of Sudan has fulfilled its commitments described in paragraph 6;

“11. Reiterates its support for the Naivasha agreement signed by the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement, and looks forward to effective implementation of the agreement and a peaceful, unified Sudan working in harmony with all other States for the development of Sudan, and calls on the international community to be prepared for constant engagement, including necessary funding in support of peace and economic development in Sudan;

“12. Urges the international community to make available much-needed assistance to mitigate the humanitarian catastrophe now unfolding in the Darfur region and calls upon Member States to honour pledges that have been made against needs in Darfur and Chad and underscoring the need to contribute generously towards fulfilling the unmet portion of the United Nations consolidated appeals;

“13. Requests the Secretary-General to activate inter-agency humanitarian mechanisms to consider what additional measures may be needed to avoid a humanitarian catastrophe and to report regularly to the Council on progress made;

“14. Encourages the Secretary-General’s Special Representative for the Sudan and the independent expert of the Commission on Human Rights to work closely with the Government of Sudan in supporting independent investigation of violations of human rights and international humanitarian law in the Darfur region;

“15. Extends the special political mission set out in resolution 1547 for an additional 90 days to 10 December 2004 and requests the Secretary-General to incorporate into the mission contingency planning for the Darfur region;

“16. Expresses its full support for the African Union-led ceasefire commission and monitoring mission in Darfur, and requests the Secretary-General to assist the African Union with planning and assessments for its mission in Darfur, and in accordance with the Joint Communiqué to prepare to support implementation of a future agreement in Darfur in close cooperation with the African Union, and requests the Secretary-General to report to the Security Council on progress;

“17. Decides to remain seized of the matter.”


Statement before Vote


ZHANG YISHAN (China) said that the humanitarian situation in the Sudan called for speedy relief followed by political negotiations for a comprehensive agreement at the earliest stage, while respecting the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the country. China welcomed the joint communiqué by the Government of the Sudan and the Secretary-General and hoped that the Sudan would honour its commitment to disarm the Janjaweed militia.

Expressing supported for the African Union’s leadership role, including its deployment of monitors and protection force, he stressed that the Government of the Sudan bore the primary responsibility to resolve the situation in Darfur. While the draft resolution had been amended, it still included references to measures that were not helpful and which could further complicate the situation. China would abstain in the voting.


Action


The Council then adopted resolution 1556 (2004) by a vote of 13 in favour to none against, with 2 abstentions (China, Pakistan).

Statements after Vote

Speaking after the vote, JOHN DANFORTH (United States), the resolution’s main sponsor, said that for years, a number of nations in Africa, Europe and North America had worked hard to encourage a peace process in the Sudan. They had hoped for a country that would be a model of ethnic reconciliation. They had anticipated helping the Sudan build its infrastructure, allowing it to develop its resources and agricultural potential.

“The last thing we wanted to do was lay the groundwork for sanctions, but the Government of Sudan has left us no choice”, he said. It had done the unthinkable: fostered an armed attack on its own civilian population. It had created a humanitarian disaster. “So the resolution just adopted is our necessary response if we are to help save the people of Darfur.” The actions of the Sudanese Government and its Janjaweed proxies had led to 30,000 deaths since February 2003. They had caused more than 1 million people to flee their homes, some 200,000 having crossed the border into Chad. Perhaps 300,000 more people faced death by hunger and disease in the next six months.

“Even if the violence stopped today”, he said, “it would take 15 months before new crops could be raised and harvested.” The responsibility for this disaster lay squarely on the Sudanese Government. To suppress a rebel uprising begun in early 2003, the Government began a “campaign of terror” against innocent civilians. Government aircraft bombed villages and, exploiting an ancient rivalry between Arab African herdsmen and groups of largely black African farmers, armed the Janjaweed militia and unleashed them against black civilians.

He said that the Janjaweed followed the government aircraft, burning villages, destroying crops, murdering men and raping women. Indeed, rape had been a principle tactic of the Janjaweed. He added that the Sudanese Government’s tactics in Darfur had not been an isolated incident: in the late 1990s, it had also armed militias and encouraged them to attack civilians. “Some say that we should give the Government of Sudan some time before we pass this resolution”, he said. “The United States does not agree.”

Noting that it had been nearly four weeks since that Government had signed a joint communiqué with the Secretary-General on its commitment to take specific actions to address the situation in Darfur, he said it had kept none of those promises. He particularly noted the Sudanese Government’s failure to ensure that no militias were present in camps for internally displaced persons (IDPs); its failure to immediately disarm the Janjaweed; and its failure to rebuild the confidence of the people of Darfur.

Indeed, in the 27 days that had passed since the communiqué had been signed, if the World Heath Organization’s estimates were correct, some 11,000 people had died. And more were dying as the Government stonewalled the international community. “It is time to start the clock ticking on the Government of Sudan”, he said. The resolution called on the Government to do all in its power to facilitate humanitarian relief, and it endorsed the deployment of international monitors and a protection force, among other things.

He said that many people concerned about Darfur would say that the text did not go far enough, particularly that it did not refer to the atrocities in the region as genocide. Perhaps they were right, but it was important not to get bogged down over words, he said. It was essential that the Council act quickly and decisively and with unity. “We need to fix this humanitarian problem now.” The current resolution did explicitly condemn the acts of violence “with an ethnic dimension” in Darfur and anticipated sanctions against the Government if the regular monthly cycle of reporting revealed a lack of compliance.

The point was to relieve the suffering of Darfur, not to punish the Sudan. The choice was now up to the Sudanese Government to take dramatic action to resolve the situation because the Council’s attention would not be fleeting. The text ensured that the situation in Darfur would be back before the Council -- and the world -- next month and the month after that, for as long as it took to ensure that the people of Darfur would live in peace.

EMYR JONES PARRY (United Kingdom) said that with large numbers of people facing starvation and oppression, the crisis in Darfur was dire. For months, the United Nations family, the African Union and others had been mobilizing resources and attention to avert the humanitarian and security catastrophe that had been emerging. The resolution just adopted was a further step forward. It built on some positive actions that had taken place, but underscored the need of the Sudanese Government to implement all the commitments it had made to the Secretary-General on 3 July, including the most basic obligation any government had to its own people -- to protect them. So far, the Sudanese Government had failed to do that.

But the rebels also bore their share of responsibility for the present crisis, he continued, noting that the resolution also demanded that they also meet their obligations, and without pre-condition, to engage in peace talks and to move to resolve the conflict. The resolution also supported the positive involvement of the African Union on the ground and emphasized the need for the international community to provide humanitarian assistance.

He stressed that there had been progress elsewhere in the Sudan, and the United Kingdom looked forward to the successful completion of the Naivasha process. The current resolution signalled a willingness to support that agreement, and, as necessary, deploy a peace support operation. But a solution in Darfur was a necessary condition for that support. The international community wanted to work with the Sudanese Government; that would be much more preferable to compulsion and sanctions, he added.

But the message to the Government and the rebels must be clear and firm: if commitments and obligations were not met, if peace talks were not entered into constructively and in good faith, and if the intimidation and atrocities did not end, then the Council, when it reviewed progress next month, would be considering measures as provided for in Article 41 of the Charter. The adoption of the text underlined the Council’s commitment to ensure that governments fulfil that most basic of obligations, the duty to protect their own citizens, he reiterated.

BDALLAH BAALI (Algeria), speaking also on behalf of the Council’s other African members -- Angola and Benin -- expressed satisfaction that the resolution on the situation in Darfur had been adopted, following weeks of “arduous and delicate” negotiations. Algeria, Angola and Benin had supported the resolution because they believed that the international community could not remain passive and indifferent to the humanitarian crisis unfolding in Darfur or to the horrendous crimes being committed against the civilian populations.

Moreover, as Africans, the Council members believed that whenever there was a conflict in Africa they, more than anyone else, had a special duty and responsibility towards their sisters and brothers who were suffering. That was why the African Union had acted so promptly and so decisively, he added. And while his delegation fully understood the need for the wider Council to assume its obligations under the Charter, there was nevertheless a need to make sure that its actions supported and complimented the efforts of the African Union, which had taken the lead “with courage and determination” in addressing the situation in Darfur.

To that end, he was satisfied that the resolution contained strong and unequivocal support for and endorsement of the African Union’s leadership role and the various dimensions of its engagement in Darfur, including humanitarian, military and political, with the deployment of monitors and a protection force. He added that the resolution also supported the possibility of the African Union creating a full-fledged peacekeeping operation and it’s sponsoring of talks between the Sudanese Government and rebel groups.

He said the Council’s African members were particularly satisfied that the resolution had requested the Secretary-General to assist the African Union with planning and assessment for its mission in Darfur, and that it had requested Member States to provide assistance as needed for the African Union’s monitoring operations and to contribute generously to the relevant United Nations appeals to help mitigate the humanitarian catastrophe in Darfur. They were also satisfied that the Council had chosen to keep the Sudanese Government engaged with a monthly review process following up the 3 July joint communiqué.

By the time of the next review, they hoped the situation on the ground would be greatly improved and humanitarian assistance would be reaching all internally displaced persons. They further hoped that significant progress would be made in the political peace process and in establishing credible security conditions for civilians and humanitarian actors, and in disarming the Janjaweed militias and bringing their leaders to justice. To that end, he emphasized that it was then and only then that the Council could consider whether or not it would envisage other measures.

ANDREI DENISOV (Russian Federation) said the humanitarian and political situation in Darfur remained complex. Large-scale violations of human rights were continuing. Units of Janjaweed and other groups were attacking the civilian population, killing and plundering. The situation of internally displaced persons in Darfur itself and of Sudanese refugees in neighbouring Chad was dire. “That violence must be terminated”, he said.

In Khartoum, there was awareness of the need to redress the situation, he continued. Now, there was also a need for increasing humanitarian assistance and ensuring security for the population and humanitarian personnel. Primary responsibility for that rested in Khartoum, but was also shared by the armed opposition. He underlined the important role of the African Union’s efforts in the region, efforts that deserved the vigorous support of the United Nations. Everything should be done to find a political solution. The Council could not remain passive. He hoped the Council was sending a clear signal to the Government of the Sudan and the rebels regarding the need to implement quickly the commitments made, including disarming armed groups.

GUNTER PLEUGER (Germany), noting that the Council’s signal to Khartoum was unambiguous, said the Government of the Sudan had been given the chance to demonstrate clearly that it was making progress in disarming the Janjaweed militia and would bring the perpetrators of atrocities to justice. It was hoped that the Government would take more forceful action to abide by the benchmarks laid out in the 3 July joint communiqué. The Government of the Sudan was responsible for the safety and security of all 1.5 million people who were at risk in Darfur and for ensuring that they received humanitarian assistance. The African Union’s role was an important development, and Germany wished to maintain and develop a close relationship with that organization.

He said that a variety of mechanisms had a role in monitoring the human rights situation, some of which were already in place and others that were not. Germany had recently called for the establishment of an independent commission of inquiry into the abuses in Darfur. While the Council had been deliberating, the killing and suffering in the province had continued. The Government of the Sudan must carry out its sacred obligation to protect its citizens. The goal was to stop the suffering and killing of innocent civilians, and Germany expected the Government, as well as the rebels, to fulfill their obligations.

IÑIGO DE PALACIO (Spain) said the gravity of the situation in Darfur called for a clear and urgent response by the Council. The adopted text fulfilled those requirements. The resolution, in a balanced manner, placed before the Sudan Government its responsibilities derived from its commitments expressed in the joint communiqué. The Council must ensure that the Government comply with its commitments. He stressed that the measures mentioned in the resolution were also directed at the Janjaweed and the rebels. The resolution highlighted the leadership role of the African Union in the region, thereby stressing the regional approach.

The Council must continue to support the African Union in its efforts. It was a valuable opportunity to strengthen their cooperation for maintenance of peace and security. He expressed concern about violations of human rights and humanitarian law in Darfur. Those acts must not remain unpunished, he said, and the Council must ensure that those responsible were brought to justice.

RONALDO MOTA SARDENBERG (Brazil) said the resolution spoke of decisions to be taken in due time to promote peace and security and alleviate the suffering of the people in Darfur. The decisions would address all factors of a complex crisis. The first response must be an increase of humanitarian support. The decisions should further stimulate the parties to fully comply with their commitments.

He said security was a major issue. The fulfilment of the provisions of the ceasefire agreement signed in N'Djamena was an absolute need, as was the need to rein in the Janjaweed and other outlaw groups. There would be no impunity and the guilty would be brought to justice. The resolution highlighted condemnation of all acts of violence by the parties and emphasized the responsibility of the Government of the Sudan. It also underlined the crucial role of the African Union. He regretted, however, that the resolution did not add vigour by acting under Chapter VII, which, in his opinion, it had not done. The reference to Article 41 was a compromise.

JEAN-MARC DE LA SABLIERE (France) said that, while the resolution exerted strong pressure on the Government of the Sudan, its only concern was the plight of suffering civilians in Darfur and the Government’s responsibility to protect them. The international community could not remain on the sidelines.

He said the Government of the Sudan had made commitments to the Secretary-General regarding humanitarian assistance, as well as security concerns, particularly the disarming of the Janjaweed militia and the arrest of its leaders and their associates. It was also essential that the rebel groups respect the ceasefire and engage in unconditional peace negotiations. A humanitarian disaster was possible, although the worst had been avoided due to the outstanding work done by non-governmental organizations. France was grateful that the African Union had supported the pivotal resolution.

MASOOD KHALID (Pakistan) said the people and Government of Pakistan were as concerned as other members of the international community. All those suffering in Darfur were part of the Islamic umma. The joint communiqué of 3 July clearly delineated the commitments and obligations of the Government, whose cooperation was critical for the joint objective of saving human life in Darfur. The Council must encourage that cooperation, rather than complicate it.

He said his country had consistently counselled a calibrated approach to the situation in Darfur. While Pakistan appreciated the amendments made to the resolution, the final text lacked the necessary balance. It was regrettable that compromise had not been possible and Pakistan could, therefore, not support the text. It was hoped that the Council would not need to take further measures. Pakistan looked forward to the Secretary-General’s report in 30 days.

ARMIN E. ANDEREYA (Chile) said the international community had addressed persistent appeals to the Government of the Sudan to apply law and order in the Darfur region and bring to justice those responsible for crimes committed there. His country had co-sponsored the resolution out of the conviction that it was not possible to continue to hope for action by Sudanese authorities while violations of human rights continued. He hoped the Government of the Sudan would follow up with compliance within the timetable set and would restore order and consequently peace in the region.

LAURO L. BAJA (Philippines) said he had voted for the resolution in response to the humanitarian crisis. Whether what happened in Darfur was genocide or ethnic cleansing should not be a question. The fact was that people were dying, and that there was destruction and plundering and that the international community must stop the catastrophe. If a State was unable or unwilling to stop violations of human rights, the international community had the responsibility to help the State do so, until it had the will or the capacity. He had voted for the resolution in that context. He hoped that after 30 days there would be no reason to implement Article 41 of the Charter, because the Sudan by then would have complied with its commitments.

Council President MIHNEA MOTOC (Romania), speaking in his national capacity, said the action taken this morning bound together different nations and organizations in an effective response to the situation in Darfur, the first humanitarian crisis of the new century. It engaged the Government of the Sudan in ensuring that it lived up to its commitments. Romania hoped that the Council would constantly review the situation on the ground and called upon all parties concerned to live up to their responsibilities.

Noting that his country’s Foreign Minister would be in Khartoum and Darfur tomorrow, he said the situation was not an abstract matter for Romania, which cared for the Sudan and its people and was putting together a package of humanitarian assistance. The thematic debate that Romania had proposed on 20 July regarding cooperation between the United Nations and regional organizations addressed issues that surpassed the realm of theory.

ELFATIH MOHAMED AHMED ERWA (Sudan) said he was overwhelmed with sadness at the Council’s hasty adoption of the resolution at a time when the Government of the Sudan was racing against time to implement its agreement with the United Nations. The military rebellion in Darfur, which had started in February last year, had occurred at a strange time that raised many questions since, the Government had been on the verge of achieving an end to the Naivasha negotiations and ending Africa’s longest-running civil war. The rebellion had destroyed peaceful coexistence in Darfur, precipitating a humanitarian crisis.

Emphasizing that peace was indivisible, he said the Government had sought to deal with the rebellion through serious dialogue with the international community and had engaged in a constructive effort in good faith with the United Nations, as well as bilaterally with members of the international community. All those efforts were included in the joint communiqué, which outlined a plan of action to solve the crisis. The Government had entered into obligations covering humanitarian, security and political issues. It had implemented all obligations regarding the issuance of visas for humanitarian workers. Its second obligation, relating to human rights, aimed at ending impunity and bringing to justice the perpetrators of atrocities, as well as allowing women to file lawsuits against those who had raped them. The Government had received complaints and established an independent investigation commission into human rights violations. Observers from the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights were presently in the Sudan.

He said, as of yesterday, 4,812 police officers were deployed in Darfur and 200 member of the Janjaweed had been arrested, with some of them having received the death sentence.

As the joint communiqué had demanded that the Government resume political negotiations, the Government had dispatched a high-level delegation to negotiate, without preconditions. The talks had, however, collapsed before they started, because the rebels had insisted on certain preconditions.

He said when his Government had signed the joint communiqué in good faith, it had not occurred to it that the joint communiqué would be utilized to punish the Government, whether or not it had implemented its commitments. Would the Sudan have been safe from the Council even if there was no crisis in Darfur? Was the crisis a Trojan Horse? The Government was fully aware that some activists in the United States administration had worked to foster the rebellion. It had sound recordings of talks between rebel leaders and United States officials.

The resolution had been determined by the United States Congress, before it had been discussed in the Council, he said. That Congress had decided that there was genocide and ethnic cleansing, contrary to what had been judged by the Summit of the African Union.

While the resolution claimed to support efforts of the African Union, it hijacked the issue of Darfur from the African Union, he said. The nuances of the situation on the ground had not been taken into account. At a time when the African Union was seeking a solution to the problem, the Council had acted in haste to undermine the position of his Government. That revealed flagrant ignorance of the facts on the ground.

Despite all that, his Government would comply with the provisions of the resolution, would continue its efforts to mitigate the suffering in Darfur and restore stability, and would double its efforts to ensure a peaceful settlement of the problem, he said.


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 flecheJan Eliasson présente une résolution créant un Conseil des droits de l'homme qui siègera tout au long de l'année
 flecheInternational Women’s Day: Looking Back
 flecheTsunami-affected countries need to do even more to protect rights of victims: UN
 flecheCompliance body set up for Kyoto Protocol on reducing greenhouse gases
 flecheSans une stratégie à long terme pour financer la lutte contre la pauvreté, les sources novatrices de financement ne permettront pas d'atteindre les Objectifs du Millénaire
 flecheSituation of detainees at Guantánamo Bay - UN Report
 flecheGrippe aviaire : Kofi Annan appelle les gouvernements à se préparer à une pandémie humaine
 flecheUN agency calls for international aid as millions battle for survival in West Africa
 flecheEl crecimiento de la población mundial y el medio ambiente
 flecheSommet Mondial de l’OMC : espoirs perdus pour l’Afrique à Hong Kong
 flecheUNESCO, INSTRAW sign agreement for increased cooperation to promote gender equality, women’s empowerment
 flecheTime Is Now To Act on Climate Change
 flecheFAO : Le commerce au service des pauvres ?
 flecheUN rights chief: total ban on torture under attack in ‘war on terror’
 flecheUN climate conference finalizes 'rule book' on reducing greenhouse gasses
 flecheCalls for protection of earth's climate heard at UN conference on global warming
 flecheUN refugee agency calls on Mediterranean countries to recognize refugee rights
 flecheInternet governance, funding of technology to be tackled at UN summit
 flecheBird flu: UN-sponsored conference draws up six-point action plan
 flecheUN officials detail priorities for combating potentially deadly bird flu pandemic
 flecheIn fight to feed 10 million in southern Africa, UN agency faces huge shortfall
 flecheIn fight to feed 10 million in southern Africa, UN agency faces huge shortfall
 flecheAs tensions between Ethiopia and Eritrea escalate, Annan urges restraint
 flecheJournée de l'alimentation : 800 millions de personnes souffrent de la faim dans le monde
 flecheEradication of poverty and other development issues: human resources development
 flecheSecurity Council calls on Rwandan rebel group to disarm, leave DR of Congo
 flechePoor States need trade more than aid to overcome poverty, speakers tell UN Assembly
 flecheLe débat général de la 60e Assemblée générale s'est terminé vendredi
 flecheIllicit trafficking in radioactive materials rose substantially from 2003-2004 – UN
 flecheJournée de la paix : le Secrétaire général appelle à observer un cessez-le-feu mondial de 24 heures
 flecheWorldwide overweight and obesity problem ‘staggering’ – UN health agency
 flecheHigh mortality and malnutrition affect Muslim children most says UN children's agency
 flecheEnding its 59th session, UN Assembly approves key draft for World Summit
 flechePetróleo por Alimentos: Annan destaca aspectos positivos del programa y subraya importancia de reformar sistema de la ONU
 flecheHCR : chute des demandes d'asile dans les pays industrialisés
 flecheUnited Nations steps up aid to US in wake of Hurricane Katrina
 flecheSteps must be taken to avoid resistance to latest malaria drug, UN agency warns
 flecheUN launches new guide on sustainable consumption and production
 flecheSommet mondial 2005 : nouvelle version du projet de document final
 flecheWild birds likely to spread potentially deadly bird flu far and wide - UN agency
 flecheKosovo: UN helps set up hotline for victims of gender violence and trafficking
 flecheUN seminar to examine social implications of migration
 flecheUnited Kingdom must not deport people to countries with risk of torture – UN rights expert
 flecheGovernments should urgently address rapid urbanization, growing slums – Annan
 flecheImplementation of the Outcome of the United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II) and strengthening of the United Nations Human Settlemets Programme (UN-Habitat)
 flecheRising poverty over past 10 years threatens stability, says UN report
 flecheUN agency declares TB an emergency in Africa; urges ‘extraordinary’ action
 flecheFAO Concerned about Spread of Bird Flu in Russia and Neighboring Asian Countries
 fleche¿Qué le falta a América Latina para reducir la
pobreza?

 flecheEl Banco Mundial y su relación con los países en desarrollo
 flecheAngola pede fim da "Divisão Digital"
 flecheWHO says Millennium development goals cannot be reached without strengthening health systems
 flecheUnited Nations peacekeeping operations
 flecheViolences contre les femmes: un rapport de l'ONU préconise de renforcer la protection des travailleuses migrantes
 flecheGreenhouse effect could melt nearly all world's glaciers, says UN-backed report
 flecheRéforme du Conseil de sécurité : le Japon espère un soutien de l'Union africaine
 flecheRéforme du Conseil de sécurité : le groupe "Unis pour le consensus" propose une voie «plus démocratique»
 flecheUN’s HIV/AIDS Africa envoy questions G8 Summit results, calls for advocacy
 flecheTerrorisme: le Conseil de sécurité demande la coopération de tous les Etats
 flecheAssemblée générale : présentation d'un nouveau projet de déclaration du sommet de septembre vendredi
 flecheLe projet africain de réforme du Conseil de sécurité en débat à l'Assemblée générale
 flecheAnnan meets foreign ministers of countries aspiring to permanent Security Council membership
 flecheRencontre entre les ministres des affaires étrangères du G-4 et le président de l'Assemblée générale dimanche à New York
 flecheInternaly displaced peoples - worldwide
 flecheAfrica: Countries facing humanitarian emergencies
 flechePredicted freshwater stress abd scarcity in africa and Middle East
 flecheUNOCI mission in Côte d'Ivoire
 flecheUNMOGIP mission in Kashmir
 flecheUNFICYP mission in Cyprus
 flecheONUB mission in Burundi
 flecheUNOMIG mission in Georgia
 flecheMINUSTAH mission in Haiti
 flecheMINURSO mission in West Sahara
 flecheUN mission in Kosovo
 flecheUnited Nations political and peace-building missions
 flecheRéforme du Conseil de sécurité : le G-4 contré par l'Union africaine et le groupe «Unis pour le consensus»
 flecheUNTSO - Middle East deployment as of July 1997
 flecheA Londres, le Secrétaire général appelle à une mobilisation historique en faveur des Objectifs du Millénaire
 flecheL'Assemblée générale débat de l'élargissement du Conseil de sécurité
 flecheBombazos en Londres son un ataque a la humanidad, dice Annan
 flecheUNICEF celebra reunión de niños C-8 sobre pobreza y enfermedades infantiles
 flecheCodex comienza reunión sobre inocuidad y calidad de alimentos
 flecheUNAIDS will implement recommendations on streamlining national programmes
 flecheNew UN-sponsored project seeks to rescue Amazon from deforestation
 flecheONU celebra LX Aniversario de Carta de las Naciones Unidas
 flecheAnnan exhorta a respaldar reconstrucción y estabilización de Iraq
 flecheSecretario General encomia apoyo de Unión Europea y OTAN a Unión Africana en Darfur
 flecheFinancement du développement : les ministres français et britanniques estiment qu'il faut passer à la vitesse supérieure
 flecheJamais la possibilité de réaliser les objectifs de la Charte des Nations Unies n'a été aussi proche, estime Kofi Annan
 flecheOn UN's 60th anniversary, Annan sees moment for change
 flecheUnited Nations General Assembly resolution on multilingualism
 flecheL'Assemblée générale exige une parité absolue dans les six langues sur le site Internet de l'ONU
 flecheLula assina convenção da ONU contra corrupção
 flecheKofi Annan déplore que l'ONU soit confrontée, une nouvelle fois, à une menace du Congrès Américain
 fleche«A part le Japon, nous ne citerons pas de noms», déclarent les Etats-Unis sur l'élargissement du Conseil de sécurité
 flecheU.S. supports Japan for UN Security Council - Press conference
 flecheAnnan welcomes US report on UN reform
 flecheDiretor fala sobre crime, drogas e corrupção
 flecheThe Millennium Development Goals - Report 2005

 flecheA Paris, Kofi Annan exhorte le monde des affaires à s'engager dans la lutte contre la pauvreté
 flecheObjectifs du Millénaire : progrès sans précédent et retards inacceptables, selon un nouveau bilan des Nations Unies
 flecheRemarks at the launch of the Millenium Development Goals - Report 2005
 flecheUN report on Darfur
 flecheLe Secrétaire général continue de plaider pour l'élargissement du Conseil de sécurité
 flecheIl est difficile d'imaginer le monde sans l'ONU estime le sénateur américain Patrick Leahy
 flecheProgress made in the implementation of the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS
 flecheA Addis-Abeba, Kofi Annan appelle à soutenir la Mission de l'Union africaine au Darfour
 flecheVIH/sida : les pays en développement nettement plus affectés
 flecheNumber of asylum seekers arriving in industrialized countries continues to fall
 flecheUN Afghanistan envoy calls for punishment of all coalition forces involved in prison abuses
 flecheSix million West Africans face famine because of locusts and drought, UN says
 flecheNobel laureate appeals to UN forum for help with conservation of Congo Basin forest
 flecheUN envoy Clinton meets with UK relief agencies on ways to boost aid for tsunami recovery
 flecheEspaña preside Asamblea Mundial de la Salud
 flecheBackground paper on Global and Regional Mechanisms of Disaster Risk Reduction and Relief: Review, Evaluation, Future Directions of Integration
 flecheStudy on Regional Cooperation and the Provision of Regional and Global Public Goods
 flecheBonn talks to promote progress on climate change & kyoto protocol to be held 16 - 267 May
 flecheCentral Asian countries launch AIDS project with help from UN, World Bank
 flecheIraq emerging as transit country for drugs, UN monitoring board says
 flecheNuclear non-proliferation conference at UN agrees on agenda
 flecheLes conditions de vie des Iraquiens se sont gravement détériorées, selon une nouvelle étude du PNUD
 flecheMillennium Indicators Database

 flecheReport of the Secretary-General of the United Nations for the Conference on the Millenium Objectives to be held in September 2005
 flecheMultilateralism and donor aid for poorer states vital in fighting terrorism
 flecheUnited Nations Peacekeeping Prepations
 flecheWorld Survey on the Role of Women in Development 2004
 flecheEffect of AIDS on population and development - Focus of UN commission's annual session
 flecheLack of reform in Arab states could lead to chaotic social upheaval – UN report
 flecheReformed UN could be even more effective in preventing global threats – Fréchette
 flecheAide to UN envoy for tsunami relief leaves today for devastated region
 flecheL'OMS crée une Commission pour s'attaquer aux causes sociales de la mauvaise santé
 flecheAnnan to present on Monday new report on building better and safer world
 flecheAnnan calls for deal by world leaders on poverty, security and human rights
 flecheWoman continue to face host of persistent obstacles to advancement, commission told, as high-level debate continues
 flecheAnnan and Security Council to discuss the situation in Sudan's war-torn Darfur region
 flecheUN women's rights text adopted after US withdraws proposed amendment on abortion
 flecheWomen increasingly migrate for economic reasons; trafficking also rising
 flecheSustainable tourism must respect local cultures, UN agency says
 flecheBrecha digital se reduce lentamente pero sigue siendo extensa
 flecheWorld population to reach 9.1 billion in 2050, UN projects
 flecheOMS : Entrée en vigueur de la convention contre le tabac
 flecheGender equality and development goals inextricably linked, UN agency says
 flecheAfghanistan's progress is notable but perilously fragile, UN report warns
 flecheUN’s Kyoto treaty against global warming comes into force
 flecheBanco Mundial recomienda invertir en campo para reducir pobreza en América Latina
 flecheSecretario General pide coordinación entre Europa y EEUU para seguridad global
 flecheAdapter l'ONU pour réformer l'ordre mondial, propose Kofi Annan à Londres
 flecheAide au développement : colère et espoir de l'Envoyé de l'ONU pour le sida en Afrique
 flecheDarfour : le Secrétaire général appelle l'OTAN et l'UE à l'aide
 flechePerez de Cuellar, Javier
 flecheFAO insta a intensificar medidas para combatir gripe aviar
 flecheRenforcer les liens entre l'Union africaine et les Nations Unies, propose le Secrétaire général à Abuja
 flecheL'ONU met en garde contre le déploiement de nouvelles opérations de maintien de la paix en 2005
 flecheAssurer l'éducation primaire pour tous
 flecheMettre en place un partenariat mondial pour le développement
 flecheCombattre le VIH/sida, le paludisme et d'autres maladies
 flecheAidez les 300 millions d'enfants victimes de la faim, exhorte le PAM
 flecheUN conference adopts 10-year plan to tackle natural hazards
 flecheMalloch-Brown, Mark
 flecheNew report to Annan proposes solutions to problems of world poverty
 flecheSecurity Council plans trip to Haiti by end of May
 flecheTsunami donor session opens with UN call to pay up and not forget other crises
 flecheUN agencies zero in on specific tsunami relief from mental health to blankets
 flecheAnnan hails signing of Sudan peace accord but warns of 'daunting challenges' ahead
 flecheUN urges continued vigilance of locust threat to western Africa
 flecheR.D. du Congo : maintenir le cap pour le bénéfice de l'Afrique
 flecheIn Jakarta, Annan launches nearly $1 billion appeal for aid to tsunami victims
 flecheUN envoy urges halt to fighting in Darfur as Sudan readies for polio vaccination scheme
 flecheAssemblée générale : un bilan de la 59ème session en prélude à la réforme attendue
 flecheL'ONU devra aider l'Afrique à renforcer ses capacités de maintien de la paix
 flecheNaming new chief of staff, Annan stresses resolve to push for UN reforms
 flecheSouth Asia
 flecheTsunami : une réponse sans précédent pour une catastrophe sans précédent, exhorte Kofi Annan
 flecheL'alerte rapide sur les catastrophes au centre des conférences de Maurice et de Kobe
 flecheAsie du Sud : les secours sous la coordination de l'ONU
 flecheUN official hails sharp increase in aid to the world's poorest nations
 flecheGeneral Assembly votes for funds to strengthen world body's security
 flecheAssemblée générale : cap sur le développement durable des pays du «Sud»
 flecheMigranten leisten einen wichtigen Beitrag zum wirtschaftlichen, gesellschaftlichen und kulturellen Fortschritt
 flecheCooperation among poor States is vital for reaching development goals, Annan says
 flecheTens of thousands of civilians flee clashes, attacks in eastern DR of Congo
 flecheR. D. du Congo : la MONUC met en garde les troupes insurgées et leur «appui extérieur»
 flecheUN climate conference hears call to action to avoid plagues of global warming
 flecheIn Washington DC, Annan says UN is best placed to tackle global ills
 flecheInternational migration may empower women by providing new roles, UN says
 flecheHuman Rights Day
 flecheGeneral Assembly gives Annan what its president calls vote of confidence
 flecheUS endorses Annan's work and refutes push for his resignation
 flecheSecurity Council committee urges greater effort on weapons of mass destruction
 fleche2005 critical to reforming UN to face HIV/AIDS, genocide, terrorism – Annan
 flecheAnnan calls for end to negative stereotypes of believers in Islam
 flecheWorld summit for Social Development - speech by Minister Jan Pronk
 flecheLa sociedad civil y la gobernanza mundial
 flecheÉprouvés par les ouragans et la mondialisation: les petits pays insulaires souhaitent obtenir un appui international plus marqué lors de la conférence de Maurice
 flecheUN marks Day of Disabled Persons with call for their full inclusion in society
 flecheNational sustainable development strategies: global map
 flecheGlobal approach to deal with migration issues needed
 flecheA more secure world : Our shared responsibility - Executive Summary
 flechePanel to release plan to address 21st century threats, make the world more secure and strengthen the United Nations
 flecheAnnan endorses panel's recommendations for a more secure world, strengthened UN
 flecheSome nations still not cooperating with UN war crimes tribunals, Security Council told
 flecheFresh from pushing for peace in Sudan, Annan focuses on Africa's Great Lakes
 flecheForte baisse des demandeurs d'asile en 2004, signale le HCR
 flecheAt rare Security Council session in Africa, Annan seeks an end to Sudan's wars
 flecheAnnan, Kofi
 flecheDéclaration à la presse du Président du Conseil de Sécurité concernant la région des Grands Lacs
 flecheLe Conseil s'informe des préparatifs de la conférence internationale sur la région des Grands Lacs qui réunira les dirigeants des 11 pays concernés les 19 et 20 novembre à Dar es-Salam
 flecheLa diversité culturelle et la coopération entre l’organisation des Nations Unies (ONU) et l’Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF)
 flecheL'ONU devrait regagner ses avantages comparatifs sur les institutions de Bretton Woods en renforçant la cohérence de ses interventions
 flecheUnited Nations establishes Working Group on Internet Governance
 flecheClashes in Côte d'Ivoire could trigger violence across West Africa, UN envoy warns
 flecheUN seeks $1.7 billion to help people caught in world's "forgotten crises" in 2005
 flecheWorld must act now to forestall staggering threat from global warming
 flecheConflict flares in Côte d'Ivoire prompting Security Council call for end to fighting
 flecheCommission sociale: la montée du racisme, favorisée par la surdétermination de la lutte contre le terrorisme, met en danger la démocratie.
 flecheUN finances improved but still 'delicate'
 flecheNoting high growth rate, Annan calls for increased investment in Africa
 flecheRenforcer la coordination entre l’ECOSOC et l’ONU
 flecheHuman rights of migrants deteriorating, warns UN expert
 flecheGeneral Assembly president's United Nations day message stresses need to strengthen organization through reform
 flecheKosovo: Annan hails elections, praises Kosovo Serbs who voted despite pressure
 flecheGeneral Assembly legal committee resumes debate on anti-cloning text
 flecheGender balance in UN peacekeeping has improved, Annan says
 flechePublic information critical element of UN's success
 flecheAid for Africa?s farms drops as developed States maintain subsidies ? UN official
 flecheMaintaining biodiversity is key to ending world hunger
 flecheAnnan appeals to European countries to provide more UN peacekeeping troops
 flecheWorld leaders reaffirm support for key 1994 population and development plan
 flecheSecurity Council acts unanimously to adopt resolution strongly condemning terrorism as one of most serious threats to peace
 flecheCall of peace bell "has remained constant, clear and true", says Secretary-General at annual Headquarters ceremony
 flecheLíderes mundiales se reúnen en sede de la ONU para analizar la globalización
 flecheCent-dix pays souscrivent aux mécanismes innovants de financement
 flecheRencontres au Darfour : mieux protéger les civils, renforcer la présence de l'Union Africaine
 flecheA l'ONU aujourd'hui, la question sociale affirmée comme priorité de la mondialisation
 flecheUN's review of population policy says lack of funding is retarding progress
 flechePetits Etats Insulaires-L'information pour la prise de décisions
 fleche'World Culture Open' holds inaugural conference at United Nations
 flecheUN finds progress on world anti-poverty goals, but crisis areas remain
 flecheAnnan sees major challenges to reaching goals set at 2000 'Millennium' summit
 flecheLebanon: Close Security Council vote backs free elections, urges foreign troop pullout
 flecheAl-Qaeda-related terrorism still poses as great a threat as ever
 flecheSudan: UN appeals for urgent funding to fill huge overall aid shortfall
 flecheUN culture agency observes International Day on Slave Trade and Abolition
 flecheUnited Nations
 flecheJohannesburg : World Summit on Sustainable Development (2002)
 flecheUN Headquarters Internship Programme
 flecheMillenium Development Goals : Civil society takes action
 flecheLa conférence « Objectifs du Millénaire : la société civile agit » relayée sur le Web
 flecheUN ongoing peacekeeping missions
 flecheUN Secretary-General, Security Council urge probe of massacre at Burundi refugee camp
 flecheWorld's youth need education and training to prepare for future - Kofi Annan

 flecheInternational Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples
 flecheAction needed now to end abuse of world?s indigenous peoples
 flecheWFP and Arab League sign historic agreement for cooperation
 flecheSoudan : accès humanitaire désormais totalement libre, indique l'Envoyé de l'ONU
 flecheForty-ninth session of the Commission on the Status of Women (28 February to 11 March 2005)
 flecheColombo, Sri Lanka, 26 July 2004 - Secretary-General's message to the Asia-Pacific Institute for Broadcasting Development General Conference
 flecheGlobal Compact Centre in Barcelona to promote corporate citizenship - UN
 flecheSudan's Government must protect civilians in Darfur, Annan and Powell say
 flecheEconomic and Social Council adopts more than 50 texts on broad range of human rights issues
 flecheLe monde ne sera plus jamais le même après le sida, selon le directeur d'ONUSIDA
 flecheAfrica must accelerate links between national economies; aim for economic union, states new report by United NationsEconomic Commission for Africa
 flecheOn World Population Day, UN calls for greater commitment to women's rights
 flecheConseil économique et social : Session de fond de 2004 (en cours)
 flecheSecond phase of world summit on information society formally launchedtoday with first preparatory meeting
 flecheSecurity Council approves 5,600-strong peacekeeping operation in Burundi
 flecheUN finds Sudan has carried out massive human rights violations in Darfur
 flecheInternational agenda must include sustainable development, Annan says
 flecheAnnan Names Independent Panel to Probe ‘Oil-for-Food’ Allegations
 flecheSrebrenica massacre was genocide, UN tribunal for former Yugoslavia confirms
 flecheSmall island States to hold talks on their difficulties at UN development forum
 flecheAu Conseil de sécurité, les leaders du Kosovo appelés à s'attaquer aux causes des récentes violences ethniques
 flecheMarking 10 years since Rwanda genocide, UN officials voice regret and resolve
 flecheSecurity Council backs corruption probe of UN's Oil-for-Food programme
 flecheAnnan submits final settlement plan for Cyprus referenda
 flecheAnnan informs key players of UN's intention to send team back to Iraq
 flecheSecretary-General's remarks on International Women's Day
 flecheSecretary-General's opening remarks at meeting with Nato Parliamentarians
 flecheSecurity Council authorizes full peacekeeping operation in Côte d'Ivoire
 flecheSecurity Council authorizes Deployment of multinational force to Haiti for 3 months, unanimously adopting Resolution 1529 (2004)
 flecheReprise d'une croissance économique modulée en Occident cependant menacée par le déficit américain

 flecheLe dialogue direct entre dirigeants chypriotes turc et grec a repris aujourd'hui
 flechePress briefing on peacekeeping in Africa
 flecheSecurity Council members urge measures to stabilize situation in DR Congo
 flecheUN Secretary-General and US President hold 'constructive' talks on Iraq
 flecheWest Africans seek UNESCO biosphere reserves for sustainable development
 flecheSecretary-General's address to the Stockholm International Forum
 flecheWith adequate coalition security, UN will send elections team to Iraq – Annan
 fleche5 years after launching Global Compact, Annan urges leaders in Davos to boost support
 flecheUN official calls on G-77 to make great efforts to help world's poorest nations
 flecheGlobal warmth up, ozone hole at record, Arctic ice down for 2003 - UN findings
 flecheChypre: le Secrétaire général souhaite que la partie turque fasse le nécessaire pour accéder à l'Union européenne le 1er mai
 flecheDéclaration sur les normes bioéthiques : premières consultations de l'UNESCO
 flecheClimate change causing thousands of deaths, says UN report
 flecheUN meeting will examine how indigenous communities protect biodiversity
 flecheUS world leadership is better accepted in multilateral framework, Annan says
 flecheAl-Qaida's influence continues to spread, Security Council panel says
 flecheOn World AIDS Day, Annan urges harder work as goals fall behind schedule
 flecheIraq : le Programme alimentaire de l'ONU prêt pour le transfert des activités Pétrole contre nourriture
 flecheUnequal Benefits of Globalization, Need to Implement Development
 flecheIsraeli policies hurting Palestinian children, UN expert on right to food says
 flecheGeneva Accord on Middle East consistent with Road Map to peace - Annan
 flecheUN agency mission finds serious humanitarian needs in east of DR of the Congo
 flecheParticipants in Second Committee Panel Discussion Agree Trade Best Tool for Helping Countries Reach Global Anti-Poverty Goals
 flecheGeneral Assembly approves international treaty against corruption
 flecheUN envoy warns Security Council that Kosovo still faces serious problems
 flecheFive new non-permanent members elected to Security Council
 flecheCameroon, Spain, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and United States of America: draft resolution
 flecheAnnan says no ‘major shift’ in new Iraq resolution, welcomes some changes
 flecheSecurity Council approves expanding international force to outside Afghan capital
 flecheKosovo provisional President to represent Pristina in UN-backed Vienna talks
 flecheIraq: Security Council starts discussing new US resolution
 flecheUN launches peace mission in Liberia to bring country back from 'hellish limbo'
 flecheEconomic Report on Africa 2003: 'African economic growth falters'
 flecheInsecurity, tardiness deal blow to phasing out of UN food programme in Iraq
 flecheCartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity
 flecheAIDS battle has fallen behind schedule and drastic action is needed - Annan
 flecheLancement à Addis-Abeba de la Commission du VIH et de la gouvernance en Afrique
 flecheSecurity Council authorizes multinational force for Liberia
 flecheLes Etats sont appelés devant le Conseil à faire plus d’efforts dans la lutte contre le terrorisme
 flecheLe rôle des médias à l’ère d’internet fait l’objet d’un débat dans le cadre du Forum mondial des médias électroniques à Genève
 flecheLa sous-commission des droits de l'homme se réunit à Genève du 20 juillet au 15 août
 flecheLa Journée mondiale de l'alimentation prônera une alliance transfrontalière contre la faim
 flechePrise de fonctions du nouveau directeur de l'OMS qui annonce ses objectifs
 flecheLa conférence sur le nouvel ordre numérique mondial se tiendra les 18 et 19 Juin à New-York
 flecheLe traité sur le commerce des OGM deviendra très prochainement une loi
 flecheLes émissions de gaz à effets de serre par les pays industrialisés repartiraient à la hausse
 flecheLa Feuille de route, peut-être la dernière chance pour la paix, selon l'Envoyé de l'ONU au Moyen-Orient
 flecheQuelque 500 groupes autochtones au Forum de l'ONU qui débute aujourd'hui
 flecheLe Forum de l'ONU sur le développement durable trouve une dynamique de mise en oeuvre des objectifs de Johannesburg
 flecheLa commission du developpement durable ouvre sa onzième session pour definir une feuille de route propice à la réalisation progressive des objectifs de Johannesburg
 flecheLa Commission Du Developpement Durable axera les travaux de sa onzieme session sur la mise en oeuvre des mesures adoptees au sommet de Johannesburg
 flecheLuis Moreno Ocampo élu Procureur de la Cour pénale internationale
 flecheSecurity Council ends Iraq debate, hears overwhelming appeal for aid to civilians
 flecheSecurity Council begins first debate on Iraq since outbreak of military action
 flecheSecretary-General's press conference (unofficial transcript)
 flecheAt request of non-aligned countries, Security Council hears views of larger UN membership on disarmament of Iraq
 flecheUnited Nation Weapons Inspectors Report to Security Council on Progress in Disarmement of Iraq

 flecheLes inégalités entre les sexes au coeur de la pandémie du VIH/sida
 flecheHans Blix: la décision iraquienne de détruire les missiles interdits, "un très important élément d'un vrai désarmement"
 flecheLancement au siège des Nations Unies de la décennie internationale pour l'alphabétisation 2003-2012
 flecheMultilatéralisme, «mondialisation de la solidarité», lutte contre le terrorisme et consolidation de la paix
 fleche2002, le Conseil de sécurité défend son rôle de garant de la paix et de la sécurité dans le monde
 flecheConférence de presse du Président du Conseil de sécurité, M. Jean Marc de La Sablière (France)
 flecheMondialisation, terrorisme, universalité des droits de l'homme sont des réalités qu'il faut savoir gérer entre les Etats et les peuples
 flecheLes délégations estiment que la réussite des objectifs d’Action 21 est tributaire de ressources financieres mondiales
 flecheDes délégations dénoncent le protectionnisme des pays du nord et “l’hypocrisie” des politiques commerciales actuelles


 flecheMarrakech accueille du 11 au 13 decembre prochains la Reunion ministerielle sur la modernisation des gouvernements
 flecheUn Population Report Says Good Reproductive Health For Women Essential To Ending Poverty
 flecheA l'occasion de la journée des droits de l'homme, Kofi Annan appelle à une vision d'un nouvel équilibre dans les relations internationales
 flecheEn termes économiques, sociaux et culturels, les avantages des migrations sont supérieurs à leurs problèmes potentiels, déclare M. Kofi Annan
 flecheLa Commission adopte quatre projets de résolution dont l’un appuie la création d’un fonds mondial de solidarité contre la pauvreté
 flecheFace aux conflits et à la pauvreté, la coopération entre l'ONU et les organisations régionales est nécessaire et doit être renforcée
 flecheDeuxième commission: les délégations estiment que les objectifs de lutte contre la pauvreté ne seront pas atteints en 2015
 flechePour les pays en développement, la gouvernance internationale devrait évoluer au même rythme que la mondialisation de l’économie
 flecheLe nombre de migrants dans le monde atteint 175 millions
 flecheLa journée internationale pour l'élimination de la pauvreté sera marquée le 17 octobre au siège
 flecheLe dialogue de haut niveau sur le renforcement de la coopération pour le développement doit faciliter la mise en œ;uvre du Consensus de Monterrey
 flecheAppels en troisième commission pour des mésures internationales pour aider les États à mener une lutte efficace contre le trafic de drogues

 flecheUn nouveau multilatéralisme devrait régir la mise en œuvre des engagements internationaux en faveur du développement
 flecheLe débat sur le désarmement et la sécurité internationale s’ouvre ce matin sur des appels au multilatéralisme
 flecheLa deuxième commission entend un exposé du professeur Stiglitz, Prix Nobel d’Economie, sur les incidences négatives de la mondialisation
 flecheLes doléances des pays en développement enclaves en matière d'accès aux transports au centre du debat general
 flecheDes pays mettent en cause la mondialisation dans les disparités économiques entre le nord et le sud
 flecheJournée internationale de la paix, célébrée le 21 septembre
 flecheDes délégations appellent l’ONU à faire appliquer plus fermement les résolutions du Conseil de Sécurité en Matière de Conflits
 flecheL'agenda pour la lutte contre le terrorisme ne doit pas reléguer au second plan l'éradication de la pauvreté abjec qui menace la vie des populations des pays du sud, estiment des délégations
 flecheLa communauté internationale appelée à faire face à ses contradictions et à honorer de façon urgente ses promesses pour éviter de nouvelles crises
 flecheLa cérémonie de signature des traités relatifs au développement durable s'est achevée au siège des Nations Unies
 flecheLes petits pays insulaires en développement dénoncent les disparités de la mondialisation
 flecheLes Nations Unies comptent désormais 190 Etats membres avec l'admission de la Suisse
 flecheDraft political declaration submitted by the President of the Summit
 flecheWorld summit on sustainable development plan of implementation
 flecheL'Education doit être considerée comme un domaine prioritaire d'action dans le processus de développement durable
 flecheLa Mondialisation économique appelle une Mondialisation de la Solidarité au service du dévéloppement durable
 flecheWorld Summit on Sustainable Development - Plenary Session
 flechePremières annonces pour les partenariats en faveur du développement durable
 flecheLes approches régionales dans la mise en œuvre des recommandations de Johannesburg
 flecheLes institutions de l’ONU et les autres entités non étatiques appellent le sommet de Johannesburg à passer à l’action
 flecheLe sommet de Johannesburg entend des appels en faveur d'un accroissement de 15% d'ici à 2015 de la part des énergies renouvelables dans la consommation énergétique mondiale
 flecheLe Sommet de Johannesburg examine les problèmes agricoles
 flecheLe sommet de Johannesburg plaide pour une répartition équitable des bénéfices de la biodiversité, base du développement durable
 flecheConférence de presse des ONG et leur contribution aux débats sur le développement durable
 flecheLes îlots actuels de richesses qu'entoure une mer de pauvreté sont insupportables, a dit Thabo Mbeki, a l'ouverture du Sommet mondial pour le développement durable
 flecheJohannesburg Summit Opens With Calls for Credible Action
 flecheMettre la croissance économique au service du développement social et de la protection de l'environnement : le défi de Johannesburg
 flecheLe Secrétaire General engage les dirigeants fu G-8 à agir pour soutenir l'Afrique
 flecheUn nouveau rapport met en garde contre les conditions actuelles de développement, qui menacent à long terme la sécurité de la terre et de ses habitants
 flecheVingt organisations non gouvernementales s’expriment sur des questions liées aux droits économiques, sociaux et culturels
 flecheUne nouvelle étude scientifique révèle l’ampleur des impacts d’un énorme nuage de pollution sur l’environnement à l’échelle régionale et mondiale
 flecheLes experts du Cedaw s'inquiètent de la situation des femmes mexicaines appartenant à des minorités
 flecheNew UN Publication Underlines Vital Role of Ecosystems in Reducing Poverty
 flecheL’Ecosoc clot les travaux de la première partie de sa session 2002 à la croisée des réunions de Monterrey et de Johannesburg
 flecheLa première session du forum social se tiendra à Genève du 25 au 26 juillet 2002
 flecheSecretary-General calls for greater equity, sustainability in development, as economic and social council begins high-level meeting
 flecheLes Nations Unies présentées comme un partenaire incontournable pour fédérer les synergies de promotion des TIC au service du développement
 flechePauvreté, modes de production et de consommation et environnement constituent les principaux défis, selon le ministre indonésien de l'environnement
 flecheL’extrême pauvreté va s'aggraver dans les pays les moins avancés si les tendances actuelles se poursuivent
 flecheLa participation des grands groupes à la mise en oeuvre d'Action 21 perçue comme une condition sine qua non de la réalisation des objectifs du développement durable
 fleche"Le rôle de l’Etat à l’ère de la mondialisation "
 flecheUn comité d'experts indépendant conseille à l'ONU de soutenir l'initiative de développement mise au point par l'Afrique elle-même
 flecheWorld Food Summit: Five Years Later
 flecheLe droit au développement et le droit de vivre dans un environnement sain sont soulignés
 flecheSommet mondial de l'alimentation: cinq ans aprés -- le secrétaire général déplore la lenteur des progrés en matière de lutte contre la faim
 flecheAprès deux semaines de négociations intenses, Bali contraint de confier à Johannesburg la finalisation du "Plan d'application 21"
 flecheLe président du comité préparatoire se déclare optimiste quant a la finalisation d'un document avant le rendez-vous de Johannesburg
 flecheDifficiles negociations sur les questions du commerce et de financement et progres sur l'eau, l'energie et les oceans
 flecheAction Plans for Water, Sanitation, Energy, Poverty Eradication Among Key Issues Under Negotiation in Bali
 flecheDéclaration de Rio sur l'environnement et le développement
 flecheA la veille du sommet sur le developpement durable, Kofi Annan appelle a l'integration du concept de diversité biologique dans les strategies commerciales et economiques.
 flechePermanent Forum Reviews Impact of un System Activities on Indigenous Peoples
 flecheLes populations autochtones font entendre leur voix aux Nations Unies
 flechePermanent Forum is milestone in struggle for rights of indigenous peoples, says deputy secretary - General
 flecheLe monde a-t-il tenu les engagements faits aux enfants?
 flecheLes dirigenats du monde s'engagent à améliorer la condition de l'enfant
 flecheCountries call for greater efforts to spur development and close gap between rich and poor nations
 flecheConférence de Monterrey: Des initiatives visant le financement du développement ont été avancées ce matin
 flecheUN labour agency convenes expert panel on reducing globalization's inequities
 flecheLa Conférence de Monterrey est le début d'un long processus qui permettra aux pays du nord et du sud de dépasser les antagonismes et d'assurer le financement du développement
 flecheConférence de Monterrey: Un nouveau partenariat pour résoudre les problèmes du financement du développement
 flecheLa féminisation de la pauvreté dénoncée devant la Commission de la condition de la femme
 flecheLa raison a-t-elle encore une place face à la mondialisation ?

 flecheL’Intégration à la mondialisation et le développement durable passent par une éducation renforcée, continue, professionnelle plus ouverte aux femmes

 flecheReport of the Secretary-General on sustainable development
 flecheLes politiques macro-économiques ne seront durables que si elles sont justes pour tous, souligne la présidente de la commission du développement social
 flecheLa mondialisation et le financement des politiques économiques doivent se faire dans la perspective de la promotion du développement durable
 flecheJohannesburg devra réaffirmer l'engagement des Etats vis-à-vis du développement durable
 flecheEthics, Human Rights and Globalisation
 flecheAddressing Security Council, Secretary-General calls on Counter-terrorism Committee to develop long-term strategy to defeat terror
 flecheDans un rapport destiné au sommet mondial pour le développement durable, le secrétaire général présente les grandes lignes d'un plan de construction d'un avenir sûr.
 flecheL'assemblée générale souscrit à la participation des entreprises et de la société civile aux partenariats visant à promouvoir le développement
 flecheL'Assemblee Générale adopte onze résolutions relatives à la coopération entre l'ONU et les organisations régionales
 fleche'Intolerance is taught and can be untaught', secretary-general says in message to Institute for International Education
 flecheL'Assemblée générale souligne l'urgence de progresser dans le domaine du désarmement afin de contribuer à l'action mondiale contre le terrorisme
 flecheThird committee approves, without vote, 10 draft resolution on human rights, women, cultural diversity, refugees
 flecheCommittee on economic, social and cultural rights discusses draft statement on intellectual property and human rights
 flecheIl ne suffit pas d'éliminer les obstacles au commerce, les pays en développement doivent pouvoir exploiter leurs débouchés commerciaux.
 flecheUN panel to look at how globalization, new technology have changed drug trade
 flecheLa pertinence de certaines publications du département de l'information est mise en question par des délégations
 flecheWorld trade meeting should focus on development, UNDP chief says
 flecheLa mondialisation est-elle une menace pour l'Etat-nation? La question est posée devant la deuxième commission
 flecheLe secrétaire général défends le rôle privilégié de l'ONU dans la coallition universelle contre le terrorisme
 flecheDeputy Secretary-General urges 'globalization of values'
 flecheGlobalization presents rural women with new obstacles, challenges: UN report
 flecheGlobalization must be more inclusive, top UN development official says
 flecheContinues Debate on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
 flecheIndictment for crimes against humanity and violations of the laws or customs of war
 flecheTransnational crime threatens global stability
 flecheL'habilitation des autorités locales et des femmes, la bonne gouvernance, la mobilisation de fonds, vecteur de réalisation des objectifs de l'accès a tous au logement
 flecheMessage of Mary Robinson, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and Seceretary-General, World Conference against Racism, Xenophobia and related Intolerance
 flecheLe processus de décolonisation dois être mené a bien, déclare le secrétaire général a l'ouverture du séminaire régional des Caraïbes
 flecheProductive and inclusive cities - Towardes cities for all
 flecheLe secrétaire général exhorte les dirigeants d'entreprises américaines à se joindre à la lutte mondiale contre le sida
 flecheLe renforcement de la coopération technique entre pays en développement est essentiel face aux défis de la mondialisation
 flecheUn groupe d'experts examinera la situacion des femmes en milieu rural dans le contexte de la mondialisation
 flecheDisques et productions musicales offrent de nouvelles perspectives commerciales aux PMA
 flecheL'intégration à la mondialisation et l'accès au marché dépendent de transports efficaces
 flecheLa troisième conférence de l'ONU sur les PMA s'attaquera a la pauvreté des 49 pays les plus démunis de la planète
 flecheL'Université de l'ONU préconise une réforme de l'Organisation.

 flecheLa commission des droits de l'homme adopte des résolutions sur l'extrême pauvreté, le sida, la mondialisation et les produits toxiques
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